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Treaty of Senlis

The Treaty of Senlis concerning the Burgundian succession was signed at Senlis, Oise in May 1493 between Maximilian I of Habsburg and King Charles VIII of France. After the last Valois Duke of Burgundy, Charles the Bold, had died without male heir at the 1477 Battle of Nancy, his cousin Louis XI of France was determined to come into his inheritance the Burgundian Netherlands with the thriving County of Flanders. However, Mary the Rich, daughter of Charles the Bold, her husband Maximilian claimed their rights, which led to clashes of arms culminating at the 1479 Battle of Guinegate, concluded in favour of Mary and Maximilian. Mary died in 1482 and according to the Treaty of Arras, Maximilian had to cede Burgundy, the County of Artois including the City of Arras and several minor lordships to France as dowry for the proposed marriage of their daughter, with Louis' son Charles; when Charles VIII, now King of France, married Anne of Brittany –, at that time married in proxy to Maximilian – instead of Margaret, Maximilian urged the return of his daughter and the retrieval of the County of Burgundy and Charolais.

In 1493, Charles VIII, stuck in the conflict with King Alfonso II of Naples had to acknowledge the claims. Based on the terms of the Senlis Treaty, all hostilities between France and the Seventeen Provinces were over. Moreover, the disputed territories were relinquished to the House of Habsburg and Artois and Flanders were annexed by the Holy Roman Empire. However, France was still able to retain powerful legal outposts in both provinces; the Duchy of Burgundy, ceded to France in 1482, remained in French hands. Potter, David. A History of France, 1460-1560: The Emergence of a Nation-State. New Studies in Medieval History, 1995. Britannica - Treaty of Senlis Catholic Encyclopedia - Burgundy

Simone Molinaro

Simone Molinaro was a composer of the late Renaissance in Italy. He was renowned for his lute music. Molinaro was born in Genoa, he studied music with his uncle, Giovanni Battista Dalla Gostena, maestro di cappella at Genoa Cathedral. In 1593, Gostena was murdered, Molinaro succeeded him in his post at the Cathedral in 1599; the same year he published Intavolatura di liuto, containing lute works both by himself and by Gostena. In addition to his lute works, Molinaro composed a large amount of sacred choral music, most of which does not survive because of missing partbooks. However, some five-voice motets have been preserved in the collections of Schadaeus. Molinaro died in May 1636 in Genoa. Molinaro served as editor of the works of Carlo Gesualdo, publishing editions of that composer's madrigals in 1585 and 1613. In his dances for lute, according to Eitner, Molinaro "despises all counterpoint, shows himself as a pure melodist and harmonist, but both in so simple and pretty a way, that they all have something uncommonly attractive".

Molinaro wrote at the time. Along with Giovanni Terzi, Molinaro's lute music introduces "a finished and sovereign instrumental style, capable of all shades of expression and of a technique which we associate only with the vocal music of the period"; the 1613 publication of the Gesualdo madrigals was ground-breaking because it presented Gesualdo's music in full score as opposed to partbook format. Molinaro's music was used as the basis for "Balletto detto il Conte Orlando" of the Ancient Airs and Dances Suite No. 1 by Ottorino Respighi. Intavolatura di liuto libro 1, Venice, 1599 Il 1 libro di canzonette a 3 e 4 voci, Venice, 1595 Il 1 libro de Madrigali a 5 voci, Venice, 1599 Il 2 libro delle Canzonette a 3 voci, Venice, 1600 Madrigali a 5 voci, Loano 1615 Motectorum quinis et Missae denis vocibus liber I, Venice, 1597 Il 2 libro de Mottetti a 8 voci, Milan, 1601 Il 1 libro de mottetti a 5 voci, con la partitura per sonar l'organo, Milan, 1604 Il 1 libro de Magnificat a 4 voci, con basso continuato, Milan, 1605 Concerti ecclesiastisi a 2 e a 4 voci...con la sua part.

Per l'organo, Venice, 1605 Il 3 libro de Mottetti a 5 voci con il basso continuato, Venice, 1609 Fatiche spirituali...libro 1 a 6 voci, Venice, 1610 Fatiche spirituali....libro 2 a 6 voci, Venice, 1610 Concerti a 1 e 2 voci con la part. Per l'organo, Milan, 1612 Passio Domini Iesu Christi secundum Matthaeum, Lucam, et Ioannem, Loano, 1616 Grove, George. A. Fuller Maitland. A Dictionary of Music and Musicians, volume iii. London: Macmillan. Pp. 240–241. OCLC 407077. Article "Molinaro, Simone". Cummings, Robert. "Simone Molinaro: Biography". Retrieved 2010-10-07. Free scores by Simone Molinaro at the International Music Score Library Project Biography at Biography at Free scores by Simone Molinaro in the Choral Public Domain Library

Les Menuires

Les Menuires is a ski resort in the Belleville valley of Les Trois Vallées between Saint-Martin-de-Belleville and Val Thorens. Owned and operated by Compagnie des Alpes, it is in the Savoie département of France; the resort has 39 ski lifts and 62 trails. The resort has advanced ski slopes and beginner slopes; the resort hosted the men's slalom alpine skiing event at the 1992 Winter Olympics. Its slopes are connected to more than 600 km of slopes in Les Trois Vallées, making it a part of the largest skiable area in the world; the resort has not only skiing facilities, but offers a range of other activities. The resort has an altitude range of 1,850 m. During the 1950s, Service of the Study and Development of Mountain Tourism was created by the local authorities to create the ski resort of Courchevel. Due to its great success, in the 1960s the mayor of Saint Martin de Belleville decided to follow suit and create a society with the plan to create 100 000 beds divided between the two main resorts of Les Menuires and Val Thorens plus five satellite resorts.

In 1964 the first three drag lifts were installed. In 1967 the first accommodation residences in the Croisette area were opened as well as the second stage of the La Masse cable car. In 1969 the tourist office was created together with Les Menuires’ first hotel and the west side of the mountain was equipped with ski lifts. 1973 saw the first stage of the impressive 3 Valleys ski area, with the Allamands drag lift linking Les Menuires to Méribel, at the same time that the nearby resort of Val Thorens was starting to be developed. Up to the early 1980s, there was an intense period of development in Val Thorens; the initial plans were changed along the way with the main objectives being controlled development and preservation of the environment. The number of beds was scaled right down to 26,000 in 20,000 for Val Thorens; the idea of satellite resorts was scrapped and instead the traditional village of Saint Martin de Belleville was created with 1200 beds. In the end 47,000 beds were created instead of the planned 100,000.

The main resort is centered on La Croisette, all of the restaurants shops bars and hotel Le Pelvoux are linked by an internal gallery. These front onto the piste, the ski lifts that link the three valleys network. Official Les Menuires Tourism Office website Official site of Les 3 Vallees, lift & piste info, weather, snow etc Vanoise National Park


A herald, or a herald of arms, is an officer of arms, ranking between pursuivant and king of arms. The title is applied more broadly to all officers of arms. Heralds were messengers sent by monarchs or noblemen to convey messages or proclamations—in this sense being the predecessors of modern diplomats. In the Hundred Years' War, French heralds challenged King Henry V to fight. During the Battle of Agincourt, the English herald and the French herald, watched the battle together from a nearby hill. Like other officers of arms, a herald would wear a surcoat, called a tabard, decorated with the coat of arms of his master, it was due to their role in managing the tournaments of the Late Middle Ages that heralds came to be associated with the regulation of the knights' coats of arms. Heralds have been employed by large landowners, principally as messengers and ambassadors. Heralds were required to organise and referee the contestants at a tournament; this practice of heraldry became important and further regulated over the years, in several countries around the world it is still overseen by heralds.

In the United Kingdom heralds are still called upon at times to read proclamations publicly. There are active official heralds today in several countries, including the United Kingdom, the Republic of Ireland and the Republic of South Africa. In England and Scotland most heralds are full-time employees of the sovereign and are called "Heralds of Arms in Ordinary". Temporary appointments can be made of "Heralds of Arms Extraordinary"; these are appointed for a specific major state occasions, such as a coronation. The Canadian Heraldic Authority has created the position of "Herald of Arms Emeritus" with which to honor long-serving or distinguished heraldists. In Scotland, some Scottish clan chiefs, the heads of great noble houses, still appoint private officers of arms to handle cases of heraldic or genealogical importance of clan members, although these are pursuivants. In addition, many orders of chivalry have heralds attached to them; these heralds may have some heraldic duties but are more merely ceremonial in nature.

Heralds which were ceremonial in nature after the decline of chivalry, were appointed in various nations for specific events such as a coronation as additions to the pageantry of these occasions. In the Netherlands, heralds are appointed for the Dutch monarch's inauguration where they wore their tabards until 1948. Richmond Herald of Arms in Ordinary Chester Herald of Arms in Ordinary Lancaster Herald of Arms in Ordinary York Herald of Arms in Ordinary Somerset Herald of Arms in Ordinary Windsor Herald of Arms in Ordinary Arundel Herald of Arms Extraordinary Beaumont Herald of Arms Extraordinary Maltravers Herald of Arms Extraordinary New Zealand Herald of Arms Extraordinary Norfolk Herald of Arms Extraordinary Surrey Herald of Arms Extraordinary Wales Herald of Arms Extraordinary Albany Herald of Arms in Ordinary Marchmont Herald of Arms in Ordinary Rothesay Herald of Arms in Ordinary Snawdoun Herald of Arms in Ordinary Angus Herald of Arms Extraordinary Islay Herald of Arms in Extraordinary Orkney Herald of Arms Extraordinary Ross Herald of Arms Extraordinary Chief Herald of Canada Assiniboine Herald of Arms in Ordinary Athabaska Herald of Arms in Ordinary Coppermine Herald of Arms in Ordinary Fraser Herald of Arms in Ordinary Miramichi Herald of Arms in Ordinary Saguenay Herald of Arms in Ordinary Saint-Laurent Herald of Arms in Ordinary Albion Herald of Arms Extraordinary Capilano Herald of Arms Extraordinary Cowichan Herald of Arms Extraordinary Dauphin Herald of Arms Extraordinary Niagara Herald of Arms Extraordinary Rouge Herald of Arms Extraordinary Outaouais Herald of Arms Emeritus Rideau Herald of Arms Emeritus Delhi Herald of Arms Extraordinary The Court of the Lord Lyon Town crier The Court of the Lord Lyon The College of Arms The Canadian Heraldic Authority The Office of the Chief Herald of Ireland Genealogy & Heraldry Bill, 2006 Introduced in the Irish Senate to provide a sound legislative basis for Ireland's heraldic authority

1975–76 Tranmere Rovers F.C. season

Tranmere Rovers F. C. regained Third Division status at the first attempt in 1975–76. John King replaced Ron Yeats as manager and Ronnie Moore was switched to attack with great success, scoring as Tranmere started with a 1–1 draw at Swansea City, they rose to the top of the table after winning nine times in eleven games, including beating Torquay United 7–1 and Workington 6–0. John James was signed from Chester City Clive Griffiths arrived from Manchester United as Rovers remained in the promotion race. Moore scored four times against Brentford, Stockport County and Newport County in quick succession, scoring a total of 34 goals as Tranmere finished fourth. Leigh, Edwards. "Tranmere Rovers classic campaigns". Official matchday programme. Stevenage F. C.: 21. Upton, Gilbert. Tranmere Rovers 1921–1997: A Complete Record. ISBN 978-0-9518648-2-1

Justice League (soundtrack)

Justice League: Original Motion Picture Soundtrack is the soundtrack to the film of the same name composed by Danny Elfman. It was released on November 2017 by WaterTower Music; the physical edition was released on December 2017 by WaterTower. All music is composed except where noted. Though not included in the soundtrack, the theatrical cut features a brief excerpt of the piece "Krypton", which Hans Zimmer composed for Man of Steel, it is the only use of Zimmer's Superman theme in the film. Not included in the soundtrack is the Blackpink hit, "As If It's Your Last", along with its accompanying music video appears in The Flash's laboratory when he meets Bruce Wayne.. Official site