The Trigger is a 1999 science fiction novel by Arthur C. Clarke and Michael P. Kube-McDowell, it is an attempt to explore the social impact of technological change. The Trigger starts in the early to mid-21st century. A group of scientists invent, by accident, a device that detonates all nitrate-based explosive in its vicinity, thus providing good protection against most known modern conventional weapons; the first half of the book explores the reactions of society and the scientists themselves as the latter attempt to ensure that their invention will only be used for peaceful ends. Although at first beneficial, other uses for the device are found, such as a faultless at-range detonator; the novel traces the scientists' slow progress in understanding the science behind their invention. The second half of the book begins when the science is sufficiently well understood that a second device can be built - one that does not detonate explosives, but renders them permanently harmless; the story ends with the scientists discovering that the hyperdimensional impulse wave can be set to scramble specific DNA - making the device a killer.
The Trigger title listing at the Internet Speculative Fiction Database
A gamepad, joypad, or controller is a type of game controller held in two hands, where the fingers are used to provide input. They are the main input device for video game consoles. Gamepads feature a set of buttons handled with the right thumb and a direction controller handled with the left; the direction controller has traditionally been a four-way digital cross, but most modern controllers additionally feature one or more analog sticks. Some common additions to the standard pad include shoulder buttons and triggers placed along the edges of the pad. There are programmable joysticks, they have been made to circumvent the lack of joystick support in some computer games, e.g. the Belkin Nostromo SpeedPad n52. There are several programs that emulate keyboard and mouse input with a gamepad such as the free and open-source cross-platform software antimicro, Enjoy2, or proprietary commercial solutions such as JoyToKey and Pinnacle Game Profiler; the 1962 video game Spacewar! Used toggle switches built into the computer readout display to control the game.
These switches were awkward and uncomfortable to use, so Alan Kotok and Bob Saunders built and wired in a detached control device for the game. This device has been called the earliest gamepad, it would take many years for the gamepad to rise to prominence, as during the 1970s and the early 1980s joysticks and paddles were the dominant video game controllers, though several Atari joystick port-compatible pushbutton controllers were available. The third generation of video games saw many major changes, the eminence of gamepads in the video game market. Nintendo developed a gamepad device for directional inputs, a D-pad with a "cross" design for their Donkey Kong handheld game; this design would be incorporated into their "Game & Watch" series and console controllers such as the standard NES controller. Though developed because they were more compact than joysticks, thus more appropriate for handheld games, D-pads were soon found by developers to be more comfortable to use than joysticks; the D-pad soon became a ubiquitous element on console gamepads, though to avoid infringing on Nintendo's patent, most controller manufacturers use a cross in a circle shape for the D-pad instead of a simple cross.
The original Sega Genesis control pad has three face buttons, but a six-button pad was released. The SNES controller featured six action buttons, with four face buttons arranged in a diamond formation, two shoulder buttons positioned to be used with the index fingers, a design, imitated by most controllers since; the inclusion of six action buttons was influenced by the popularity of the Street Fighter arcade series, which utilized six buttons. For most of the 1980s and early 1990s, analog joysticks were the predominant form of gaming controller for PCs, while console gaming controllers were digital; this changed in 1996. The Sony Dual Analog Controller had twin concave analog thumbsticks, the Sega Saturn 3D Control Pad had a single analog thumbstick, the Nintendo 64 controller combined digital and analog controllers in a single body, starting a trend to have both an analog stick and a d-pad. Despite these changes, gamepads continued to follow the template set by the NES controller. Gamepads failed to achieve any sort of dominance outside of the home console market, though several PC gamepads have enjoyed popularity, such as the Gravis PC GamePad.
Though three-dimensional games rose to prominence in the mid-1990s, controllers continued to operate on two-dimensional principles. One of the first gaming consoles, the Fairchild Channel F, did have a controller which allowed six degrees of freedom, but the processing limitations of the console itself prevented there from being any software to take advantage of this ability. In 1994 Logitech introduced the CyberMan, the first practical six degrees of freedom controller, but due to its high price, poor build quality, limited software support it sold poorly. Industry insiders blame the CyberMan's high profile and costly failure for the gaming industry's lack of interest in developing 3D control over the next several years; the Wii Remote is shaped like a television remote control and contains tilt sensors and three-dimensional pointing which allows the system to understand all directions of movement and rotation. The controller is multifunctional and includes an expansion bay which can be used with different types of peripherals.
An analog stick peripheral called "Nunchuk" contains an accelerometer but unlike the Wii Remote, it lacks any pointer functionality. Gamepads are available for personal computers. Examples of PC gamepads include the Asus Eee Stick, the Gravis PC, the Microsoft SideWinder and Saitek Cyborg range, the Steam Controller. Third-party USB adapters and software can be employed to utilize console gamepads on PCs.
Trigger was a 15.3 hands palomino horse made famous in American Western films with his owner and rider, cowboy star Roy Rogers. Trigger was born in California. Though mistaken for a Tennessee Walking Horse, his sire was a Thoroughbred and his dam a grade mare who, like Trigger, was a palomino. Movie director William Witney, who directed Roy and Trigger in many of their movies, claimed a different lineage, that his sire was a "registered" Palomino stallion, though no known Palomino registry existed at the time of Trigger's birth, his dam was by a Thoroughbred and out of a "cold-blood" mare. Horses other than Golden Cloud portrayed "Trigger" over the years, none of, related to Golden Cloud, the two most prominent of which were palominos known as "Little Trigger" and "Trigger Jr.". Though Trigger remained a stallion his entire life, he has no descendants. On the other hand, Roy Rogers used "Trigger Jr."/"Allen's Golden Zephyr" at stud for many years, the horse named "Triggerson" that actor Val Kilmer led on stage as a tribute to Rogers and his cowboy peers during the Academy Awards show in March 1999 was a grandson of "Trigger Jr."
Golden Cloud made an early appearance as the mount of Maid Marian, played by Olivia de Havilland in The Adventures of Robin Hood. A short while when Roy Rogers was preparing to make his first movie in a starring role, he was offered a choice of five rented "movie" horses to ride and chose Golden Cloud. Rogers bought him in 1943 and renamed him Trigger for his quickness of both foot and mind. Trigger could walk 50 feet on his hind legs, they were said to have run out of places to cue Trigger. Trigger became such a ham that as soon as he heard applause he would start bowing and ruin that trick, he could sit in a chair, sign his name "X" with a pencil, lie down for a nap and cover himself with a blanket. Roger's most guarded trade secret was to get Trigger housebroken. "Spending as much time as he does in hotels and hospitals, this ability comes in might handy and it's conceded by most trainers to be Trigger's greatest accomplishment." —Glenn Randall, wrangler with Hudkins Stables. His horse was so important to Rogers that when he purchased a "Best Wishes for the New Year" advertisement in Variety, he signed it "Roy Rogers and Trigger".
Trigger was ridden by Rogers in many of his motion pictures, becoming much loved by the youthful audience that saw him on film and in Rogers' 1950s television series with his wife Dale Evans, who rode her trusty buckskin Quarter Horse Buttermilk. Trigger became the most famous horse in film entertainment having his own Dell comic book recounting his exploits. Roy Rogers made many personal appearances with Trigger in tow. More than once Rogers escorted Trigger up 3-4 flights of stairs at hospitals to visit with sick children, according to his autobiography "Happy Trails." After the original Trigger died in 1965 at Rogers' new ranch in Apple Valley, Rogers arranged for Everett Wilkensen of Bischoff's Taxidermy in Los Angeles to preserve/mount the horse. The hide was professionally stretched over a foam likeness of Trigger, the resulting mount was put on display in the Roy Rogers and Dale Evans Museum when it opened in Apple Valley, California in 1967; the mount was moved with the museum to first Victorville, California in 1976, to Branson, Missouri in 2003.
At some point, a 24-foot replica of a rearing Trigger was produced to sit atop the Roy Rogers Museum in Victorville. The 1,300-pound replica could be seen from the freeway and served as a landmark until the museum closed and moved to Branson; when the fiberglass replica of Trigger was being made, Rogers was approached by the owners of the Denver Broncos. Rogers allowed another statue to be made and broke the mold. "Bucky the Bronco", Trigger's twin, stands above the south scoreboard of the Denver Broncos stadium. After the closing of the Victorville museum in 2009, its contents were placed at public auction on July 14–15, 2010, at Christie's auction house in New York City. Trigger's preserved taxidermy remains sold for $266,500 to television channel RFD-TV, which plans to start a Western museum. Bob Tinsley, a Victorville developer who had built Roy Rogers' home in nearby Apple Valley, bought the fiberglass replica in April 2010. Tinsley's plan is to make the statue a part of historic Apple Valley Village.
He explained, "I just couldn't see letting him go anywhere else." The Adventures of Robin Hood Man from Cheyenne San Fernando Valley Lake Placid Serenade Don't Fence Me In Along the Navajo Trail My Pal Trigger Roll on Texas Moon Under Nevada Skies Under California Stars Melody Time The Golden Stallion Son of Paleface Buttermilk Wonder Horses Citations Bibliography Roy Rogers and Dale Evans Museum Trigger on IMDb Trigger at Find a Grave Auction information at Christie's
Supergirl (season 3)
The third season of the American television series Supergirl, based on the DC Comics character Supergirl / Kara Zor-El, focuses on a costumed superheroine, the cousin to Superman and one of the last surviving Kryptonians. The season was ordered in January 2017, it was filmed from July 2017 to April 2018, filming took place in Vancouver. Alongside Melissa Benoist, who stars in the titular role, principal cast members Mehcad Brooks, Chyler Leigh, Jeremy Jordan, Chris Wood and David Harewood return from the second season, they are joined by Katie McGrath, promoted to a series regular from her recurring status in the previous season, new cast member Odette Annable. The season premiered on The CW on October 9, 2017, ran until June 18, 2018, over 23 episodes; the series was renewed for a fourth season on April 2, 2018. On January 8, 2017, The CW renewed Supergirl for a third season. Series co-creator Allison Adler decided not to return as showrunner for season 3, instead remained as a consultant. Jessica Queller and Robert Rovner served as the showrunners alongside series co-creator Andrew Kreisberg.
Jessica Queller described the theme of the season as being "What does it mean to be human?". Robert Rovner and Queller said that the season would continue to explore Lena Luthor's struggle with her family's legacy, with Rovner explaining, "I think one of the central issues about Lena is that she comes from this family of bad guys and I think her journey is -- and we've see her grapple with it in Season 2 -- is she on the side of good or is she on the side of bad?". The season sees Alex Danvers breaking up with Maggie Sawyer, who she met in season two. Kreisberg said the writers chose Alex wanting children and Maggie not wanting them as the reason for the breakup since he felt it was a "true human experience", considering that some employees in the writer's room broke up with their lovers because of differing views over wanting children, he said that despite the breakup and Maggie still love each other, evident by them sleeping together after breaking up. The season sees Kara Danvers / Supergirl and Mon-El again parting ways.
What they did was the sort-of Casablanca decision of putting what’s most important to them —, saving the world — first." Main cast members Melissa Benoist, Mehcad Brooks, Chyler Leigh, Jeremy Jordan, Chris Wood and David Harewood return from previous seasons in their respective roles as Kara, James Olsen, Winn Schott, Mon-El and J'onn J'onzz / Martian Manhunter. They are joined by Katie McGrath and Odette Annable, playing Lena Luthor and Samantha Arias / Reign, respectively. McGrath was promoted from her recurring status in season two. Floriana Lima, who portrayed Maggie Sawyer as a regular in season two, was demoted to a recurring role in season three as Lima wanted to pursue other opportunities, she had been contracted only for one season, but agreed to appear in five episodes of the third season. This is the final season to feature Wood, who Rovner said was intended to appear in only two seasons. Jordan too exited the series as a regular with this season, as he wanted to begin "a new chapter in life".
Filming for the season began on July 6, 2017 and ended on April 28, 2018, taking place in Vancouver. In May 2017, The CW president Mark Pedowitz announced plans for a four-show Arrowverse crossover event, crossing over episodes of the television series Supergirl, The Flash, Legends of Tomorrow, Arrow; the crossover, Crisis on Earth-X, began with Supergirl and a special airing of Arrow on November 27, 2017, concluded on The Flash and Legends of Tomorrow on November 28. The crossover sees Benoist and Jordan playing the Earth-X versions of their characters; the season premiered on The CW in the United States on October 9, 2017, ended on June 18, 2018. It premiered on October 2017 in the United Kingdom on Sky One; the season was released on DVD on September 17, 2018, Blu-ray on September 18, 2018. The review aggregator website Rotten Tomatoes gave the third season an 80% approval rating from critics with an average rating of 7.32/10, based on 13 reviews. The site's consensus reads, "Heavier themes lead to higher stakes, but Supergirl gives its eponymous heroine and her fellow supers plenty of room for growth, creating a well-balanced, engaging third season."Jesse Schedeen of IGN rated the season premiere 7.5 out of 10, saying it "largely focusing on what's worked best for the show in the past - emphasizing Kara Danvers' never-ending struggle to balance her personal and superhero lives and the inspirational symbol Supergirl has become to National City", but added that "the lackluster debut of new villain Morgan Edge does little to suggest the series will improve on its perpetual villain woes".
In his review of the season finale he said, "Supergirl's third season ended on a mixed note. The season has taken a recent downturn thanks to the shift in focus regarding Reign and her mistresses, wasn't able to repair that damage. However, it did benefit from some great charged scenes and a strong emphasis on Kara and her supporting cast." Official website List of Supergirl episodes on IMDb Supergirl at TV.com
Triggers is a science fiction novel by Canadian writer Robert J. Sawyer, it was serialized in Analog. In the near future, a war veteran named Kadeem Adams, is about to undergo a experimental memory editing treatment for post-traumatic stress disorder at Washington, D. C.'s Luther Terry Hospital. Seth Jerrison, the President of the United States, is rushed to the same hospital after being shot in an assassination attempt. Adams' treatment goes awry due to the electromagnetic pulse from a new type of bomb planted by terrorists, which destroys the White House just as the treatment begins, it becomes clear. When President Jerrison recovers consciousness, he can remember Kadeem Adams' life as well as his own. Kadeem Adams finds himself able to remember the life of someone else, nearby in the hospital, others nearby are affected; this raises the possibility that someone in the vicinity has access to President Jerrison's memories, some of which are secret. In large part, the book has a thriller type plot.
Learning how the memories of many of the characters were intertwined is a key to such things as finding who has the President's memories and who the terrorists are. However, much of the book is about the characters and interactions of the people whose minds have been subjected to what is suggested to be quantum entanglement. Not all of them are good people. After one of them dies, the quantum entanglement gets stronger rather than weaker. Critical reaction varied regarding the book's ending. Writing in the Globe and Mail, Michael Matheson criticized the ending as utopian and described it as "chilling". Leo Graziani considered it optimistic. Alex Good called it "cybertopian" In the Toronto Star. In 2014, Sawyer was commissioned to adapt Triggers into a film. Triggers title listing at the Internet Speculative Fiction Database Graziani, Leo, "Remembering the Future: An Interview with Robert J. Sawyer", Mississauga Life
Of conspecifics, competitors and parasites } An environmental factor, ecological factor or eco factor is any factor, abiotic or, that influences living organisms. Abiotic factors include ambient temperature, amount of sunlight, pH of the water soil in which an organism lives. Biotic factors would include the availability of food organisms and the presence of conspecifics, competitors and parasites. An organism's genotype translated into the adult phenotype through development during an organism's ontogeny, subject to influences by many environmental effects. In this context, a phenotype can be viewed as any definable and measurable characteristic of an organism, such as its body mass or skin color. Apart from the true monogenic genetic disorders, environmental factors may determine the development of disease in those genetically predisposed to a particular condition. Stress and mental abuse, exposure to toxins, pathogens and chemicals found in all personal-care products and household cleaners are common environmental factors that determine a large segment of non-hereditary disease.
If a disease process is concluded to be the result of a combination of genetic and environmental factor influences, its etiological origin can be referred to as having a multifactorial pattern. Cancer is related to environmental factors. Maintaining a healthy weight, eating a healthy diet, minimizing alcohol and eliminating smoking reduces the risk of developing the disease, according to researchers. Environmental triggers for asthma and autism have been studied too. "TAU Expert Reviews Environmental Triggers Of Common Autoimmune Diseases", Medical News Today