Trichotillomania known as hair pulling disorder or compulsive hair pulling, is a mental disorder characterized by a long-term urge that results in the pulling out of one's hair. This occurs to such a degree. A brief positive feeling may occur. Efforts to stop pulling hair fail. Hair removal may occur anywhere; the hair pulling is to such a degree. The disorder may run in families, it occurs more in those with obsessive compulsive disorder. Episodes of pulling may be triggered by anxiety. People acknowledge that they pull their hair. On examination broken hairs may be seen. Other conditions that may present include body dysmorphic disorder, however in that condition people remove hair to try to improve what they see as a problem in how they look. Treatment is with cognitive behavioral therapy; the medication clomipramine may be helpful. Trichotillomania is estimated to affect one to four percent of people. Trichotillomania most begins in childhood or adolescence. Women are more affected about 10 times more than men.
The name was created by François Henri Hallopeau in 1889, from the Greek θρίξ/τριχ. Trichotillomania is confined to one or two sites, but can involve multiple sites; the scalp is the most common pulling site, followed by the eyebrows, face and legs. Some less common areas include the pubic area, underarms and chest; the classic presentation is the "Friar Tuck" form of crown alopecia. Children are less to pull from areas other than the scalp. People who suffer from trichotillomania pull only one hair at a time and these hair-pulling episodes can last for hours at a time. Trichotillomania can go into remission-like states where the individual may not experience the urge to "pull" for days, weeks and years. Individuals with trichotillomania exhibit hair of differing lengths. Scaling on the scalp is not present, overall hair density is normal, a hair pull test is negative. Hair is pulled out leaving an unusual shape. Individuals with trichotillomania may be shameful of the hair pulling behavior. An additional psychological effect can be low self-esteem associated with being shunned by peers and the fear of socializing, due to appearance and negative attention they may receive.
Some people with trichotillomania wear hats, false eyelashes, eyebrow pencil, or style their hair in an effort to avoid such attention. There seems to be a strong stress-related component. In low-stress environments, some exhibit no symptoms whatsoever; this "pulling" resumes upon leaving this environment. Some individuals with trichotillomania may feel they are the only person with this problem due to low rates of reporting. For some people, trichotillomania is a mild problem a frustration, but for many and embarrassment about hair pulling causes painful isolation and results in a great deal of emotional distress, placing them at risk for a co-occurring psychiatric disorder, such as a mood or anxiety disorder. Hair pulling can lead to great tension and strained relationships with family friends. Family members may need professional help in coping with this problem. Other medical complications include infection, permanent loss of hair, repetitive stress injury, carpal tunnel syndrome, gastrointestinal obstruction as a result of trichophagia.
In trichophagia, people with trichotillomania ingest the hair that they pull. Rapunzel syndrome, an extreme form of trichobezoar in which the "tail" of the hair ball extends into the intestines, can be fatal if misdiagnosed. Environment is a large factor. Sedentary activities such as being in a relaxed environment are conducive to hair pulling. A common example of a sedentary activity promoting hair pulling is lying in a bed while trying to rest or fall asleep. An extreme example of automatic trichotillomania is found when some patients have been observed to pull their hair out while asleep; this is called sleep-isolated trichotillomania. Anxiety and obsessive–compulsive disorder are more encountered in people with trichotillomania. Trichotillomania has a high overlap with post traumatic stress disorder, some cases of trichotillomania may be triggered by stress. Another school of thought emphasizes hair pulling as addictive or negatively reinforcing, as it is associated with rising tension beforehand and relief afterward.
A neurocognitive model — the notion that the basal ganglia plays a role in habit formation and that the frontal lobes are critical for suppressing or inhibiting such habits — sees trichotillomania as a habit disorder. Abnormalities in the caudate nucleus are noted in OCD, but there is no evidence to support that these abnormalities can be linked to trichotillomania. One study has shown; these findings suggest some differences between trichotillomania. There is a lack of structural MRI studies on trichotillomania. In several MRI studies that have been conducted, it has been found that people with trichotillomania have more gray matter in their brains than those who do not suffer from the disorder, it is that multiple genes confer vulnerability to trichotillomania. One study identified mutations in the
Winx Club is an Italian-American animated television series created by Iginio Straffi and co-produced by Rainbow SpA and Nickelodeon. It is set in a magical universe, inhabited by fairies and other mythical creatures; the show follows a fairy warrior named Bloom as she enrolls at Alfea College to train and hone her skills. The series uses a serial format that has an ongoing storyline, with individual story arcs comprising each season, it premiered on 28 January 2004, becoming a ratings success in Italy and on Nickelodeon networks internationally. Iginio Straffi outlined the show's plot to last three seasons, he chose to continue the story for a fourth season in 2009. Around this time, Winx Club's popularity attracted the attention of the American media company Viacom, owner of Nickelodeon. Viacom purchased 30% of the show's animation studio, Rainbow SpA, Nickelodeon became a co-producer of the series. Production on the fifth and seventh seasons was divided between Rainbow and Nickelodeon Animation Studio.
To attract an American audience, Viacom assembled a voice cast of Nickelodeon actors, invested US$100 million in advertising for the series, inducted Winx Club into Nickelodeon's franchise of Nicktoons. Beginning in 2010, episodes of Winx Club have been jointly written with Nickelodeon's American team. Nickelodeon's writers aim to make the series multicultural and appealing toward viewers from different countries. In 2019, Straffi commented on his near-decade of collaboration with Nickelodeon, saying that "the know-how of Rainbow and the know-how of Nickelodeon are complementary; the continued partnership between Rainbow and Nickelodeon on Winx Club has led to the development of additional co-productions, including Club 57 in 2019, on which much of Winx Club's staff worked. The series was subject to budget cuts in 2014, during its seventh season; the 3D computer-generated segments and Hollywood voice actors were deemed too costly to keep using. The seventh season premiered on Nickelodeon's worldwide channels in 2015.
After a multiple-year delay, an eighth season premiered in 2019. It acts as a reboot aimed at a preschool target audience. Straffi made the decision to reboot the show after years of aiming toward a younger demographic. Most of the show's longtime crew members were not called back to work on season 8, Nickelodeon's team moved to a consultant role. Straffi stepped away from the series at this time. A live-action adaptation of Winx Club for young adults, titled Fate: The Winx Saga, was announced in 2018; the series follows the adventures of a group of girls known as the Winx, students at the Alfea College for Fairies, who turn into fairies to fight villains. The team consists of the red-haired leader with flame-based powers. Roxy, the fairy of animals joins the Winx and all three of the show's production companies refer to her as the Winx Club's seventh member; the main male characters are called the Specialists, a group of students and graduates of the Red Fountain school who are romantically involved with the Winx fairies.
They include Bloom's fiance Sky. Unlike their female counterparts, the Specialists do not have magical powers and instead train how to fight using laser weapons; the Winx and Specialists' most frequent adversaries are a trio of witches named the Trix: Icy and Stormy, all of whom are former students of the Cloud Tower school. Winx Club is set in a vast universe. Most episodes take place in the Magic Dimension, closed off to ordinary people and inhabited by creatures from European mythology like fairies and monsters; the capital of this world is the city of Magix—which is located on the planet of the same name—where the three main magic schools are situated. The other planets of the Magic Dimension include Bloom's home planet Domino, Stella's home planet Solaria, Flora's home planet Linphea, Tecna's home planet Zenith, Musa's home planet Melody, Aisha's home planet Andros; some episodes take where Bloom spent her childhood. During the 1990s, comic artist Iginio Straffi noticed that animated action shows were focused on male protagonists.
Straffi hoped to introduce an alternative show with a female lead aged 16 to 18, as he was interested in "exploring the psychological side" of the transition to adulthood. He decided to develop a pilot centred on the conflict between two rival colleges. Straffi compared his original premise to "a sort of'Oxford–Cambridge rivalry' in a magical dimension". In expanding the concept, Iginio Straffi drew his inspiration from Japanese manga and the comics of Sergio Bonelli, a comic writer for whom Straffi had worked. Straffi's pilot, titled "Magic Bloom," featured the original five Winx members in attires similar to those of traditional European fairies, it was produced during a twelve-month development period that included animation tests, character studies, market surveys. The animation attracted the interest of Rai Fiction, which paid for 25% of the production cost in exchange for Italian broadcast rights and a share of the series' revenue over 15 years. After holding test screenings of the pilot, Straffi was unhappy with the audience's unenthusiastic reaction to th
Under the Radar is the third studio album by Canadian singer-songwriter Daniel Powter and follows his 2005 self-titled second album. The album was released in September 2008 in Europe and was released in North America in 2009; the song "Next Plane Home" was released as the first single of the album. It was followed by "Best of Me" and "Whole World Around"; this album contains a new remix of "Love You Lately" which has a cleaner sound, extra keyboard/synthesizer effects, some extra backing vocals as well as a re-recording of the song "Negative Fashion" which appeared on Powter's debut album "I'm Your Betty". In the UK, the album has debuted at number 43 and included an exclusive bonus track in the form of a live rendition of Bad Day in Vienna; the new remix of "Love You Lately" was re-released as a promo single in the US and has been getting frequent airplay in New England as of present on AC charts. All tracks are written by Daniel Powter, except where noted
The Soviet Union competed at the 1976 Winter Olympics in Innsbruck, Austria. During the games, the Soviet Union won 13 gold medals, the most any country won at a single Winter Olympics. Norway tied this record during the Salt Lake City games, Canada broke it with 14 when they hosted the Vancouver games. MenWomen MenMen's 4 x 7.5 km relay MenMen's 4 × 10 km relayWomenWomen's 4 × 5 km relay MenWomenPairsIce Dancing Winners entered the Medal Round. Other teams played a consolation round for 7th-12th places. USSR 6-2 USA USSR 16-1 Poland USSR 7-3 West Germany USSR 7-2 Finland USSR 4-3 Czechoslovakia Men Doubles Women Events: normal hill ski jumping 15 km cross-country skiing MenWomen Official Olympic Reports International Olympic Committee results database Olympic Winter Games 1976, full results by sports-reference.com
Sulaiman Khan Karrani was a ruler of Bengal since the death of his elder brother Taj Khan Karrani. According to the Riyaz-us-Salatin, he shifted the seat of government from Gaur to Tanda. Sulaiman, his brother Taj and Sulaiman's sons Bayazid and Daud Khan Karrani ran a short-lived Afghan vassal state of Mughal emperor Akbar in Bengal, they dominated the area. The Afghans defeated by Akbar began to flock under his flag; the Afghans were not technically the rulers of Bengal, the post was nominal. Sulaiman Khan Karrani did not establish his own coinage during his reign, an act that would have been tantamount to declaring statehood to the ruling Mughals, he honored Akbar as the supreme ruler of Bengal by requiring that mosques read Akbar's name in the Khutbah, the sermon at the Friday congregational prayers in Bengal. Historians cite these acts as keeping the diplomatic peace between Bengal and Mughal Empire during Akbar's lifetime. Though northern India and parts of southern India were ruled by the Muslim rulers, they had not yet been able to conquer Odisha.
In 1568 Sulaiman Khan sent his son Bayazid Khan Karrani and the famous general Kalapahad against the last Odia Gajapati king Mukunda Deva. After a few major battles against the Odias, aided by civil war elsewhere in Odisha, Sulaiman was able to bring the entire area under his rule. Kalapahad took Puri under control. Sulaiman Karrani appointed Ismail Khan Lodhi as Governor of Odisha and Qutlu Khan Lohani as Governor of Puri respectively. Ismail Khan Lodhi was the son of Sakhi Salamat, a Prince of the Timurid Empire and the founder of Prithimpassa Family. Sulaiman Khan Karrani sent general Kala Pahar against the Kamata king Vishwa Singha. Kala Pahar advanced as far as Tejpur. Kala Pahar captured the Kamata general Shukladhwaja, third son of Bishwa Singha. Shukladhwaja was released and he regained Koch Bihar with further expansion After a tranquil and peaceful ruling for seven years Sulaiman Karrani died on 11 October 1572, leaving his empire to his son, Bayazid Khan Karrani. Sulaiman was a pious Muslim living a life observing all religious rituals.
He built the Sona mosque in old Maldah. The historian `Abd al-Qadir Bada'uni mentions that every morning Sulaiman would hold a devotional meeting with 150 Shaikhs and Ulama and only thereafter would go about transaction of state business List of rulers of Bengal History of Bengal History of Bangladesh History of India
"Chimera" is the 14th episode of the seventh season of Star Trek: Deep Space Nine, the 164th episode overall. In this science fiction episode, a shape-shifting alien aboard the 24th century space station Deep Space Nine, called Odo is visited by another shape-shifting alien named Laas. Laas is played by guest star Garman Herzler, who played the Klingon General Martok in the Star Trek universe. While returning to Deep Space Nine and Chief O'Brien encounter another Changeling; this Changeling, like Odo, is one of the Hundred sent to explore the Alpha Quadrant. The Changeling, who calls himself Laas, has no knowledge of the Founders, he followed the runabout when he sensed Odo's presence, is eager to learn more about their kind. On DS9, Dr. Bashir confirms that Laas is not a Founder, Captain Sisko allows Laas the freedom of the station as long as he remains in Odo's custody; the two changelings discuss their past. Laas reveals that he does not trust humanoids, but neither does he support the Founders' agenda, just wishes to avoid humanoids.
When the two Link, Odo reveals he too would have left human space had he not fallen in love with Major Kira. As days pass, Laas attempts to convince Odo to embrace his Changeling heritage, suggests they leave the station in order to find more of the Hundred and form their own Great Link. Odo is tempted when Laas, helps him improve his skills. Matters are not helped, however, by Laas' disinterest in human friendship. Laas causes a disturbance on the Promenade. Chief O'Brien assumes there is a problem with the environmental system and is annoyed when he learns the truth; the commotion draws the attention of two Klingon officers visiting the station. Seeing what they assume is a Founder, they confront Laas, whose shapeshifting allows him to both defend against the attack and kill one of the Klingons. After news of the killing reaches Klingon High Command, they request that Laas be extradited to the Empire for trial. Kira, wanting to give Odo the opportunity to travel with his own, frees Laas and tells everyone that he escaped.
She lets Odo know that Laas is waiting on Koralis III. Odo declines to leave with him. Odo tells Laas that he is staying with Kira. Back on DS9, Odo shows his love and affection for Kira by transforming into a golden light, so that Kira can feel the closeness of the Great Link. Actor J. G. Hertzler appears in the recurring role of Klingon General Martok on the series. For this episode, in which he plays a Changeling named Laas, he is credited onscreen as “Garman Hertzler”, using his full middle name. Hertzler’s fellow “Klingon” portrayer, Robert O'Reilly, did a similar name variation, for similar reasons, in the next episode. In 2018, SyFy recommend this episode for its abbreviated watch guide for the Bajoran character Kira Nerys, they note the episode is focused on Odo and the visiting shape-shifter Laas, but despite not being the focus shows part of Kira's character. "Chimera" on IMDb "Chimera" at TV.com Chimera at Memory Alpha Chimera at StarTrek.com