The Treaty of Nice was signed by European leaders on 26 February 2001 and came into force on 1 February 2003. It amended the Treaty of Rome; the Treaty of Nice reformed the institutional structure of the European Union to withstand eastward expansion, a task, intended to have been done by the Amsterdam Treaty, but failed to be addressed at the time. The entry into force of the treaty was in doubt for a time, after its initial rejection by Irish voters in a referendum in June 2001; this referendum result was reversed in a subsequent referendum held a little over a year later. The Nice Treaty was attacked by many people as a flawed compromise. Germany had demanded that its greater population be reflected in a higher vote weighting in the Council; the Commission had proposed to replace the old weighted voting system with a double majority system which would require those voting in favour to represent a majority of both member states and population for a proposal to be approved. This was rejected by France for similar reasons.
A compromise was reached, which provided for a double majority of Member States and votes cast, in which a Member State could optionally request verification that the countries voting in favour represented a sufficient proportion of the EU's population. The Treaty provided for an increase after enlargement of the number of seats in the European Parliament to 732, which exceeded the cap established by the Treaty of Amsterdam; the question of a reduction in the size of the European Commission after enlargement was resolved to a degree — the Treaty providing that once the number of Member States reached 27, the number of Commissioners appointed in the subsequent Commission would be reduced by the Council to below 27, but without specifying the target of that reduction. As a transitional measure it specified that after 1 January 2005, France, the United Kingdom and Spain would each give up their second Commissioner; the Treaty provided for the creation of subsidiary courts below the European Court of Justice and the Court of First Instance to deal with special areas of law such as patents.
The Treaty of Nice provides for new rules on closer co-operation, the rules introduced in the Treaty of Amsterdam being viewed as unworkable, hence these rules have not yet been used. In response to the failed sanctions against Austria following a coalition including Jörg Haider's party having come to power, fears about possible future threats to the stability of the new member states to be admitted in enlargement, the Treaty of Nice added a preventive mechanism to sanctions against a Member State, created by the Amsterdam Treaty; the Treaty contained provisions to deal with the financial consequences of the expiry of the European Coal and Steel Community treaty. Under the current rules for the amendment of the Treaties, the Treaties can only be amended by a new Treaty, which must be ratified by each of the Member States to enter into force. In all the EU member states the Treaty of Nice was ratified by parliamentary procedure, except in Ireland where, following the decision of the Irish supreme court in Crotty v.
An Taoiseach, any amendments that result in a transfer of sovereignty to the European Union require a constitutional amendment. Ireland's Constitution can only be amended by a referendum. To the surprise of the Irish government and the other EU member states, Irish voters rejected the Treaty of Nice in June 2001; the turnout itself was low a result of the failure of the major Irish political parties to mount a strong campaign on the issue, presuming that the Irish electorate would pass the Treaty as all previous such Treaties had been passed by big majorities. However, many Irish voters were critical of the Treaty contents, believing that it marginalised smaller states. Others questioned the impact of the Treaty on Irish neutrality. Other sections viewed the leadership of the Union as out of touch and arrogant, with the Treaty offering a perceived chance to'shock' the European leadership into a greater willingness to listen to its critics; the Irish government, having obtained the Seville Declaration on Ireland's policy of military neutrality from the European Council, decided to have another referendum on the Treaty of Nice on Saturday, 19 October 2002.
Two significant qualifications were included in the second proposed amendment, one requiring the consent of the Dáil for enhanced cooperation under the treaty, another preventing Ireland from joining any EU common defence policy. A'Yes' vote was urged by a massive campaign by the main parties and by civil society and the social partners, including campaigning through canvassing and all forms of media by respected pro-European figures like EP president Pat Cox, former Czech president Václav Havel, former President of Ireland Patrick Hillery and former Taoiseach Dr. Garret FitzGerald. Prominent civil society campaigns on the Yes side included Fianna Fáil, Fine Gael, the Labour Party, the Progressive Democrats, the Irish Alliance for Europe led by Professor Brigid Laffan and Adrian Langan, Ireland for Europe led by Ciarán Toland. On the No Side, the principal campaigns were those of the Green Party, Sinn Féin, Anthony Coughlan's National Platform, Justin Barrett's No to Nice campaign, Roger Cole's Peace and Neutrality Alliance.
The result was a 60% "Yes"
Kettle Moraine High School is a secondary school located in Wales, Wisconsin. It serves students from Delafield, Eagle, North Prairie, Sullivan and Wales, it is accredited by the North Central Association of Schools. Kettle Moraine was named a National Blue Ribbon School of Excellence in 2002 by the U. S. Department of Education; the Kettle Moraine High School campus contains three charter schools in addition to the regular school, nicknamed "Legacy". Charter school students may participate in any extracurricular activities, including sports, open to Legacy students. KM Global, founded in 2011, uses seminars, field trips, internships to teach a global perspective and leadership. Global blends elements of traditional high school with that of cyber schools. KM Perform, founded in 2011, teaches music, creative writing, theater through workshops and seminars while students take math and science classes online or through Legacy; the High School of Health Sciences, founded in 2014, partners with Prohealth Care, Aurora Medical Center-Summit, Medical College of Wisconsin to teach about biology and healthcare through hands-on experience.
KM hosted the regional DECA competition on January 10, 2009. Other clubs include: Academic Decathlon, Aikido Club, Best Buddies, Bowling Club, Caretakers for the Environment, Chess Club, Chamber Singers, Chinese Club, Diversity Club, Drama Club, FRC Robotics team, French Club, Gay/Straight Alliance, German Club, Global Action, Intramural Sports, Lacrosse Club, Laser Jazz, Marching Band, Math team, Meditation Club, Mock Trial team, Model UN, Ping Pong Club, Spanish Club, SMART Team, The Voice. Kettle Moraine supports 15 boys' and 12 girls' interscholastic athletic programs in the Classic 8 Conference. Kettle Moraine won the WIAA state team championships in boys' cross country, baseball-summer, girls' basketball, boys' track, boys' lacrosse. David Koepp – director and screenwriter Joe Randa – former Major League Baseball player Kettle Moraine High School
Squadron Leader Geoffrey Harris Augustus Wellum DFC was a British fighter pilot and author, best known for his participation in the Battle of Britain. Born an only child in Walthamstow, Wellum was educated at Forest School, Snaresbrook before serving in the RAF. After the war he remained in the RAF until 1961, ran a haulage business. In the mid-1980s he retired and moved to Mullion in Cornwall, where he wrote down his wartime memoirs. In 2002 these were published as First Light. Geoffrey Wellum was born on 4 August 1921, an only child, in Walthamstow, Essex, to Percy and Edith Wellum, his father, who had served at Gallipoli during WW1, ran an off-licence. Wellum was educated at Forest School, where he captained the school cricket team. Aged eighteen, Wellum signed up on a short-service commission with the Royal Air Force in August 1939; the first aircraft he flew was the Tiger Moth at Desford airfield in Leicestershire. Wellum's first solo flight was on 1 September 1939. Two days Britain declared war on Germany.
After completing the course he went on to fly the North American Harvard at RAF Little Rissington with 6FTS. In May 1940, before his flight training was complete, Wellum was posted to 92 Squadron, a combat squadron flying Spitfires, it was at 92 Squadron that he first encountered a Spitfire, flew the aircraft for the first time. In First Light, he wrote of the experience: "I experienced an exhilaration that I cannot recall having felt before, it was like one of those wonderful dreams, a Peter Pan sort of dream". Wellum's first commanding officer was Roger Bushell. Bushell was shot down and captured immediately after Wellum's arrival, was executed by the Gestapo in the aftermath of the “Great Escape”. Much in an unpublished interview with The Times, Wellum recalled: “After I joined the squadron they went to Dunkirk and by the end of that day we’d lost five people, four of whom I’d met the night before in the officers’ mess. I thought, ‘Hold on a minute, this is bloody dangerous!’ ”Soon after Dunkirk, 92 Squadron was transferred from RAF Duxford in Cambridgeshire to RAF Pembrey in Carmarthenshire, Wales.
It was there that Wellum began his combat career, “chasing isolated German aircraft all over the south-west". Wellum saw extensive action during the Battle of Britain. At just 18, he was the youngest pilot to fight in the battle, was nicknamed "Boy" by his colleagues. On 9 September 1940 92 Squadron was posted to RAF Biggin Hill in Kent, in the centre of the fighting. Of the numerous Me 109 fighters which escorted the German bombers, Wellum wrote "“God, is there no end to them? The sun glints on their wings and bellies as they roll like trout in a stream streaking over smooth round pebbles. Trout streams, water meadows, fast-flowing water, the pretty barmaid at the inn. Dear Jesus why this?”Wellum's close colleagues included Brian Kingcome. Wellum claimed a Heinkel He 111 shot down on 11 September, a quarter share in a Junkers Ju 88 downed on 27 September 1940. Two Messerschmitt Bf 109s were claimed'damaged' during November 1940. In the summer of 1941 Wellum participated in more than 50 "sweeps" over occupied France flying escort for Blenheim and Stirling bomber formations, taking the war to the enemy.
He claimed a Bf 109 shot down on 9 July 1941 over France, in august 1941 Wellum was awarded the Distinguished Flying Cross. By this time most of Wellum's original colleagues at 92 squadron had been captured. Wellum recalled: "You make yourself a difficult target. Never stay still, never fly straight and level, chuck it around. Quite you’d find yourself surrounded by aeroplanes and the sky would be empty. ‘Where’s everybody gone?’ It was that you were in danger. It was the German you didn’t see who shot you down."In the summer of 1941 Wellum was taken off active duty, assigned to a training squadron: No 52 Operational Training Unit at Aston Down, flying Hawker Hurricanes. Disappointed to be leaving frontline service, Wellum found the experience to be "almost unbearable". Wellum relaxed: "I found a new peace and...gradually I seemed to unwind. I began to enjoy pupils". In February 1942 he was re-assigned to combat duties, being transferred to 65 Squadron based at Debden, where he was appointed a Flight Commander in March 1942.
By now, the Luftwaffe was flying a new fighter aircraft, the Focke-Wulf Fw 190, superior in all but turn radius to the Spitfire V, the squadron took heavy losses. “Quite the FW190 outclasses our Spitfire 5Bs. It is 40mph faster, has good armament and a high rate of roll”. In air combat over France, Wellum's number two, Freddie Haskett, was killed by a Fw 190, Wellum himself survived only by "throwing the spit all over the sky without looking round". At this time he began to develop severe headaches, "a splitting headache pain across my eyes". In July 1942, Wellum was sent to Glasgow, where he participated in Operation Pedestal, a convoy mission to carry supplies for the relief of the besieged garrison at Malta. Wellum led a flight of eight Spitfires to be carried on aircraft carrier HMS Furious, sailing from the Clyde to the Mediterranean, land them on the island. On 11 August 1942, Wellum led his flight of eight Spitfires, flying without ammunition to save weight, landed at Luqa airfield on Malta, joining 145 Squadron on air defence duties.
The 1956 United States presidential election in Alabama took place on November 6, 1956, as part of the 1956 United States presidential election. Alabama voters chose eleven representatives, or electors, to the Electoral College, who voted for president and vice president. Alabama was won by Adlai Stevenson, running with Senator Estes Kefauver, with 56.52% of the popular vote against incumbent President Dwight D. Eisenhower, running with Vice President Richard Nixon, with 39.39% of the popular vote. Stevenson received ten of Alabama's eleven electoral votes; as of the 2016 presidential election, this is the last election in which Macon County voted for a Republican nominee and the last time that Houston County voted for a Democratic presidential candidate
This is a list of comedy television series which feature lesbian, gay and transgender characters. The orientation can be described in the dialogue or mentioned. Asexual, non-binary and pansexual characters are included. List of LGBT characters in television and radio List of comedy and variety television programs with LGBT cast members List of dramatic television series with LGBT characters: 1970s–2000s List of dramatic television series with LGBT characters: 2010s List of made-for-television films with LGBT characters List of LGBT characters in soap operas List of reality television programs with LGBT cast members List of television series with bisexual characters List of news and information television programs featuring LGBT subjects List of fictional asexual characters List of fictional non-binary characters List of fictional pansexual characters List of comedy television series List of comedy-drama television series Becker, Ron. Gay TV and Straight America. New Brunswick, New Jersey: Rutgers University Press.
ISBN 978-0813536880. Beresford, Trilby. "Broadcast TV Increases LGBTQ Regulars and Lesbian Representation, Study Finds". The Hollywood Reporter. Capsuto, Steven. Alternate Channels: The Uncensored Story of Gay and Lesbian Images on Radio and Television, 1930s to the Present. New York, New York: Ballantine Books. ISBN 978-0345412430. Millward, Liz. Killing Off the Lesbians: A Symbolic Annihilation on Film and Television. Jefferson, North Carolina: McFarland & Company. ISBN 978-1476668161. Riese. "All 208 Dead Lesbian and Bisexual Characters On TV, And How They Died". Autostraddle. GLAAD Primetime Television Season Report: "2005–2006". "2006–2007". "2007–2008". "2008–2009". "2009–2010". "2010–2011". "2011–2012". "2012–2013". "2013–2014". "2014–2015". "2015–2016". "2016–2017". "2017–2018". "2018–2019". "2019–2020"
This partial list of city nicknames in Georgia compiles the aliases and slogans that cities in Georgia are known by and unofficially, to municipal governments, local people, outsiders or their tourism boards or chambers of commerce. City nicknames can help in establishing a civic identity, helping outsiders recognize a community or attracting people to a community because of its nickname. Nicknames and slogans that create a new community "ideology or myth" are believed to have economic value, their economic value is difficult to measure, but there are anecdotal reports of cities that have achieved substantial economic benefits by "branding" themselves by adopting new slogans. Some unofficial nicknames are positive; the unofficial nicknames listed here have gained wide currency. Abbeville – Wild Hog Capital of Georgia Albany – The Good Life City Alpharetta – Awesome Alpharetta! Ashburn – Peanut Capital of the World Athens – The Classic City Atlanta Contemporary nicknames of Atlanta include, in alphabetical order: The A/da A: It is used in local media such as Only in the A, a video channel shown on MARTA rapid transit trains in Atlanta, The Indispensable A, an Atlanta-based email publication, Straight from the A, an Atlanta-based blog targeted at African Americans.
"The A" or "da A" is used in hip hop and rap songs such as Ludacris and Lloyd's "How We Do It", Lil Scrappy's "The A", T. I.'s "In da A". Atlanta newspaper Creative Loafing listed as one of its "reasons to love Atlanta" that it's "the only city identified by just one letter". A-Town The ATL, for its airport code Badstreet, U. S. A.: City nickname coined by professional wrestling stable The Fabulous Freebirds, who were billed from Atlanta. The Big A, trucker CB slang The Big Peach Black mecca City in a Forest or City of Trees, for its unique tree canopy Dogwood City Empire City of the South Hot'Lanta spelled Hotlanta, first popularized by an instrumental song performed by the Allman Brothers Band, it debuted on their live album At Fillmore East, released in July 1971, the fifth song on the album. Hollywood of the South, became popular due to the city's boom in the film industry. Running City USA Wakanda: Atlanta has been compared to the fictional country, the home of the Black Panther in the Marvel Comics Universe, portions of the 2018 film Black Panther were filmed in the Atlanta metro area.
Rapper and Atlanta native Killer Mike told Stephen Colbert, "Atlanta is Wakanda, for real.". Historical nicknames for the city include: Gate City, Gate City of the South, or Gate City of the New South New York of the South Chicago of the South: for Atlanta's "new men, new industries, new buildings, new spirit" - though it was remarked that the nickname was not quite accurate in terms of the size of Atlanta vs. the much larger Chicago The City Too Busy to Hate Convention City of Dixie Dogwood City Augusta The Garden City Blakely – Peanut Capital of the World Canon – The Big Gun Canton Film Capital of North Georgia Claxton – Fruitcake Capital of the World Colquitt – Mayhaw Capital of the World Columbus The Lowell of the South The Fountain City Cordele – Watermelon Capital of the World Dalton – Carpet Capital of the World Darien – Hidden Gem of the Golden Isles Dawson – Spanish Peanut Capital of the World Decatur – People's Republic of Decatur Dublin - The Emerald City Elberton – The Granite City Ellijay – Georgia's Apple Capital Fort Valley – Peach Capital of Georgia Gainesville – Poultry Capital of the World Griffin – Iris City LaGrange – The Greatest Little City Lithonia – City of Granite Macon The Central City Cherry Blossom Capital of the World Maconga Metter – Everything's Better in Metter Milledgeville – Old Capitol City Milton – Rich White Bitches Nashville – City of Dogwoods Newnan – City of Homes Powder Springs – P-Town Quitman – The Camellia City Sandersville – Kaolin Capital of the World Savannah America's Most Haunted City Turf Grass Capital of the World Sylvester- Peanut Capital of the World Thomasville – City of Roses Thomson Camellia City of the South Tournament City Tifton – The Friendly City Valdosta The Azalea City Winnersville U.
S. A. Vidalia – Sweet Onion Capital of the World Warner Robins – Georgia's International City Warwick – The Grits Capital of Georgia or The Grits Capital of the World Waynesboro – Bird Dog Capital of the World List of municipalities in Georgia List of city nicknames in the United States