Scrubs (TV series)
Scrubs is an American medical comedy-drama television series created by Bill Lawrence that aired from October 2, 2001, to March 17, 2010, on NBC and ABC. The series follows the lives of employees at the fictional Sacred Heart Hospital, which becomes a Teaching Hospital; the title is a play on surgical scrubs and a term for a low-ranking person because at the beginning of the series, most of the main characters are medical interns. The series was noted for its fast-paced slapstick and surreal vignettes presented as the daydreams of the central character, Dr. John "J. D." Dorian, played by Zach Braff. The main cast for all but its last season consisted of Braff, Sarah Chalke, Donald Faison, Neil Flynn, Ken Jenkins, John C. McGinley, Judy Reyes; the series featured multiple guest appearances by film actors, such as Brendan Fraser, Heather Graham, Colin Farrell. Although season eight's "My Finale" was conceived and filmed as a series finale, the show was rebooted for a ninth season, with the setting moved to a medical school, new cast members introduced.
Of the original cast, only Braff, McGinley remained regular cast members, while the others, with the exception of Reyes, made guest appearances. Scrubs, produced by the television production division of Walt Disney Television, premiered on October 2, 2001, on NBC; the series received a Peabody Award in 2006. During the seventh season, NBC announced; the ninth season premiered on December 1, 2009, on May 14, 2010, ABC cancelled the series. Scrubs focuses on the unique point of view of its main character and narrator, Dr. John Michael "J. D." Dorian for the first eight seasons, with season nine being narrated by the new main character Lucy Bennett. Most episodes feature multiple story lines thematically linked by voice-overs done by Braff, as well as the comical daydreams of J. D. According to Bill Lawrence, "What we decided was, rather than have it be a monotone narration, if it's going to be Zach's voice, we're going to do everything through J. D.'s eyes. It opened up a visual medium that those of us as comedy writers were not used to."
Actors were given the chance to improvise their lines on set with encouragement by series creator Bill Lawrence, with Neil Flynn and Zach Braff being the main improvisors. Every episode title for the first eight seasons begins with the word "My". Bill Lawrence says. A few episodes are told from another character's perspective and have episode titles such as "His Story" or "Her Story". Apart from a brief period of narration from J. D. at the beginning and the end, these episodes contain internal narration from other characters besides J. D; the transfer of the narration duties occurs at a moment of physical contact between two characters. Starting with season nine, the episode titles start with "Our..." as the focus has shifted from the perspective of J. D. to a new group of medical students. The webisodes that accompanied season eight, Scrubs: Interns were named "Our...". For the first eight seasons, the series featured seven main cast members, with numerous other characters recurring throughout the course of the series.
Starting with the ninth season, many of the original cast left as regular characters, while four new additions were made to the main cast. Zach Braff portrays John Michael "J. D." Dorian, the show's protagonist and narrator. J. D. is a young attending physician. His voice-over to the series comes from his internal thoughts and features surreal fantasies. J. D. describes himself as a "sensi", being a lover of hugs. Over the course of the series, J. D. rises the ranks of the hospital before leaving Sacred Heart to become the Residency Director at St. Vincent Hospital, before returning to become a teacher at Winston University. J. D. has a child with wife Elliot Reid. Sarah Chalke portrays Elliot Reid, another intern and private-practice physician, her relationship with J. D. becomes romantic on several occasions throughout the series, resulting in them marrying and having a child together. As the series progresses, despite an initial dislike of each other, she becomes friends with Carla. Elliot is driven by a neurotic desire to prove her worth to her family, her peers, herself.
She is described as book-smart, while her social abilities were somewhat lacking. Her social skills develop throughout the seasons. Donald Faison portrays Christopher Turk, J. D.'s best friend and surgeon, who rises from intern to chief of surgery as the series progresses. Turk and J. D. were roommates when they attended the College of William and Mary, as well as in medical school, the two have an close relationship. Turk is driven and competitive while always remaining loyal. During the course of the series, Turk forms a relationship with Carla. In season nine, he is a teacher at Winston University while continuing his duties as chief of surgery. Neil Flynn portrays the hospital's custodian. An incident in the pilot episode establishes an antagonistic relationship between J. D. an
Natalie Zea is an American actress known for her performances on television. Zea began her acting career in theatre, her first major role was on the NBC daytime soap opera Passions, where she played the role of Gwen Hotchkiss. Her breakout role was on the ABC primetime soap opera Dirty Sexy Money as socialite Karen Darling, where she starred from 2007 to 2009. Zea has made many guest appearances on television, starred in a number of independent and made-for-television movies, had recurring roles in The Shield and Californication. In 2010, Zea began starring as Winona Hawkins in the FX critically acclaimed crime drama series, Justified as a regular cast member during the first three seasons and recurring guest star later. In 2013, she began starring as Claire Matthews in the Fox drama series The Following. Zea starred as Mickey Holmes-Harris, the lead character, in the canceled-before-airing ABC dramedy series, Members Only, is starring in the TBS sitcom The Detour, which premiered in the spring of 2016.
Zea was born in Harris County, attending high school in Monahans, graduating in 1993. She graduated from the American Musical and Dramatic Academy in New York City in 1995. In 1995, Zea co-starred as Lana Tisdel in the short film Boys Don't Cry. In the 1999 feature film version of Boys Don't Cry, she appeared in many national commercials for companies such as Dove and Hellman's Salad Dressing. Zea began her career in an Off-Broadway theatre, appearing in productions of The Three Sisters and A Midsummer Night's Dream, she made her feature debut in the Shakespeare-themed independent drama Macbeth in Manhattan in 1999. In the following year, Zea made her television debut in an episode of short-lived The WB drama series, D. C.. In that year she was cast as Gwen Hotchkiss Winthrop, a businesswoman and socialite, the member of the wealthy Hotchkiss family, in the NBC daytime soap opera Passions, she appeared in the show on a regular basis from November 15, 2000 to October 3, 2002. On her leaving, Zea said "I have decided not to renew my contract with Passions.
Although I enjoyed my experience, learned quite a bit initially, I know that the best thing for my career, my craft, is to pursue new challenges. So after some deliberation, an amicable parting of ways seemed to be the best decision". Zea is the second actress. Susan Lucci's daughter Liza Huber played the role from July 5, 1999 to November 8, 2000, again, after Zea left the show. In 2004, Zea was cast in a recurring role in The Shield, she played the role of a love interest of Michael Chiklis' character Vic Mackey. The following year, Zea won her first series regular role on primetime television, on the ABC drama series, Eyes opposite Tim Daly; the series was canceled after a single season. Her next major role was on the ABC primetime soap opera/comedy-drama Dirty Sexy Money opposite Jill Clayburgh, Donald Sutherland and Peter Krause. Zea played spoiled socialite Karen Darling; the soap aired from 2007 to 2009, was canceled after two seasons. In 2009, she had a recurring role during the first season of the HBO comedy series Hung.
She had many guest-starring roles, on CSI: Crime Scene Investigation, Two and a Half Men, Without a Trace, Franklin & Bash, Person of Interest. In 2010, Zea began starring as series regular during the first three seasons of the FX drama Justified, changing to a recurring role from Season 4, she played the role of the ex-wife of Raylan Givens. Zea was a guest star in the pilot for Justified, but was upped to regular right after the pilot with a two-year deal. Alongside her regular role on Justified, from 2012 to 2013, Zea had the recurring role on Showtime comedy-drama, Californication as a new love interest for David Duchovny' character. In film, Zea had supporting role in the 2010 comedy The Other Guys; as lead actress, she co-starred alongside Sean Patrick Flanery in the 2011 independent thriller InSight, in the Lifetime movie Burden of Evil. In 2013, Zea starred in the major role of Dr. Claire Matthews, the estranged wife of a serial killer in the Fox drama series, The Following, she returned to show in second season on a recurring basis.
In 2013, she had a recurring role as Maxine Seagrave, a drug and gambling kingpin, on the first season of CBS summer series, Under the Dome. In that year, Zea was cast in her first series leading role of the Amazon comedy pilot The Rebels; the pilot premiered in February 2014, but not was picked up to series. In that year, Zea was cast in two independent films: Too Late in the female lead role opposite John Hawkes, The Grey Lady as lead character. On August 4, 2014, it was announced that Zea was cast as lead character in the straight-to-series ordered ABC primetime soap opera, Members Only, she plays the role of Mickey Holmes-Harris the "most well-educated and put-together member of the family that founded the country club around which the show is centered." Members Only was cancelled by ABC before premiere. On December 2, 2014, Zea was cast as lead opposite Jason Jones in the TBS vacation comedy The Detour. In June 2013, Zea announced her engagement to her former co-star in Passions, Travis Schuldt, after 10 years of dating.
The couple married on July 2014, in Hawaii. In June 2015, they announced. In October, 2015, Zea gave birth to a daughter named Reygan. Natalie Zea on IMDb Natalie Zea on Twitter
American Broadcasting Company
The American Broadcasting Company is an American commercial broadcast television network, a flagship property of Walt Disney Television, a subsidiary of the Disney Media Networks division of The Walt Disney Company. The network is headquartered in Burbank, California on Riverside Drive, directly across the street from Walt Disney Studios and adjacent to the Roy E. Disney Animation Building, But the network's second corporate headquarters and News headquarters remains in New York City, New York at their broadcast center on 77 West 66th Street in Lincoln Square in Upper West Side Manhattan. Since 2007, when ABC Radio was sold to Citadel Broadcasting, ABC has reduced its broadcasting operations exclusively to television; the fifth-oldest major broadcasting network in the world and the youngest of the Big Three television networks, ABC is nicknamed as "The Alphabet Network", as its initialism represents the first three letters of the English alphabet, in order. ABC launched as a radio network on October 12, 1943, serving as the successor to the NBC Blue Network, purchased by Edward J. Noble.
It extended its operations to television in 1948, following in the footsteps of established broadcast networks CBS and NBC. In the mid-1950s, ABC merged with United Paramount Theatres, a chain of movie theaters that operated as a subsidiary of Paramount Pictures. Leonard Goldenson, the head of UPT, made the new television network profitable by helping develop and greenlight many successful series. In the 1980s, after purchasing an 80 percent interest in cable sports channel ESPN, the network's corporate parent, American Broadcasting Companies, Inc. merged with Capital Cities Communications, owner of several print publications, television and radio stations. In 1996, most of Capital Cities/ABC's assets were purchased by The Walt Disney Company; the television network has eight owned-and-operated and over 232 affiliated television stations throughout the United States and its territories. Some of the ABC-affiliated stations can be seen in Canada via pay-television providers, certain other affiliates can be received over-the-air in areas within the Canada–United States border.
ABC News provides news and features content for select radio stations owned by Citadel Broadcasting, which purchased the ABC Radio properties in 2007. In the 1930s, radio in the United States was dominated by three companies: the Columbia Broadcasting System, the Mutual Broadcasting System, the National Broadcasting Company; the last was owned by electronics manufacturer Radio Corporation of America, which owned two radio networks that each ran different varieties of programming, NBC Blue and NBC Red. The NBC Blue Network was created in 1927 for the primary purpose of testing new programs on markets of lesser importance than those served by NBC Red, which served the major cities, to test drama series. In 1934, Mutual filed a complaint with the Federal Communications Commission regarding its difficulties in establishing new stations, in a radio market, being saturated by NBC and CBS. In 1938, the FCC began a series of investigations into the practices of radio networks and published its report on the broadcasting of network radio programs in 1940.
The report recommended that RCA give up control of either NBC NBC Blue. At that time, the NBC Red Network was the principal radio network in the United States and, according to the FCC, RCA was using NBC Blue to eliminate any hint of competition. Having no power over the networks themselves, the FCC established a regulation forbidding licenses to be issued for radio stations if they were affiliated with a network which owned multiple networks that provided content of public interest. Once Mutual's appeals against the FCC were rejected, RCA decided to sell NBC Blue in 1941, gave the mandate to do so to Mark Woods. RCA converted the NBC Blue Network into an independent subsidiary, formally divorcing the operations of NBC Red and NBC Blue on January 8, 1942, with the Blue Network being referred to on-air as either "Blue" or "Blue Network"; the newly separated NBC Red and NBC Blue divided their respective corporate assets. Between 1942 and 1943, Woods offered to sell the entire NBC Blue Network, a package that included leases on landlines, three pending television licenses, 60 affiliates, four operations facilities, contracts with actors, the brand associated with the Blue Network.
Investment firm Dillon, Read & Co. offered $7.5 million to purchase the network, but the offer was rejected by Woods and RCA president David Sarnoff. Edward J. Noble, the owner of Life Savers candy, drugstore chain Rexall and New York City radio station WMCA, purchased the network for $8 million. Due to FCC ownership rules, the transaction, to include the purchase of three RCA stations by Noble, would require him to resell his station with the FCC's approval; the Commission authorized the transaction on October 12, 1943. Soon afterward, the Blue Network was purchased by the new company Noble founded, the American Broadcasting System. Noble subsequently acquired the rights to the American Broadcasting Company name from George B. Storer in 1944. Meanwhile, in August 1944, the West Coast division of the Blue Network, which owned San Francisco radio station KGO, bought Los Angeles station KECA f
CBS is an American English language commercial broadcast television and radio network, a flagship property of CBS Corporation. The company is headquartered at the CBS Building in New York City with major production facilities and operations in New York City and Los Angeles. CBS is sometimes referred to as the Eye Network, in reference to the company's iconic symbol, in use since 1951, it has been called the "Tiffany Network", alluding to the perceived high quality of CBS programming during the tenure of William S. Paley, it can refer to some of CBS's first demonstrations of color television, which were held in a former Tiffany & Co. building in New York City in 1950. The network has its origins in United Independent Broadcasters Inc. a collection of 16 radio stations, purchased by Paley in 1928 and renamed the Columbia Broadcasting System. Under Paley's guidance, CBS would first become one of the largest radio networks in the United States, one of the Big Three American broadcast television networks.
In 1974, CBS dropped its former full name and became known as CBS, Inc. The Westinghouse Electric Corporation acquired the network in 1995, renamed its corporate entity to the current CBS Broadcasting, Inc. in 1997, adopted the name of the company it had acquired to become CBS Corporation. In 2000, CBS came under the control of Viacom, formed as a spin-off of CBS in 1971. In late 2005, Viacom split itself into two separate companies and re-established CBS Corporation – through the spin-off of its broadcast television and select cable television and non-broadcasting assets – with the CBS television network at its core. CBS Corporation is controlled by Sumner Redstone through National Amusements, which controls the current Viacom. CBS operated the CBS Radio network until 2017, when it merged its radio division with Entercom. Prior to CBS Radio provided news and features content for its portfolio owned-and-operated radio stations in large and mid-sized markets, affiliated radio stations in various other markets.
While CBS Corporation owns a 72% stake in Entercom, it no longer owns or operates any radio stations directly, though CBS still provides radio news broadcasts to its radio affiliates and the new owners of its former radio stations. The television network has more than 240 owned-and-operated and affiliated television stations throughout the United States; the company ranked 197th on the 2018 Fortune 500 of the largest United States corporations by revenue. The origins of CBS date back to January 27, 1927, with the creation of the "United Independent Broadcasters" network in Chicago by New York City talent-agent Arthur Judson; the fledgling network soon needed additional investors though, the Columbia Phonograph Company, manufacturers of Columbia Records, rescued it in April 1927. Columbia Phonographic went on the air on September 18, 1927, with a presentation by the Howard L. Barlow Orchestra from flagship station WOR in Newark, New Jersey, fifteen affiliates. Operational costs were steep the payments to AT&T for use of its land lines, by the end of 1927, Columbia Phonograph wanted out.
In early 1928 Judson sold the network to brothers Isaac and Leon Levy, owners of the network's Philadelphia affiliate WCAU, their partner Jerome Louchheim. None of the three were interested in assuming day-to-day management of the network, so they installed wealthy 26-year-old William S. Paley, son of a Philadelphia cigar family and in-law of the Levys, as president. With the record company out of the picture, Paley streamlined the corporate name to "Columbia Broadcasting System", he believed in the power of radio advertising since his family's "La Palina" cigars had doubled their sales after young William convinced his elders to advertise on radio. By September 1928, Paley bought out the Louchhheim share of CBS and became its majority owner with 51% of the business. During Louchheim's brief regime, Columbia paid $410,000 to A. H. Grebe's Atlantic Broadcasting Company for a small Brooklyn station, WABC, which would become the network's flagship station. WABC was upgraded, the signal relocated to 860 kHz.
The physical plant was relocated – to Steinway Hall on West 57th Street in Manhattan, where much of CBS's programming would originate. By the turn of 1929, the network could boast to sponsors of having 47 affiliates. Paley moved right away to put his network on a firmer financial footing. In the fall of 1928, he entered into talks with Adolph Zukor of Paramount Pictures, who planned to move into radio in response to RCA's forays into motion pictures with the advent of talkies; the deal came to fruition in September 1929: Paramount acquired 49% of CBS in return for a block of its stock worth $3.8 million at the time. The agreement specified that Paramount would buy that same stock back by March 1, 1932 for a flat $5 million, provided CBS had earned $2 million during 1931 and 1932. For a brief time there was talk that the network might be renamed "Paramount Radio", but it only lasted a month – the 1929 stock market crash sent all stock value tumbling, it galvanized Paley and his troops, who "had no alternative but to turn the network around and earn the $2,000,000 in two years....
This is the atmosphere in which the CBS of today was born." The near-bankrupt movie studio sold its CBS shares back to CBS in 1932. In the first year of Paley's wa
Passions is an American television soap opera that aired on Free Broadcast over-the-air network NBC from July 5, 1999 to September 7, 2007, on the Satellite Pay Television DirecTV-Exclusive The 101 Network from September 17, 2007 to August 7, 2008. Created by screenwriter James E. Reilly and produced by NBC Studios, Passions follows the lives and various romantic and paranormal adventures of the residents of Harmony. Storylines center on the interactions among members of its multi-racial core families: the African American Russells, the Caucasian Cranes and Bennetts, half-Mexican half-Irish Lopez-Fitzgeralds; the series features supernatural elements, which focus on town witch Tabitha Lenox and her doll-come-to life, Timmy. NBC cancelled Passions in January 2007, the series was subsequently picked up by direct-broadcast satellite paid subscription television service DirecTV; the series aired its final episode on NBC on September 7, 2007, with new episodes continuing on DirectTV's 101 Network starting on September 17.
In December 2007, just months after picking up the series, DirecTV decided not to renew its contract for Passions, the studio was subsequently unable to sell the series elsewhere. The final episode was broadcast in August 2008; as of 2018, Passions is the last daytime television soap opera created for American network television. Passions debuted on NBC broadcast television in 1999 with major fanfare. Creator Reilly had been credited for a large surge in the ratings for Days of Our Lives years before, thanks to innovative storylines like that of heroine Dr. Marlena Evans being possessed by Satan that drew new viewers, but tended to alienate stalwart fans. With Passions, Reilly was able to start with no pre-existing fan base to please; the series replaced the Procter & Gamble-produced serial Another World, which ended a 35-year run in June 1999, on NBC's daytime schedule. In the early days of the show, Passions heroine Sheridan Crane is identified as a close friend of Diana, Princess of Wales.
Sheridan has a similar accident in the same Paris tunnel, speaks to a "guardian Angel Diana" who urges her to fight to survive, which drew considerable controversy. Sheridan adopts the name Diana after a boating accident that results in amnesia; the opening days of the show introduced the Theresa/Ethan/Gwen love triangle that persisted as an ongoing main story line to the last episode of the series. For much of the first three to four years of the series, supernatural elements such as witches and closet doors leading to Hell were major plot points, many surrounding the machinations of the centuries-old witch Tabitha Lenox and her doll-brought-to-life sidekick, Timmy — named by Entertainment Weekly as one of their "17 Great Soap Supercouples" in 2008. In 2001, HarperEntertainment released Hidden Passions, a tie-in novelization presented as Tabitha's diary, exposing the secrets and pasts of the town's residents. Passions featured a story-line involving Tabitha and Timmy promoting the book, which reached #4 on the real-life New York Times Best Seller list and garnered the series two alternative covers of TV Guide in July 2001.
In 2003, Passions submitted an orangutan named BamBam, portraying the recurring role of Precious, for a Daytime Emmy Award. Precious was the non-speaking live-in nurse and caregiver for elderly Edna Wallace, held an unrequited love for Luis Lopez-Fitzgerald, depicted in elaborate fantasy sequences. In early 2004, the National Academy of Television Arts and Sciences, which administers the awards, disallowed the entry with the following statement: Our ruling is based on the belief that the Academy must draw a line of distinction between animal characters that aren't capable of speaking parts and human actors whose personal interpretation in character portrayal creates nuance and audience engagement that uniquely qualifies those performers for consideration of television's highest honor. In summer 2005, the prominent character Simone Russell came out as gay. In 2007, it was revealed that longtime hero Chad Harris-Crane was cheating on his wife with another man; this was a daytime first, with the men portrayed in bed together, committing -albeit unknowingly- incest.
Passions portrayed Vincent as an intersex person who became pregnant with his own father's son. Nearly seven years after the debut of Passions on July 5, 1999, the NBC-owned Sci Fi Channel began airing the series from its first episode starting February 13, 2006. Due to low ratings, the reruns were taken off the air as of May 25, 2006. On August 15, 2006, Passions became the first daytime drama to make full episodes available for download and purchase from the online music store iTunes. On November 6, 2006, the show became the first daytime drama to make full episodes available for free viewing via streaming on NBC.com. Though plagued since its inception by low overall Nielsen ratings, Passions was top-rated in key demographics, namely the female 12–17 demographic; the series was not renewed by NBC for a full ninth season in 2007, with NBC instead deciding to extend its morning news and talk show Today to a fourth hour. NBC began shopping the series to other networks. In April 2007, paid subscription service Satellite provider DirecTV bought exclusive broadcasting rights from NBC to continue airing Passions, with most principal cast members staying on.
As the series
Glengarry Glen Ross
Glengarry Glen Ross is a play by David Mamet that won the Pulitzer Prize in 1984. The play shows parts of two days in the lives of four desperate Chicago real estate agents who are prepared to engage in any number of unethical, illegal acts—from lies and flattery to bribery, threats and burglary—to sell undesirable real estate to unwitting prospective buyers, it is based on Mamet's experience having worked in a similar office. The title comes from two real estate developments mentioned in the play. Glengarry Highlands is the prime real estate everyone; the world premiere was at the National Theatre in London on 21 September 1983, where Bill Bryden's production in the Cottesloe Theatre was acclaimed as a triumph of ensemble acting. The play opened on Broadway on 25 March 1984, at the John Golden Theatre, closed on 17 February 1985 after 378 performances; the production was directed by Gregory Mosher, starred Joe Mantegna, Mike Nussbaum, Robert Prosky, Lane Smith, James Tolkan, Jack Wallace and J. T. Walsh.
It was nominated for four Tony awards including Best Play, Best Director, two Best Featured Actor nominations for Robert Prosky and Joe Mantegna, who won the production's one Tony. Richard "Ricky" Roma: The most successful salesman in the office. Although Roma seems to think of himself as a latter-day cowboy and regards his ability to make a sale as a sign of his virility, he admits only to himself that it is all luck, he is ruthless and immoral, but succeeds because he has a talent for figuring out a client's weaknesses and crafting a pitch that will exploit those weaknesses. He is a smooth talker and speaks in grand, poetic soliloquies. Shelley "The Machine" Levene: An older, once-successful salesman, who has fallen on hard times and has not closed a big deal in a long time. In Mamet's original 1983 stage version, Levene reveals his daughter's plight as a final ploy to gain Williamson's sympathy to get better leads, although this fails. However, in the 1992 film version, Levene's discussion of his daughter includes comments and a phone call to her doctor about her poor health, making Levene more sympathetic.
James Lingk: A timid, middle-aged man who becomes Roma's latest client. Lingk is manipulated and finds Roma charismatic. Upon consulting his wife, he becomes desperate to regain the money. John Williamson: The office manager; the salesmen need him because he hands out the sales leads but Williamson does not like how they treat him Levene, who berates him for the unpromising leads Levene always seems to get. George Aaronow: An aging salesman with low self-esteem who, lacking hope and confidence, is not without conscience, his frustration begins to boil up when the office is robbed, he worries about being convicted based upon Detective Baylen's interrogation. He and Roma end up the remaining two salesmen for the firm after Shelley is found out, gives up Moss as his co-conspirator. Dave Moss: A big-mouthed salesman with big dreams and schemes. Moss resents Williamson and agency owners Mitch and Murray for putting such pressure on him and plans to strike back at them by stealing all their best sales leads and selling them to a competitor.
Moss sees Aaronow as a potential accomplice, but convinces Levene to work with him in selling the leads to Jerry Graff, a local competitor. During his final rant against Roma, his indignation reveals that his jealousy extends towards his fellow salesmen, he decides to go to Wisconsin to avoid further questioning. Baylen: A police detective, he appears in the final act to investigate the office break-in and interrogate each cast member behind closed doors. Mitch and Murray: The unsavory unseen characters are the owners of the real estate agency, they have a sales "contest", which puts enormous pressure on the salesmen to produce or to lose their jobs, in which only the top two will come out with prizes. Setting: a Chinese restaurant Scene 1: Shelly Levene tries to convince office manager John Williamson to give him some of "the Glengarry leads". Williamson demands cash in advance. Levene must leave without any good leads to work with. Scene 2: Dave Moss and George Aaronow hate the pressure management has put on them to succeed.
Moss tells Aaronow that they need to strike back by stealing all the Glengarry leads and selling them to another real estate agency. Moss's plan would require Aaronow to break into the office, stage a burglary, steal all the prime leads. Aaronow wants no part of the plan, but Moss intimidates him, claiming that he is an accomplice by listening to Moss's pitch. Scene 3: Ricky Roma delivers a monologue to James Lingk. Roma does not bring up the real estate he wants to sell to Lingk until the end. Instead, Roma preys upon Lingk's insecurities, his sense that he has never done anything adventurous with his life. Setting: a real estate sales office The burglary is discovered. Williamson has called in a police detective. Shelley Levene is happy, because he has sold a large plot of land to a couple named Nyborg. James Lingk enters the office. Lingk's wife has ordered him to cancel the sales contract. Roma attempts to smooth-talk Lingk into not canceling the contract, informing Lingk that his check has not yet been brought to the bank.
Levene supports the ruse, but Williamson, thinking Lingk is wor
Cavemen (TV series)
Cavemen is an American sitcom that aired on ABC from October 2 to November 13, 2007. The show was set in San Diego, California. Based on the GEICO Cavemen commercials, which were written by Lawson, the show was described by the network as a "unique buddy comedy that offers a clever twist on stereotypes and turns race relations on its head". In the series, cavemen were never fully supplanted by modern humans, but integrated into Homo sapiens civilization as a separate species sub-group. Cavemen are a small but widespread minority group that have been present in every global civilization since the dawn of recorded history. Cavemen form another ethnic minority in the modern world, which faces several prejudices from Homo sapiens. Although these cavemen self-identify as Cro-Magnon, their facial appearance and physical anatomy is reminiscent of the Neanderthal; the writer and producers intended to portray the protagonists as Homo neanderthalensis, anatomically different from modern humans, but sufficiently related that they are not always classed as a separate species.
Cavemen have prominent brow ridges and more body hair than Homo sapiens, but beyond superficial differences in appearance they are not that much different from modern humans in terms of behavior or physical abilities. Male Cavemen are hairy, have thick long beards and wear their head-hair shoulder-length. A Cavewoman that appeared on the show had a prominent brow ridge and comparatively more body hair than a modern human female; some Cavemen attempt to pass as Homo sapiens by shaving their body hair - other Cavemen call them "shavers". The central humor of the show is that Caveman characters are not brutish primitives, but integrated into white-collar jobs, they must endure racial epithets such as "Magger", a pun based on "Cro-Magnon". The series focuses on three Cavemen roommates who share a condo: Joel, his brother Andy, their cynical and self-absorbed roommate Nick. According to producer Joe Lawson, the show was going to be set in Newport News, due to its proximity to the water; the setting changed to Atlanta and San Diego, California.
Joel – The responsible straight-man of the group, a successful assistant-manager at a fashionable Norwegian furniture store. In the pilot episode, Joel starts dating a Homo sapiens woman named Kate, through subsequent episodes Joel tries to handle the hangups that come with inter-species dating. Andy – Joel's weak-willed and childish, though well-meaning, brother. Andy is a trained accountant but is between jobs during the time period of the series, he is perpetually morose about being dumped by his ex-girlfriend and hoping she will take him back. Andy is timid, but is prone to outbursts of road rage when he is driving. Nick – Joel and Andy's roommate, is metrosexual, self-absorbed, narcissistic, as well as pathologically lazy. Nick has no real job, though he claims to be "working on my dissertation", tends to just mooch money off Joel. Nick's dissertation On Beyond Dualism: The Evolution of Symbology in a post-Primitive Society argues that modern popular culture is all just a ripoff of things that Cavemen have done, appears to have no real merit.
Nick doesn't spend much time writing his dissertation, "tends to just sit around watching TV and editing wikipedia". Nick has effete and cultured tastes, believing himself to be intellectually superior to most people he meets, overlooks the fact that he is lazy and does not believe in doing real work. Nick will blame his own failures on Caveman-based prejudice. Kate – Joel's Homo sapiens girlfriend whom he starts dating in the first episode. Joel is worried that she is embarrassed to tell her friends that she is dating a Caveman, is left with the fear that she might like him only because she has a fetish for Cavemen. Nonetheless and Joel seem to have developed a stable relationship. Leslie – Kate's eccentric mother is not on good terms with her husband, each of them is cheating on the other without Kate's knowledge. Kate's mother is the landlord of the condo complex that Joel and Nick live in. A running gag is that in a parody of stereotypes of racism, Kate's mother cannot tell the difference between individual Cavemen.
She does not try intentionally to be racist and is embarrassed that she appears to "think all Cavemen look the same", but nonetheless she does. Maurice – another Caveman-about-town, a friend of Joel and Nick and plays squash with them, as well as cruising around in his sports car trying to pick up women. Maurice is played by actor Jeff Daniel Phillips, one of the cavemen in the original GEICO Caveman commercials that inspired the series. Thorne – Kate's feisty roo