Takua Pa is a district in Phang Nga Province in south Thailand. The district is on the Andaman Sea coast. To the north of the district is Si Phang Nga National Park; the southern part of the district contains Khao Lak-Lam Ru National Park, which includes the beach resorts of Khao Lak, devastated by the tsunami resulting from the 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake. Neighboring districts are Khura Buri to the north, Phanom of Surat Thani Province, Kapong to the east, Thai Mueang to the south. Named Takola, the town was one of the historic city states dating back to Srivijaya times in the 13th century, it was known as Takkolam, the Tamil word for "piper cuveba" and "calyptranthes jambalana". There is a place in the Tamil country which up to now carries the same name Takkolam. Takua Pa could have either abounded in the spices "calyptranthese jambalana" and "piper cubeba" or it could have been occupied by settlers from the Takkolam of the Tamil country, or both. Takua Pa is said to have been the finest harbor on the west coast of the peninsula for trade between the kingdom of Srivijaya and the early South Indian Tamil kingdoms of the Cholas and Pallavas during different times in history.
It was renamed Takua Pa due to the rich ores found near the town: takua is the Thai word for lead though tin was the most important ore found there. Laem Pho Beach in the Chaiya District of Surat Thani Province, on the other side of the isthmus 200 km distant, is thought to have been a Srivijaya Kingdom seaport in the 7th to 13th centuries. Srivijaya was an Indonesian city-state that grew to become an influential maritime power in what is now Southeast Asia. Tang Dynasty ceramics have been found in the area as well as pottery from India and glassware from Persia. Similar finds have been made in Ban Thung Tuek of Takua Pa District, indicating that there may have been an overland route connecting the Gulf of Thailand with the Andaman Seacoast; this route would have enabled traders to avoid piracy in the narrow Strait of Malacca. There was a Hindu/Vishnu temple there in the 8th century CE. An important mercantile organisation called Kodumbalur Manigramam, built a water tank for this temple, they left an inscription in Tamil.
The tank was called "Avani Naaranam", the name of one of the Pallava Emperors of Tamil Nadu. The town was long administered by Nakhon Si Thammarat. In 1892 it was converted to part of the Monthon Phuket; this province was merged into Phang Nga Province on 1 April 1932. The district, Talat Yai, was renamed Takua Pa; the district was an important tin-dredging area in the first half of the 20th century, with the English company, Siamese Tin Syndicate Ltd. and the Australian company, Satupulo No Liability Co. both operating dredges in the rivers, with narrow-gauge tramways following them upstream. The Asiatic Company had a dredge and tramway further inland in Kapong District, depicted in the Thai film, The Tin Mine. Siamese Tin operated here at least as late as 1967, but Thai firms assumed operations by the early-1980s. By 2008 there were no remaining signs of mining, as plantations rubber, covered the former dredged areas; the public library at Takua Pa town has photographs on display of the dredging and sluicing operations in their heyday in the 1920s and 1930s.
The former Asiatic Company workshops can still be seen in Kapong town. The centre for the identification of bodies found. Opposite the identification centre is the cemetery where all unidentified foreign bodies have been buried. Laid out somewhat like the Commonwealth War Graves cemetery at Kanchanaburi. By late-2008 the cemetery was overgrown, run down, inhabited by feral dogs. Takua Pa District is divided into eight sub-districts, which are further subdivided into 51 administrative villages. There is one town in the district: Takua Pa consisting of sub-district Takua Pa. There are two sub-district municipalities in the district: Bang Nai Si consisting of sub-district Bang Nai Si. Khuek Khak consisting of sub-district Khuek Khak. There are four subdistrict administrative organizations in the district: Bang Sai consisting of sub-districts Bang Sai and Tam Tua. Bang Muang consisting of sub-district Bang Muang. Khok Khian consisting of sub-district Khok Khian. Ko Kho Khao consisting of sub-district Ko Kho Khao.
Takua Pa itself covers the complete tambon Takua Pa.. There are six tambon administrative organizations. Takua Pa is administered by Tam Tua by a neighboring TAO, Bang Sai. Takua Pa travel guide from Wikivoyage amphoe.com Attractions of Takua Pa District, Phang Nga Provincial administration
J. Hareendran Nair is an Indian Ayurveda physician and entrepreneur from Kerala, he is the founder of Pankajakasthuri group of enterprises, a business group which has contributed in promoting and popularising Ayurveda and ayurvedic products across the country. The Government of India, in 2012, honoured him with Padma Shri for his services to the cause of Ayurveda. Hareendran Nair was born in a family with frugal means, at Kattakkada, Thiruvananthapuram, in Kerala to Janardhanan Nair, a document writer and Pankajam, as the youngest of their three children. After early education at the Government Upper Primary School and the Christian College, Kattakada, he joined the Government Ayurveda College, Thiruvananthapuram from where he graduated in ayurvedic medicine with a BAMS in 1983, his medical career started as a research fellow at Poojappura Regional Research Institute but he submitted his resignation from the service when he was transferred to the central Kerala town of Shornur in 1986. Nair spent the next two years in the formation of Sree Dhanwanthari Ayurvedics, the forerunner of Pankajakasthuri Herbals India Ltd, which came into stream in 1988 at Poovachal.
The early days were difficult which changed in 1996 when Nair launched ayurvedic over-the-counter products under the brand name Pankajakasthuri, a name coined combining his mother's name and his eldest daughter's name, Kasturi. Hareendran Nair is married to Asha, involved in the business at administrative levels and the couple has two daughters, both studying ayurvedic medicine; the family lives in Thiruvananthapuram. Hareendran Nair found Pankajakasthuri in 1988, under the name Sree Dhanwanthari Ayurvedics at Poovachal, in Thiruvananthapuram. In 1996, the brand Pankajakasthuri was launched and the company's name was changed to Pankajakasthuri Herbals Pvt Ltd. Over the years, the establishment has grown to cover the parent company dealing in over-the-counter ayurvedic products, Pankajakasthuri Panchakarama spas, Pankajakasthuri Jeevanam clinics and Pankajakasthuri Ayurveda Hospital, Herbal garden and Pankajakasthuri Ayurveda Medical College, in Killi near Kattakkada, which opened on 28 August 2002, stated to be the first self financed ayurveda medical college in Kerala.
Hareendran Nair is active in social service. He has arranged for 1000 free lunch everyday through his Ayurveda medical college, he sponsors the educational expenses of 125 students and provides free in-patient medical treatment to 50 patients, including medicines. His group conducts free medical camps every month in Thiruvananthapuram. "My only agenda," said Nair, "is the popularisation of Ayurveda as an effective and economic mode of treatment among people." Nair holds various positions at national levels. Managing Director, Pankajakasthuri Herbals India Pvt. Ltd Managing Director, Pankajakasthuri Ayurveda Medical College Managing Director, Pankajakasthuri Engineering College Chief Executive Pankajakasthuri Panchakarma Centres Founder and Secretary of Pankajakasthuri Herbal Research Foundation Advisor on Ayurveda to the Government of Nagaland Member of the Regional Advisory Committee for the Organized and service tax sector in the central Excise & Customs, Thiruvananthapuram Member of the Medicinal Plant Board, Kerala State Founder Director of the Care Keralam, a cluster company in the Ayurveda sector meant to promote Kerala brand ayurvedic products Patron of Chinmaya Mission, Thiruvananthapuram Padma Shri – 2012 Management Leadership Award – Trivandrum Management Association Sai Maa Award for Ayurvedic Propagation Best Entrepreneur Award, Industries Department – Government of Kerala Yuvaprathibha Award – Ayurvedic Medical Officers Association Ayurvedaratna Award Entrepreneur of the Year Award – Berchmans Institute of Management Studies Interview on YouTube Let's Talk – Part One – Interview on YouTube Let's Talk – Part Two – Interview on YouTube Pankajakasturi Medical College