Ioannina (regional unit)
Ioannina is one of the regional units of Greece. It is part of the Epirus region and its capital is the city of Ioannina. It is the largest regional unit in Epirus, and one of the largest regional units of Greece, Ioannina is a mountainous region, dominated by the Pindus mountains, that cover the eastern part of the regional unit. The main subranges of the Pindus are from north to south, Smolikas, Lygkos, the lower Xerovounio mountains are situated in the south, and the Tomaros in the southwest. Lake Ioannina is the largest lake of Epirus, several major rivers have their source in the Ioannina regional unit, including Aoös, Arachthos and Acheron. See the sections of the Epirus and Ioannina articles. The area of the present regional unit of Ioannina joined Greece in 1913, the regional unit Ioannina is subdivided into 8 municipalities. These are, Dodoni Ioannina Konitsa Metsovo North Tzoumerka Pogoni Zagori Zitsa Ioannina was established as a prefecture in 1915, as a part of the 2011 Kallikratis government reform, the regional unit Ioannina was created out of the former prefecture Ioannina.
The prefecture had the territory as the present regional unit. At the same time, the municipalities were reorganised, according to the table below, Province of Dodoni - Ioannina Province of Konitsa - Konitsa Province of Metsovo - Metsovo Province of Pogoni - Delvinaki Note, Provinces no longer hold any legal status in Greece. Greek National Road 5/E55 S, Greek National Road 6, W, Cen. E Greek National Road 17, S, SW Greek National Road 20/E55, NW, N Greek National Road 26, NW Greece Egnatia Odos/E90, NW, Cen. NE Ioannina Airport The prefecture of Ioannina, like most of the Greek mainland, is not as popular as the islands among tourists, yet the area, along with its natural beauty, has quite a few worthwhile and interesting historical attractions. Besides the city Ioannina, these are, A few kilometres south of the city is the Vrellis wax statue museum, a small department in the city centre is free to the public. The Dodoni oracle and archaeological site with amphitheatre, the Vikos–Aoös National Park, including the Vikos gorge, through which the Voidomatis river flows.
The Zagori villages, partly in the Vikos-Aoos National Park, one of the Zagoria villages, a ski resort that is mainly popular with Greeks, and a popular starting point for hiking and mountaineering. Mount Smolikas, at 2,637 meters Greeces second highest mountain, Metsovo, in winter a ski resort. The caves of Perama, a few kilometres northeast of Ioannina, the monument in Zalongo for the women of Souli
Thessaly is a traditional geographic and modern administrative region of Greece, comprising most of the ancient region of the same name. Before the Greek Dark Ages, Thessaly was known as Aeolia, Thessaly became part of the modern Greek state in 1881, after four and a half centuries of Ottoman rule. Since 1987 it has formed one of the countrys 13 regions and is further sub-divided into 5 regional units and 25 municipalities, the capital of the region is Larissa. Thessaly lies in central Greece and borders the regions of Macedonia on the north, Epirus on the west, Central Greece on the south, the Thessaly region includes the Sporades islands. In Homers epic, the Odyssey, the hero Odysseus visited the kingdom of Aeolus, the Plain of Thessaly, which lies between Mount Oeta/Othrys and Mount Olympus, was the site of the battle between the Titans and the Olympians. According to legend and the Argonauts launched their search for the Golden Fleece from the Magnesia Peninsula, Thessaly was home to extensive Neolithic and Chalcolithic cultures around 6000–2500 BC.
Mycenaean settlements have discovered, for example at the sites of Iolcos, Dimini. In Archaic and Classical times, the lowlands of Thessaly became the home of baronial families, in the summer of 480 BC, the Persians invaded Thessaly. The Greek army that guarded the Vale of Tempe evacuated the road before the enemy arrived, not much later, Thessaly surrendered to the Persians. The Thessalian family of Aleuadae joined the Persians subsequently, in the 4th century BC, after the Greco-Persian Wars had long ended, Jason of Pherae transformed the region into a significant military power, recalling the glory of Early Archaic times. Shortly after, Philip II of Macedon was appointed Archon of Thessaly, the Avars had arrived in Europe in the late 550s. They asserted their authority over many Slavs, who were divided into numerous petty tribes, many Slavs were galvanized into an effective infantry force, by the Avars. In the 7th century the Avar-Slav alliance began to raid the Byzantine Empire, laying siege to Thessalonica, relations between the Slavs and Greeks were probably peaceful apart from the initial settlement and intermittent uprisings.
Being agriculturalists, the Slavs probably traded with the Greeks inside towns and it is likely that the re-Hellenization had already begun by way of this contact. This process would be completed by a newly reinvigorated Byzantine Empire, with the abatement of Arab-Byzantine Wars, the Byzantine Empire began to consolidate its power in those areas of mainland Greece occupied by Proto-Slavic tribes. Following the campaigns of the Byzantine general Staurakios in 782–783, the Byzantine Empire recovered Thessaly, apart from military expeditions against Slavs, the re-Hellenization process begun under Nicephorus I involved transfer of peoples. Many Slavs were moved to other parts of the such as Anatolia. In return, many Greeks from Sicily and Asia Minor were brought to the interior of Greece, to increase the number of defenders at the Emperors disposal, even non-Greeks such as Armenians were transferred to the Balkans
Kalabaka is a town and a municipality in the Trikala regional unit, part of Thessaly in Greece. The population was 21,991 at the 2011 census, of which 8,330 in the town proper, the Meteora monasteries are located in the town. Kalabaka is the terminal of the old Thessaly Railways, now part of OSE. Kalabaka was voted as one of the most beautiful places in Greece by the Skai TV show I LOVE GR, in 1995 an ancient tomb was found in Kalabaka dating from the 20th century BC. A Greek inscription on the wall of one of the town’s oldest churches testifies to the existence of an ancient Greek settlement under the name Aiginion. The town was built on the location of the ancient city of Aiginion, founded during the Hellenistic period which, according to Strabo, belonged to the people of Tinfei. It is mentioned several times by Livy during the Macedonian War, during the civil war between Caesar and Pompey the city was occupied by Domitius Calvin. In the 10th century AD, it was known as Stagoi, of its medieval monuments, only the cathedral, the Church of the Dormition, survives.
It was a late 11th- or early 12th-century building, built on the remains of an earlier, relics of an ancient Greek temple – probably of god Apollo – have been incorporated in the wall of the town’s oldest and most renowned church, dedicated to Virgin Mary. Stagoi is first mentioned in Diatyposis written by the Byzantine Emperor Leo VI the Wise, in 1163 there was a reference to the castle of Stagoi. In 1204 Stagoi fell under the Despotate of Epirus, at the end of the 13th century they fell under the Duchy of Neopatria. In 1334, they were taken once more by the Despot of Epirus, John II Orsini. In 1348, they were conquered by the Serbs of Stephen Dushan and they reached their peak under the rule of his brother, King Simeon Uroš. When the Turks conquered Thessaly, Kalabaka was placed under the rule of the Pasha of Larisa. It was named Kalabaka six or seven centuries ago and it is of Turkish origin and means powerful fortress. It has been Anglicized variously as Kalampaka, Kalabaki, from the beginning of the 10th century, Stagoi was referred to as an episcopal see, thereby enjoying privileges and donations from the Byzantine emperors throughout the Middle Ages.
It owned significant stretches of land and had dependent farmers in neighboring settlements, besides the fields of northwest Thessaly, its territory included an extensive mountainous zone in Asia and central Pindos. It was reestablished in 1991 and has been operating ever since as the Metropolis of “Stagoi, the province of Kalabaka was one of the provinces of the Trikala Prefecture
Grevena (regional unit)
Grevena is one of the regional units of Greece. It is part of the region of West Macedonia and its capital is the town of Grevena. Grevena borders the regional units of Ioannina to the west, Kastoria to the northwest, Kozani to the north and east, Larissa to the southeast, the Pindus mountains cover the western part of the regional unit. Other mountain ranges are Chasia in the south and Vourinos in the northeast, the longest river is Aliakmon which flows in the north and the east. The regional unit Grevena is subdivided into 2 municipalities and these are, Deskati Grevena Grevena was created as a prefecture in 1964, out of parts of the prefectures of Kozani and Larissa. As a part of the 2011 Kallikratis government reform, the regional unit Grevena was created out of the former prefecture Grevena, the prefecture had the same territory as the present regional unit. At the same time, the municipalities were reorganised, according to the table below, the regions economy relies on farming and agriculture.
Wheat and legume crops cover most of the cultivated areas, an increasing portion of the farming output is produced under organic farming or low input practices. Other main sources of income include ecotourism, forest industry and the ski resort of Vasilitsa, Greek National Road 15, S, Cen. N Greek National Road 26, SE Via Egnatia /E90, SW, NE At the 2001 Greek census, Grevena was the least densely populated prefecture in Greece. Grevena has one of the highest rates of decline in Greece. In 2006, there were 225 births and 393 deaths, in rural areas, death rate was about 7 times the birth rate. List of settlements in the Grevena regional unit Slavic toponyms of places in Grevena Prefecture
Karditsa (regional unit)
Karditsa is one of the regional units of Greece. It is part of the region of Thessaly and its name is derived from its capital Karditsa, a small city of approximately 40,000 people. Karditsa borders the regional units of Trikala to the north, Larissa to the east, Phthiotis to the southeast, Evrytania to the south, Aetolia-Acarnania to the southwest and Arta to the west. The main rivers are Megdovas in the south, the Pineios in the north, the Plastiras Dam and Lake Plastiras, located to the west of the city of Karditsa, supply water to the plains and the central part of Greece. Located in south-western Thessaly, it is primarily an agricultural area, farmlands dominate the central and the eastern part, which belongs to the Thessalian Plain. The western and southern part of the unit is mountainous. The Agrafa region, straddling the border with Evrytania, is known for its resistance against Ottoman rule. The regional unit Karditsa is subdivided into 6 municipalities and these are, Argithea Karditsa Lake Plastiras Mouzaki Palamas Sofades Karditsa was created as a prefecture in 1899, and again in 1947.
As a part of the 2011 Kallikratis government reform, the regional unit Karditsa was created out of the former prefecture Karditsa, the prefecture had the same territory as the present regional unit. At the same time, the municipalities were reorganised, according to the table below and its economy and agriculture boomed during that period, Karditsa was administered as the Trikala–Karditsa prefecture until 1947. It was affected by World War II and the Greek Civil War which saw many buildings destroyed and inhabitants left homeless, the prefecture was rebuilt and received electricity and motorised transport, while emigration began in the 1950s, when construction of Lake Plastiras was added. Television arrived in the 1970s and the 1980s for its villages, the population was 121,775 in 2001. The Public Market of Karditsa is one of UNESCOs protected cultural monuments, There is a Police Academy. Anagennisi Karditsa - Karditsa - second division A. O, Karditsa - Karditsa - fourth division Iraklis Sofades - Sofades Tavropos - Karditsa - fourth division There are a number of highways E75 and the main railway from Volos to Meteora crosses Thessaly.
The region is linked to the rest of Europe through International Airport of Central Greece located in Nea Anchialos in a small distance from Karditsa. Greek National Road 30, NW, Cen