Tring /trɪŋ/ is a small market town and civil parish in the Borough of Dacorum, Hertfordshire, England. As of 2013 Tring has a population of 11,730, settlements in Tring date back to Prehistoric times and it was mentioned in the Domesday Book. Tring received its town charter in 1315. Tring is now largely a commuter town within the London commuter belt, the name Tring is believed to derive from the Anglo-Saxons Tredunga or Trehangr. Tre, meaning tree and with the suffix ing implying a slope where trees grow, there is evidence of Prehistoric settlement with Iron Age barrows, and defensive embankments adjacent to the Ridgeway Path and also later with Saxon burials. The town straddles the Roman road called Akeman Street, which runs through it as the High Street, Tring was the dominant settlement in the area, being the primary settlement in the Hundred of Tring during the Domesday Book. Tring had a large population and paid a large amount of tax relative to most settlements listed in the Domesday book. The Manor of Treunga is described in the Domesday Book of 1086 and it was assigned to Count Eustace II of Boulogne by William the Conqueror. In 1315 the town was granted a charter by Edward II. This charter gave Faversham Abbey the right to hold markets on Tuesdays, and hold a ten-day fair starting on the 29th of June. It also prevented the creation of any rival markets within a days travel of the town, the tower of the Church of St Peter and St Paul was built somewhere in between 1360 and 1400. The mansion of Tring Park was designed by Sir Christopher Wren and was built in 1682 for the owner Henry Guy, John Washington, the son of the Reverend Lawrence Washington and Amphyllis Twigden was born and brought up in Tring. Industries which benefitted included flour milling, brewing, silk weaving, lace-making, in 1836 Thomas Butcher, a wholesale seed and corn merchant and his son also Thomas, established a private bank Thomas Butcher & Son in Tring High Street. The business was run by Thomass grandsons, Frederick and George and was also known locally as Tring Old Bank. By 1900 it had branches in Aylesbury, Chesham and Berkhamsted, from this time it became the subject of successive bank consolidations which concluded in the formation of the last to be represented in the town, the National Westminster Bank. In the late 19th century the estate became the home of the Rothschild family, nathan Mayer Rothschilds son Lionel Walter Rothschild built a private zoological museum in Tring. This housed perhaps the largest collection of stuffed animals worldwide, as the Natural History Museum at Tring, it has been part of the Natural History Museum since 1937. In April 2007 the museum changed its name to the Natural History Museum at Tring in order to make people aware of the museums link to Londons Natural History Museum
Image: Tring High Street
Tring High Street in the 19th century.
Walter Rothschild and his carriage drawn by zebras.