Tripoli is the capital city and the largest city of Libya, with a population of about 2.358 million people in 2018. It is located in the northwest of Libya on the edge of the desert, on a point of rocky land projecting into the Mediterranean Sea and forming a bay, it includes the port of the country's largest commercial and manufacturing centre. It is the site of the University of Tripoli; the vast Bab al-Azizia barracks, which includes the former family estate of Muammar Gaddafi, is located in the city. Colonel Gaddafi ruled the country from his residence in this barracks. Tripoli was founded in the 7th century BC by the Phoenicians, who gave it the Libyco-Berber name Oyat before passing into the hands of the Greek rulers of Cyrenaica as Oea. Due to the city's long history, there are many sites of archaeological significance in Tripoli. Tripoli may refer to the sha'biyah, the Tripoli District. Tripoli is known as Tripoli-of-the-West, to distinguish it from its Phoenician sister city Tripoli, known in Arabic as Ṭarābulus al-Sham, meaning'Levantine Tripoli'.
It is affectionately called "The Mermaid of the Mediterranean", describing its turquoise waters and its whitewashed buildings. Tripoli is a Greek name that means'Three Cities', introduced in Western European languages through the Italian Tripoli. In Arabic, it is called Ṭarābulus; the city was founded by Thera - originated Greeks who gave it the name Oea. There is still a village in Thera named Oία, Greece as well as another Tripoli in Greece; the Greeks were attracted to the site by its natural harbour, flanked on the western shore by the small defensible peninsula, on which they established their colony. The city passed into the hands of the rulers of Cyrenaica, although the Carthaginians wrested it from the Greeks. By the latter half of the 2nd century BC, it belonged to the Romans, who included it in their province of Africa, gave it the name of "Regio Syrtica". Around the beginning of the 3rd century AD, it became known as the Regio Tripolitana, meaning "region of the three cities", namely Oea and Leptis Magna.
It was raised to the rank of a separate province by Septimius Severus, a native of Leptis Magna. In spite of centuries of Roman habitation, the only visible Roman remains, apart from scattered columns and capitals, is the Arch of Marcus Aurelius from the 2nd century AD; the fact that Tripoli has been continuously inhabited, unlike e.g. Sabratha and Leptis Magna, has meant that the inhabitants have either quarried material from older buildings or built on top of them, burying them beneath the streets, where they remain unexcavated. There is evidence to suggest that the Tripolitania region was in some economic decline during the 5th and 6th centuries, in part due to the political unrest spreading across the Mediterranean world in the wake of the collapse of the Western Roman empire, as well as pressure from the invading Vandals. According to al-Baladhuri, Tripoli was, unlike Western North Africa, taken by the Muslims early after Alexandria, in the 22nd year of the Hijra, between 30 November 642 and 18 November 643 AD.
Following the conquest, Tripoli was ruled by dynasties based in Cairo and Kairouan in Ifriqiya. For some time it was a part of the Berber Almohad empire and of the Hafsids kingdom. In 1510, it was taken by Pedro Navarro, Count of Oliveto for Spain, and, in 1530, it was assigned, together with Malta, to the Knights of St. John, expelled by the Ottoman Turks from their stronghold on the island of Rhodes. Finding themselves in hostile territory, the Knights enhanced the city's walls and other defenses. Though built on top of a number of older buildings, much of the earliest defensive structures of the Tripoli castle are attributed to the Knights of St John. Having combated piracy from their base on Rhodes, the reason that the Knights were given charge of the city was to prevent it from relapsing into the nest of Barbary pirates it had been prior to the Spanish occupation; the disruption the pirates caused to the Christian shipping lanes in the Mediterranean had been one of the main incentives for the Spanish conquest of the city.
The knights kept the city with some trouble until 1551, when they were compelled to surrender to the Ottomans, led by Muslim Turk Turgut Reis. Turgut Reis served as pasha of Tripoli. During his rule, he adorned and built up the city, making it one of the most impressive cities along the North African Coast. Turgut was buried in Tripoli after his death in 1565, his body was taken from Malta, where he had fallen during the Ottoman siege of the island, to a tomb in the mosque he had established close to his palace in Tripoli. The palace has since disappeared, but the mosque, along with his tomb, still stands, close to the Bab Al-Bahr gate. After the capture by
The Right to Romance is a 1933 American pre-Code drama film starring Ann Harding and Robert Young and released by RKO Radio Pictures. Ann Harding plays a successful plastic surgeon who meets a local playboy, played by Robert Young, impulsively marries him; this is one of the "lost RKO films" owned by Merian C. Cooper and only re-released in April 2007 when Turner Classic Movies acquired the rights and showed all six films on TCM. Cooper accused RKO of not paying him all the money contractually due for the films he produced in the 1930s. A settlement was reached in 1946, giving Cooper complete ownership of six RKO titles: Rafter Romance with Ginger Rogers Double Harness with Ann Harding and William Powell The Right to Romance One Man's Journey with Lionel Barrymore Living on Love A Man to Remember According to an interview with a retired RKO executive, shown as a promo on TCM, Cooper withdrew the films, only allowing them to be shown on television in 1955-1956 in New York City. In 2006, Turner Classic Movies, which had acquired the rights to the six films after extensive legal negotiations, broadcast them on TCM in April 2007, their first full public exhibition in over 70 years.
TCM, in association with the Library of Congress and the Brigham Young University Motion Picture Archive, had searched many film archives throughout the world to find copies of the films in order to create new 35mm prints. The Right to Romance at the American Film Institute Catalog The Right to Romance on IMDb The Right to Romance at AllMovie
Car Nicobar is the northernmost of the Nicobar Islands. It is one of three local administrative divisions of the Indian district of Nicobar, part of the Indian union territory of Andaman and Nicobar Islands; the sea farers of the region referred to the island as the “northern land of the nake” i.e. Car Nakkavar, the direct predecessor of the current name Car Nicobar; the island was affected by the tsunami, caused by the 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake, which led to many deaths and damaged infrastructure. Car Nicobar lies 750 km from the epicenter of the 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake, the ensuing tsunamis struck it with great force. Witnesses reported the waves were as high as 30 ft; as of December 30, 2004, the number of casualties remained unknown, but were estimated to be high. One survivor told the Associated Press: "There's not a single hut, standing. Everything is gone. Most of the people have gone away from the shore and Indian govt has made many relief programmes here such as temporary shelters, subsidize their every primary needs etc."
Car Nicobar falls in between Little Nancowry. The area south to the Ten-degree channel comes under Car Nicobar headquarters. Car Nicobar is remarkably flat except for some cliffs in the north and small hilly areas in the interior, it is bordered by areas of flat ground consisting of coraline diluvium. It is a flat fertile island covered with clusters of coconut palms and enchanting beaches with a roaring sea all around. Compared to the Middle Andaman and South Andaman, Car Nicobar is a small island, having only 126.9 km2. The soil analysis revealed clay hindering the growth of agricultural crops; the area of Car Nicobar is suitable for the plantation crops, coconut and areca nut are the major products, which are grown in the area. The climate of Car Nicobar Island is tropical, as it is just 9 degree from the equator, with an annual rainfall of 400 mm; the data of past ten years shows that the mean relative humidity in the Island is 79%, the mean maximum temperature is of 30.20 C, mean minimum temperature is 23.00 C.
Politically, Car Nicobar, along with neighboring Battimalv Island, is a tehsil equivalent to a county in its range of administrative powers. There are two more Tehsils of Nancowry and Campbell Bay to administer all the other islands of the district; the administrative capital is near the Indian Air Force station Car Nicobar Air Force Base, known as'Headquarters', the largest junction in this small island with some shops, a hospital, a bank, a post office, Office of Superintendent of Police, Office of Deputy Commissioner and some other government offices. The official pin code of Car Nicobar is 744301. Although the area of Car Nicobar is less than 7% of the area of the Nicobar group, in the census of 2011 its population of 17841 was 48% of the total population of Nicobar; the Car Nicobar islands do not have any evergreen forests, which dominate the central and southern islands of the Nicobars. Most of the island is covered with coconut plantation and natural flora is present only in the interior areas.
Car Nicobar the district headquarters is 260 km from Port Blair. Ship service is available between Nicobar district. Ship is available twice in a week. One can obtain the ship ticket from the office of Shipping services at Port Blair. Andaman and Nicobar Islands Administration in cooperation with Indian Air Force operate charter services between Port Blair's Veer Savarkar International Airport, Campbell Bay and Car Nicobar Air Force Base. There is regular service of Pawan Hans helicopter available between Car Nicobar and Port Blair and other islands of the Nicobar district. There are 21 villages, the largest of, named U-rèk-ka, with a population of 4,200; the villages are: The names in brackets are used for tourists and other outsiders, as the local names in Nicobarese are difficult for outsiders to pronounce. Each village has a tuhet meaning "elderly heads". From each of these elders three are elected as 1st, 2nd, 3rd captain to look after the day-to-day affairs of the village. According to the 2011 census of India, Car Nicobar Island has 4250 households.
The effective literacy rate is 100%. The island belongs to the township of Car Nicobar of Car Nicobar Taluk. of Nicobar District. District Administration is headed by Deputy Commissioner while the Sub Division Car Nicobar is headed by an assistant commissioner. Car Nicobar Air Force Base Andaman and Nicobar Islands travel guide from Wikivoyage