Treasury Note (1890–91)

The Treasury Note was a type of representative money issued by the United States government from 1890 until 1893 under authority of the Sherman Silver Purchase Act in denominations of $1, $2, $5, $10, $20, $50, $100 and $1000. It was issued in two series: an 1890 series with $1, $2, $5, $10, $20, $100 and $1000 denominations, an 1891 series that added the $50 denomination. A $500 note was never issued. A distinguishing feature of the Series 1890 notes is the ornate designs on the reverse side of the notes; the intent of this was to make counterfeiting much more difficult, but opponents of the design argued that the extensive detail would make it more difficult to distinguish between genuine and counterfeit notes. The reverse designs were simplified on the Series 1891 Treasury Notes issued the following year; the Treasury Note was issued by the government to individuals selling silver bullion to the Treasury. Unlike other redemption notes like silver and gold certificates, Treasury Notes stipulated only that they were redeemable in coin.

This allowed the Treasury to fulfill the note's obligation in silver coin, gold coin, or both, at its discretion when the note was redeemed. This flexibility allowed the Treasury some control over releasing gold or silver when the relative value of the two metals fluctuated; the origin of the term "Coin Note" to describe the note is unclear – it may refer either to the coin it could be exchanged for, or derive from the fact that it was issued to pay for silver that would be turned into coins. Treasury Notes are large-size banknotes; the portrait of General George Meade on the $1000 Note was engraved by renowned artist and line engraver Charles Burt. The 100 Greatest American Currency Notes, a 2006 book by Q. David Bowers and David Sundman, put the $1,000 Treasury Note, nicknamed the "Grand Watermelon", at the top of its list. Of the seven "Grand Watermelon" notes known to exist today, only three are available to collectors: two of the Large Brown Treasury Seal variety, pictured above. On January 10, 2014, at the annual Florida United Numismatist convention, in Orlando, Heritage Auctions sold a Series 1890 $1,000 Treasury Note for $3,290,000, setting a new world record price for paper currency.

The same note had set a record in December 2006. The note was auctioned in 1944 for $1,230 and in 1970 for $11,000; the other variety of $1,000 Treasury Notes, Series 1891 "Open Backs", represented by just two notes, has been involved in the recent string of record-breaking sales. While one of these two notes is owned by the Smithsonian Institution, the only Series 1891 $1,000 note available to collectors had set the world record in March 2006, it again set the record in April 2013, when it was sold at public auction by Heritage Auctions for $2,585,000 at the Central States Numismatic convention, in Chicago, Illinois. The Treasury Notes pictured below are from the 1891 series. Images are from the National Numismatic Collection at the National Museum of American History

Richard Monette

Richard Jean Monette OC, DHum, LLD, was a Canadian actor and director, best known for his 14-season tenure as the longest-serving artistic director of the Stratford Festival of Canada from 1994 to 2007. Monette was born in the son of Florence M. and Maurice Monette. He was educated at Loyola High Loyola College. Monette was the nephew of Canadian painter Gentile Tondino, it was at college that his acting skills were first noticed when he took top acting honours at the 1959 Hart House Inter-Varsity Drama competition in Toronto. Upon graduation, he chose to pursue an acting career, his first professional role was as a 19-year-old Hamlet at the Crest Theatre in Toronto, he joined the Stratford Festival Company in 1965, played a variety of small roles. He won a role in Soldiers at the Royal Alexandra Theatre, a production that took him to Broadway, he appeared in a number of television plays on CBC. In 1969, he moved to London and appeared in a variety of productions, including open-air Shakespeare in Regent's Park, the original London production of the notorious Oh!

Calcutta!. Upon his return to Canada in 1974, he took on the title role in the premiere of the English translation of Michel Tremblay's Hosanna at the Tarragon Theatre, his definitive interpretation of the conflicted transvestite obsessed with Elizabeth Taylor's Cleopatra marked his arrival as one of Canada's leading actors. In his memoir, he recalled it as "a great role the best I have played, outside of Shakespeare", he returned to the Stratford Company, taking on the role of Hamlet, for the next ten years, he would be one of Stratford's main leading men. He appeared in a number of Canadian films, including I've Heard the Mermaids Singing and Dancing in the Dark. Monette fought a lifelong battle with stage fright, refocused his energies from acting to directing. Although he had directed a short play at Stratford in 1978, his first full-length Stratford production was Taming of the Shrew at Stratford in 1988, an unexpected hit with audiences. Critic Richard Ouzounian believes this production served as a foundation for Monette's career as a director, calling it "a joyous romp in which the Fellinesque setting of Rome in the 1950s meshed marvelously with Shakespeare's text and the performances of Goldie Semple and Colm Feore".

Monette was selected as Artistic Director Designate of Stratford in 1992, subsequently named artistic director in 1994. During his tenure, he not only staged every one of Shakespeare's plays, he showcased big-production musicals such as My Fair Lady and Anything Goes. Although critics argued that the musicals were too populist, Monette erased the Festival's considerable financial deficit and brought in new audiences, his other legacies at Stratford include the Birmingham Conservatory acting school, a $50 million endowment fund, the opening of a fourth theatre, the 260-seat Studio Theatre. He continued to take on occasional acting roles. A little over a year after his retirement, he died of a pulmonary embolism, he was buried at the Avondale Cemetery in Ontario. Big Zapper – Rock Hard Find the Lady – Bruce La Rousse Iceman – Hogan Dancing in the Dark – The doctor I've Heard the Mermaids Singing – Clive Hello Mary Lou: Prom Night II – Father Cooper Higher Education – Robert Bley Richard Monette on IMDb Richard Monette at the Internet Broadway Database Richard Monette at the Internet Off-Broadway Database


Dayaram was a Gujarati poet of medieval Gujarati literature and was the last poet of the old Gujarati school. He is known in Gujarati literature for his literary form called Garbi, a lyric songs, he was a follower of Pushtimarg of Hindu Vaishnavism. Dayaram, along with Narsinh Mehta and Meera, is considered a major contributor during the Bhakti movement in Gujarati literature. Dayaram was born on 16 August 1777 in Chanod on the bank of Narmada river, he was the second son of Prabhuram Pandya, a Sathodara Nagar Brahmin. His siblings, elder sister Dahigauri and younger brother Manishankar, died at the age of nine and two respectively, his father was a clerk. He had little education and he was interested in devotional songs of Vaishnava temple, he married in his childhood but his first wife died after two years of marriage. His second marriage did not accompanied as his father died when he was twelve years old, his mother too died two years later. He resided with his relatives in Chanod and Dabhoi, he traveled across India on a pilgrimage of religious places associated with Vaishnavism.

His contact with Ichchharam Bhatt turned him to his religious interest. He was initiated into Pushtimarg in Vikram Samvat 1858 by Vallabhaji Maharaj and was initiated in Vikram Samvat in 1861. Dayaram was the last poet of the old Gujarati school. Most of his works are written in literary form called'Garbi', a lyric songs. Dayaram was a devotional poet and was a follower of "Nirgun bhakti sampraday" in Gujarat. So he gave many Garbi describing Krishna -, he used many literary poetic forms to express his devotion. He wrote long narrative poems based on the incidents on the Mahabharata such as Rukmani Vivah, Satyabhama Vivah, Okhaharan. Subhasha M. Dave. દયારામ: એક અધ્યયન. Anaḍā Buka Ḍīpo. Dayaram on GujLit Sangeet Bhuvan Trust