Its surface area is about 31 square kilometres and it has 3,780 inhabitants. The ancient name of Poros was Pogon, like other ports in the Saronic, it is a popular weekend destination for Athenian travellers. Poros consists of two islands, the part, which is of volcanic origin, where todays city is located, and Kalaureia, Kalavria or Calauria. A bridge connects the two islands over a narrow strait, Poros is an island with rich vegetation. Much of the northern and far sides of the island are bushy, whereas large areas of old pine forest are found in the south. It has a road network and adequate tourist infrastructure, which makes it a popular resort for short holidays. Though possessing no airport, Poros is easily accessible from Athens via ferry or hydrofoil, one can reach the island by car or bus from the adjacent mainland at Galatas. There is local bus service on the island from Poros harbor to the towns of Neorio. The land area of the municipality is 49.582 square kilometres, the landscape is very hilly and mountainous.
The highest peak is the Vigla in the west-central part, following the islands topography and geology, small creeks and seasonal streams flow through steep valleys of the southern and northeastern part. The western and northern part of the island feature smooth hills, sandy beaches are restricted to the southern shore of the island, except for a bay in the northern part called Vayionia. Poros contains the villages, Poros, 37°29′58. 23″N 23°27′9. 94″E Ágios Nektários. Kyaní Aktí a part of the mainland at the easternmost point of the Peloponnese peninsula between the island of Poros and the island of Hydra and next to the municipalities of Troizinia and Ermionida. The geology of the island comprises Mesozoic to Cenozoic sedimentary rocks and ophiolites, the island is tectonically dissected and part of a Tertiary tectonic mélange. There are karstic sinkholes in the islands central limestone massif, visible marine fossils are mainly found in the limestone, no occurrences of precious stones or ore deposits are known.
In the northeastern part of the island, in a location called “Kavos Vasili” and this settlement is the oldest of the wider area of Trizinia, and is believed to be interrelated with the wreck found on the nearby Dokos island which dates to the same period. The ancient polis of Kalaureia was home to a dedicated to Poseidon. This asylum may have linked to the sanctuaries at Geraistos and Tainaros
Provinces of Greece
The provinces of Greece were sub-divisions of some the countrys prefectures. From 1887, the provinces were abolished as actual administrative units, before the Second World War, there were 139 provinces, and after the war, with the addition of the Dodecanese Islands, their number grew to 147. According to the Article 7 of the Code of Prefectural Self-Government, Provincial administration consisted of two parts, a collective Provincial Council and an eparch. Members of the Provincial Council were the councillors of the respective province. The eparch or sub-prefect was the councillor who received the most votes in the prefectural elections
Penteli is a town and a municipality in the North Athens regional unit, Greece. It belongs to the Athens metropolitan area and it takes its name from the Penteli mountain. The municipality has an area of 36.064 km2, the municipal unit Penteli 28.878 km2 and it is 14 km northeast of central Athens. Some of the neighbourhoods of Penteli are Agia Triada, Agios Dimitrios, the Penteli mountains were renowned in Classical Greece as well as in the Roman Empire as a source of the marble, which was used to build the Parthenon. The Romans constructed a 140-foot water tower and aqueduct to supply water to the city of Athens, during the Greek War of Independence, the French philhellene Sophie de Marbois-Lebrun, Duchess of Plaisance supported the revolutionary leaders. When she settled in Greece in 1834, she bought large plots of land in Athens and she had the Rododafni Castle in Penteli built for her. In July 1995, Penteli was ravaged by a large forest fire, according to Turkish former prime minister, Mesut Yilmaz, many of the forest fires that raged the Greek countryside during that summer were accually started by Turkish secret service agents.
The forests of Penteli suffered damage again from the August 2007 fires, Rododafni Castle, known as Pyrgos Doukissis Plakentias, a mansion built for the Duchess of Plaisance. Construction was started in 1840, but it was not finished until 1961, the Penteli Astronomical Station of the National Observatory of Athens, completed in 1936 List of settlements in Attica Official website
Agia Paraskevi is a suburban town and a municipality in the northeastern part of the Athens agglomeration, Greece. It is part of the North Athens regional unit, Agia Paraskevi was named after the main church of the town, which is dedicated to Saint Paraskevi of Rome. Agia Paraskevi is situated near the edge of the forested Hymettus mountain range,9 km northeast of Athens city centre. The municipality has an area of 7.935 km2, the built-up area of Agia Paraskevi is continuous with those of the neighbouring Cholargos and Gerakas. Besides the central area around the Agia Paraskevi Square, Agia Paraskevi consists of 7 districts, Nea Zoi, Stavros, Pefkakia, the nuclear research center Demokritos, which hosts the sole nuclear reactor in Greece, is situated in Agia Paraskevi. It is home of the Greek Ministry of Agriculture, the main thoroughfare is Mesogeion Avenue, which connects Agia Paraskevi with central Athens. The eastern beltway Motorway 64 passes through the part of the municipality. The municipality is served by metro stations and a suburban railway station.
Agia Paraskevi was part of the community of Chalandri until 1931 and it became a municipality in 1963. Formerly a farmers village, it experienced much development since the 1950s. In 1993, there was opposition from inhabitants of the suburb to the construction of the Hymettus ring road. The ring road was to form a major highway on the mountainside linked directly to the Motorway 6, the government would not reverse the decision and, in fact, sent bulldozers to the mountainside. This led to a riot in April,1993, thousands of people travelled up the mountainside and faced the bulldozers, forcing the drivers to leave. At length police arrived and managed to force the demonstrators off the site, the road was covered only at a small section, that running over the Deree College. The football team of the city is Agia Paraskevi F. C. known as Santa, during the Olympic games in 2004, a part of the historical Marathon passed through Agia Paraskevi over Mesogeion avenue. Agia Paraskevi hosts two clubs with earlier presence in the higher national divisions, Basketball Agia Paraskevi and GS Agia Paraskevi.
The Lycée Franco-Hellénique Eugène Delacroix, a French international school, is in the town, Agia Paraskevi is twinned with, Saint-Brieuc, France Grocka, Serbia City of Agia Paraskevi official website FACEBOOK OFFICIAL GROUP of Agia Paraskevi
Iraklio is a suburb in the northeastern part of the Athens agglomeration, and a municipality of the Attica region. Iraklio is located about 8 km northeast of Athens city centre, the municipality has an area of 4.638 km2. Its built-up area is continuous with those of the neighbouring suburbs Nea Ionia, Lykovrysi, Irakleio is subdivided into several quarters, including Palaio Irakleio, Neo Irakleio, Ano Irakleio and Prasinos Lofos. The main thoroughfare is Irakliou Avenue, which connects it with central Athens, the northern beltway of Athens, Motorway 6, passes through Irakleio. Irakleio is served by a station and by a commuter railway station. Iraklio was named after a sanctuary of Heracles that was located in the area in classical antiquity, before the Greek War of Independence the village was known as Arakli. Iraklio was part of the city of Athens until 1925, when it became a separate community, the earthquake of September 7,1999, affected the area but caused minor damages. List of municipalities of Attica Official website
Methana is a town and a former municipality on the Peloponnese peninsula, Greece. Since the 2011 local government reform it is part of the municipality Troizinia-Methana, the municipal unit has an area of 50.161 km2. Methana is situated on a peninsula, attached to the Peloponnese. Administratively, it belongs to the Attica region, the town is located north of the road connecting to the rest of the Peloponnese and Galatas. The highest point is 740 metres, the municipal unit has a land area of 50.161 square kilometres and a population of 1,657 inhabitants at the 2011 census. The largest settlements besides the town of Methana are Vathý, Megalochóri, Kounoupítsa, Kypséli, Ágioi Theódoroi, the municipal unit Methana is subdivided into the following communities, Kounoupitsa Kypseli Loutropoli Methanon Megalochori Half of the entire peninsulas population lives in Methana town. The peninsula is entirely of volcanic origin and contains over 30 volcanic eruption centers, the last volcanic eruption occurred near present-day Kameni Chora in 230 BC and a submarine volcano erupted in 1700.
Famous writers such as Ovid and Pausanias reported the last volcanic eruption in Methana, the peninsula is the northwesternmost of the arc of the Aegean islands of which the active volcanic areas are Methana, Milos and Nisyros. In the future, Methana may expect other volcanic eruptions, since 1991, the peninsula has been investigated by the team of ETH Zürich geologically and cartographically. From this, a map of the entire peninsula at a scale of 1,25,000 was made. An interactive 3D map was created and is on the World Wide Web, a rich photographic archive with about 10.000 color slides has been produced. Much of the peninsula is mountainous and bushy and grassy, the mountain range covers the central part of the peninsula and has a small ridge north of the seat. The residential area is within the sea, a mountain ridge is founded in the west and is about 3 km long with a stream in the middle and a cliff in the south. The earliest known settlement dates from 1500–1300 BC, the first survey was conducted by Michael Deffner, who discovered a large throne, among other artefacts.
Many ancient sites were identified through the archaeological survey conducted in the 1980s by the University of Liverpool in association with the British School at Athens, the Acropolis Palaiokastro is located near the village of Vathy. The fortress is in Kypseli at the coast Akropolis Oga at the pace of Nisaki. A Mycenaean settlement was excavated by Helene Konstolakis-Jiannopoulou in 1990 along with the chapel of Agios Konstantinos, selected artifacts can be visited in the museums of Poros island and in Piraeus. This site dates between 1500 and 1300 BC, in the Hellenistic period, the peninsula became one of the Ptolemaic bases in the Aegean when it was renamed Arsinoe
Administrative regions of Greece
The administrative regions of Greece are the countrys thirteen first-level administrative entities, each comprising several second-level units, originally prefectures and, since 2011, regional units. The current regions were established in July 1986, by decision of then-Interior Minister Menios Koutsogiorgas as a second-level administrative entities, as part of a decentralization process inspired by then-Interior Minister Alekos Papadopoulos, they were accorded more powers in the 1997 Kapodistrias reform of local and regional government. They were transformed into separate entities by the 2010 Kallikratis Plan. In the 2011 changes, the general secretary was replaced with a popularly elected regional governor. Many powers of the prefectures, which were abolished or reformed into regional units, were transferred to the region level. The regional organs of the government were in turn replaced by seven decentralized administrations. Bordering the region of Central Macedonia there is one region, Mount Athos.
It is located on the easternmost of the three large peninsulas jutting into the Aegean from the Chalcidice Peninsula, ISO 3166-2, GR Administrative divisions of Greece
Athens is the capital and largest city of Greece. In modern times, Athens is a cosmopolitan metropolis and central to economic, industrial, maritime. In 2015, Athens was ranked the worlds 29th richest city by purchasing power, Athens is recognised as a global city because of its location and its importance in shipping, commerce, entertainment, international trade, culture and tourism. It is one of the biggest economic centres in southeastern Europe, with a financial sector. The municipality of Athens had a population of 664,046 within its limits. The urban area of Athens extends beyond its administrative city limits. According to Eurostat in 2011, the Functional urban areas of Athens was the 9th most populous FUA in the European Union, Athens is the southernmost capital on the European mainland. The city retains Roman and Byzantine monuments, as well as a number of Ottoman monuments. Athens is home to two UNESCO World Heritage Sites, the Acropolis of Athens and the medieval Daphni Monastery, Athens was the host city of the first modern-day Olympic Games in 1896, and 108 years it welcomed home the 2004 Summer Olympics.
In Ancient Greek, the name of the city was Ἀθῆναι a plural, in earlier Greek, such as Homeric Greek, the name had been current in the singular form though, as Ἀθήνη. It was possibly rendered in the on, like those of Θῆβαι and Μυκῆναι. During the medieval period the name of the city was rendered once again in the singular as Ἀθήνα, an etiological myth explaining how Athens has acquired its name was well known among ancient Athenians and even became the theme of the sculpture on the West pediment of the Parthenon. The goddess of wisdom and the god of the seas, Poseidon had many disagreements, in an attempt to compel the people, Poseidon created a salt water spring by striking the ground with his trident, symbolizing naval power. However, when Athena created the tree, symbolizing peace and prosperity. Different etymologies, now rejected, were proposed during the 19th century. Christian Lobeck proposed as the root of the name the word ἄθος or ἄνθος meaning flower, ludwig von Döderlein proposed the stem of the verb θάω, stem θη- to denote Athens as having fertile soil.
In classical literature, the city was referred to as the City of the Violet Crown, first documented in Pindars ἰοστέφανοι Ἀθᾶναι. In medieval texts, variant names include Setines and Astines, today the caption η πρωτεύουσα, the capital, has become somewhat common