Per capita income
Per capita income or average income measures the average income earned per person in a given area in a specified year. It is calculated by dividing the area's total income by its total population. Per capita income is national income divided by population size. Per capita income is used to measure an area's average income and compare the wealth of different populations. Per capita income is used to measure a country's standard of living, it is expressed in terms of a used international currency such as the euro or United States dollar, is useful because it is known, is calculable from available gross domestic product and population estimates, produces a useful statistic for comparison of wealth between sovereign territories. This helps to ascertain a country's development status, it is one of the three measures for calculating the Human Development Index of a country. In the United States, it is defined by the U. S. Census Bureau as the following: "Per capita income is the mean money income received in the past 12 months computed for every man and child in a geographic area."
Critics claim that per capita income has several weaknesses in measuring prosperity: Comparisons of per capita income over time need to consider inflation. Without adjusting for inflation, figures tend to overstate the effects of economic growth. International comparisons can be distorted by cost of living differences not reflected in exchange rates. Where the objective is to compare living standards between countries, adjusting for differences in purchasing power parity will more reflect what people are able to buy with their money, it does not reflect income distribution. If a country's income distribution is skewed, a small wealthy class can increase per capita income while the majority of the population has no change in income. In this respect, median income is more useful when measuring of prosperity than per capita income, as it is less influenced by outliers. Non-monetary activity, such as barter or services provided within the family, is not counted; the importance of these services varies among economies.
Per capita income does not consider whether income is invested in factors to improve the area's development, such as health, education, or infrastructure. List of countries by average wage List of countries by GDP per capita—GDP at market or government official exchange rates per inhabitant List of countries by GDP per capita—GDP calculated at purchasing power parity exchange per inhabitant List of countries by GNI per capita List of countries by GNI per capita List of countries by income equality Total personal income
Population density is a measurement of population per unit area or unit volume. It is applied to living organisms, most of the time to humans, it is a key geographical term. In simple terms population density refers to the number of people living in an area per kilometer square. Population density is population divided by total land water volume, as appropriate. Low densities may lead to further reduced fertility; this is called the Allee effect after the scientist. Examples of the causes in low population densities include: Increased problems with locating sexual mates Increased inbreeding For humans, population density is the number of people per unit of area quoted per square kilometer or square mile; this may be calculated for a county, country, another territory or the entire world. The world's population is around 7,500,000,000 and Earth's total area is 510,000,000 square kilometers. Therefore, the worldwide human population density is around 7,500,000,000 ÷ 510,000,000 = 14.7 per km2. If only the Earth's land area of 150,000,000 km2 is taken into account human population density is 50 per km2.
This includes all continental and island land area, including Antarctica. If Antarctica is excluded population density rises to over 55 people per km2. However, over half of the Earth's land mass consists of areas inhospitable to human habitation, such as deserts and high mountains, population tends to cluster around seaports and fresh-water sources. Thus, this number by itself does not give any helpful measurement of human population density. Several of the most densely populated territories in the world are city-states and dependencies; these territories have a small area and a high urbanization level, with an economically specialized city population drawing on rural resources outside the area, illustrating the difference between high population density and overpopulation The potential to maintain the agricultural aspects of deserts is limited as there is not enough precipitation to support a sustainable land. The population in these areas are low. Therefore, cities in the Middle East, such as Dubai, have been increasing in population and infrastructure growth at a fast pace.
Cities with high population densities are, by some, considered to be overpopulated, though this will depend on factors like quality of housing and infrastructure and access to resources. Most of the most densely populated cities are in Southeast Asia, though Cairo and Lagos in Africa fall into this category. City population and area are, however dependent on the definition of "urban area" used: densities are invariably higher for the central city area than when suburban settlements and the intervening rural areas are included, as in the areas of agglomeration or metropolitan area, the latter sometimes including neighboring cities. For instance, Milwaukee has a greater population density when just the inner city is measured, the surrounding suburbs excluded. In comparison, based on a world population of seven billion, the world's inhabitants, as a loose crowd taking up ten square feet per person, would occupy a space a little larger than Delaware's land area; the Gaza Strip has a population density of 5,046 pop/km.
Although arithmetic density is the most common way of measuring population density, several other methods have been developed to provide a more accurate measure of population density over a specific area. Arithmetic density: The total number of people / area of land Physiological density: The total population / area of arable land Agricultural density: The total rural population / area of arable land Residential density: The number of people living in an urban area / area of residential land Urban density: The number of people inhabiting an urban area / total area of urban land Ecological optimum: The density of population that can be supported by the natural resources Demography Human geography Idealized population Optimum population Population genetics Population health Population momentum Population pyramid Rural transport problem Small population size Distance sampling List of population concern organizations List of countries by population density List of cities by population density List of city districts by population density List of English districts by population density List of European cities proper by population density List of United States cities by population density List of islands by population density List of U.
S. states by population density List of Australian suburbs by population density Selected Current and Historic City, Ward & Neighborhood Density Duncan Smith / UCL Centre for Advanced Spatial Analysis. "World Population Density". Exploratory map shows data from the Global Human Settlement Layer produced by the European Commission JRC and the CIESIN Columbia University
Metro East is a region in Illinois that comprises the eastern suburbs of St. Louis, United States, it encompasses five Southern Illinois counties in the St. Louis Metropolitan Statistical Area; the region's most populated city is Belleville, with 45,000 residents. The Metro East is the second largest urban area in Illinois after the Chicago metropolitan area and, as of the 2000 census, the population of the Metro East statistical area is 599,845 residents, a figure that has risen above 700,000 in 2010; the significant growth in the Metro East is due to people in smaller outlying towns in Illinois moving to the area for better economic/job opportunities. The Metro East is a loose collection of small and mid-sized cities sitting along the American Bottom and the bluffs of the Mississippi River. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the five counties of the region have a total area of 6,974 km2. 6,787 km2 of it is land and 186 km2 of it is water. As of the 2010 census, the most populated cities in the region include As of the 2010 census, there had been a major shift in population from the older rust belt industrial cities in the Mississippi River bottom, such as East St. Louis and Alton, to the more suburban satellite cities, such as, Edwardsville, O'Fallon sitting on the bluffs.
This is due to continued white flight. As of the census of 2000, there were 599,845 people, 229,888 households, 160,260 families residing in the five Metro East counties; the most common language is English. German speakers exist in southeastern Madison, Clinton, southern and eastern St. Clair Counties. Spanish is spoken in the Fairmont City area, in parts of Clinton County; the largest concentration of African-Americans is in Madison, western Granite City, East St. Louis, Washington Park, Cahokia and Alton. Secondary languages tend to be cultural or reminiscent of ancestry, not related to the general business of the area. Bond Calhoun Clinton Jersey Macoupin Madison Monroe St. Clair Notes: ^ means part of city in another county/counties Bold indicates county seat Quincy, IL is technically not located within the Metro East, but can be regionally associated due to their proximity and accessibility to Greater St. Louis. Kaskaskia College Lewis and Clark Community College Lindenwood University-Belleville McKendree University The Principia Southern Illinois University Edwardsville Southwestern Illinois College U.
S. Route 40 U. S. Route 50 U. S. Route 51 Historic U. S. Route 66 U. S. Route 67 I-55 I-64 I-70 I-255 I-270 The Metro East is connected with Missouri by the Metro Link light rail train; the Metrolink includes 11 stations on the Illinois side of St Louis, from the East St. Louis Riverfront, through Belleville Illinois, ending at Scott Air Force Base, it links the Metro East to downtown St. Louis, area universities, downtown Clayton, the major commercial airport, Lambert St. Louis International. St. Clair County share public transit including bus and rail. Madison County has a public transit system that includes bus services and bikeways converted as part of a Rail to Trail conversion. Anheuser-Busch Boeing Charter Communications Illinois Department of Transportation Korte Construction Monsanto National Steel Norrenberns Trucking Olin Corporation Scott Air Force Base Southern Illinois University Edwardsville U. S. Steel Wood River Refinery National Shrine of Our Lady of the Snows, near Belleville.
Clair County line Confluence Crush Roller Derby, Belleville GCS Ballpark, Sauget Gateway International Raceway, Madison Eads Bridge, historic bridge, among East. Louis, on the East St. Louis, St. Louis, Missouri border, over the Mississippi River Pere Marquette State Park, Grafton Raging Rivers Water Park, Grafton The Game, Glen Carbon St. Clair Square Mall, Fairview Heights Robert Wadlow Statue, Alton Horseshoe Lake, Pontoon Beach and Granite City Alton Square Mall, Alton Carlyle Lake, Carlyle Josephine Baker, East St. Louis and activist Jason Boyd, Edwardsville, AAA pitcher Ray Bradbury, science fiction author Jimmy Connors, East St. Louis and Belleville, tennis player Neal Cotts, former MLB pitcher Brian Daubach, former MLB 1B/DH/outfielder Miles Davis, East St. Louis and Alton, jazz artist Lea DeLaria, jazz singer and comedian Elizabeth Donald, horror novelist Dick Durbin, East St. Louis, U. S. senator Buddy Ebsen, television actor Jay Farrar, musician William Holden, O'Fallon, film actor Louis Jolliet, explorer of the Mississippi River Jackie Joyner-Kersee, East St. Louis, Olympic athlete Ken Kwapis, Belleville and television director and producer Père Jacques Marquette, French discoverer T. J. Mathews, former MLB pitcher Laurie Metcalf, Edwardsville and television actress Yadier Molina, Cardinals Baseball catcher Peter Sarsgaard, Belleville/Scott AFB, actor Michael Stipe, lead singer of the band REM Jeff Tweedy, lead singer of the band Wilco Uncle Tupelo, alternative country band Craig Virgin, distance runner Robert Pershing Wadlow, world's tallest man Scott
Calhoun County, Illinois
Calhoun County is a county in the U. S. state of Illinois. As of the 2010 census, the population was 5,089, its county seat and biggest community is Hardin, with a population of less than 1,000. Its smallest community is Hamburg, with a population of 123. Calhoun County is at the tip of the peninsula formed by the courses of the Mississippi and Illinois rivers above their confluence and is completely surrounded by water. Calhoun County is sparsely populated. Calhoun County is part of the Metro-East portion of the St. Louis, MO-IL Metropolitan Statistical Area; the territory was settled by indigenous people who occupied the resource-rich river valleys near waterways. The remains of their occupation have provided some of the most valuable archaeological information in the country; the county's archaeological record chronicles more than 10,000 years of continuous human occupation by Native Americans. Calhoun County was settled by Americans during the 19th century, organized in 1825, it was named for Vice President John C.
Calhoun, in addition to the Calhoun family, prominent in the area at the time. The southern side of the county, covered in thick forest, was untouched until the population began to expand in the late 1840s with the arrival of German immigrants. Land was cleared for farming, exporting lumber, constructing spacious log barns 200 square feet in size, which were a "trademark of successful German farmers."The most well-known historical event to impact Calhoun County is the Great Flood of 1993. Calhoun County is a peninsula nestled between the Illinois and Mississippi Rivers, which both saw record flooding during 1993; the Great Flood of 1993, the name it is now known as, impacted several villages in Calhoun and destroyed the village of East Hardin which once sat across the Joe Page Bridge when a levee broke in August 1993. The flood closed all crossings over the rivers in the county including the bridge in Hardin and all ferries, leaving residents without access to groceries, gasoline, or other supplies.
All supplies needed had to be flown in via helicopter or retrieved on a 2 hour long drive north via the only road existing Calhoun without a water passage or was not covered by flood water. The Great Flood of 1993 was devastating to Calhoun County because it destroyed homes and caused many residents to leave; the population of the county has yet to recover. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 284 square miles, of which 254 square miles is land and 30 square miles is water. Calhoun County is a narrow 37-mile -long peninsula of high, rolling ground located between the Mississippi River and the Illinois River; the rolling hills escaped the leveling of glaciers. County transportation is served by two free ferries crossing the Illinois River; the Golden Eagle ferry, operated and charges a toll, crosses the Mississippi River to St. Charles County, Missouri. A bridge spans the Illinois River at Hardin. Land routes connect to the north to bordering Pike County; when transportation was by river, the county had many prosperous farms and orchards.
It still produces a major portion of the peach crop of Illinois, farmers raise corn and other commodities. The hotel in Brussels dates from 1847. Tourists visit the area for the natural environment of the Illinois River valley and for its proximity to the Great River Road on the Illinois side, it includes part of the Two Rivers National Wildlife Refuge and attracts thousands of birds in migration seasons as part of the Mississippi Flyway. The county has several designated historic districts in the villages and properties listed on the National Register of Historic Places. Calhoun County was added to the St. Louis Metropolitan Statistical Area in 2003, along with Bond and Macoupin counties in Illinois, Washington County, Missouri; the Center for American Archeology is located in Kampsville in the northern part of the county. It has been the center for study of prehistoric indigenous culture in the area, it has created educational opportunities for children and adults to participate in its archaeological digs.
Greene County – northeast Jersey County – east St. Charles County, Missouri – south Lincoln County, Missouri – west Pike County, Illinois – north Pike County, Missouri – northwest Two Rivers National Wildlife Refuge Illinois Route 16 Illinois Route 96 Illinois Route 100 Illinois Route 108 In recent years, average temperatures in the county seat of Hardin have ranged from a low of 19 °F in January to a high of 90 °F in July, although a record low of −24 °F was recorded in January 1979 and a record high of 116 °F was recorded in July 1954. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 2.01 inches in January to 4.10 inches in May. In the 2000 census, there were no African-Americans living in the county, leading to James Leuwen designating it a "sundown town"; as of the 2010 census, there were 5,089 people, 2,085 households, 1,447 families residing in the county. The population density was 20.0 inhabitants per square mile. There were 2,835 housing units at an average density of 11.2 per square mile.
The racial makeup of the county was 98.9% white, 0.2% Asian, 0.2% American Indian, 0.1% black or African American, 0.2% from other races, 0.4% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 0.8% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 46.2% were German, 14.7% were American, 12.4% were Irish, an
Madison County, Illinois
Madison County is a county in the U. S. state of Illinois. According to the 2010 census, it had a population of 269,282; the county seat is Edwardsville, its largest city is Granite City. Madison County is part of the Metro-East region of the St. Louis, MO-IL Metropolitan Statistical Area; the pre-Columbian city of Cahokia Mounds. Edwardsville is home to Southern Illinois University Edwardsville. To the north, Alton is known for its American Civil War-era history, it is the home of Southern Illinois University Dental School. Godfrey, the village named for Captain Benjamin Godfrey, offers Lewis and Clark Community College the Monticello Female Seminary. Madison County was established on September 14, 1812, it was named for President James Madison. At the time of its formation, Madison County included all of the modern State of Illinois north of St. Louis, as well as all of Wisconsin, part of Minnesota, Michigan's Upper Peninsula. In the late 19th century, Madison County became an industrial region, in the 20th century was known first for Graniteware, for its steel mills, oil refineries, other heavy industries.
The county had a large working population, the county and surrounding area was a center of strength for the Democratic Party. Industrial restructuring reduced the population; the county now is part of semi-rural, sparsely populated east of the St. Louis metropolitan area, as is neighboring St. Clair County. In 2009, the EPA issued an air pollution report that ranked Madison County as the county with the second-highest cancer risk in the country due to air pollution, second only to Los Angeles County, California. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 741 square miles, of which 716 square miles is land and 25 square miles is water. Madison County is on the Mississippi River. In recent years, average temperatures in the county seat of Edwardsville have ranged from a low of 19 °F in January to a high of 90 °F in July, although a record low of −27 °F was recorded in January 1977 and a record high of 114 °F was recorded in July 2012. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 1.99 inches in January to 4.24 inches in May.
Climate Zone 4A per the International Energy Conservation Code. Madison County Transit serves 85 miles of bike trails; as of the 2010 census, there were 269,282 people, 108,094 households, 71,756 families residing in the county. The population density was 376.3 inhabitants per square mile. There were 117,106 housing units at an average density of 163.7 per square mile. The racial makeup of the county was 88.2% white, 7.9% black or African American, 0.8% Asian, 0.2% American Indian, 0.9% from other races, 1.8% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 2.7% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 32.7% were German, 14.9% were Irish, 10.5% were English, 7.5% were American, 5.7% were Italian. Of the 108,094 households, 31.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.3% were married couples living together, 12.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 33.6% were non-families, 26.8% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.46 and the average family size was 2.98.
The median age was 38.6 years. The median income for a household in the county was $51,941 and the median income for a family was $64,630. Males had a median income of $50,355 versus $35,543 for females; the per capita income for the county was $26,127. About 9.1% of families and 12.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 19.3% of those under age 18 and 6.6% of those age 65 or over. Holiday Shores Mitchell Rosewood Heights Madison County is divided into twenty-four townships: Like much of southern Illinois, Madison County was a predominantly Democratic area for much of its history, but in recent elections has been moving towards the Republicans. Mitt Romney narrowly carried the county in the 2012 presidential election, becoming the first Republican presidential nominee to do so since 1984. In 2016, Donald Trump carried the largest share of the vote for any presidential candidate since 1972; the county supported the Republican candidates for governor in 2010 and 2014. National Register of Historic Places listings in Madison County, Illinois The Invincible Thieves Madison County website A History of Madison County Illinois Madison Historical: The Online Encyclopedia and Digital Archive for Madison County, Illinois
Lincoln County, Missouri
Lincoln County is a county in the eastern part of the U. S. state of Missouri. As of the 2010 census, the population was 52,566, its county seat is Troy. The county was founded December 14, 1818, named for Major General Benjamin Lincoln of the American Revolutionary War. Lincoln County is part of MO-IL Metropolitan Statistical Area. According to Goodspeed's History of Lincoln County, Lincoln County was named by Major Christopher Clark, the first permanent white settler in an address to the Territorial Legislature, he said, "I was born, sir, in Link-Horn County, N. C. I lived for many years in Link-Horn County in old Kain-tuck. I wish to die in Missouri; the motion was carried unanimously and the clerk, not adopting the frontier parlance of the Major, wrote "Lincoln" in the blank space of the bill. Others say it was named for Major General Benjamin Lincoln, who served in the Continental Army during the American Revolution. Oliver Winfield Killam - Oil industrialist and former Oklahoma state legislator Clarence Cannon - Congressmember and notable U.
S. House Parliamentarian from Elsberry, Missouri According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 640 square miles, of which 627 square miles is land and 14 square miles is water; the county's eastern border with Illinois is formed by the Mississippi River. Pike County Calhoun County, Illinois St. Charles County Warren County Montgomery County U. S. Route 61 Route 47 Route 79 As of the census of 2000, there were 38,944 people, 13,851 households, 10,554 families residing in the county; the population density was 62 people per square mile. There were 15,511 housing units at an average density of 25 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 96.13% White, 1.74% Black or African American, 0.37% Native American, 0.17% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.43% from other races, 1.14% from two or more races. 1.14% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 37.7% were of German, 17.0% American, 10.9% Irish and 7.4% English ancestry. There were 13,851 households out of which 40.00% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 61.50% were married couples living together, 10.10% had a female householder with no husband present, 23.80% were non-families.
19.70% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.70% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.77 and the average family size was 3.17. In the county, the population was spread out with 30.00% under the age of 18, 8.10% from 18 to 24, 30.20% from 25 to 44, 21.00% from 45 to 64, 10.80% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 98.40 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.90 males. The median income for a household in the county was $42,592, the median income for a family was $47,747. Males had a median income of $35,564 versus $23,270 for females; the per capita income for the county was $17,149. About 6.20% of families and 8.30% of the population were below the poverty line, including 9.60% of those under age 18 and 9.00% of those age 65 or over. Silex R-I School District – Silex Silex Elementary School Silex High School Elsberry R-II School District – Elsberry Clarence Cannon Elementary School Ida Cannon Middle School Elsberry High School Troy R-III School District – Troy Early Childhood Education Center Boone Elementary School Claude Brown Elementary School Cuivre Park Elementary School Hawk Point Elementary School Lincoln Elementary School Main Street Elementary School William R. Cappel Elementary School Troy Middle School Troy South Middle School Ninth Grade Center Troy Buchanan High School New Horizons High School Winfield R-IV School District – Winfield Winfield Elementary School Winfield Intermediate School Winfield Middle School Winfield High School Calvary Christian School – Winfield – Pentecostal First Baptist Christian Academy - Troy - Baptist Immaculate Conception School – Old Monroe – Roman Catholic Sacred Heart School – Troy – Roman Catholic St. Alphonsus School – Silex – Roman Catholic Troy Holiness School – Troy – Methodist Powell Memorial Library The Republican Party controls politics at the local level in Lincoln County.
Republicans hold all but five of the elected positions in the county. Lincoln County is divided into three legislative districts in the Missouri House of Representatives. District 40 — Jim Hansen. Consists of the northernmost section of the county. District 41 — Randy Pietzman. Consists of most of the entire county and includes the communities of Cave, Foley, Hawk Point, Troy and Whiteside. District 64 — Tony Lovasco Includes the southeast corner of the county and the communities of Chain of Rocks, Fountain N' Lakes, Moscow Mills, Old Monroe, Winfield. All of Lincoln County is a part of Missouri’s 10th District in the Missouri Senate and is represented by Jeanie Riddle. All of Lincoln County is included in Missouri’s 3rd Congressional District and is represented by Blaine Luetkemeyer in the U. S. House of Representatives. Former U. S. Senator Hillary Clinton received more votes, a total of 3,490, than any candidate from either party in Lincoln County during the 2008 presidential primary. National Register of Historic Places listings in Lincoln County, Missouri History of Li
1930 United States Census
The Fifteenth United States Census, conducted by the Census Bureau one month from April 1, 1930, determined the resident population of the United States to be 122,775,046, an increase of 13.7 percent over the 106,021,537 persons enumerated during the 1920 Census. The 1930 Census collected the following information: address name relationship to head of family home owned or rented if owned, value of home if rented, monthly rent whether owned a radio set whether on a farm sex race age marital status and, if married, age at first marriage school attendance literacy birthplace of person, their parents if foreign born: language spoken at home before coming to the U. S. year of immigration whether naturalized ability to speak English occupation and class of worker whether at work previous day veteran status if Indian: whether of full or mixed blood tribal affiliationFull documentation for the 1930 census, including census forms and enumerator instructions, is available from the Integrated Public Use Microdata Series.
The original census enumeration sheets were microfilmed by the Census Bureau in 1949. The microfilmed census is located on 2,667 rolls of microfilm, available from the National Archives and Records Administration. Several organizations host images of the microfilmed census online, digital indices. Microdata from the 1930 census are available through the Integrated Public Use Microdata Series. Aggregate data for small areas, together with electronic boundary files, can be downloaded from the National Historical Geographic Information System. 1930 Census Questions Hosted at CensusFinder.com 1931 U. S Census Report Contains 1930 Census results Historic US Census data 1930Census.com: 1930 United States Census for Genealogy & Family History Research 1930 Interactive US Census Find stories and more attached to names on the 1930 US census