David L. Orr was a first baseman in Major League Baseball from 1883 through 1890. Orr played most of his career in the American Association for the New York Metropolitans, Brooklyn Bridegrooms and Columbus Solons, he played for the New York Gothams in the National League for one game in 1883 and for the Brooklyn Ward's Wonders of the Players' League in 1890. Orr was one of the best hitters in baseball during his major league career, he never hit below.305 for a full season, his career batting average of.342 is the eleventh highest in major league history, the third highest for a right-handed hitter. He was regarded as the hardest-hitting batsman of his era, his 31 triples in 1886 was a major league record that stood for 25 years and has only been exceeded once. He was the first batter to compile more than 300 total bases in a season. Despite his weight, Orr was a solid defensive performer with a.973 fielding average. He twice led the American Association in range factor by a first baseman. In 1886, he led the Association's first basemen in putouts and fielding percentage, in 1889 he led in assists with 61.
Orr hit.371 in 1890, but his career was cut short by a stroke suffered during an exhibition game at the end of the 1890 season. Orr was born in Brooklyn, New York, in 1859, his father was an Irish immigrant. Orr grew up in Brooklyn and began his baseball career playing for minor league teams, including the Brooklyn Alaskas and teams in Newark, New Jersey, Hartford, Connecticut. In 1883, Orr signed with the New York Gothams of the National League, he made his major league debut with the Gothams on May 17, 1883. He played in only one game for the Gothams and was transferred to the New York Metropolitans. Both teams were under common ownership by the Metropolitan Exhibition Company. Orr spent most of his career with the New York Metropolitans of the American Association, he joined the Metropolitans during the 1883 season and served as the team's first baseman through the 1887 season. In 1884, Orr's first complete season in the major leagues, he had arguably the best year of his career, he won the American Association batting crown with a.354 batting average and led the association with 112 runs batted in, 162 hits, 247 total bases.
Despite hitting a career high nine home runs, Orr narrowly missed a Triple Crown as Long John Reilly hit 11 home runs. In his second full season in the major leagues, Orr compiled a.342 batting average, 56 extra base hits, 241 total bases, ranking second in the American Association in all three categories. He led the association with a.543 slugging percentage, 21 triples, a 5.5 offensive wins above replacement rating. On June 12, 1885 Orr hit for the cycle for the first time in his career. In 1886, had career highs with 136 games, 593 plate appearances, 93 runs, 31 triples, 301 total bases. His.338 batting average was the third best in the American Association, he became the first player to reach 300 total bases in a season. He led the association in hits, total bases, extra base hits, slugging percentage, his 31 triples was a major league record for 25 years. Orr had the highest offensive WAR rating and the highest overall WAR rating among position players in the American Association. Orr had an excellent season as a fielder in 1886.
He led the association's first basemen in fielding percentage, putouts and range factor. Despite Orr's contributions, the Metropolitans finished seventh in the American Association with a 53-82 record. In 1887, despite multiple injuries, Orr had another fine season. His.338 batting average was third best in the American Association. In April 1887, Orr sustained serious injuries and reported to be in critical condition after colliding with catcher Andy Sommers, as both players were pursuing a batted ball. Orr's injuries included a dislocated knee, a badly bruised breast, his front teeth broken off, his tongue bitten through, hemorrhaging, he remained out of the lineup until the middle of May. The Metropolitans started the 1887 record with a 6-24 record. On June 2, 1887, the manager was fired, Orr took over on an interim basis as player-manager and captain. In his first game as manager on June 3, 1887, Orr had to be carried off the field after a blood vessel in his leg burst while sliding into second base.
Orr used an unorthodox batting stance, described by one newspaper reporter as follows:"Big Dave Orr has a position which seems utterly at variance with all the rules of batting. Instead of standing in the center of the plate he takes his place at the extreme edge furthest from the pitcher and behind it, in fact, his feet are placed in a most peculiar way. The toes of the right foot point toward second base, the heel is placed in the hollow of the left, he swings his body forward, moving his feet but a few inches, all the swing he gives his bat seeming to come from the upper part of his body." During the off-season, Orr worked as a brownstone cutter. On October 20, 1887, Orr was sold to the Brooklyn Bridegrooms along with seven other players, he signed a contract with Brooklyn the following month. Orr appeared in 99 games for the 1888 Brooklyn team and had the fifth highest batting average in the American Association, he was among the league leaders in fielding percentage, assists by a third baseman, fielding runs.
Brooklyn finished the 1888 season in second place in the American Association with a record of 88-52. In Dec
In baseball, a home run is scored when the ball is hit in such a way that the batter is able to circle the bases and reach home safely in one play without any errors being committed by the defensive team in the process. In modern baseball, the feat is achieved by hitting the ball over the outfield fence between the foul poles without first touching the ground, resulting in an automatic home run. There is the "inside-the-park" home run where the batter reaches home safely while the baseball is in play on the field; when a home run is scored, the batter is credited with a hit and a run scored, an RBI for each runner that scores, including himself. The pitcher is recorded as having given up a hit, a run for each runner that scores including the batter. Home runs are among the most popular aspects of baseball and, as a result, prolific home run hitters are the most popular among fans and the highest paid by teams—hence the old saying, "Home run hitters drive Cadillacs, singles hitters drive Fords.
In modern times a home run is most scored when the ball is hit over the outfield wall between the foul poles before it touches the ground, without being caught or deflected back onto the field by a fielder. A batted ball is a home run if it touches either foul pole or its attached screen before touching the ground, as the foul poles are by definition in fair territory. Additionally, many major-league ballparks have ground rules stating that a batted ball in flight that strikes a specified location or fixed object is a home run. In professional baseball, a batted ball that goes over the outfield wall after touching the ground becomes an automatic double; this is colloquially referred to as a "ground rule double" because the rule is not written into the rules of baseball, but is rather a rule of the field being used. A fielder is allowed to reach over the wall to attempt to catch the ball as long as his feet are on or over the field during the attempt, if the fielder catches the ball while it is in flight the batter is out if the ball had passed the vertical plane of the wall.
However, since the fielder is not part of the field, a ball that bounces off a fielder and over the wall without touching the ground is still a home run. A fielder may not deliberately throw his glove, cap, or any other equipment or apparel to stop or deflect a fair ball, an umpire may award a home run to the batter if a fielder does so on a ball that, in the umpire's judgment, would have otherwise been a home run. A home run accomplished in any of the above manners is an automatic home run; the ball is dead if it rebounds back onto the field, the batter and any preceding runners cannot be put out at any time while running the bases. However, if one or more runners fail to touch a base or one runner passes another before reaching home plate, that runner or runners can be called out on appeal, though in the case of not touching a base a runner can go back and touch it if doing so won't cause them to be passed by another preceding runner and they have not yet touched the next base; this stipulation is in Approved Ruling of Rule 7.10.
An inside-the-park home run occurs when a batter hits the ball into play and is able to circle the bases before the fielders can put him out. Unlike with an outside-the-park home run, the batter-runner and all preceding runners are liable to be put out by the defensive team at any time while running the bases; this can only happen. In the early days of baseball, outfields were much more spacious, reducing the likelihood of an over-the-fence home run, while increasing the likelihood of an inside-the-park home run, as a ball getting past an outfielder had more distance that it could roll before a fielder could track it down. Modern outfields are much less spacious and more uniformly designed than in the game's early days, therefore inside-the-park home runs are now a rarity, they occur when a fast runner hits the ball deep into the outfield and the ball bounces in an unexpected direction away from the nearest outfielder, or an outfielder misjudges the flight of the ball in a way that he cannot recover from the mistake.
The speed of the runner is crucial as triples are rare in most modern ballparks. If any defensive play on an inside-the-park home run is labeled an error by the official scorer, a home run is not scored. All runs scored on such a play, still count. An example of an unexpected bounce occurred during the 2007 Major League Baseball All-Star Game at AT&T Park in San Francisco on July 10, 2007. Ichiro Suzuki of the American League team hit a fly ball that caromed off the right-center field wall in the opposite direction from where National League right fielder Ken Griffey, Jr. was expecting it to go. By the time the ball was relayed, Ichiro had crossed the plate standing up; this was the first inside-the-park home run in All-Star Game history, led to Suzu
Baseball is a bat-and-ball game played between two opposing teams who take turns batting and fielding. The game proceeds when a player on the fielding team, called the pitcher, throws a ball which a player on the batting team tries to hit with a bat; the objectives of the offensive team are to hit the ball into the field of play, to run the bases—having its runners advance counter-clockwise around four bases to score what are called "runs". The objective of the defensive team is to prevent batters from becoming runners, to prevent runners' advance around the bases. A run is scored when a runner advances around the bases in order and touches home plate; the team that scores the most runs by the end of the game is the winner. The first objective of the batting team is to have a player reach first base safely. A player on the batting team who reaches first base without being called "out" can attempt to advance to subsequent bases as a runner, either or during teammates' turns batting; the fielding team tries to prevent runs by getting batters or runners "out", which forces them out of the field of play.
Both the pitcher and fielders have methods of getting the batting team's players out. The opposing teams switch forth between batting and fielding. One turn batting for each team constitutes an inning. A game is composed of nine innings, the team with the greater number of runs at the end of the game wins. If scores are tied at the end of nine innings, extra innings are played. Baseball has no game clock. Baseball evolved from older bat-and-ball games being played in England by the mid-18th century; this game was brought by immigrants to North America. By the late 19th century, baseball was recognized as the national sport of the United States. Baseball is popular in North America and parts of Central and South America, the Caribbean, East Asia in Japan and South Korea. In the United States and Canada, professional Major League Baseball teams are divided into the National League and American League, each with three divisions: East and Central; the MLB champion is determined by playoffs. The top level of play is split in Japan between the Central and Pacific Leagues and in Cuba between the West League and East League.
The World Baseball Classic, organized by the World Baseball Softball Confederation, is the major international competition of the sport and attracts the top national teams from around the world. A baseball game is played between two teams, each composed of nine players, that take turns playing offense and defense. A pair of turns, one at bat and one in the field, by each team constitutes an inning. A game consists of nine innings. One team—customarily the visiting team—bats in the top, or first half, of every inning; the other team -- customarily the home team -- bats in second half, of every inning. The goal of the game is to score more points than the other team; the players on the team at bat attempt to score runs by circling or completing a tour of the four bases set at the corners of the square-shaped baseball diamond. A player bats at home plate and must proceed counterclockwise to first base, second base, third base, back home to score a run; the team in the field attempts to prevent runs from scoring and record outs, which remove opposing players from offensive action until their turn in their team's batting order comes up again.
When three outs are recorded, the teams switch roles for the next half-inning. If the score of the game is tied after nine innings, extra innings are played to resolve the contest. Many amateur games unorganized ones, involve different numbers of players and innings; the game is played on a field whose primary boundaries, the foul lines, extend forward from home plate at 45-degree angles. The 90-degree area within the foul lines is referred to as fair territory; the part of the field enclosed by the bases and several yards beyond them is the infield. In the middle of the infield is a raised pitcher's mound, with a rectangular rubber plate at its center; the outer boundary of the outfield is demarcated by a raised fence, which may be of any material and height. The fair territory between home plate and the outfield boundary is baseball's field of play, though significant events can take place in foul territory, as well. There are three basic tools of baseball: the ball, the bat, the glove or mitt: The baseball is about the size of an adult's fist, around 9 inches in circumference.
It wound in yarn and covered in white cowhide, with red stitching. The bat is a hitting tool, traditionally made of a solid piece of wood. Other materials are now used for nonprofessional games, it is a hard round stick, about 2.5 inches in diameter at the hitting end, tapering to a narrower handle and culminating in a knob. Bats used by adults are around 34 inches long, not longer than 42 inches; the glove or mitt is a fielding tool, made of padded leather with webbing between the fingers. As an aid in catching and holding onto the ball, it takes various shapes to meet the specific needs of differ
Major League Baseball
Major League Baseball is a professional baseball organization, the oldest of the four major professional sports leagues in the United States and Canada. A total of 30 teams play with 15 teams in each league; the NL and AL were formed as separate legal entities in 1901 respectively. After cooperating but remaining separate entities beginning in 1903, the leagues merged into a single organization led by the Commissioner of Baseball in 2000; the organization oversees Minor League Baseball, which comprises 256 teams affiliated with the Major League clubs. With the World Baseball Softball Confederation, MLB manages the international World Baseball Classic tournament. Baseball's first all-professional team was founded in Cincinnati in 1869; the first few decades of professional baseball were characterized by rivalries between leagues and by players who jumped from one team or league to another. The period before 1920 in baseball was known as the dead-ball era. Baseball survived a conspiracy to fix the 1919 World Series, which came to be known as the Black Sox Scandal.
The sport rose in popularity in the 1920s, survived potential downturns during the Great Depression and World War II. Shortly after the war, Jackie Robinson broke baseball's color barrier; the 1950s and 1960s were a time of expansion for the AL and NL new stadiums and artificial turf surfaces began to change the game in the 1970s and 1980s. Home runs dominated the game during the 1990s, media reports began to discuss the use of anabolic steroids among Major League players in the mid-2000s. In 2006, an investigation produced the Mitchell Report, which implicated many players in the use of performance-enhancing substances, including at least one player from each team. Today, MLB is composed of 1 in Canada. Teams play 162 games each season and five teams in each league advance to a four-round postseason tournament that culminates in the World Series, a best-of-seven championship series between the two league champions that dates to 1903. Baseball broadcasts are aired on television and the Internet throughout North America and in several other countries throughout the world.
MLB has the highest season attendance of any sports league in the world with more than 73 million spectators in 2015. MLB is governed by the Major League Baseball Constitution; this document has undergone several incarnations since its creation in 1876. Under the direction of the Commissioner of Baseball, MLB hires and maintains the sport's umpiring crews, negotiates marketing and television contracts. MLB maintains a unique, controlling relationship over the sport, including most aspects of Minor League Baseball; this is due in large part to the 1922 U. S. Supreme Court ruling in Federal Baseball Club v. National League, which held that baseball is not interstate commerce and therefore not subject to federal antitrust law; this ruling has been weakened only in subsequent years. The weakened ruling granted more stability to the owners of teams and has resulted in values increasing at double-digit rates. There were several challenges to MLB's primacy in the sport between the 1870s and the Federal League in 1916.
The chief executive of MLB is the commissioner Rob Manfred. The chief operating officer is Tony Petitti. There are five other executives: president, chief communications officer, chief legal officer, chief financial officer, chief baseball officer; the multimedia branch of MLB, based in Manhattan, is MLB Advanced Media. This branch oversees each of the 30 teams' websites, its charter states that MLB Advanced Media holds editorial independence from the league, but it is under the same ownership group and revenue-sharing plan. MLB Productions is a structured wing of the league, focusing on video and traditional broadcast media. MLB owns 67 percent of MLB Network, with the other 33 percent split between several cable operators and satellite provider DirecTV, it operates out of studios in Secaucus, New Jersey, has editorial independence from the league. In 1920, the weak National Commission, created to manage relationships between the two leagues, was replaced with the much more powerful Commissioner of Baseball, who had the power to make decisions for all of professional baseball unilaterally.
From 1901 to 1960, the American and National Leagues fielded eight teams apiece. In the 1960s, MLB expansion added eight teams, including the first non-U. S. Team. Two teams were added in the 1970s. From 1969 through 1993, each league consisted of an West Division. A third division, the Central Division, was formed in each league in 1994; until 1996, the two leagues met on the field only during the All-Star Game. Regular-season interleague play was introduced in 1997. In March 1995 two new franchises, the Arizona Diamondbacks and Tampa Bay Devil Rays, were awarded by MLB, to begin play in 1998; this addition brought the total number of franchises to 30. In early 1997, MLB decided to assign one new team to each league: Tampa Bay joined the AL and Arizona joined the NL; the original plan was to have an odd number of teams in each league, but in order for every team to be able to play daily, this would have required interleague play to be scheduled throughout the entire season. However, it
Tyrus Raymond Cobb, nicknamed The Georgia Peach, was an American Major League Baseball outfielder. He was born in Georgia. Cobb spent 22 seasons with the Detroit Tigers, the last six as the team's player-manager, finished his career with the Philadelphia Athletics. In 1936 Cobb received the most votes of any player on the inaugural Baseball Hall of Fame ballot, receiving 222 out of a possible 226 votes. In 1999, editors at the Sporting News ranked Ty Cobb third on their list of "Baseball's 100 Greatest Players". Cobb is credited with setting 90 MLB records during his career, his combined total of 4,065 runs scored and runs batted in is still the highest produced by any major league player. He still holds several records as of the end of the 2018 season, including the highest career batting average and most career batting titles with 11, he retained many other records for a half century or more, including most career hits until 1985, most career runs until 2001, most career games played and at bats until 1974, the modern record for most career stolen bases until 1977.
He still holds the career record for stealing home and for stealing second base, third base, home in succession, as the youngest player to compile 4,000 hits and score 2,000 runs. Cobb ranks fifth all-time in number of games played and committed 271 errors, the most by any American League outfielder. Cobb's legacy, which includes a large college scholarship fund for Georgia residents financed by his early investments in Coca-Cola and General Motors, has been somewhat tarnished by allegations of racism and violence stemming from a couple of largely-discredited biographies that were released following his death. Cobb's reputation as a violent man was fanned by his first biographer, sportswriter Al Stump, whose stories about Cobb have been discredited as sensationalized, have proven to be fictional. While he was known for violent conflicts, including with African Americans, Cobb's attitudes on race underwent a change following his retirement, he spoke favorably about black players joining the Major Leagues.
Cobb was born in 1886 in Narrows, Georgia, a small rural community of farmers, unincorporated. He was the first of three children born to Amanda Chitwood Cobb. Cobb's father was a state senator; when he was still an infant, his parents moved to nearby Royston. By most accounts, he became fascinated with baseball as a child, decided he wanted to play professional ball one day, he played his first years in organized baseball for the Royston Rompers, the semi-pro Royston Reds, the Augusta Tourists of the South Atlantic League who released him after only two days. He tried out for the Anniston Steelers of the semipro Tennessee–Alabama League, with his father's stern admonition ringing in his ears: "Don't come home a failure!" After joining the Steelers for a monthly salary of $50, Cobb promoted himself by sending several postcards written about his talents under different aliases to Grantland Rice, the sports editor of the Atlanta Journal. Rice wrote a small note in the Journal that a "young fellow named Cobb seems to be showing an unusual lot of talent".
After about three months, Cobb returned to the Tourists and finished the season hitting.237 in 35 games. In August 1905, the management of the Tourists sold Cobb to the American League's Detroit Tigers for US$750. On August 8, 1905, Cobb's mother fatally shot his father with a pistol that his father had purchased for her. Court records indicate that Mr. Cobb had suspected his wife of infidelity and was sneaking past his own bedroom window to catch her in the act, she saw the silhouette of what she presumed to be an intruder and, acting in self-defense and killed her husband. Mrs. Cobb was charged with murder and released on a $7,000 recognizance bond, she was acquitted on March 31, 1906. Cobb attributed his ferocious play to his late father, saying, "I did it for my father, he never got to see me play... but I knew he was watching me, I never let him down."In 1911, Cobb moved to Detroit's architecturally significant and now protected Woodbridge neighborhood, from which he would walk with his dogs to the ballpark prior to games.
The Victorian duplex in which Cobb lived still stands. Three weeks after his mother killed his father, Cobb debuted in center field for the Detroit Tigers. On August 30, 1905, in his first major league at bat, he doubled off of Jack Chesbro of the New York Highlanders. Chesbro had won a record 41 games the previous season. Cobb was 18 years old at the time, the youngest player in the league by a year. Although he hit only.240 in 41 games, he signed a $1,500 contract to play for the Tigers in 1906. Although rookie hazing was customary, Cobb could not endure it in good humor and soon became alienated from his teammates, he attributed his hostile temperament to this experience: "These old-timers turned me into a snarling wildcat." Tigers manager Hughie Jennings acknowledged that Cobb was targeted for abuse by veteran players, some of whom sought to force him off the team. "I let this go for a while because I wanted to satisfy myself that Cobb has as much guts as I thought in the be
Hazen Shirley "Kiki" Cuyler was a Major League Baseball right fielder from 1921 until 1938, inducted in the Baseball Hall of Fame. Cuyler established a reputation as an outstanding hitter with great speed, he batted.350 or higher and finished with a.321 lifetime batting average. In 1925 Cuyler hit 18 home runs and 102 RBI. Cuyler's Pirates won the World Series that year, the only time in his career that he contributed to a World Series winner. Cuyler was born in Harrisville, Michigan on August 30, 1898, he was one of six children born to Anna Cuyler. His father had come to the United States from Canada, but his ancestors lived in New York from the 17th century until they moved to Canada at the start of the Revolutionary War. Cuyler started his professional baseball career with the Bay City Wolves in 1920, he appeared in the major leagues with the Pittsburgh Pirates over the next three seasons, but still spent the majority of each season in the minor leagues. He hit.340 in 1923 for the Nashville Vols of the Southern Association.
He was promoted to the Pirates for his first full major league season in 1924. Two explanations have been given for the origin of Cuyler's nickname, "Kiki". In the first version, he had been known as "Cuy" for a long time; when a fly ball was hit to the Nashville outfield and it was judged to be Cuyler's play, the shortstop would call out "Cuy" and this call would be echoed by the second baseman. The echoed name caught on with Nashville's fans. In the second explanation, "Kiki Cuyler" came from the player's stuttering problem and the way it sounded when Cuyler said his own last name, he became the only player in MLB history to hit for a cycle, get a walk and a steal a base in one game on June 4, 1925. That year in August, Cuyler hit two inside-the-park home runs in a single game at Baker Bowl, the compact baseball stadium in Philadelphia. Cuyler led the 1925 Pirates to the only one of his career. In 1927, Cuyler was benched for nearly half the season because of a dispute with first-year manager Donie Bush.
The Pirates again went to the World Series. That November, Cuyler was traded to the Chicago Cubs for Pete Scott. Between 1926 and 1930, the 1927 season was the only time that Cuyler did not lead the league in stolen bases. Between 1931 and his retirement in 1938, Cuyler never stole more than 16 bases in a season. Though he hit for a.338 batting average and a league-leading 42 doubles in 1934, Cuyler was made a free agent by July 1935. He signed with the Cincinnati Reds, hitting.326 in 1936 and.271 in 1937. He was released after the 1937 season and signed with the Brooklyn Dodgers for his final season in 1938. Cuyler finished his career with a. 321 batting average, 1065 RBI and 328 stolen bases. He hit over.300 10 times in his major league career. After the end of his playing career, Cuyler managed in the minor leagues, winning the regular-season Southern Association pennant in 1939 under Joe Engel with the Chattanooga Lookouts, with one of the only fan-owned franchises in the nation, he was a coach for the Cubs and Boston Red Sox, was still active in the role for Boston in February 1950 when he died of a heart attack at the age of 51.
His remains are interred in Saint Anne Cemetery in Michigan. Cuyler was inducted into the Baseball Hall of Fame in 1968. In 1981, Lawrence Ritter and Donald Honig included him in their book The 100 Greatest Baseball Players of All Time. In Harrisville, the restaurant he owned operated as Ki Cuyler's Bar & Grill until it burned down in December 2018. In 2008, State Highway M-72 within Alcona County was named the "Hazen Shirley'Kiki' Cuyler Memorial Highway". List of Major League Baseball career hits leaders List of Major League Baseball career triples leaders List of Major League Baseball career runs scored leaders List of Major League Baseball career runs batted in leaders List of Major League Baseball career stolen bases leaders List of Major League Baseball players to hit for the cycle List of Major League Baseball annual runs scored leaders List of Major League Baseball annual stolen base leaders List of Major League Baseball annual doubles leaders List of Major League Baseball annual triples leaders Major League Baseball titles leaders List of Major League Baseball single-game hits leaders Wolf, Gregory H. "Kiki Cuyler".
SABR. Yellon, Al. "The Top 100 Cubs Of All Time - #21 Kiki Cuyler". Bleed Cubbie Blue. Kiki Cuyler at the Baseball Hall of Fame Career statistics and player information from Baseball-Reference, or Fangraphs, or The Baseball Cube, or Baseball-Reference, or Retrosheet Kiki Cuyler at Find a Grave
Baseball scorekeeping is the practice of recording the details of a baseball game as it unfolds. Professional baseball leagues hire official scorers to keep an official record of each game, but many fans keep score as well for their own enjoyment. Scorekeeping is done on a printed scorecard and, while official scorers must adhere to one of the few different scorekeeping notations, most fans exercise some amount of creativity and adopt their own symbols and styles. Sportswriter Henry Chadwick is credited as the inventor of baseball scorekeeping, his basic scorecard and notation have evolved since their advent in the 1870s but they remain the basis for most of what has followed. Some symbols and abbreviations are shared by nearly all scorekeeping systems. For example, the position of each player is indicated by a number: Pitcher Catcher First baseman Second baseman Third baseman Shortstop Left fielder Center fielder Right fielder Rover or short fielder The designated hitter, if used, is marked using a zero.
Scorecards vary in appearance but all share some basic features, including areas for: Recording general game information Listing the batting lineup Recording the play-by-play action Tallying each player's total at-bats, runs, etc. at the end of the game Listing the pitchers in the game, including their statistics, such as innings pitched, earned runs, bases on ballsUsually two scorecards are used to score a game. There is no authoritative set of rules for scorekeeping; the traditional method has many variations in its symbols and syntax. In the traditional method, each cell in the main area of the scoresheet represents the "lifetime" of an offensive player, from at-bat, to baserunner, to being put out, scoring a run, or being left on base; when an out is recorded, the combination of defensive players executing that out is recorded. For example: If a batter hits a ball on the ground to the shortstop, who throws the ball to the first baseman to force the first out, it would be noted on the scoresheet as 6–3, with 6 for the shortstop and 3 for the first baseman.
If the next batter hits a ball to the center fielder who catches it on the fly for the second out, it would be noted as F8, with F for flyout and 8 for the center fielder. Other systems append a lower-case "ƒ" for foul balls, as in F9ƒ If the following batter strikes out, it would be noted as K, with the K being the standard notation for a strikeout. If the batter did not swing at the third strike, a "backwards K" is traditionally used. Other forms include "Kc" for "Ks" if the batter did swing. A slash should be drawn across the lower right corner to indicate the end of the inning. If a runner is put out while on base, the next basepath is filled-in halfway ended with a short stroke perpendicular to the basepath. A notation is added to indicate how the runner was out, along with the defensive combination that resulted in the out: CS means the runner was caught trying to steal the base ahead; the notation for a runner caught trying to steal second is 2–4 or 2–6 for a catcher-to-second-base play.
PO means. This always occurs at first base, so the notation is 1–3. DP or TP means the runner was out as part of a triple play; the full notation is left on the batter's line. FC means the out was the result of a fielder's choice to get out the runner on base rather than force out the batter; this can be indicative of an unsuccessful attempt at a double or triple play as such a move is the first move to make such a play. If a batter reaches first base, either due to a walk, a hit, or an error, the basepath from home to first base is drawn, the method described in the lower-righthand corner. For example: If a batter gets a base hit, the basepath is drawn and 1B is written below. If the batter hits a double, the basepaths from home to first and first to second are drawn, 2B is written above; this change of position is done to indicate. If the batter hits a triple, the basepaths are drawn from home to first to second to third and 3B is written in the upper lefthand corner for the same reason. If a batter gets a walk, the basepath is drawn and BB or W is written below.
IBB is written for an intentional base on balls. Other indicators may be used. If the batter reaches first base due to fielder's choice, the basepath is drawn and FC is written along with the sequence of the defense's handling of the ball, e.g. 6–4. If the batter reaches base because the first baseman dropped the throw from the shortstop, the basepath is drawn and E3 is written below. If a batter gets a base hit in the same play advances due to a fielding error by the second baseman, these are written as two events. First, the path to first is drawn with a 1B noted as for a single the path to second is d