Tristan und Isolde discography

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This is an audio and video discography of Tristan und Isolde, an opera by Richard Wagner which was first performed on 10 June 1865 in Munich.

Recording history[edit]

Tristan und Isolde has a long recorded history. In the years before World War II, Kirsten Flagstad and Lauritz Melchior were considered to be the prime interpreters of the lead roles, and mono recordings exist of this pair in a number of live performances led by conductors such as Thomas Beecham, Fritz Reiner, Artur Bodanzky and Erich Leinsdorf. Flagstad recorded the part commercially only near the end of her career in 1952, under Wilhelm Furtwängler for EMI, producing a set which is considered a classic recording.[1] Following the war, the performances at Bayreuth with Martha Mödl and Ramon Vinay under Herbert von Karajan (1952) were highly regarded, and these performances are now available as a live recording. In the 1960s, the soprano Birgit Nilsson was considered the major Isolde interpreter, and she was often partnered with the Tristan of Wolfgang Windgassen. Their performance at Bayreuth in 1966 under the baton of Karl Böhm was captured by Deutsche Grammophon—a performance often hailed as one of the best Tristan recordings.[2] Some collectors prefer the pairing of Nilsson with the Canadian tenor Jon Vickers, available in "unofficial" recordings from performances in Vienna or Orange.

There are several DVD productions of the opera including Götz Friedrich's production at the Deutsche Oper in Berlin featuring the seasoned Wagnerians René Kollo and Dame Gwyneth Jones in the title roles. Deutsche Grammophon released a DVD of a Metropolitan Opera performance featuring Jane Eaglen and Ben Heppner, conducted by James Levine, in a production staged by Jürgen Rose, and a DVD of the 1995 Bayreuth Festival production with conductor Daniel Barenboim and featuring Waltraud Meier as Isolde and Siegfried Jerusalem as Tristan, staged by Heiner Mueller.

Audio recordings[edit]

Year cast:
(Tristan, Isolde, Brangäne, King Marke, Kurwenal)
Opera House and Orchestra
1928 Gunnar Graarud,
Nanny Larsen-Todsen,
Anny Helm,
Ivar Andresen,
Rudolf Bockelmann
Karl Elmendorff,
Bayreuth Festival Orchestra, Bayreuth Festival Chorus
Naxos Historical,[4]
Cat: 8.110200-02
1936 Lauritz Melchior,
Kirsten Flagstad,
Sabine Kalter,
Emanuel List,
Herbert Janssen
Fritz Reiner,
Royal Opera House Covent Garden Orchestra, Royal Opera House Covent Garden Chorus (Live recording and the sound is good considering the age of the recording)
VAI Audio:
VAIA 1004-3,
Naxos «Historical,
Cat: 8.110068.70
1937 Lauritz Melchior,
Kirsten Flagstad,
Margarete Klose,
Sven Nilsson,
Herbert Janssen
Thomas Beecham,
Royal Opera House Covent Garden Orchestra, Royal Opera House Covent Garden Chorus,
(Only part of the EMI recording is conducted by Beecham; the rest is conducted by Reiner)
EMI Classics,
Cat: 64037
1943 Lauritz Melchior,
Helen Traubel,
Kerstin Thorborg,
Alexander Kipnis,
Julius Huehn
Erich Leinsdorf,
Metropolitan Opera Orchestra
Naxos Historical,
Cat: 8.110010-2
1948 Set Svanholm,
Kirsten Flagstad,
Viorica Ursuleac,
Ludwig Weber,
Hans Hotter
Erich Kleiber,
Buenos Aires Opera
Cat: H031
1950 Gunther Treptow,
Helena Braun,
Margarete Klose,
Ferdinand Frantz,
Paul Schöffler
Hans Knappertsbusch,
Bavarian State Opera Orchestra
Cat: C355 943 D
1951 Max Lorenz,
Gertrude Grob-Prandl,
Elsa Cavelti,
Sven Nilsson,
Sigurd Björling
Victor de Sabata,
Orchestra of La Scala Milan
Cat: ARPCD 0027[5]
1952 Ramón Vinay,
Martha Mödl,
Ira Malaniuk,
Ludwig Weber,
Hans Hotter
Herbert von Karajan,
Bayreuth Festival Orchestra
Cat: CDHP 528.4 and other labels[6]
1952 Ludwig Suthaus,
Kirsten Flagstad (with Elisabeth Schwarzkopf providing some top notes in the Act II Love Duet),[7]
Blanche Thebom,
Josef Greindl,
Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau
Wilhelm Furtwängler,
Royal Opera House Covent Garden Chorus, Philharmonia Orchestra
EMI Classics
Naxos Historical
Cat: 8.110321-24
1959 Wolfgang Windgassen,
Birgit Nilsson,
Hilde Rössel-Majdan,
Hans Hotter,
Gustav Neidlinger
Herbert von Karajan,
Orchestra and Chorus of the Teatro alla Scala
Golden Melodram,
Cat: GM 1.0080
1961 Fritz Uhl,
Birgit Nilsson,
Regina Resnik,
Arnold van Mill,
Tom Krause
Georg Solti,
Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra, Vienna Friends of Music Society Chorus
Cat: 470814
1966 Wolfgang Windgassen,
Birgit Nilsson,
Christa Ludwig,
Martti Talvela,
Eberhard Wächter
Karl Böhm,
Bayreuth Festival Orchestra, Bayreuth Festival Chorus (Recording of a performance at the Bayreuth Festival, August)
Deutsche Grammophon,
Cat: 449772
1971 Jon Vickers,
Birgit Nilsson,
Grace Hoffman,
Franz Crass,
Norman Mittelman
Horst Stein,
Buenos Aires Teatro Colón Orchestra
Cat: VAIA 1178-3
1971-72 Jon Vickers,
Helga Dernesch,
Christa Ludwig,
Karl Ridderbusch,
Walter Berry
Herbert von Karajan,
Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra, Berlin Deutsche Oper Chorus
EMI Classics,
Cat: 69319
1980-81 John Mitchinson,
Linda Esther Gray,
Anne Wilkens,
Gwynne Howell,
Phillip Joll
Reginald Goodall,
Chorus and Orchestra of Welsh National Opera
Cat: 443682
1981 Alberto Remedios,
Linda Esther Gray,
Felicity Palmer,
John Tomlinson,
Norman Bailey
Reginald Goodall,
Chorus and Orchestra of English National Opera,
Performance in English
Oriel Music Society,
OMS 181
1981 Peter Hofmann,
Hildegard Behrens,
Yvonne Minton,
Hans Sotin,
Bernd Weikl
Leonard Bernstein,
Bavarian Radio Symphony Orchestra, Bavarian Radio Symphony Chorus
Cat: 2PH5410-447
1980/82 René Kollo,
Margaret Price,
Brigitte Fassbaender,
Kurt Moll,
Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau
Carlos Kleiber,
Leipzig Radio Chorus, Dresden Staatskapelle
Deutsche Grammophon,
Cat: 403202
1995 Siegfried Jerusalem,
Waltraud Meier,
Marjana Lipovšek,
Matti Salminen,
Falk Struckmann
Daniel Barenboim,
Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra, Berlin State Opera Chorus
Cat: 94568
2003 Thomas Moser,
Deborah Voigt,
Petra Lang,
Robert Holl,
Peter Weber
Christian Thielemann,
Vienna State Opera Orchestra, Vienna State Opera Chorus (Live)
Deutsche Grammophon,
Cat: 474 974
2004 Plácido Domingo,
Nina Stemme,
Mihoko Fujimura,
René Pape,
Olaf Bär
Antonio Pappano,
Royal Opera House Covent Garden Orchestra, Royal Opera House Covent Garden Chorus
EMI Classics,
Cat: 5.58006

Video recordings[edit]


  1. ^ Holloway, Robin (1982) in "Opera on Record", Harper and Row ISBN 0-06-090910-2, page 367.
  2. ^ Blyth, Alan (1992), "Opera on CD" Kyle Cathie Ltd, ISBN 1-85626-056-9 page 65.
  3. ^ Recordings of Tristan und Isolde on Wagner Discography
  4. ^ Brown, p. 36
  5. ^ Brown, p. 13
  6. ^ Brown, p. 16
  7. ^ Naxos, Notes to Tristan und Isolde. Retrieved 11 December 2015
  • Brown, Jonathan (2000). Tristan und Isolde on record: a comprehensive discography of Wagner's music drama with a critical introduction to the recordings. Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press. ISBN 978-0-313-31489-6.

External links[edit]