St. Laurent Centre
The St. Laurent Centre is a major shopping centre located in Ottawa, Canada It is owned and operated by Morguard REIT; the shopping mall is located just north of Highway 417 at the corner of St. Laurent Boulevard and Coventry Road, it opened its doors in 1967. St. Laurent is the third largest mall in terms of total space in the National Capital Region with 853,000 sq ft of leasable area, although a large portion of the mall's gross leasable area is utilized by non-retail tenants, it is the 27th largest mall in Canada. The owner has applied to the City of Ottawa for land-use planning approvals to permit an expansion of the mall, bringing the overall size to 121,000 square metres. If approved, the expansion would make St. Laurent the tenth largest mall in Canada; the expansion is on hold indefinitely, although a modernization program is underway. OC Transpo's St. Laurent Station is connected to the mall, it has three levels, one in a tunnel, the main transitway, the mezzanine which connects the shopping centre, a local platform on the upper level where OC Transpo routes 5, 7, 14 and 18 all end or start their trips.
The tunnel-level is accessible via escalators from the mall. This station will be a stop on the Confederation Line when the light rail system goes online in 2019. OC Transpo has a client service kiosk; the station opened in 1987 and the mall had an expansion of about 80 stores at the same time. The shopping centre has a total of 195 services on three levels; the centre hosts a large amount of non-retail tenants including office space, a large dental clinic, a Goodlife gym, a second-run theatre and two specialized colleges. St. Laurent Transit Station St. Laurent Centre's website Morguard REIT
Ontario Highway 416
King's Highway 416 referred to as Highway 416 and as the Veterans Memorial Highway, is a 400-series highway in the Canadian province of Ontario that connects the Trans-Canada Highway in Ottawa with Highway 401 between Brockville and Cornwall. The 76.4-kilometre-long freeway acts as an important trade corridor from Interstate 81 between New York and Eastern Ontario via Highway 401, as well as the fastest link between Ottawa and Toronto. Highway 416 passes through a rural area, except near its northern terminus where it enters the suburbs of Ottawa; the freeway serves several communities along its length, notably Spencerville and Kemptville. Highway 416 had two distinct construction phases. Highway 416 "North" was the 21-kilometre segment starting from an interchange at Highway 417 and bypassing the original route of Highway 16 into Ottawa along a new right-of-way. Highway 416 "South" was the twinning of 57 kilometres of Highway 16 New—a two-lane expressway constructed throughout the 1970s and finished in 1983 that bypassed the original highway—and the construction of a new interchange with Highway 401.
Sections of both opened throughout the late 1990s. Highway 416 was commemorated as the Veterans Memorial Highway on the 54th anniversary of D-Day in 1998; the final link was opened by a World War I veteran and local officials on September 23, 1999. Highway 416 begins at an interchange with Highway 401, branching to the north near the community of Johnstown in the United Counties of Leeds and Grenville; this interchange only provides access to and from the west of Highway 401, but north of it, a second interchange with the remaining section of Highway 16 provides access from Johnstown and to a parclo interchange with both directions of Highway 401, as well as to the Ogdensburg-Prescott International Bridge crossing to Ogdensburg, New York. Proceeding north, the two carriageways of the freeway are separated by a 68-metre-wide forested median; the route is surrounded by thick forests for the next 10 kilometres. As it passes beneath Leeds and Grenville County Road 44, the original routing of Highway 16 south of Spencerville, it exits the forest and enters farm fields.
The route travels to the east of the community, access to, provided by an interchange at County Road 21, crosses a swamp and the South Nation River. Highway 416 crosses under the Prescott Highway a second time. South of the community of Kemptville, the Prescott Highway crosses the route a third time, with an interchange connecting the two highways; the freeway curves to the northeast, bypassing Kemptville and featuring an interchange with County Road 43. It crosses the line of the old Bytown and Prescott Railway curves to the northwest, providing an interchange with River Road. At the southeast corner of the River Road interchange is the Veterans Commemorative Park, dedicated in 2000 by the Royal Canadian Legion, it enters the City of Ottawa. Aside from the first couple of kilometres north of the Rideau River, the majority of the freeway cuts through swaths of farmland which fill the Ottawa Valley; the median becomes narrower. The freeway encounters an interchange with Dilworth Road and thereafter with Roger Stevens Drive, the latter providing access to North Gower.
Continuing north of Manotick through fields, Highway 416 is crossed by the Prescott Highway for the fourth and final time as that road turns northeast and travels into downtown Ottawa as Prince of Wales Drive. Shortly thereafter is an interchange with Brophy Drive / Bankfield Road. Approaching urban Ottawa, the route passes alongside a large quarry jogs to the west along an S-curve, crossing the Jock River in the process. After this, an interchange with Fallowfield Road provides access to the suburb of Barrhaven which occupies portions of the land east of the freeway; the route jogs back to the east along a second S-curve and passes through an aesthetically designed bridge while traveling alongside the Stony Swamp. The final section of Highway 416 travels parallel to Cedarview Road, relocated for the freeway; the Stony Swamp lies west of the route. At the northern end of the swamp is an interchange with West Hunt Club Road; the freeway continues through a section of greenspace before descending into a trench.
It passes beneath Bruin Road and the Ottawa Central Railway while traveling alongside Lynwood Village in Bells Corners. The highway is crossed by Richmond Road; the freeway ends at a large interchange with the Trans-Canada Highway, Highway 417, just south of the Lakeview and Bayshore communities on the Ottawa River. The Stony Swamp overpass at the southern entrance to Ottawa is a pre-tensioned concrete arch; the bridge acts as a gateway to the National Capital Region and is the longest rigid frame bridge in Ontario with a 59-metre-long span. In the same vicinity, the freeway sinks below ground level in a trench. At the Jock River, southwest of Barrhaven, deposits of sensitive leda clay presented a challenge in designing the crossing for the fr
Merivale Road (Ottawa)
Merivale Road is an arterial road in the western part of Ottawa, Canada. It starts at Island Park Drive just north of Highway 417 and continues south until it ends at Prince of Wales Drive in Rideau Glen. South of Clyde Avenue, Merivale is known as Ottawa Road #17, while north of Clyde it is Ottawa Road #63. From Island Park Drive to Carling Avenue the road is as a small collector route, passing the Westgate Shopping Centre. South of Carling Avenue it is a minor arterial road that goes through the Carlington residential neighborhood, it passes just west of the Central Experimental Farm, land owned by the federal Government of Canada. South of Baseline Road, Merivale Road turns and becomes a major arterial route through a commercial district that contains several major malls, dozens of restaurants and radio and former CTV broadcast facilities. During the 1950s through the 1990s prior to the City of Nepean's amalgamation with the city of Ottawa, this area of Merivale Road formed the largest commercial shopping district within the city of Nepean and a major shopping area for the National Capital region.
During the 1950s and 1960s several major department stores, such as Towers, Miracle Mart and Kmart, were located along Merivale Road along with major Canadian grocery chains such as Steinberg's and Dominion. The late 1970s saw the building of Merivale Mall at the intersection of Merivale and Viewmount Drive on the site of a former farm house and farm lands, it was home to a Woolco at the south end of one of its anchor stores. The building of the Meadowlands Mall at the intersection of Merivale Road and Meadowlands Road took place around this time, before it contained large box stores; this area of Merivale Road leads to the City of Nepean's first experiment in promoting industrial development through the creation of industrial parks. The Colonnade Road Industrial Park at the intersection of Merivale and Colonnade lies just to the south of Viewmount Road and is/was the location for branches, production facilities and headquarters of many large high tech companies such as Gandalf Technologies, Mitel as well as OC Transpo's south west garage facilities.
Through the 1980s it was home to Ottawa's largest Flea Market at the time, the Colonnade Flea Market. During the 1990s another major commercial area was developed further south on Merivale road located at the intersection of Hunt Club Road; this was precipitated by the extension of the Hunt Club Road west across the Rideau River creating a new intersection with Merivale Road in what used to be a rural farming field. This area includes various national retailers such as Canadian Tire, Rona and the Brick as well as various restaurant chains such as Boston Pizza and Eastside Mario's, fast food places such as Burger King and A&W, car dealerships, workout gyms and smaller specialty stores. South of Hunt Club Road, Merivale runs through an industrial district with many small businesses which during the 1970s and 1980s was the second location for intense industrial development led by the City of Nepean; this area contains extensive petroleum storage facilities, brownfield sites where such facilities once stood.
South of the intersection of Merivale and Slack Road, Merivale passes the neighbourhoods of Pineglen and Country Place and crosses the greenbelt. South of this Merivale, passes through part of the growing subdivision of Barrhaven. Speed limits vary throughout this long stretch: Between Island Park Drive and the Central Experimental Farm, the speed limit is 50 km/h. Between the Central Experimental Farm and MacFarlane Road in the industrial district the speed limit is 60 km/h. A small section afterwards has a speed limit of 50 km/h while the rest of the road from north of Fallowfield Road to Prince of Wales Drive the speed limit is 80 km/h. Merivale Road is well served by OC Transpo bus service as follows: Route 14 travels between Summerville Avenue and Kirkwood Avenue during Westbound trips, between Caldwell Avenue and Summerville Avenue during Eastbound trips. Route 80 travels between Carling Avenue and Leiken Drive, though some Monday-Friday trips do not travel between MacFarlane Road and Leiken Drive.
Route 81 travels between Caldwell Avenue and Central Park Drive, again between Central Park Drive and Clyde Avenue. Route 83 travels between Woodfield Drive. Route 89 travels between Colonnade Road. Route 96 travels between Viewmount Drive and MacFarlane Road, though some Saturday/Sunday trips do not travel between Hunt Club Road and MacFarlane Road. Route 186 travels between Slack Road during peak hours Monday-Friday only. Route 187 travels between Amberwood Crescent during peak hours Monday-Friday only. Route 199 travels between Hunt Club Road and Leiken Drive during peak hours Monday-Friday only. Carling Avenue Kirkwood Avenue Baseline Road Clyde Avenue Meadowlands Drive Hunt Club Road Fallowfield Road Prince of Wales Drive There are plans to widen this road to four lanes from MacFarlane Road to Fallowfield Road in the future due to the increasing size of Barrhaven
Montreal Road is a major east-west Ottawa road that links Lowertown to Vanier, eastern neighbourhoods of Ottawa. Until downloading in 1998, it was part of the provincially managed Highway 17B. At its western end, Montreal Road begins at the Cummings Bridge, which spans the Rideau River and is an extension of Rideau Street, it becomes Vanier's main road. East of St. Laurent Boulevard, it becomes a four-lane principal road which divides several neighbourhoods such as Beacon Hill. At Regional Road 174, Montreal Road continues as St. Joseph Boulevard which runs through the older portions of Orléans Village until Trim Road, it continues east of Trim Road under the name Old Montreal Road. This road, known as Queen Street prior to amalgamation in 2001, goes through the old Cumberland Village and ends at Regional Road 174 just past Becketts Creek. Points of interest along this road are: Montfort Hospital National Research Council labs Greens Creek Conservation Area Place d'Orléans Shopping Centre Orléans Town Centre.
There are bus lanes between North River Road and St. Laurent Boulevard to speed transit service during rush hours. Future plans by the city could include an LRT corridor on this stretch all the way to Blair Road. Montreal Road goes through the following neighbourhoods: Vanier Cardinal Glen Rothwell Heights Beacon HillSt. Joseph Boulevard goes through the following neighbourhoods: Convent Glen Queenswood Fallingbrook On Montreal Road: Vanier Parkway St. Laurent Boulevard Aviation Parkway Blair Road Ogilvie Road Regional Road 174On St. Joseph Boulevard: Jeanne d'Arc Boulevard Orléans Boulevard Tenth Line Road Trim Road
Bank Street (Ottawa)
Bank Street is the major north-south road in Ottawa, Canada. It runs south from Wellington Street in downtown Ottawa, south through the neighbourhoods of Centretown, The Glebe, Old Ottawa South, Alta Vista, Hunt Club, through the villages of Blossom Park, South Gloucester, Metcalfe, Spring Hill, Vernon before exiting the city limits at Belmeade Road. Bank Street made up much of Ontario Highway 31 before it was downloaded in 1998, it is known as Ottawa Road #31. Between Wellington Street and Gladstone Avenue in downtown, Bank Street is a shopping and business development district known as the "Bank Street Promenade" and the street is lined with common signage affixed to streetlights and street-level advertising billboards showing this distinction; the area between Somerset Street West and Gladstone Avenue is considered the centre of Ottawa's burgeoning gay village, characterized by a small concentration of businesses targeted to Ottawa's gay community. In 2011, the city unveiled signs identifying the neighbourhood as Ottawa's gay village, at the intersections of Somerset and Nepean Streets with Bank Street.
Travelling south, there exists a shopping district in The Glebe running along Bank Street from the Queensway to Holmwood Avenue. Bank Street is home to Lansdowne Park where the Ottawa RedBlacks play. Further south, after the road passes over the Rideau Canal on the Bank Street Bridge, Bank Street is home to the Billings Bridge Plaza and the South Keys Shopping Centre. Bank Street north of Billings Bridge is an historic urban arterial road with many more pedestrians than vehicular traffic and significant parking issues, hence the flow is quite slow. South of Billings Bridge to Leitrim Road, the street turns into a more modern four-lane urban arterial, which flows much better despite the 50 km/h speed limit on the northern half and 60 km/h from South Keys southward. South of Leitrim it is a rural two-lane highway with an 80 km/h speed limit until the community of Vernon. Just south of Leitrim Road, Bank Street gives access to a developing neighborhood called Findlay Creek that will become quite significant in the long term, it will provide access to the community of Riverside South.
Bank Street serves in some contexts as an unofficial division between "eastern" and "western" Ottawa. For example, prior to the takeover of Maclean-Hunter by Rogers Cable in 1994, the street marked the division between those cable companies' service areas in Ottawa: cable subscribers west of Bank Street were served by Maclean-Hunter, while cable subscribers east of Bank Street were served by Rogers. Contrary to popular belief, the street is not named after the Bank of Canada headquarters at the corner of Bank Street and Wellington Street; the street name dates back to the 19th century, whereas the bank was founded in 1934. It's believed that the road was named this because it went from the "bank" of the Ottawa River at its northern end to that of the Rideau River to the south. However, the road was called Esther Street in honour of Colonel By's wife. Bank Street ends at Wellington Street and the portion of the street running closest to the actual riverbank is federal Crown land for the Parliamentary Precinct of the Parliament of Canada.
Highway 31 was formed in 1927, started at the junction of Highway 2 in Morrisburg, Ontario. It traveled north through the town of Winchester, into Ottawa; the road was paved in stages, but was paved by 1936. The road's designation of Highway 31 was extended from the Dundas-Stormont-Glengary/Russell-Prescott county line into Ottawa that same year. While maintaining its alignment along Bank Street for its entire history, the road was re-aligned along Canal Drive. From here, it became less clear where the northern terminus of the road was located, as Ottawa posted Highway 31 as a scenic route within its limits along Heron Road and Bronson Avenue before terminating in downtown, while the Ministry of Transportation noted no changes in road length; this is presumed to be a connecting link between Highway 31 and The Queensway, but these scenic routes/connecting links were all decommissioned by 1960. The road was re-aligned along the Winchester Bypass, when it was completed and opened in 1974, but no other changes were made to the road since until being decommissioned as a provincial highway, in 1998.
Portions of Bank Street have undergone major reconstruction each year since 2006. The City of Ottawa held public consultations for a major redevelopment of Bank Street between Wellington Street and the Rideau Canal. Wellington Street Somerset Street Laurier Avenue Gladstone Avenue Highway 417 Riverside Drive Heron Road Alta Vista Drive Walkley Road Hunt Club Road Albion Road Conroy Road Leitrim Road Mitch Owens Road Snake Island Road Dalmeny Road Tiffany Road Downtown Ottawa Centretown The Glebe Ottawa South Billings Bridge South Keys Blossom Park Findlay Creek/Leitrim Greely Metcalfe Vernon Bank St Biz City of Ottawa: Transportation Master Plan Google Maps: route of Bank Street in Ottawa City of Ottawa: Bank Street profile Bank Street Promenade Shopping District Bank Street Rehabilitation Project Highway 31 at OntHighways.com
Albert Street (Ottawa)
Albert Street is one of the main east-west roads in downtown Ottawa, Canada. Albert is one way going west, it carries the westbound portion of the transitway through downtown, with Slater Street just to the south carrying the eastbound portion. It was planned that O-Train would have been extended to downtown running westbound along Albert. Albert Street begins at Elgin Street, where traffic coming off the Mackenzie King Bridge is divided between Albert and Slater; this is just east of the National Arts Centre. In downtown Albert is lined by government office towers and other facilities such as Constitution Square, but the area become more residential; this area is home to the former Ottawa Technical High School. At Bronson Avenue Albert turns to the south; the Transitway separates from Slater Street merges into it at the bottom of this hill. Until 2006, Albert Street ended just west of Booth Street, where it merged imperceptibly with a rump section of Wellington Street, but with Wellington rerouted past the Canadian War Museum, Albert now continues until past the Bayview O-Train Station, where it becomes Scott Street
Toronto is the provincial capital of Ontario and the most populous city in Canada, with a population of 2,731,571 in 2016. Current to 2016, the Toronto census metropolitan area, of which the majority is within the Greater Toronto Area, held a population of 5,928,040, making it Canada's most populous CMA. Toronto is the anchor of an urban agglomeration, known as the Golden Horseshoe in Southern Ontario, located on the northwestern shore of Lake Ontario. A global city, Toronto is a centre of business, finance and culture, is recognized as one of the most multicultural and cosmopolitan cities in the world. People have travelled through and inhabited the Toronto area, situated on a broad sloping plateau interspersed with rivers, deep ravines, urban forest, for more than 10,000 years. After the broadly disputed Toronto Purchase, when the Mississauga surrendered the area to the British Crown, the British established the town of York in 1793 and designated it as the capital of Upper Canada. During the War of 1812, the town was the site of the Battle of York and suffered heavy damage by United States troops.
York was incorporated in 1834 as the city of Toronto. It was designated as the capital of the province of Ontario in 1867 during Canadian Confederation; the city proper has since expanded past its original borders through both annexation and amalgamation to its current area of 630.2 km2. The diverse population of Toronto reflects its current and historical role as an important destination for immigrants to Canada. More than 50 percent of residents belong to a visible minority population group, over 200 distinct ethnic origins are represented among its inhabitants. While the majority of Torontonians speak English as their primary language, over 160 languages are spoken in the city. Toronto is a prominent centre for music, motion picture production, television production, is home to the headquarters of Canada's major national broadcast networks and media outlets, its varied cultural institutions, which include numerous museums and galleries and public events, entertainment districts, national historic sites, sports activities, attract over 25 million tourists each year.
Toronto is known for its many skyscrapers and high-rise buildings, in particular the tallest free-standing structure in the Western Hemisphere, the CN Tower. The city is home to the Toronto Stock Exchange, the headquarters of Canada's five largest banks, the headquarters of many large Canadian and multinational corporations, its economy is diversified with strengths in technology, financial services, life sciences, arts, business services, environmental innovation, food services, tourism. When Europeans first arrived at the site of present-day Toronto, the vicinity was inhabited by the Iroquois, who had displaced the Wyandot people, occupants of the region for centuries before c. 1500. The name Toronto is derived from the Iroquoian word tkaronto, meaning "place where trees stand in the water"; this refers to the northern end of what is now Lake Simcoe, where the Huron had planted tree saplings to corral fish. However, the word "Toronto", meaning "plenty" appears in a 1632 French lexicon of the Huron language, an Iroquoian language.
It appears on French maps referring to various locations, including Georgian Bay, Lake Simcoe, several rivers. A portage route from Lake Ontario to Lake Huron running through this point, known as the Toronto Carrying-Place Trail, led to widespread use of the name. In the 1660s, the Iroquois established two villages within what is today Toronto, Ganatsekwyagon on the banks of the Rouge River and Teiaiagon on the banks of the Humber River. By 1701, the Mississauga had displaced the Iroquois, who abandoned the Toronto area at the end of the Beaver Wars, with most returning to their base in present-day New York. French traders abandoned it in 1759 during the Seven Years' War; the British defeated the French and their indigenous allies in the war, the area became part of the British colony of Quebec in 1763. During the American Revolutionary War, an influx of British settlers came here as United Empire Loyalists fled for the British-controlled lands north of Lake Ontario; the Crown granted them land to compensate for their losses in the Thirteen Colonies.
The new province of Upper Canada was being needed a capital. In 1787, the British Lord Dorchester arranged for the Toronto Purchase with the Mississauga of the New Credit First Nation, thereby securing more than a quarter of a million acres of land in the Toronto area. Dorchester intended the location to be named Toronto. In 1793, Governor John Graves Simcoe established the town of York on the Toronto Purchase lands, naming it after Prince Frederick, Duke of York and Albany. Simcoe decided to move the Upper Canada capital from Newark to York, believing that the new site would be less vulnerable to attack by the United States; the York garrison was constructed at the entrance of the town's natural harbour, sheltered by a long sand-bar peninsula. The town's settlement formed at the eastern end of the harbour behind the peninsula, near the present-day intersection of Parliament Street and Front Street. In 1813, as part of the War of 1812, the Battle of York ended in the town's capture and plunder by United States forces.
The surrender of the town was negotiated by John Strachan. American soldiers destroyed much of the garrison and set fire to the parliament buildings during their five-day occupation; because of the sacking of York, British troops retaliated in the war with the Burning of Wa