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Triaria was the second wife of Lucius Vitellius the younger (the brother of emperor Aulus Vitellius), in the 1st century CE.

She is mentioned on the funeral monument of her favourite slavewoman, Tyrannis, in Tibur:[1]

According to Tacitus, when former praetor Marcus Plancius Varus implied treasonable behaviour by Dolabella, she terrified the City Prefect, Titus Flavius Sabinus, warning him not to seek a reputation for clemency by endangering the Emperor.,[2][3]

She was accused of wearing a soldier's sword and behaving with insolent cruelty after the capture of the town of Tarracina.[4]

In On Famous Women, Boccaccio praised Triaria for her bravery. [5][6][7] An early French manuscript of this work[8] contains a plate f. 63v (captioned Miniature showing a bloody slaughter inside a walled city, with Triaria prominent among the wounded warriors.) which may refer to the sack of Tarracina.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ CIL XIV, 3661.
  2. ^ Crime and Punishment in Ancient Rome, Richard A Bauman, Routledge, 2005, ISBN 0-415-11375-X, p86
  3. ^ The Histories, Gaius Cornelius Tacitus, Oxford University Press, 2001, ISBN 0-19-283958-6, p94.
  4. ^ ibid p164.
  5. ^ De claris mulieribus, Giovanni Boccaccio, trans. as Famous Women by Virginia Brown, Harvard University Press, 2001, ISBN 0-674-00347-0, Ch 94.
  6. ^ De las mujeres illustres en romance, Johan Boccaccio, Zaragoza, Paulo Hurus, Alemán de Constancia, 1494.
  7. ^ Original Boccaccio text (in Latin)
  8. ^ Des cleres et nobles femmes, ca. 1450, Spencer Collection Ms. 033, NYPL

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Primary sources[edit]