Sir Gaëtan Duval Airport
Sir Gaëtan Duval Airport is an airport located near Plaine Corail on Rodrigues, an island dependency of Mauritius. It is named after Sir Charles Gaëtan Duval, a former deputy Mauritian prime minister, who oversaw much of the development of Rodrigues. Prior to being renamed in 2007, it was known as Plaine Corail Airport. Airport of Rodrigues Ltd was incorporated on 8 February 2000 as a public company. In 2006, the airport handled 49,500 passengers, it has an asphalt runway. In addition to Air Mauritius service to Mauritius, Air Austral has started seasonal service to Reunion's Pierrefonds airport. Media related to Sir Gaëtan Duval Airport at Wikimedia Commons Current weather for FIMR at NOAA/NWS Accident history for RRG at Aviation Safety Network
Beau Bassin-Rose Hill
Beau-Bassin Rose-Hill is a town in Mauritius, located in the Plaines Wilhems District, it is administered by the Municipal Council of Beau-Bassin Rose-Hill. According to the census made by Statistics Mauritius in 2015, the population of the town was at 104,610. Municipal elections are held every 6 years, the mandate of the Lord Mayor and the Deputy Mayor is two years another one is chosen by the members of the board through a system of voting. For the Municipal elections held in November 2012, the town of Beau-Bassin Rose-Hill was divided into 6 wards compare to 4 previously; the football team which represents the town is the Union Sportive de Beau-Bassin Rose-Hill, its home stadium is the Sir Gaetan Duval Stadium, the team plays in the National First Division for the 2014-2015 season. John Kennedy College St Mary's College Loreto College Rose Hill St Andrew's School Collège de La Confiance Queen Elizabeth College New Devton College SSS Beau-Bassin New Eton College The town of Beau-Bassin Rose-Hill is divided into different regions.
Beau-Bassin Rose-Hill is twinned with: Changzhou Saint-Pierre, Réunion Quartier Militaire List of places in Mauritius The regional news website of the town http://bbrh.org/
Air Mauritius Limited, operating as Air Mauritius, is the flag carrier airline of Mauritius. The airline is headquartered at the Air Mauritius Centre in Port Louis, Mauritius, its main hub is Sir Seewoosagur Ramgoolam International Airport. In 2017 the company was the fourth largest carrier in Sub-Saharan Africa, has an important standing in the European and Indian Ocean region markets; the airline won the World Travel Awards “Indian Ocean Leading Airline Prize” from 2005-2014. The company was set up on 14 June 1967 by Air France, the BOAC enterprise, the Government of Mauritius, with a 27.5% stake each. In the beginning, the carrier operated international services in conjunction with Air France, Air India and British Airways, which jointly had a 25% holding in Air Mauritius at that time; until 1972, the company restricted its activities to ground services only. The aircraft kept a Malagasy registration. In 1973, a wet-leased Vickers VC10 from British Airways enabled the company to launch a long-haul route to London via Nairobi, whereas services to Bombay were operated by Air India.
The Navajo was replaced with a 16-seater Twin Otter, acquired in 1975. When an agreement with Air France and British Airways came to an end, a Boeing 707-400 wet-leased from British Airtours helped the airline to start long-haul services in its own right. Long-range operations started on 1 November 1977. A second Twin Otter arrived in 1979. By April 1980, the company had 414 employees and a fleet of one Boeing 707-420, one Boeing 737-200 and two Twin Otters to serve a route network of passenger and cargo services to Bombay, Nairobi, Réunion, Rodrigues and Tananarive. Ownership of the company had changed to have the government of Mauritius as the major shareholder, followed by Rogers & Co. Air France and British Airways and Air India. Air Mauritius acquired a second-hand Boeing 707-320B in 1981, it had belonged to South African Airways, permitted the airline to return the Boeing 707-400 to British Airtours. In November 1981, a joint service between Air Mauritius and Air Madagascar began in the Tananarive–Mauritius–Comoros–Nairobi and Réunion–Mauritius runs, following the lease of an Air Madagascar Boeing 737.
During the early 1980s, routes to Durban and Johannesburg were inaugurated using Boeing 707-320B aircraft flown with Air India and British Airways crews. The incorporation of a second aircraft of the type, bought from Luxavia, allowed the carrier to expand the European route network to Rome and Zurich in 1983, whereas Paris was added in the mid-1980s. Leased from SAA, a Boeing 747SP named ″Chateau de Réduit″ entered the fleet in November 1984 and was deployed on services to London. By March 1985, the fleet comprised two Boeing 707-320Bs, a Boeing 737-200, a Boeing 747SP and a Twin Otter; that month, the first of two Bell 206 JetRangers was incorporated. In April, a 46-seater ATR 42 was ordered, Singapore was added to the route network with a weekly service using Boeing 707 equipment. In June that year, Air Mauritius joined the African Airlines Association; the carrier made a profit of GBP3.5 million for the fiscal year 1985-86. In 1986, a second Boeing 747SP, leased from SAA entered the fleet.
The incorporation of this aircraft allowed the carrier to phase out a Boeing 707. In 1987, South African Airways' landing rights on Australian soil were suspended by the Australian government and Qantas ceased its operations in South Africa. There had been an increase in demand from businessmen since that time, as most passengers travelling from South Africa to Australia had to stop at Hong Kong, Taipei or Singapore. Given that landing rights in Australia for Air Mauritius had not been approved yet, a Boeing 747SP non-stop service to Hong Kong commenced on 29 October 1989, in cooperation with Cathay Pacific. Flights to Kuala Lumpur had started in May 1988. Valued at US$122 million and financed by a group of banks that included Barclays, BNP, Credit Lyonnais and the Spectrum Bank, the company took delivery of two Boeing 767-200ERs in April 1988; these aircraft were named ″City of Port Louis″ and ″City of Curepipe″. One of them set a record-breaking distance for commercial twinjets on 18 April 1988, when it flew non-stop from Halifax, Nova Scotia to Mauritius, covering a distance of 9,000 miles in less than 17 hours.
A contract worth US$8.9 million including spare parts for these two Boeing 767s had been signed a year earlier. In 1988, a Boeing 707 was leased from Air Swazi Cargo to operate freighter services, the first ATR-42 started revenue flights in December, replacing the Twin Otters on inter-island services. A second ATR42 was ordered in September 1989. By March 1990, the route network included Antananarivo, Durban, Harare, Hong Kong, Kuala Lumpur, Moroni, Nairobi, Reunion, Rome and Zurich. A new route to Perth was inaugurated in December 1991. Named ″Paille en Queue″ and leased from ILFC, the first Airbus A340-300 entered the fleet in May 1994; the airline became the first in the Southern Hemisphere to fly the A340-300. A second A340-300, named ″Pink Pigeon″ and purchased directly from Airbus, was handed over by the aircraft manufacturer i
Curepipe known as La Ville-Lumière, is a town in Mauritius, located in the Plaines Wilhems District, the eastern part lies in the Moka District. The town is administered by the Municipal Council of Curepipe. Curepipe lies at a higher elevation referred to as the "Central Plateau". According to the census made by Statistics Mauritius in 2015, the population of the town was at 79,014; the town's name, Curepipe, is said to be originated from the French curer sa pipe, which translates to "cleaning the pipe". There are several theories by historians as to the naming of the city; some historians believe that the name was given as travelers and soldiers from the 19th century traveled from Port Louis and Grand Port to refill their pipes in Curepipe. Other historians believe; the town covers an area of 23.8 square kilometres. It is located in the Plaine Wilhems district on the central plateau of Mauritius at an altitude of 561 meters. Of the larger towns of the island's central plateau, Curepipe is the most southern and the highest.
As a consequence of its height, Curepipe is known for its cool and rainy climate. Curepipe is managed by a council, democratically elected by its citizens; the council is principally responsible for local policy making. The current Mayor is Mrs. Stephanie Nathalie Fabiola GOPEE; the town's administration on the other hand is responsible for the implementation of these policies as well as the day-to-day management of the council's activities. The current administrative head is Mrs T. D. Ramkissoon-MungoosingCurepipe's historic town hall was originally situated in Moka, the whole building was moved to Curepipe in 1903. For the general elections the town is classified as the No 17 constituency known as Curepipe and Midlands. According to the census made by Statistics Mauritius in 2015, the population of the town was at 79,014; the primary spoken language is Mauritian Creole, though French predominates in more formal situations. Tamil, Hindi, Urdu and Hakka Chinese are spoken as second or third language in religious activities.
The council's official language is English. The town hosts several textile factories, a diamond processing industry and a range of jewelry businesses. In addition, handicraft shops and shopping centers add to the commercial mix of the town; the affluent suburbs are home to a great deal of business activity. The town council is acutely aware of the need to bring principles of sustainability into the town's economic development. Prominent projects include the segregation of waste, judicious use of water, parking problems, the encouraging of public transport, the promotion of the SSR Curepipe Botanic Gardens and working towards minimizing the town's carbon footprint. In 2011 the town joined ICLEI - Local Governments for Sustainability; the council embarked on a project nicknamed "For a Greener Curepipe" in collaboration with Gender Links Mauritius, in order to spur the growing environmental interest of Curepipe's citizens. Tree planting, backyard composting and food growing was encouraged, a range of community organisations from schools to women's groups were involved.
Sensitization programmes are underway in collaboration with the Central Water Authority of Mauritius, towards encouraging a more judicious management of the town's water resources. Curepipe, though inland from the main coastal tourist areas of Mauritius, is nonetheless a tourist destination; some of the more popular attractions include: Curepipe Botanic Gardens Trou aux Cerfs Crater Monvert Nature Park Sainte Therese Church Carnegie Library of Curepipe The old Town Hall Domaine des Aubineaux The Basilica of Sainte Helene La Sabloniere Casino de Maurice St. Joseph's College Royal College Curepipe Curepipe is home to various secondary schools which include the Ambassador College, Floreal SSS, Curepipe College, Dar-ul-Maarif Secondary School, Doha Secondary School, Dunputh Lallah SSS, Forest Side SSS Boys, Forest Side SSS Girls, Full Day School, Hindu Girls College, Imperial College, Loreto College Curepipe, Lycee Labourdonnais, Mauricia Institute, Mauritius College Boys, Mauritius College Girls, Notre Dame College, Ocep College, Presidency College Boys, Presidency College Girls, Renaissance College, St Patrick's College, Royal College Curepipe and St. Joseph's College.
The town is home to the Stade George V, the teams of the town are the Curepipe Starlight SC and the current champions Cercle de Joachim, they play in the National First Division for the 2015–2016 season. The town of Curepipe is divided into different regions. Allée Brillant Cité Atlee Couvent Lorette Curepipe Road Eau-Coulée Floréal Forest-Side Malherbes Wooton Camp Caval Robinson Les Casernes Route du Jardin Labrasserie Camp Pierrot Curepipe is twinned with: Castel Gandolfo, Italy List of places in Mauritius
British Overseas Airways Corporation
British Overseas Airways Corporation was the British state-owned airline created in 1939 by the merger of Imperial Airways and British Airways Ltd. It continued operating overseas services throughout World War II. After the passing of the Civil Aviation Act of 1946, European and South American services passed to two further state-owned airlines, British European Airways and British South American Airways. BOAC absorbed BSAA in 1949, but BEA continued to operate British domestic and European routes for the next quarter century. A 1971 Act of Parliament merged BOAC and BEA, effective 31 March 1974, forming today's British Airways. On 24 November 1939, BOAC was created by Act of Parliament to become the British state airline, formed from the merger of Imperial Airways and British Airways Ltd; the companies had been operating together since war was declared on 3 September 1939, when their operations were evacuated from the London area to Bristol. On 1 April 1940, BOAC started operations as a single company.
Following the Fall of France, BOAC aircraft kept wartime Britain connected with its colonies and the allied world under enemy fire, with desperate shortages of long-range aircraft. During the war, the airline was sometimes loosely referred to as'British Airways', aircraft and equipment were marked with combinations of that title and/or the Speedbird symbol and/or the Union Flag. BOAC inherited Imperial Airways' flying boat services to British colonies in Africa and Asia, but with the wartime loss of the route over Italy and France to Cairo these were replaced by the expatriate'Horseshoe Route', with Cairo as a hub, Sydney and Durban as termini. Linking Britain to the Horseshoe Route taxed the resources of BOAC. Although Spain denied access, Portugal welcomed BOAC's civilian aircraft at Lisbon. However, the Mediterranean route from Lisbon or Gibraltar to Egypt via Malta risked enemy attack, so the long West Africa route had to be employed by landplane to Khartoum on the Horseshoe Route; the Empire routes had contained landplane sectors, but the Armstrong Whitworth Ensign and de Havilland Albatross ordered to replace the Handley Page HP.42'Heracles' biplanes had proved disappointing, leaving the Short Empire flying boats as the backbone of the wartime fleet..
The Empire flying-boats were at their limit on the 1,900 mile Lisbon-Bathurst sector. Refuelling at Las Palmas in the Canary Islands was permitted by Spain for some Empire flying-boat flights in 1940 and 1941. In 1941 longer range Consolidated Catalinas, Boeing 314As were introduced to guarantee non-stop Lisbon to Bathurst sectors. BOAC's flying-boat base for Britain was shifted from Southampton to Poole, but many flights used Foynes in Éire, reached by shuttle flight from Whitchurch. Use of Foynes reduced the chance of enemy interception or friendly fire incidents over the English Channel. BOAC had large bases at Durban, Alexandria and a pilots' school at Soroti, Uganda. Experimental flights had been made across the North Atlantic pre-war by Imperial Airways Empire flying-boats with improved fuel capacity, some using in flight refuelling, culminating in a series of mail/courier flights made by BOAC's Clare and Clyde to La Guardia in camouflage during the Battle of Britain; these were BOAC's first New York services.
In 1941, BOAC was tasked with operating a'Return Ferry Service' from Prestwick to Montreal to reposition ferry pilots who had flown American-built bombers from Canada, they were provided with RAF Consolidated Liberators with a basic passenger conversion. This was the first sustained North Atlantic landplane service. By September 1944 BOAC had made 1,000 transatlantic crossings. In late 1942, the new hard-surface airport at Lisbon permitted the use of civil registered Liberators to North and West Africa and Egypt. Arguably, BOAC's most famous wartime route was the'Ball-bearing Run' from Leuchars to Stockholm in neutral Sweden. Flown with Lockheed 14s and Lockheed Hudson transports, the unsuitable Armstrong Whitworth Whitley "civilianised" bombers were used between 9 August and 24 October 1942; the much faster civilian registered de Havilland Mosquitoes were introduced by BOAC in 1943. The significance of the ball-bearings is debatable, but these night flights were an important diplomatic gesture of support for neutral Sweden which had two DC-3s shot down on its own service to Britain.
Other types used to Sweden included Lockheed Lodestars, Consolidated Liberators, the sole Curtiss CW-20 which BOAC had purchased. Between 1939 and 1945 6,000 passengers were transported by BOAC between Great Britain. At the end of the war, BOAC's fleet consisted of Lockheed Lodestars, lend-lease Douglas DC-3s, converted Sunderlands, the first Avro Lancastrians, Avro Yorks, Handley Page Haltons; the Short Empire, Short S.26 and Boeing 314A flying boats, plus the AW Ensigns, were due to be withdrawn. The Corporation's aircraft and personnel were scattered around the world, it took a decade to reorganise it into an efficient unit at Heathrow. In 1943, the Brabazon Committee had laid down a set of civil aircraft transport types for the British aircraft industry to produce, but these were to be se
Saint Brandon known as the Cargados Carajos Shoals, is an Indian Ocean archipelago about 430 kilometres northeast of Mauritius consisting of a number of sand banks and islets. Saint Brandon consists of five island groups, with about 28–40 islands and islets in total, depending on seasonal storms and related sand movements. There are 22 named shoals; the archipelago is prone to substantial submersion in severe weather. It has an aggregate land area estimated variously at 500 acres. Economic activity in the region is limited to fishing on the extensive shallow bank covering 900 sq mi around the islands. By the early 19th century, most of the islands were in use as fishing stations. Geographically, the archipelago is part of the Mascarene Islands and is situated on the Mascarene Plateau formed by the separation of the Mauritia microcontinent during the separation of India and Madagascar about 60 million years ago. Politically, Saint Brandon is part of the territory of Mauritius and is grouped within the Outer Islands of Mauritius along with Agaléga, Tromelin and the Chagos Archipelago, including Diego Garcia.
The Outer Islands are defined as "all the islands comprised in the State of Mauritius other than the Islands of Mauritius and Rodrigues". They are administered from Port Louis by the Outer Island Development Corporation, responsible for their management and development and reports to the prime minister's office. Under a judgment by the Judicial Committee of the Privy Council on 30 July 2008, 13 of the outer islands were deemed to have been a permanent grant to the Raphael Fishing Company Ltd; the reef measures more than 50 kilometres from north to south, is 5 kilometres wide, cut by three passes. The reef area is 190 km2; the islands have a small transient population fishermen, counted at 63 people on census night in 2001. The bulk of this transitory population 40 people, live on Île Raphael, with smaller settlements existing on Avocaré, Île du Sud. A settlement on Albatross Island was abandoned in 1988; the islands are rich in marine flora and fauna, but on some islands the latter have been affected by the uncontrolled presence of rats.
In the past, Cargados Carajos was a volcanic island. Over time however, the island eroded until it became a coral atoll was left behind; the archipelago is part of the Mascarene plateau, a submarine plateau north and east of Madagascar, the second largest in the Indian Ocean after the Kerguelen Plateau. Individual islets on the reef include north to south, the following: Albatross Island 16°14′27″S 59°35′31″E, 1.01 km2 Îlot du Nord 16°23′16″S 59°38′32″E Île Raphael 16°26′00″S 59°36′18″E Îlot Siren 16°28′05″S 59°34′49″E Île Tortue 16°29′00″S 59°41′014″E, 0.13 km2 Pearl Islet 16°32′46″S 59°30′20″E Île du Sud 16°48′55″S 59°30′09″E Avocaré Island 16°36′10″S 59°38′26″E, 0.02 km2 Petite Capitane Grande Capitane Mapare Islet 16°34′22″S 59°42′08″E, 0.4 km2 Frigate Islet 16°35′55″S 59°30′49″E Îlote du Paul Puits A Eau Baleine Rocks Île Veronge 16°40′43″S 59°36′23″E Veronge Ilot Île Poulailer Palm Islet Chaloupe 16°45′08″S 59°34′21″E Courson Coco Island 16°48′56″S 59°30′09″E, 0.5 km2 A number of unnamed islands and sand cays complete the Cargados.
The total number of islands on the reef is close to 40. Siren Island, Île du Sud, Pearl Island, Frigate Island are west of the reef, while North Island is about 4 kilometres northeast of the northern tip of the reef. Albatross Island, about 18 kilometres north, is geographically a separate single coral island at location 16°15'S, 59°35'E. Albatross Island is the highest and the largest of the islands in the group, with an area of 1.01 km2, followed by Raphael, Avocaré, Coco Island and Île du Sud. The main settlement is on Île Raphael, held by the Raphael Fishing Company together with twelve other islands under a permanent lease. Île Raphael can have a coast guard and meteorological station. Smaller settlements exist on Avocaré, Sud. Cargados comprises about 190 km2 of reefs, it has the largest algal ridge in the Indian Ocean. Coconut trees can be found on a few islands as well as grass; the islands are covered with white granular sand from eroded coral, a thick layer of guano can be found in most places.
The shoreline is principally basalt boulders cemented basally by beachrock. The peripheral fringing reefs are exposed to a considerable south-east swell; the reefs are described by Sabn. The western part of the bay has a coral bank and a fringing reef, dominated by staghorn Acropora, with an irregular front which merges with the coral banks.
Air India is the flag carrier airline of India headquartered at New Delhi. It is owned by Air India Limited, a government-owned enterprise, operates a fleet of Airbus and Boeing aircraft serving 94 domestic and international destinations; the airline has its hub at Indira Gandhi International Airport, New Delhi, alongside several focus cities across India. Air India is the largest international carrier out of India with an 18.6% market share. Over 60 international destinations are served by Air India across four continents. Additionally, the carrier is the third largest domestic airline in India in terms of passengers carried with a market share of 13.5% as of July 2017. The airline became the 27th member of Star Alliance on 11 July 2014; the airline was founded by J. R. D. Tata as Tata Airlines in 1932. After World War II, it was renamed as Air India. On 21 February 1960, it took delivery of its first Boeing 707 named Gauri Shankar and became the first Asian airline to induct a jet aircraft in its fleet.
In 2000–01, attempts were made to privatise Air India and from 2006 onwards, it suffered losses after its merger with Indian Airlines. Air India operates flights to domestic and Asian destinations through its subsidiaries Alliance Air and Air India Express. Air India's mascot is the Maharajah and the logo consists of a flying swan with the wheel of Konark inside it. Air India had its origin as Tata Air Services renamed to Tata Airlines founded by J. R. D. Tata of Tata Sons, an Indian aviator and business tycoon. In April 1932, Tata won a contract to carry mail for Imperial Airways and the aviation department of Tata Sons was formed with two single-engine de Havilland Puss Moths. On 15 October 1932, Tata flew a Puss Moth carrying air mail from Karachi to Bombay and the aircraft continued to Madras piloted by Nevill Vintcent, a former Royal Air Force pilot and friend of Tata; the airline fleet consisted of a de Havilland Leopard Moth. Initial service included weekly airmail service between Madras via Ahmedabad and Bombay.
In its first year of operation, the airline flew 160,000 miles, carrying 155 passengers and 9.72 tonnes of mail and made a profit of ₹60,000. The airline launched its first domestic flight from Bombay to Trivandrum with a six-seater Miles Merlin. In 1938, it was re-christened as Tata Air Services and as Tata Airlines. Colombo in Ceylon and Delhi were added to the destinations in 1938. During the Second World War, the airline helped the Royal Air Force with troop movements, shipping of supplies, rescue of refugees and maintenance of aircraft. After World War II, regular commercial service was restored in India and Tata Airlines became a public limited company on 29 July 1946 under the name Air India. After Indian independence in 1947, 49% of the airline was acquired by the Government of India in 1948. On 8 June 1948, a Lockheed Constellation L-749A named Malabar Princess took off from Bombay bound for London Heathrow marking the airline's first international flight. In 1953, the Government of India passed the Air Corporations Act and purchased a majority stake in the carrier from Tata Sons though its founder J. R. D. Tata would continue as Chairman till 1977.
The company was renamed as Air India International Limited and the domestic services were transferred to Indian Airlines as a part of a restructuring. From 1948 to 1950, the airline introduced services to Nairobi in Kenya and to major European destinations Rome, Paris and Düsseldorf; the airline took delivery of its first Lockheed Constellation L-1049 and inaugurated services to Bangkok, Hong Kong and Singapore. On 21 February 1960, Air India International inducted its first Boeing 707–420, thereby becoming the first Asian airline to enter the Jet Age; the airline inaugurated services to New York on 14 May 1960. On 8 June 1962, the airline's name was truncated to Air India and on 11 June 1962, Air India became the world's first all-jet airline. In 1971, the airline took delivery of its first Boeing 747-200B named Emperor Ashoka and introduced a new Palace in the Sky livery and branding. In 1986, Air India took delivery of its first Airbus A310-300. In 1993, Air India took delivery of a Boeing 747-400 named Konark and operated the first non-stop flight between New York and Delhi.
In 2000–01, attempts were made to re-privatize Air India. In 2000, Air India introduced services to China. On 23 May 2001, the Ministry of Civil Aviation charged Michael Mascarenhas, the then-managing director, with corruption. According to the ministry reports, the airline lost ₹570 million because of extra commissions that Mascarenhas sanctioned and he was suspended from the airline. In May 2004, Air India launched a wholly owned low cost subsidiary called Air-India Express connecting cities in India with the Middle East and Southeast Asia; until 2007, Air India operated on international long-haul routes while Indian Airlines operated on domestic and international short-haul routes. In 2007, Air India and Indian Airlines were merged under Air India Limited and the airline took delivery of its first Boeing 777 aircraft; the airline was invited to be a part of the Star Alliance in 2007. The combined losses for Air India and Indian Airlines in 2006–07 were ₹7.7 billion and after the merger, it went up to ₹72 billion by March 2009.
In July 2009, State Bank of India was appointed to prepa