Nottingham High School
Nottingham High School is an independent, fee-paying day school for boys and girls in Nottingham, comprising the Infant and Junior School and Senior School. 1,000 students attend the school, including around 800 in the Senior School. Located on Waverley Mount, the school's main building is close to local amenities and public transport, with the High School tram stop, as well as a short walk to the Forest Fields Forest Gates bus stop on the A60; the main building is in the style of Gothic Revival architecture. The Junior School has its own buildings on the same campus; the playing fields are located at Valley Road. In 1513, the school was founded as the "Free School" by Dame Agnes Mellers, after the death of her husband, Richard in his memory, but as an act of atonement for his several wrongdoings against the people of Nottingham. In order to do this she enlisted the help of Sir Thomas Lovell, both the Governor of Nottingham Castle and Secretary to the Treasury; as a result of their combined efforts, King Henry VIII sealed the school's foundation deed on the 22 November of that year.
It is not clear whether this was a new institution or a refoundation or endowment of an existing school, of which records exist as far back as 1289. 19,940 boys are estimated to have attended the school between 1513 and 2013. 1949 saw the granting of the school's coat of arms by the College of Arms, the full blazon being: Ermine, a lozenge argent charged with three blackbirds rising proper. On a chief gules, an open book proper, garnished or, between two ducal coronets of the last, and for the crest, on a wreath argent and gules, a squirrel sejant gules holding between the paws a ducal coronet or. Mantling and gules. Motto "Lauda Finem"; the arms incorporate those of the school's founder: the arms of the Mellers family were three blackbirds on a white field. In 2007 the school introduced a new logo for more general use, a modified version of the shield which omits the lozenge and the ermine field. Whilst this breaches laws of English heraldry, action is taken in such matters; the Latin inscription on the School Arms is Lauda Finem which translates as “Praise to the end”.
In the Foundation Deed, Mellers provided that a Commemoration Service should be held in St Mary's Church in the Lace Market “on the Feast of The Translation of St Richard of Chichester, namely 16 June” each year, although the service “is now held on the nearest Saturday to that date”. With the exception of the Goose Fair, it is the most ancient ceremonial event still held in the City of Nottingham, the oldest, still in its original form, although there seems to be no record of it being held between the middle of the sixteenth century and its modern revival in 1923; the formal procession is an important part of Founder's Day and seeks to symbolise the ancient links the School has with the Crown, the City and the Church. The Foundation Deed provides for the distribution of certain monies to the Lord Mayor of Nottingham and others and for the purchase of bread and ale for consumption by the officials attending the Service. Any balance remaining is required to be given to the poorest scholar but now is given to a representative scholar of the school.
An annual Remembrance Day service on 11 November is attended by the whole school with the Headmaster, President of the Old Nottinghamians and the School Captain placing wreaths at the war memorial. School members attend a special assembly during the morning in the Player Hall. Representatives of the school's Combined Cadet Force mark their respect with a parade around the main school building. Since 1868, the school has been located high on Waverley Mount to the north of the city centre, looking down towards the site of its foundation in St Mary's Church and its continuance in Stoney Street. There has subsequently been a long programme of building and development, resulting in the modern site. Main Building An example of Gothic Revival architecture, the original school building—which was built between 1866 and 1867—on the current site was designed by Thomas Simpson and consists of the tower and three wings: the West Wing, Middle Corridor and the East Wing; the West Wing houses classrooms for mathematics and geography.
Housed in the Middle Corridor are the learning support department. The East Wing contains: the old gymnasium; the front of the school and other features are Grade II listed. TowerOverlooking the city centre is the school's tower, used as a staff office. A school standard and the Union Flag are raised on the tower on special occasions, such as Founder's Day and the Queen's official birthday, as well as unfortunate events, such as when a staff at the school has passed away. AdditionsTo the west, the Founder Hall building was
Status Quo (band)
Status Quo are an English rock band who play boogie rock. The group originated in The Spectres, founded by Francis Rossi and Alan Lancaster in 1962, while still schoolboys. After a number of lineup changes, which included the introduction of Rick Parfitt in 1967, the band became The Status Quo in 1967 and Status Quo in 1969, they have had over 60 chart hits in the UK, more than any other rock band, including "Pictures of Matchstick Men" in 1968, "Whatever You Want" in 1979 and "In the Army Now" in 1986 and 2010. Twenty-two of these reached the Top 10 in the UK Singles Chart. In July 1985 the band opened Live Aid at Wembley Stadium with "Rockin' All Over the World". In 1991, Status Quo received a Brit Award for Outstanding Contribution to Music. Status Quo starred in their first feature film, Bula Quo!, released to cinemas in July 2013. The film coincided with the release of the soundtrack album Bula Quo!, which peaked at number 10 in the UK Albums Chart. The first single from the album, "Bula Bula Quo" was released in June 2013, is Status Quo's one hundredth single release.
Status Quo was formed in 1962 under the name "the Spectres" by Francis Rossi and Alan Lancaster at Sedgehill Comprehensive School, along with classmates Jess Jaworski and Alan Key. Rossi and Lancaster played their first gig at the Samuel Jones Sports Club in London. In 1963, Key was replaced by John Coghlan and the band changed name to "The Spectres". In 1965, when Rossi and Jaworski had reached the end of their school education, Jaworski opted to leave the band, was replaced by Roy Lynes, they began writing their own material and that year met Rick Parfitt, playing with a cabaret band called The Highlights. By the end of 1965, Rossi and Parfitt, who had become close friends after meeting at Butlins, made a commitment to continue working together. On 18 July 1966, The Spectres signed a five-year deal with Piccadilly Records, releasing two singles that year, "I" and "Hurdy Gurdy Man", one the next year called " Nothin' Yet". All three singles failed to make an impact on the charts. By 1967, the group had discovered psychedelia and named themselves Traffic, but were soon forced to change it to "Traffic Jam" to avoid confusion with Steve Winwood's Traffic, following an argument over who had registered the name first.
The band secured an appearance on BBC Radio's Saturday Club, but in June their next single, "Almost But Not Quite There", underperformed. The following month saw Parfitt, at the request of manager Pat Barlow, joining the band as rhythm guitarist and vocalist. Shortly after Parfitt's recruitment, in August 1967, the band became The Status Quo. In January 1968 the group released the psychedelic-flavoured "Pictures of Matchstick Men". Rick Parfitt was invited to join the band just as the song hit the UK Singles Chart, reaching number seven. Although Status Quo's albums have been released in the United States throughout their career, they never achieved the same level of success as they have in their home country. Though the follow-up was the unsuccessful single, "Black Veils of Melancholy", they had a hit again the same year with a pop song penned by Marty Wilde and Ronnie Scott, "Ice in the Sun", which climbed to number eight. After the breakthrough, the band management hired Bob Young as a tour manager.
Over the years Young became one of the most important songwriting partners for Status Quo, in addition to playing harmonica with them on stage and on record. After their second album Spare Parts failed commercially, the band abandoned psychedelia and Carnaby Street fashions in favour of a hard rock/boogie sound, faded denims and T-shirts, an image, to become their trademark throughout the 1970s. Lynes left the band in 1970 and was replaced in the studio by guests including keyboard player Jimmy Horowitz and Tom Parker. By 1976, ex-The Herd, Judas Jump and Peter Frampton Band member Andy Bown was brought in to cover keyboards although as he was contracted as a solo artist with EMI he was not credited as an official member of Status Quo until 1982. After two poor-selling albums, Ma Kelly's Greasy Spoon and Dog of Two Head in 1970 and 1971, their major breakthrough came when they signed with the heavy rock and progressive label Vertigo, their first album for Vertigo, was released in 1972 and heralded an heavier, self-produced sound.
This album was the stylistic template for each album they released up until Blue for You in 1976. Quo's more popular songs from this era include "Paper Plane", "Caroline", "Break The Rules", "Down Down", "Rain", "Mystery Song", "Rockin' All Over the World" and "Whatever You Want". "Down Down" topped the UK Singles Chart in January 1975. In 1976, they signed a pioneering sponsorship deal with Levi's. Quo have now sold 118 million records worldwide. From 1977 onwards, the band's sound became more polished; these included Pip Williams, Roger Glover, John Eden. Glover was the first outside producer to work with Quo since Pye's John Schroeder in the early 1970s, produced "Wild Side of Life" and its B-side "All Through The Night" in 1976. 1977's Rockin' All Over the World's title track, a minor hit for its writer John Fogerty
BBC Radio Cambridgeshire
BBC Radio Cambridgeshire is the BBC Local Radio service for the English county of Cambridgeshire. It broadcast from studios on Hills Road close to the railway station in Cambridge - which have now moved to a new multimillion-pound centre at the Cambridge Business Park on Cowley Road - and a studio on Priestgate in Peterborough, it broadcasts on 96 and 95.7 FM, 1026MW, DAB, via its web page using RealPlayer. It started broadcasting on 1 May 1982 and was known as Radio Cambridge. According to RAJAR, the station has a weekly audience of 124,000 listeners and a 6.5% share as of December 2018. Under the first manager, Hal Bethell, Radio Cambridgeshire's early broadcasts were restricted to a few hours at breakfast and two hours in the afternoon; the opening day was broadcast from Cambridge and all the district offices — Peterborough, March and Ely. The first programme was presented by Gina Madgett and the first record played on-air was Ebony and Ivory by Paul McCartney and Stevie Wonder; the original weekday broadcasters were: Julian Dunne Anne Bristow and Jane Solomons, alternately Gina Madgett When Hal Bethell left the station because of his health, he was replaced by the deputy manager of Radio Lincolnshire, Dave Wilkinson.
He extended broadcasting into the afternoon by hiring John Richards. Wilkinson returned to Radio Lincolnshire as manager and was replaced by Ian Masters presenter of BBC East's regional television news programme, Look East; the Peterborough studio opened in a single office in Broadway Court, rented from Peterborough Development Corporation, the body responsible for the city's expansion as a New Town. The broadcasting equipment was two Studer tape recorders, a four-channel mixer and two microphones, which were placed on a table surrounded by mobile sound baffles. Ian Cameron, the first broadcaster from there the day Radio Cambridgeshire opened, realised at the last moment that the wall behind the temporary studio abutted the office block's lavatories and asked the staff in Cambridge to listen while he flushed the cistern. Nothing could be heard and the broadcast went ahead without fear of others in the office block inadvertently disturbing it. In 1983, Peterborough was equipped with its own studio, using a 12-channel Audix mixing desk made in the county and two Studer B67 tape machines, with a third machine for editing in a neighbouring office.
That office become a studio as well, although it could go on the air only from the main studio alongside. The first complete programme from Peterborough was presented by Julia Booth while the studio's opening party was going on on the floor below. In 1987, the studio gained the ability to broadcast localised opt-outs. At first, the opt-out was used only for traffic information in the morning news programme and in the day, for five-minute spots of purely local information; the first full opt-out programme from Peterborough was presented by Les Woodland in the afternoon while John Richards broadcast from Cambridge. Steve Somers presented. Production assistant for the opt-in station was Darren Deans; the next programme to opt out was Sounds Eastern, two hours of music and commentary aimed at Peterborough's Indian, Pakistani and Bengali population and presented by Ansar Ali. The Peterborough Breakfast show opt out was abandoned in 2013 due to BBC cutbacks and presenter, Paul Stainton, took over presenting duties of a new countywide show, before leaving the station in 2017.
The station's first outside broadcasts were of results from local elections held soon after the station went on the air. The station's radio car was used from the back doors of the town hall in Peterborough; the reporter was Ian Cameron. The first complete programme broadcast away from the studio was the same year, from the East of England Show in Peterborough, presented by Anne Bristow. Radio Cambridgeshire, when it opened, had satellite studios in Huntingdon and Wisbech, using offices in council buildings; the studios were equipped with a microphone and a small mixing desk and were used to save contributors a journey to Cambridge or to Peterborough. The first station badge or symbol was a design suggesting Cambridgeshire's three main rivers, the Nene, the Ouse and the Cam. Before the station came on the air, the manager, Hal Bethell, arranged with the Pye radio company, which had long been associated with Cambridge, to use a design based on the sun-through-clouds design which Pye cut into the loudspeaker screens of its original radios.
The sun-and-clouds symbol remained until a BBC ruling that all its stations should have a joint logo to underline the national nature of the local service. The 95.7FM signal, directional eastwards across North Cambridgeshire, is by far the stronger. On 30 October 2004, a fire broke out 80 ft up the main Peterborough mast, one mile west of Morborne, the heat caused the whole mast to collapse. A shorter BT Group plc tower with microwave transmission dishes next to it was undamaged; the 95.7FM signal was put out of action for a few weeks. Peterborough has BBC National DAB, Classic FM and Digital One; the Madingley transmi
John Robert Parker Ravenscroft, known professionally as John Peel, was an English disc jockey, radio presenter, record producer and journalist. He was the longest serving of the original BBC Radio 1 DJs, broadcasting from 1967 until his death in 2004, he was one of the first broadcasters to play psychedelic rock and progressive rock records on British radio, he is acknowledged for promoting artists working in a multitude of genres including pop, dub reggae, punk rock and post-punk, electronic music and dance music, indie rock, extreme metal, British hip hop. Fellow DJ Paul Gambaccini described Peel as "the most important man in music for about a dozen years". In 2012 he was among the British cultural icons selected by artist Sir Peter Blake to appear in a new version of his most famous artwork – the Beatles' Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band album cover. Peel's Radio 1 shows were notable for the regular "Peel sessions", which consisted of four songs recorded by an artist live in the BBC's studios, which provided the first major national coverage to bands that would achieve great fame.
Another popular feature of his shows was the annual Festive Fifty countdown of his listeners' favourite records of the year. Peel appeared on British television as one of the presenters of Top of the Pops in the 1980s, he provided voice-over commentary for a number of BBC programmes, he became popular with the audience of BBC Radio 4 for his Home Truths programme, which ran from the 1990s, featuring unusual stories from listeners' domestic lives. John Peel was born in Heswall Cottage Hospital in Heswall near Liverpool, his father was an upper middle-class cotton merchant, he grew up in the nearby village of Burton. He was educated as a boarder at Shrewsbury School, where one of his contemporaries was future Monty Python member Michael Palin; the solitary Peel was an avid radio listener and record collector from an early age, cutting his teeth on fare offered by the American Forces Network and Radio Luxembourg. He recalled an early desire to host a radio programme of his own "so that I could play music that I heard and wanted others to hear."His housemaster, R. H. J. Brooke, whom Peel described as "extraordinarily eccentric" and "amazingly perceptive", wrote on one of his school reports, "Perhaps it's possible that John can form some kind of nightmarish career out of his enthusiasm for unlistenable records and his delight in writing long and facetious essays."In his posthumously published autobiography, Peel said that he had been raped by an older pupil while at Shrewsbury.
After finishing his National Service in 1959 in the Royal Artillery as a B2 radar operator, he worked as a mill operative at Townhead Mill in Rochdale and travelled home each weekend to Heswall on a scooter borrowed from his sister. Whilst in Rochdale during the week, he stayed in a bed-and-breakfast in the area of Milkstone Road and Drake Street and would develop long-term associations with the town as the years progressed. In 1960, aged 21, he went to the United States to work for a cotton producer who had business dealings with his father. Once this job finished, he took a number of others, including working as a travelling insurance salesman. While in Dallas, where the insurance company he worked for was based, he conversed with the presidential candidate John F. Kennedy, his running mate Lyndon B. Johnson, who were touring the city during the 1960 election campaign, took photographs of them. Following Kennedy's assassination in November 1963, Peel passed himself off as a reporter for the Liverpool Echo in order to attend the arraignment of Lee Harvey Oswald, he and a friend can be seen in the footage of the 22/23 November midnight press conference at Dallas Police Department when Oswald was paraded before the media.
He phoned in the story to the Liverpool Echo. While working for the insurance company, Peel wrote programs for punched card entry for an IBM 1410 computer, he got his first radio job, albeit unpaid, working for WRR in Dallas. There, he presented the second hour of the Monday night programme Kat's Karavan, hosted by the American singer and radio personality Jim Lowe. Following this, as Beatlemania hit the United States, Peel got a job with the Dallas radio station KLIF as the official Beatles correspondent on the strength of his connection to Liverpool, he worked for KOMA in Oklahoma City, until 1965 when he moved to KMEN in San Bernardino, using the name John Ravencroft to present the breakfast show. While in Dallas, in 1965, he married his first wife, Shirley Anne Milburn aged 15, in what Peel described as a "mutual defence pact"; the marriage was never happy and although she accompanied Peel back to Britain in 1967, they were soon separated. The divorce became final in 1973. Milburn took her own life.
Peel returned to England in early 1967 and found work with the offshore pirate radio station Radio London. He was offered the midnight-to-two shift, which developed into a programme called The Perfumed Garden, it was on "Big L" that he first adopted the name "John Peel" and established himself as a distinctive radio voice. Peel's show was an outlet for the music of the UK underground scene, he played classic blues, folk music and psychedelic rock, with an emphasis on the new music emerging from Los Angeles and San Francisco. As important as the musical content of the programme was the personal – sometimes confessional – tone of Peel's pres
Chris Evans (presenter)
Christopher James Evans is an English television presenter, radio DJ, voice actor and producer for radio and television. He started his broadcasting career working for Piccadilly Radio, Manchester, as a teenager, before moving to London as a presenter for the BBC's Greater London Radio and Channel 4 television, where The Big Breakfast made him a star. Soon he was able to dictate favourable terms, allowing him to broadcast on competing radio and TV stations. Slots like the Radio 1 Breakfast Show and TFI Friday provided a mix of celebrity interviews and comic games, delivered in an irreverent style that attracted high ratings, though also generated significant numbers of complaints. By 2000 he was the UK's highest paid entertainer, according to the Sunday Times Rich List. In the tax year to April 2017, he was the BBC's highest paid presenter, earning between £2.2m and £2.25m annually. In 2005, he started a new career on BBC Radio 2, hosting his long-running Drivetime programme, before moving in 2010 to host The Chris Evans Breakfast Show every weekday morning.
He presented The One Show on Fridays between 2010 and 2015. Between 2011 and 2018, he co-hosted Radio 2 Live in Hyde Park. In 2015, he signed a three-year deal to lead a new Top Gear line-up, and presented a revival series of TFI Friday. On 4 July 2016, Evans announced. On 3 September 2018, Evans announced that he would be leaving his BBC Radio 2 Breakfast Show on Christmas Eve and he would be returning to Virgin Radio UK to present their breakfast show.. He moved from BBC Radio 2 with most of his regular team. Evans was born in Warrington, the youngest child of bookmaker and health authority wages clerk Martin Joseph Evans, Minnie Beardsall, who managed a corner shop, his siblings are sister Diane. He started his schooling at St Margaret's Church of England Infants and Junior School, the Junior School in Orford, Warrington. Evans' father died of colorectal cancer. Evans' mother was a breast cancer survivor. Evans started at Boteler Grammar School, Warrington. After the death of his father, the 13-year-old Evans took part-time work at an outlet of T. J. & B. McLoughlin's newsagent–tobacconist in Woolston, ran an alternative tuck-shop at Padgate High School, a comprehensive school he attended for the final three years of his secondary education.
Evans left secondary school at age 16 after moving into the sixth form, he had a number of dead-end jobs in and around Warrington, including a private detective agency and notoriously as a "Tarzan-ogram." Evans began his professional career at Piccadilly Radio, Manchester, in 1983, where he had had unpaid schoolboy work. Until 1984 Evans had three jobs: as an assistant to Timmy Mallett, playing a character on his show called'Nobby Nolevel'. Evans switched to a full-time position at the station in 1984, his new role including being driven around the Manchester area in the radio car to turn up at listeners' houses. In addition he was producer to presenter James H. Reeve. Following this he presented a weekday graveyard slot with competitions and segments where listeners had opportunities to sell their belongings on air. After working as a producer on Richard Branson's service The Superstation, where he produced material for Jonathan Ross, Evans went on to work at BBC London radio station GLR, first as a producer on Emma Freud's mid-morning show Weekend Breakfast with Danny Baker.
Evans became a GLR presenter in early 1990. Three months he started presenting The Greenhouse, a Monday to Thursday evening show. In early 1991, as a result of his first regular TV hosting work presenting the Power Up breakfast show on The Power Station for British Satellite Broadcasting, Evans moved to presenting Round at Chris's, every Saturday morning from 10:00 am to 1:00 pm, which he continued to present until April 1993. In addition to his Saturday morning show on GLR, in March 1992 Evans began presenting a Sunday afternoon show on BBC Radio 1, replacing Phillip Schofield, his show, Too Much Gravy, was broadcast from 14:30 to 16:00 and ended in September 1992. His move to Radio 1 was short-lived but seen as a huge success, with controller Johnny Beerling admitting he wished he'd offered Evans a full-time show there and then. At the time, Evans objected that Radio 1 had attempted to constrain his style, preventing him from using the "zoo" format because Steve Wright was doing that on the station.
In April 1993, Evans joined the new Virgin Radio, to host a Saturday morning show. Evans' departure from radio was in part so he could devote his time to the new Channel 4 breakfast television show, The Big Breakfast, from 28 September 1992. Evans co-hosted the show with Gaby Roslin. Evans left The Big Breakfast on 29 September 1994 and formed his own television production company, Ginger Productions, its first major programme, Don't Forget Your Toothbrush, was broadcast between 1994 and 1995. The original concepts proved to be lucrative for Evans as its format was sold to numerous foreign broadcasters. In April 1995, Evans returned to radio to host the flagship Radio 1 Breakfast Show. Evans negotiated into his contract with Radio 1 a clause allowing him to still make television programmes, an option to make a Friday night programme for Channel 4. A further clause required the Breakfast Show
The Independent is a British online newspaper. Established in 1986 as a politically independent national morning newspaper published in London, it was controlled by Tony O'Reilly's Independent News & Media from 1997 until it was sold to Russian oligarch Alexander Lebedev in 2010; the last printed edition of The Independent was published on Saturday 26 March 2016, leaving only its digital editions. Nicknamed the Indy, it began as a broadsheet, but changed to tabloid format in 2003; until September 2011, the paper described itself on the banner at the top of every newspaper as "free from party political bias, free from proprietorial influence". It tends to take a pro-market stance on economic issues; the daily edition was named National Newspaper of the Year at the 2004 British Press Awards. In June 2015, it had an average daily circulation of just below 58,000, 85 per cent down from its 1990 peak, while the Sunday edition had a circulation of just over 97,000. Launched in 1986, the first issue of The Independent was published on 7 October in broadsheet format.
It was produced by Newspaper Publishing plc and created by Andreas Whittam Smith, Stephen Glover and Matthew Symonds. All three partners were former journalists at The Daily Telegraph who had left the paper towards the end of Lord Hartwell's ownership. Marcus Sieff was the first chairman of Newspaper Publishing, Whittam Smith took control of the paper; the paper was created at a time of a fundamental change in British newspaper publishing. Rupert Murdoch was challenging long-accepted practices of the print unions and defeated them in the Wapping dispute. Production costs could be reduced which, it was said at the time, created openings for more competition; as a result of controversy around Murdoch's move to Wapping, the plant was having to function under siege from sacked print workers picketing outside. The Independent attracted some of the staff from the two Murdoch broadsheets who had chosen not to move to his company's new headquarters. Launched with the advertising slogan "It is. Are you?", challenging both The Guardian for centre-left readers and The Times as the newspaper of record, The Independent reached a circulation of over 400,000 by 1989.
Competing in a moribund market, The Independent sparked a general freshening of newspaper design as well as, within a few years, a price war in the market sector. When The Independent launched The Independent on Sunday in 1990, sales were less than anticipated due to the launch of the Sunday Correspondent four months prior, although this direct rival closed at the end of November 1990; some aspects of production merged with the main paper, although the Sunday paper retained a distinct editorial staff. In the 1990s, The Independent was faced with price cutting by the Murdoch titles, started an advertising campaign accusing The Times and The Daily Telegraph of reflecting the views of their proprietors, Rupert Murdoch and Conrad Black, it featured spoofs of the other papers' mastheads with the words The Rupert Murdoch or The Conrad Black, with The Independent below the main title. Newspaper Publishing had financial problems. A number of other media companies were interested in the paper. Tony O'Reilly's media group and Mirror Group Newspapers had bought a stake of about a third each by mid-1994.
In March 1995, Newspaper Publishing was restructured with a rights issue, splitting the shareholding into O'Reilly's Independent News & Media, MGN, Prisa. In April 1996, there was another refinancing, in March 1998, O'Reilly bought the other shares of the company for £30 million, assumed the company's debt. Brendan Hopkins headed Independent News, Andrew Marr was appointed editor of The Independent, Rosie Boycott became editor of The Independent on Sunday. Marr introduced a dramatic if short-lived redesign which won critical favour but was a commercial failure as a result of a limited promotional budget. Marr admitted his changes had been a mistake in My Trade. Boycott left in April 1998 to join the Daily Express, Marr left in May 1998 becoming the BBC's political editor. Simon Kelner was appointed as the editor. By this time the circulation had fallen below 200,000. Independent News spent to increase circulation, the paper went through several redesigns. While circulation increased, it did not approach the level, achieved in 1989, or restore profitability.
Job cuts and financial controls reduced the quality of the product. Ivan Fallon, on the board since 1995 and a key figure at The Sunday Times, replaced Hopkins as head of Independent News & Media in July 2002. By mid-2004, the newspaper was losing £5 million per year. A gradual improvement meant. In November 2008, following further staff cuts, production was moved to Northcliffe House, in Kensington High Street, the headquarters of Associated Newspapers; the two newspaper groups' editorial and commercial operations remained separate, but they shared services including security, information technology and payroll. On 25 March 2010, Independent News & Media sold the newspaper to Russian oligarch Alexander Lebedev for a nominal £1 fee and £9.25m over the next 10 months, choosing this option over closing The Independent and The Independent on Sunday, which would have cost £28m and £40m due to long-term contracts. In 2009, Lebedev had bought a controlling stake in the London Evening Standard. Two weeks editor Roger Alton resigned.
In July 2011, The Independent's columnist Johann Hari was stripped of the Orwell Prize he had won in 2008 after claims, to which Hari admitted, of plagiarism and inaccuracy. In January 2012, Chris Blackhurst