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Transport in Vanuatu

Vanuatu's undeveloped road system, with fewer than 100 miles of paved roads, consists of dirt tracks suitable only for four-wheel-drive vehicles. Every island has one or two short airstrips where Vanair’s Twin Otter planes land two or three times weekly. In addition, every island has a small port or wharf where small cargo ships and boats dock. After arrival on an island, transportation is via pickup truck, foot, or small boat. Bicycles are becoming popular in Vanuatu. Port Vila and Luganville have mass-transit vans. There are no railways in Vanuatu, although there was a small rail line on Efate during the colonial era. Vanuatu's main harbors are Port-Vila, Santo. Highways:total: 1,070 km paved: 256 km unpaved: 814 km Merchant marine: total: 78 ships totaling 1,266,634 GT/1,618,877 tonnes deadweight ships by type: bulk 27, cargo 24, chemical tanker 3, combination bulk 2, container 1, liquified gas 4, petroleum tanker 2, refrigerated cargo 9, vehicle carrier 6 note: a flag of convenience registry.

Álex da Rosa

Álex Rodrigo da Rosa Comelles, best known as Álex da Rosa, is a naturalized Bolivian football midfielder, who plays for Bolivar in the Bolivian First Division. Da Rosa began his career at the youth ranks of his hometown club Caxias, he continued playing in Brazil for other lower division clubs such as Esporte Clube São Bento, Uberlândia Esporte Clube and Esporte Clube São José. In 1999 Álex arrived in Bolivia for the first time and signed for big club Oriente Petrolero, however, he did not live up the expectations and left after a couple of months, his next team was Hungarian side MTK Budapest FC where he played through 2000. Back in Bolivia he joined Mariscal Braun, his performance bought him a transfer to The Strongest in 2002. For the next three years, he maintained a good form and scored several goals for the club, helping The Strongest win two national titles in that period. In 2004, he naturalized Bolivian hoping to play for the national team. In 2005, he relocated to Germany to join Bonner SC, before transferring to Colombian team Deportes Tolima the following year.

Da Rosa moved back to Bolivia to play for Club Aurora. Subsequently, he signed for Blooming, but he was separated from the team shortly after because of indiscipline. Willing to clean his image, da Rosa joined Club San José in early 2007. At his arrival, he became a key player in helping San José obtain the Clausura title. Therefore, he was recognized as the most valuable player by the Bolivian sports media. Now he was the number 1 player in Club Bolívar. Since his naturalization, da Rosa has earned 5 caps for the Bolivia national team, he scored his first international goal for Bolivia on April 1, 2009, in that memorable victory over Argentina by 6-1 in La Paz. Álex da Rosa at ESPN FC Álex da Rosa – FIFA competition record Álex da Rosa at CBF

Clayton R. Lusk

Clayton Riley Lusk was an American lawyer and politician from New York. He is now remembered as chairman of the "Lusk Committee", was Acting Lieutenant Governor of New York in 1922. Lusk was the son of Clara Root Lusk, he graduated from Cortland Normal School in 1895, graduated LL. B. from Cornell Law School, was admitted to the bar in 1902, practiced law in partnership with Rowland L. Davis in Cortland. Lusk entered politics as a Republican, was City Judge of Cortland from 1904 to 1909, he was a member of the New York State Senate from 1919 to 1924, sitting in the 142nd, 143rd, 144th, 145th, 146th and 147th New York State Legislatures. From 1919 to 1920, he chaired the Joint Legislative Committee to Investigate Seditious Activities, which consisted of four senators and five assemblymen and was known popularly as the "Lusk Committee." Lusk was Temporary President of the State Senate from 1921 to 1922. On September 26, 1922, upon the resignation of Lt. Gov. Jeremiah Wood, appointed a judge of the New York Court of Claims, Lusk became Acting Lieutenant Governor until the end of the year serving under Governor Nathan Lewis Miller.

He was Minority Leader from 1923 to 1924. At the end of his third term, he came under scrutiny for having accepted gifts from various companies to support or oppose legislation. A stadium at the State University of New York at Cortland is named in his honor, he was a member of the Young Men's Debating Club at the Cortland Normal School. Clayton R. Lusk was a member of the Cortland County Bar Association, the Masonic Cortlandville Lodge, the First Presbyterian Church of Cortland. "Clayton R. Lusk, dies: Former Republican leader of State Senate acted as Governor in 1922" in NYT on February 15, 1959, p. 85. Mencken's America by Henry Louis Mencken and S. T. Joshi The Cortland Normal News, Volume 16, No. 4, December 1893, page 21. Family Tree Maker's Genealogy Descendants of Daniel Meekes; the Cortland Standard, February 16 & 19, 1959. The Delphic Fraternity, Inc

All-Ireland Senior Club Camogie Championship 1966

The 1966 All-Ireland Senior Club Camogie Championship for the leading clubs in the women's team field sport of camogie was won by St Patrick’s Glengoole (from Tipperary, who defeated St Paul’s from Kilkenny in the final, played at St John’s Park. The championship was organised on the traditional provincial system used in Gaelic Games since the 1880s, with Deirdre and Oranmore winning the championships of the other two provinces. Glengoole led by a point at half time, won by 13 points as Anne Carroll scored a notable 2-3 of their total from the deep lying centre back position. Agnes Hourigan wrote in the Irish Press: There was little between the teams in the first half, once the Kilkenny girls had settled down, the champions half time lead of 1-1 to 1-0 reflected the trend of the play. In the second half the power of the holders, who fielded nine of the Tipperary county team, told its tale and they had established a winning lead before Kilkenny cut the margin in a late rally. Camogie Association

New standard tuning

New standard tuning is an alternative tuning for the guitar that approximates all-fifths tuning. The guitar's strings are assigned the notes C2-G2-D3-A3-E4-G4. All-fifths tuning is used for mandolins, cellos and violins. On a guitar, tuning the strings in fifths would mean the first string would be a high B, something, impractical until recently. NST provides a good approximation to all-fifths tuning. Like other regular tunings, NST allows chord fingerings to be shifted from one set of strings to another. NST's C-G range is wider, both lower and higher, than the E-E range of standard tuning in which the strings are tuned to the open notes E2-A2-D3-G3-B3-E4; the greater range allows NST-guitars to play repertoire that would be impractical, if not impossible, on a standard-tuned guitar. NST was developed by the guitarist for King Crimson. Fripp taught the new standard tuning in Guitar-Craft courses beginning in 1985, thousands of Guitar Craft students continue to use the tuning. Like other alternative tunings for guitar, NST provides challenges and new opportunities to guitarists, who have developed music suited to NST.

NST places the guitar strings under greater tension than standard tuning. Standard sets of guitar strings do not work well with the tuning as the lowest strings are too loose and the highest string may snap under the increased tension. Special sets of NST strings have been available for decades, some guitarists have assembled NST sets from individual strings. New standard tuning was invented by Robert Fripp of the band King Crimson in September 1983. Fripp began using the tuning in 1985 before beginning his Guitar Craft seminars, which have taught the tuning to three thousand guitarists; the tuning is: C2-G2-D3-A3-E4-G4. The original version of NST was all-fifths tuning. However, in the 1980s, Fripp never attained the all-fifth's high B. While he could attain A, the string's lifetime distribution was too short. Experimenting with a G string, Fripp succeeded. "Originally, seen in 5ths all the way, the top string would not go to B. so, as on a tenor banjo, I adopted an A on the first string. These kept breaking, so G was adopted."

In 2012, Fripp suggested that Guitar Circle members experiment with an A String from Octave4Plus of Gary Goodman. In 2010, Fripp suggested renaming the tuning as "Guitar Craft Standard Tuning or C Pentatonic tuning"; the lowest five strings are tuned in perfect fifths from a low C. The first string is a minor third up from the E to a G. Since the lowest five strings are tuned in fifths, guitars with NST can be played with the fingerings for chords and scales used on the violin and mandolin; the first five strings of NST have all-fifths tuning, so its all-fifths chords are movable around the fretboard. In contrast, standard tuning has an irregular major-third interjected among its perfect fourths, which complicates the learning of chords by beginners; the distinct open-notes are the notes of the major pentatonic scale on C, which contains only consonant intervals. The C-pentatonic scale omits the open B of standard tuning and all-fifths tuning, which forms a dissonant second-interval with C. With the 1980s King Crimson, Fripp had used pentatonic harmony in "Discipline", "Thela Hun Ginjeet", "Sartori in Tangier".

"With a note of music, one strikes the fundamental, and, in addition to the root note, other notes are generated: these are the harmonic series.... As one fundamental note contains within it other notes in the octave, two fundamentals produce a remarkable array of harmonics, the number of possible combinations between all the notes increases phenomenally. With a triad, affairs stand a good chance of getting out of hand." New standard tuning lists four notes from the harmonic sequence for the note C. When the low open-note C-string is struck, its harmonic sequence begins with the notes. To strengthen a given chord, Vincent Persichetti's Twentieth-century harmony recommends adding perfect fifths above the initial overtones, rather than adding higher overtones, such as B♭ and the higher C. Persichetti's book influenced Fripp. In new standard tuning C is the fundamental overtone, G as a fifth reinforces C, D as a fifth reinforces G, A as a fifth reinforces D, E both as a fifth reinforces A and as the fifth overtone reinforces C, G as the sixth overtone reinforces C.

Like all-fifths tuning, NST has a greater range than a perfect fifth greater. Asked whether NST facilitates "new intervals or harmonies that aren't available in standard tuning", Fripp responded, "Yes, that's part of it. It's more effective. It's a more rational system, but it's better sounding—better for chords, better for single notes." To build chords, Fripp uses "perfect intervals in fourths and octaves", so avoiding minor and major thirds. Quartal and quintal harmony was stressed from the beginning of Fripp's teaching of Guitar Craft. Fripp began a 1986 course with these directions: "Now, pick a note from the following series—; when you are ready—do not be in any hurry, but when you are ready play your note pick others and play them as the situation demands it. Your first note will be the first intentional note you have played in a week."It is a challenge to adapt conventional guitar-chords to new standard tuning. NST has wider intervals between consecutive strings than standard t

Panch phoron

Panch phoron is a whole spice blend, originating from the Indian subcontinent, used in the cuisine of Bangladesh, Eastern India and Southern Nepal. The name means "five spices" in Bengali, Nepali and Odia. All of the spices in panch phoron are seeds. Panch phoron consists of fenugreek seed, nigella seed, cumin seed, black mustard seed and fennel seed in equal parts; some cooks prefer to use a smaller proportion of fenugreek seeds, because of their mildly bitter taste. In Bengal, panch phoron is sometimes made with radhuni instead of mustard seed. In the West, where radhuni may be hard to obtain, some cooks substitute the similar-tasting celery seed. Unlike most spice mixes, panch phoron is always used whole and never ground. Traditionally, panch phoron is used with vegetables, chicken or mutton curry, lentils, shukto and in pickles. In the tradition of Odia, Maithili cuisine, Nepali cuisine, Bengali cuisine, panch phoron is fried in mustard oil or ghee, which causes it to begin popping; this technique is known as "tempering".

After tempering, other ingredients are added to the fried spices to be coated in the mixture. Chinese five-spice powder