Hugo Morris Friend was an American jurist who, in his youth, competed as an athlete in the long jump and hurdles. He is best remembered as the judge who presided over the criminal trial of the Chicago Black Sox, which ended in an acquittal. Eight players were banned from professional baseball for life. Friend came to the United States at an early age, he attended the University of Chicago beginning in 1901. He was selected for the United States team for the 1906 Intercalated Games in Athens and won a bronze medal, he became a lawyer in a judge twelve years later. He presided over the Black Sox trial in 1921, when the defendants were acquitted, he responded to the jubilation in the courtroom with a smile. At the time of his 1966 death, he was the oldest active member of the Cook County Circuit Court bench. Hugo Morris Friend, Jewish, was born on July 21, 1882, in the city of Prague, in what was the Austrian province of Bohemia. At an early age, he emigrated to the United States, he graduated from South Division High School in Chicago in 1901.
Friend attended the University of Chicago. He twice won the Big Ten long jump championship. Friend was the captain of Chicago's Big Ten champion track team, the first time one of the university's teams had won the Big Ten Championship, he was selected for the United States team for the 1906 Intercalated Games in Athens and won a bronze medal in the long jump, finishing fourth in the 100 metre hurdles. He played football in college, though never at the varsity level. Friend received his undergraduate degree in 1906. Friend joined the Illinois Bar in 1908, began the practice of law in Chicago. In 1916, he was appointed a Master in Chancery of the Superior Court of Cook County by Judge Albert C. Barnes. On September 18, 1920, Republican Governor Frank Lowden appointed him to the Cook County Circuit Court. In 1921, Judge Friend was assigned the Chicago "Black Sox" case; the case had been marked by theft of the incriminating statements made by some of the players to the grand jury. At the conclusion of the evidence, Judge Friend said of the cases against two of the players, Buck Weaver and Happy Felsch, that they were so weak that he doubted if he could let the convictions stand.
He was not called upon to do so. The following day, Baseball Commissioner Kenesaw Mountain Landis issued a statement stating that no player who had agreed to throw a baseball game, or sat in on meetings to that end, would play professional baseball thereafter. In 1928, Friend presided over the case against Chicago Mayor William Hale Thompson and three codefendants, ordering them to repay to the city over $2 million, paid to real estate experts, he was reversed in his judgment against Mayor Thompson and one of the co-defendants by the Illinois Supreme Court. In 1957, he cleared the way for the movie The Miracle to be shown in Chicago, ruling it was not obscene, he died on April 29, 1966, at age 83 the oldest active Cook County Circuit Court judge, while listening to the broadcast of a Chicago White Sox–Cleveland Indians game. He was elected in 2006 into the University of Chicago Athletic Hall of Fame, his listing cites his 1906 "Olympic" accomplishments and his Big Ten feats, including his track team captaincy.
In 1920, Friend married Sadie Cohn of Chicago. List of select Jewish track and field athletes Carney, Gene. Burying the Black Sox: How Baseball's Cover-Up of the 1919 World Series Fix Almost Succeeded. Washington: Potomac Books, Inc. 2007. ISBN 978-1-59797-108-9. Cottrell, Robert C. Blackball, the Black Sox, the Babe. Jefferson, North Carolina: McFarland & Co. Inc. 2002. ISBN 978-7-86411-643-6
Francis "Frank" Cleveland Irons was an American athlete who competed in the 1908 Summer Olympics and in the 1912 Summer Olympics. He was born in Des Moines and died in Palatine, Illinois. Irons competed for the United States in the 1908 Games held in London, Great Britain in the long jump where he won the gold medal. In the standing high jump event he finished eighth and in the triple jump competition he finished 16th, he participated in the standing long jump contest but his result is unknown. Four years he finished ninth in the long jump competition at the 1912 Games. At this Olympics he competed in the exhibition baseball tournament. Evans, Hilary. "Frank Irons". Olympics at Sports-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Archived from the original on 2009-10-08
Frederick Carlton "Carl" Lewis is an American former track and field athlete who won nine Olympic gold medals, one Olympic silver medal, 10 World Championships medals, including eight gold. His career spanned from 1979 to 1996, he is one of only three Olympic athletes who won a gold medal in the same individual event in four consecutive Olympic Games. Lewis was a dominant sprinter and long jumper who topped the world rankings in the 100 m, 200 m and long jump events from 1981 to the early 1990s, he set world records in the 100 m, 4 × 100 m and 4 × 200 m relays, while his world record in the indoor long jump has stood since 1984. His 65 consecutive victories in the long jump achieved over a span of 10 years is one of the sport's longest undefeated streaks. Over the course of his athletics career, Lewis broke ten seconds for the 100 meters 15 times and 20 seconds for the 200 meters 10 times. Lewis long jumped over 28 feet 71 times, his accomplishments have led to numerous accolades, including being voted "World Athlete of the Century" by the International Association of Athletics Federations and "Sportsman of the Century" by the International Olympic Committee, "Olympian of the Century" by Sports Illustrated and "Athlete of the Year" by Track & Field News in 1982, 1983, 1984.
After retiring from his athletics career, Lewis became an actor and has appeared in a number of films. In 2011, he attempted to run for a seat as a Democrat in the New Jersey Senate, but was removed from the ballot due to the state's residency requirement. Lewis owns a marketing and branding company named C. L. E. G. Which brands products and services including his own. Frederick Carlton Lewis was born in Birmingham, Alabama, on July 1, 1961, the son of William Lewis and Evelyn née Lawler Lewis, his mother was a hurdler on the 1951 Pan-Am team. His parents ran a local athletics club that provided a crucial influence on both Carl and his sister Carol, she became an elite long jumper, finishing 9th at the 1984 Olympics and taking bronze at the 1983 World Championships. Lewis was coached by his father, who coached other local athletes to elite status. At age 13, Lewis began competing in the long jump, he emerged as a promising athlete while coached by Andy Dudek and Paul Minore at Willingboro High School in his hometown of Willingboro Township, New Jersey.
He achieved the ranking of fourth on the all-time World Junior list of long jumpers. Many colleges tried to recruit Lewis, he chose to enroll at the University of Houston where Tom Tellez was coach. Tellez would thereafter remain Lewis' coach for his entire career. Days after graduating from high school in 1979, Lewis broke the high school long jump record with a leap of 8.13 m. By the end of 1979, Lewis was ranked fifth in the world for the long jump, according to Track and Field News. An old knee injury had flared up again at the end of the high school year, this might have had consequences on his fitness. Lewis worked with Tellez and adapted his technique so that he was able to jump without pain, he went on to win the 1980 National Collegiate Athletic Association title with a wind-assisted jump of 8.35 m. Though his focus was on the long jump, he was now starting to emerge as a talent in the sprints. Comparisons were beginning to be made with Jesse Owens, who dominated sprint and long jump events in the 1930s.
Lewis qualified for the American team for the 1980 Olympics in the long jump and as a member of the 4 × 100 m relay team. The Olympic boycott precluded Lewis from competing in Moscow, he jumped 7.77 m for a bronze medal, the American 4 × 100 m relay team won gold with a time of 38.61 s. Lewis received one of 461 Congressional Gold Medals created for the athletes precluded from competing in the 1980 Olympics. At year's end, Lewis was ranked 6th in the world in the long jump and 7th in the 100 m. At the start of 1981, Lewis' best legal long jump was his high school record from 1979. On June 20, Lewis improved his personal best by half a meter by leaping 8.62 m at the TAC Championships while still a teenager. While marks set at the thinner air of high altitude are eligible for world records, Lewis was determined to set his records at sea level. In response to a question about his skipping a 1982 long jump competition at altitude, he said, "I want the record and I plan to get it, but not at altitude.
I don't want that" after the mark." When he gained prominence in the early 1980s, all the extant men's 100 m and 200 m records and the long jump record had been set at the high altitude of Mexico City. In 1981, Lewis became the fastest 100 m sprinter in the world, his modest best from 1979 improved to a world-class 10.21 the next year. But 1981 saw him run 10.00 s at the Southwest Conference Championships in Dallas on May 16, a time, the third-fastest in history and stood as the low-altitude record. For the first time, Lewis was ranked number one in the world, in both the 100 m and the long jump, he won his first national titles in the 100 m and long jump. Additionally, he won the James E. Sullivan Award as the top amateur athlete in the United States. In 1982, Lewis continued his dominance, for the first time it seemed someone might challenge Bob Beamon's world record of 8.90 m in the long jump set at the 1968 Olympics, a mark described as one of the greatest athletic achievements ever. Before Lewis, 28 ft 0 in had been exceeded on two occasions by two people: Beamon and 1980 Olympic champion Lutz Dombrowski.
During 1982, Lewis cleared 28 ft 0 in (
Santa Clara, California
Santa Clara is a city in Santa Clara County, California. The city's population was 116,468 as of the 2010 United States Census, making it the ninth-most populous city in the San Francisco Bay Area. Located 45 miles southeast of San Francisco, the city was founded in 1777 with the establishment of Mission Santa Clara de Asís, the eighth of 21 California missions; the city was incorporated in 1852. The mission, the city, the county are all named for Saint Clare of Assisi. Santa Clara is located in the center of Silicon Valley and is home to the headquarters of several high-tech companies such as Intel, it is home to Santa Clara University, the oldest institution of higher learning in the state of California, built around Mission Santa Clara de Asís. Levi's Stadium, the home of the National Football League's San Francisco 49ers, is located in the city. Santa Clara is bordered by San Jose and Cupertino; the first European to visit the valley was José Francisco Ortega in 1769. He found the area inhabited by Native Americans, whom the Spanish called the Costanos, "coast people" known as the Ohlone.
The Spanish began to colonize California with 21 missions and the Mission Santa Clara de Asis was founded in 1777. In 1846, the American flag was raised over Monterey and symbolized the transfer of the sovereignty of the California Republic over to the United States. In 1851, Santa Clara College was established on the grounds of the original Mission. In 1852, Santa Clara was incorporated as a town. For the next century the economy centered on agriculture since orchards and vegetables were thriving in the fertile soil. By the beginning of the 20th century, the population had reached 5,000 and stayed about the same for many years. In 1905, the first public high-altitude flights by humans were made over Santa Clara in gliders designed by John J. Montgomery; the semiconductor industry, which sprouted around 1960, changed the city and surrounding Valley of Heart's Delight. Santa Clara's first medical hospital was built in 1963; this structure, on Kiely Boulevard, was replaced in 2007 with the new Kaiser Permanente medical center located on Lawrence Expressway at Homestead Road.
Santa Clara was home to a major mental health facility, Agnews State Hospital. According to the National Park Service, more than 100 persons were killed at this site in the 1906 earthquake; the site is the former home to Sun Microsystems and is listed in the National Register of Historic Places. Downtown Santa Clara: the 1963 City Council voted to knock down the 8 block grid of downtown area next to Santa Clara University bordered by Lafayette, Benton and Homestead to receive federal funding from Urban Renewal in USA. In 2018 there is a parking lot and Franklin Mall on Washington St with the one state historical building is, Santa Clara Post Office, apartment building, county courthouse, strip mall. Santa Clara is drained by three seasonal creeks, all of which empty into the southern portion of San Francisco Bay. There are some significant biological resources within the city including habitat for the burrowing owl, a species of special concern in California due to reduction in habitat from urban development during the latter 20th century.
This owl uses burrows created by ground squirrels and prefers level grasslands and disturbed areas. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city covers an area of 18.4 square miles, all of it land. Despite being located only 45 miles from San Francisco, Santa Clara's climate is rather distinct—particularly during the summer, when it is warm and sunny, as opposed to the foggy and cool conditions one finds in San Francisco; the average daily temperatures in July range from 82 °F to 53 °F. Winters are mild, with the mean daily temperatures in January ranging from 58 °F to 38 °F. Most of the annual rainfall comes in the winter months; the 2010 United States Census reported that Santa Clara had a population of 116,468. The population density was 6,327.3 people per square mile. The ethnic makeup of Santa Clara was 52,359 White, 3,154 African American, 579 Native American, 43,889 Asian, 651 Pacific Islander, 9,624 from other races, 6,212 from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 22,589 persons.
The Census reported that 113,272 people lived in households, 2,860 lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, 336 were institutionalized. There were 43,021 households, out of which 14,477 had children under the age of 18 living in them, 21,817 were opposite-sex married couples living together, 4,081 had a female householder with no husband present, 2,038 had a male householder with no wife present. There were 2,146 unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, 312 same-sex married couples or partnerships. 10,906 households were made up of individuals and 2,945 had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.63. There were 27,936 families; the age distribution of the population was as follows: 24,774 people were under the age of 18, 12,511 people aged 18 to 24, 41,876 people aged 25 to 44, 25,628 people aged 45 to 64, 11,679 people who w
Solomon W. Butler was a multi-talented athlete who competed in American football and track and field, he finished seventh in the long jump competition at the 1920 Summer Olympics. He played in the National Football League for the Hammond Pros, Akron Pros, Canton Bulldogs, Buffalo Bisons, Rock Island Independents. Referenced sometimes as Edward Solomon Butler, was a name used by alternate people to gain notoriety off the exploits of Solomon W. Butler in various parts of the country. Butler was born in Kingfisher, the youngest child of Ben and Mary Butler, his father was from Morgan County and born a slave in 1842. His father fought in the Civil War and took the last name of Butler from General Butler whom he admired; the Butler family escaped slavery and settled in Wichita, before moving to Hutchinson, Kansas, in 1909. "Sol", as he was known, made the varsity football team as a starting halfback during his freshman year. He led the school in track and field, his sophomore year, he helped Hutchinson to a runner-up finish at the state meet after setting state records in the 100-yard dash.
In 1913, as a junior in Hutchinson High School at a district meet he won six firsts, broke five meet records and unofficially broke a world record in the 50-yard dash. He along with his older brother Benjamin followed his high school coach to Rock Island High School in Rock Island, for his senior season in 1914. Facing 300 of the best track stars of the Midwest in Chicago, he competed in the regional interscholastic meet held at Northwestern University, he placed in the 60-yard dash and hurdles, the 440 yard dash, in the broad jump. He broke one meet record, tied a world record, won fourth place overall, competing against entire track teams. Butler earned 12 varsity letters competing in football, basketball and track and field at the University of Dubuque from 1915 to 1919. According to Arthur Ashe Jr.'s book Hard Road to Glory, A History of the African-American Athlete, Butler was the first African American to quarterback a team for all four years of college. In Butler's day, the track and field of activity was restricted.
There was no national collegiate meet and little indoor competition. The Drake Relays in their formative years, provided no such event as the broad jump. Butler twice won the championship. In 1919, to illustrate, Butler won both broad jump at the Penn Relays. Entering military service as a soldier in World War I as he represented the U. S. Army in the Inter-Allied Games in Paris, where he won the long jump, he was knighted by the King of Montenegro. With the Olympic Games scheduled for renewal in 1920 after the wartime interruption in 1916, Butler was rated as a heavy favorite for the championship, his winning jump at Paris, 24 feet 9.5 inches, was two inches from the Olympic record and was considered a strong possibility for a new Olympic record. Butler went to Antwerp for the 1920 Olympics. On his first jump in the Olympic preliminaries he pulled a tendon and was forced to withdraw; the injury-hampered effort was a shade under 21-8. He won the U. S. National Amateur Athletic Union championship that same year by jumping 24 feet 8 inches.
He signed on with the NFL in 1923 with the Rock Island Independents, which local accounts raved about his first appearance in the victory over the Chicago Bears. His contract from Rock Island was sold to the Hammond Pros in November 1923 for the remainder of the season for $10,000. In 1925, Butler played for the Kansas City Monarchs of the Negro Leagues going 0-3. Returning to football, Butler played alongside Jim Thorpe of the Canton Bulldogs where he was named starting quarterback in 1926. In 1926, the New York Giants refused to let its all-white team on the field in front of the largest crowd to watch an NFL game until Canton withdraw Butler as starting quarterback. In 1927, Butler married. Butler moved back to the Midwest and went on to work with the youth in the Negro districts as recreation director of Chicago's Washington Park, he worked part-time as a probationary officer, became sports editor for the Chicago Bee and The Defender newspapers in Chicago. He was active in the Chicago Blackhawk alternative professional football team and began becoming a well known personality after appearing in movies and press regularly.
He wife died before Berenice would have any children. He would spend his time promoting and coaching youth in city parks activities within the Chicago area. While in California playing for the Chicago All-Stars basketball team which he founded, he would stay in the state. Butler used his earnings to re-open Jack's Café owned by Jack Johnson, former heavyweight boxing champion in 1932, he was named to a key role in a film by Russ Sanders in 1935 being filmed in Hollywood, Calif. after playing minor parts in a few films prior. He was signed by Oscar Devereaux Mischaux, independent producer of more than 44 films for Lincoln Motion Picture Company, he and his brother Ben, sold cars, self-published a book on track and field, shined shoes, did anything they could to raise money. In his years after prohibition, Butler owned nightclubs in Chicago, set up his own talent agency and for a brief period was in the record business representing Paul Robeson, an American singer and actor, a political activist for the civil rights movement.
He died on December 1, 1954, in Paddy's Liquors, a Chicago tavern where he was employed for seven years. Butler met his
Ralph Harold Boston is a retired American track athlete, he is best remembered for the long jump, in which he was the first person to break the 27 feet barrier. Boston was born in Mississippi; as a student at Tennessee State University, he won the 1960 National Collegiate Athletic Association title in the long jump. In August of the same year, he broke the world record in the event, held by Jesse Owens for 25 years, at the Mt. SAC Relays; the world record holder, he improved the mark past 27 feet, jumping 27' 1/2" at the Modesto Relays on May 27, 1961. He qualified for the Summer Olympics in Rome, where he took the gold medal in the long jump, setting the Olympic record at 8.12 m, while narrowly defeating American teammate Bo Roberson by a mere centimeter. Boston won the Amateur Athletic Union national championship in the long jump six times in a row from 1961 to 1966, he had the longest triple jump for an American in 1963. He returned to the Tokyo Olympics as the world record holder after losing the record to Igor Ter-Ovanesyan regaining the record a couple of months before the games, first in Kingston and improving it at the 1964 Olympic Trials.
In the Olympic final, Boston exchanged the lead with Ter-Ovanesyan. Going into the fifth round, Boston was leading but fouled while both Lynn Davies and Ter-Ovanesyan jumped past him. On his final jump, he was able to jump past Ter-Ovanesyan, but could not catch Davies and ended winning the silver medal. Boston's final record improvement to 8.35m was again at the 1965 Modesto Relays. It was tied at altitude by Ter-Ovanesyan in 1967. In 1967, he lost the national title to Jerry Proctor; when rival Bob Beamon was suspended from the University of Texas at El Paso, for refusing to compete against Brigham Young University, alleging it had racist policies, Boston began to coach him unofficially. Beamon took the 1968 National Championships. At the 1968 Olympics, Boston watched. Boston was 29 years old, he retired from competitions shortly thereafter. He moved to Knoxville and worked for the University of Tennessee as Coordinator of Minority Affairs and Assistant Dean of Students from 1968 to 1975, he was the field event reporter for the CBS Sports Spectacular coverage of domestic track and field events.
He was inducted into the USA Track and Field Hall of Fame in 1974 and into the U. S. Olympic Hall of Fame in 1985. A Los Angeles Times article on Boston from August 2, 2010, coinciding with the 50th anniversary of his initial world record, described him as a divorced great-grandfather, writing an autobiography, he divides his time between Atlanta and Knoxville
Captain Percival Talbot "Percy" Molson, MC was a Canadian star athlete and soldier. After an outstanding sports career with McGill University, Molson joined its administration. Molson died fighting in World War I. In his will, he donated funds for McGill to build its football stadium, named Percival Molson Memorial Stadium in his honour. An Anglo-Quebecer, Molson was born in the resort community of Cacouna, Québec, on the St. Lawrence River, he was the son of Jane Baker Butler. A gifted athlete, at the age of sixteen Percival Molson participated in several sports and as an ice hockey player he was a member of the Montreal Victorias that won the 1897 Stanley Cup championship. While studying at McGill University, Percival Molson captained the hockey team, starred in track and field competitions, played racquet sports, made the football team, he was named McGill University's best "all-round athlete" three years in a row, a feat unmatched in the university's history. Throughout competitions in which he participated, he was acclaimed for his sense of fair play and achieved the remarkable distinction of never having been penalized for misconduct in any sport.
In track and field he competed in several events including the Long Jump in which he set a world record at the American Athletics Meet in 1900. In 1903, he won Field Long Jump championship. After Molson beat American Harry Hillman at the 1903 Canadian Championships in the 400 meter race, it was thought he had a chance in that event at the 1904 Summer Olympics in St. Louis, Missouri. However, he finished well back in the field. After graduation in 1901, Percival Molson was appointed to his University's Board of Governors, the youngest person named to that position. While a McGill University Board member he served as the chair of its Finance and Stadium committees; the university authorised construction of a new stadium to be built in Macdonald Park at the corner of University and Pine Avenues. However, with the onset of World War I, matters had to be delayed. Percival Molson along with George McDonald were instrumental in establishing the University Companies at McGill and other Canadian campuses to reinforce Princess Patricia's Canadian Light Infantry.
Over a thousand men joined the Regiment through six University Companies. Many were subsequently commissioned from the ranks and went on to serve as officers in other Canadian and British units. Captain Molson joined the Patricia's in the field with the 2nd University Company in October 1915. In June 1916, he was badly wounded in the Battle of Mount Sorrel at Sanctuary Wood near Hooge, West Flanders in Belgium. During horrific encounters with the German Army, where members of the 1st, 2nd and 3rd Canadian Divisions suffered 8,430 casualties, Percival Molson received the Military Cross for his valour. After recovering from his wounds, he returned to the front lines with his Regiment and on July 5, 1917, at the outskirts of Avion, Pas-de-Calais near Vimy Ridge in France, Captain Percival Molson was killed by a direct hit from a German howitzer. Captain Molson is interred in the Villers Station Cemetery in Villers-au-Bois in Pas-de-Calais. In Percival Molson's will he left $75,000 to McGill University to help pay most of the costs for the construction of the stadium.
Although it was dedicated as McGill Graduates' Stadium at an intercollegiate track meet on October 22, 1915, the Board of Governors of the university renamed the facility Percival Molson Memorial Stadium on October 25, 1919, in honour of this fallen hero. In 1996, Captain Percival Molson was an inaugural inductee to the McGill University Sports Hall of Fame. List of Olympians killed in World War I Canada's Sports Hall of Fame profile at the Wayback Machine Percival Molson at the International Olympic Committee