Transvestism is the practice of dressing in a style or manner traditionally associated with the opposite sex. In some cultures, transvestism is practiced for religious, traditional, or ceremonial reasons. Though the term was coined as late as the 1910s, the phenomenon is not new, it was referred to in the Hebrew Bible. The word has undergone several changes of meaning since it was first coined and is still used in a variety of senses. Today, the term transvestite is considered outdated and derogatory, with the term cross-dresser used as a more appropriate replacement; this is because the term transvestite was used to diagnose medical disorders, including mental health disorders, transvestism was viewed as a disorder, but the term cross-dresser was coined by the transgender community. In some cases, the term transvestite is seen as more appropriate for use by members of the transgender community instead of by those outside of the transgender community, some have reclaimed the word. Magnus Hirschfeld coined the word transvestite in 1910 to refer to the sexual interest in cross-dressing.
He used it to describe persons who voluntarily wore clothes of the opposite sex. Hirschfeld's group of transvestites consisted of both males and females, with heterosexual, homosexual and asexual orientations. Hirschfeld himself was not happy with the term: He believed that clothing was only an outward symbol chosen on the basis of various internal psychological situations. In fact, Hirschfeld helped people to achieve the first name changes and performed the first reported sexual reassignment surgery. Hirschfeld's transvestites therefore were, in today's terms, not only transvestites, but a variety of people from the transgender spectrum. Hirschfeld noticed that sexual arousal was associated with transvestism. In more recent terminology, this is sometimes called transvestic fetishism. Hirschfeld clearly distinguished between transvestism as an expression of a person's "contra-sexual" feelings and fetishistic behavior if the latter involved wearing clothes of the other sex. One of the fiercest activists to come out of the Stonewall Riots was Sylvia Rivera, who set up Street Transvestite Action Revolutionaries.
In a 1971 essay, "Transvestites: Your Half Sisters and Half Brothers of the Revolution", Rivera wrote, "Transvestites are homosexual men and women who dress in clothes of the opposite sex."After all the changes that took place during the 1970s, a large group was left without a word to describe themselves: heterosexual males who wear traditionally feminine clothing. This group was not happy with the term "transvestism", therefore took on the term "cross-dresser". Cross-dressers are men who wear female clothing and both admire and imitate women, but self-identify as different from both gay men and transsexuals, deny having fetishistic intentions; when cross-dressing occurs for erotic purposes over a period of at least six months and causes significant distress or impairment, the behavior is considered a mental disorder in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, the psychiatric diagnosis "transvestic fetishism" is applied. In some cultures, transvestism is practiced for traditional or ceremonial reasons.
For example, in India some male devotees of the Hindu god Krishna in Mathura and Vrindavan, dress in female attire to pose as his consort, the goddess Radha, as an act of devotion. In Italy, the Neapolitan femminielli wear wedding dresses, called the matrimonio dei femminielli, a procession takes place through the streets, a tradition that has pagan origins. Drag List of transgender-related topics Transgender Transsexualism Travesti Dual-role transvestism Ackroyd, Peter. Dressing up, transvestism and drag: the history of an obsession. Simon and Schuster, 1979. ISBN 0671250914 Mancini, Elena. A Brighter Shade of Pink: Magnus Hirschfeld. ProQuest, 2007. ISBN 0549700552 Ambrosio, Giovanna. Transvestism, Transsexualism in the Psychoanalytic Dimension. Karnac Books, 2011. ISBN 178049307X Gravois, Valory. Cherry Single: A Transvestite Comes of Age Alchemist/Light Publishing, 1997, ISBN 0-9600650-5-9 Thanem Torkild, Wallenberg Louise. "Just doing gender? Transvestism and the power of underdoing gender in everyday life and work".
Organization. 23: 250–271. Doi:10.1177/1350508414547559. The dictionary definition of transvestite at Wiktionary Transvestism at Britannica Online Encyclopædia
Crash Test Aglaé is a French comedy road movie directed and written by Eric Gravel. Aglaé is a rigidly work-obsessed young crash test technician with obsessive-compulsive disorder whose whole world is her work, apart from her adoration of the game of cricket, but the French factory where she works is closed because the work can be done cheaper in India. Aglaé and two colleagues – Liette and Marcelle – decide to accept the company's not-very-serious offer of relocation, set out from rural France for India in Marcelle's dreadful old jalopy, a quirky journey that ends up as an unlikely personal voyage. India Hair as Aglaé Lanctot Yolande Moreau as Marcelle Julie Depardieu as Liette Frédérique Bel as Lola Alastair G. Cumming as Spencer Adil Hussain as the transvestite Anne Charrier Tristán Ulloa Hanns Zischler The movie is shot in Conflans-Sainte-Honorine, Île-de-France, Poland and India. Shooting started on 4 September 2015 and ended on 25 November 2015. Crash Test Aglaé on IMDb
The European Bowling Tour is a single tournament, with the top 16 men and top 16 women in the final standings of the European Bowling Tour being invited. The current format of the tournament is 3 qualification squads of 6 games each; the top 8 bowlers in each division will bowl an 8-game Round Robin, the winner of this round will be crowned the 2009 EBT Masters champion. A prize pool of €36,000 will be provided with last place in each division winning €300. Additional prize money will be given to the winner of qualification; the Inaugural EBT Masters was held in the Rollhouse bowling centre in Turkey. The winners of the Event were Kamilla Kjeldsen of Denmark; the format for the tournament was 3 qualifying blocks of 8 games. The 1st block was bowled on the 2nd on long oil and the 3rd of mixed oil; the top 8 in each division after these 24 game played a "best of 3" single elimination matchplay with the highest seed playing the lowest seed every round until the winner is decided. European Bowling Masters Results since 2008 from European Tenpin Bowling Federation website Bowlingdigital.com, Tenpin news website Talktenpin.net, Tenpin news website Bowlinglinks all over the World, sorted by categories