Trump Tower is a 58-floor, 664-foot-tall mixed-use skyscraper at 721–725 Fifth Avenue, between 56th and 57th Streets, in Midtown Manhattan, New York City. Trump Tower serves as the headquarters for The Trump Organization. Additionally, it houses the penthouse condominium residence of the building's namesake and developer, U. S. President Donald Trump, a businessman and real estate developer. Several members of the Trump family live, or have resided, in the building; the tower stands on a plot where the flagship store of department-store chain Bonwit Teller was located. Der Scutt of Poor, Hayden & Connell designed Trump Tower, Trump and the Equitable Life Assurance Company developed it. Although it is in one of Midtown Manhattan's special zoning districts, the tower was approved because it was to be built as a mixed-use development. Trump was permitted to add more stories to the tower because of the atrium on the ground floor. There were controversies during construction, including the destruction of important sculptures from the Bonwit Teller store.
Construction on the building began in 1979. The atrium, apartments and stores opened on a staggered schedule from February to November 1983. At first, there were few tenants willing to move in to the retail spaces. Since 2016, the tower has seen a large increase in visitation because of Trump's 2016 presidential campaign and subsequent election—both his 2016 and 2020 campaigns are headquartered in the tower. Donald Trump—the son of Fred Trump, a real estate developer in Queens and Brooklyn—had envisioned building a tower at 56th Street and Fifth Avenue in Manhattan since childhood, but only formulated plans to develop the site in the mid-1970s, when he was in his thirties. At the time, the Bonwit Teller flagship store, an architecturally renowned building built in 1929, occupied the lot; the site was next to Tiffany's flagship store on 57th Street, which Trump considered the city's best real-estate property. Twice every year, Trump contacted Bonwit Teller's parent company, Genesco, to ask whether they were willing to sell Bonwit Teller's flagship store.
Trump said the first time he contacted Genesco, "they laughed at me." Genesco continued to decline his offers and, according to Trump, "they thought I was kidding."In 1977, John Hanigan became the new chairman of Genesco. He looked to sell off some assets to pay debts, Trump approached him with an offer to buy the Bonwit Teller building. In February 1979, Genesco sold off many of the Bonwit Teller locations to Allied Stores, sold the brand's flagship building to the Trump Organization. At the time, the Equitable Life Assurance Society of the United States owned the land, while Genesco had a long-term lease on the land, with 29 years remaining. If Trump were to buy the land, his tower's ownership could be transferred to Equitable in 2008, once the lease expired. Equitable refused to sell the land to Trump, but the Trump Organization bought the lease instead, Equitable exchanged the land in return for a 50% stake in the construction project itself; this was more profitable for Equitable, since they were getting only $100,000 per year from Genesco for the use of the land, while a single condominium in the tower could be sold for millions of dollars.
Trump bought the air rights around Tiffany's flagship store to prevent another developer from tearing down the store and building a taller building. Trump needed to convince the New York City Department of City Planning, Manhattan Community Board 5, the New York City Board of Estimate to rezone the area for his planned tower. In 1979, the New York Committee for a Balanced Building Boom had opposed the planned rezoning over fears Fifth Avenue's character would be changed by the construction of skyscrapers. Trump said that a positive review of the building by the famed architectural critic Ada Louise Huxtable had played a part in securing the support of some of the more skeptical members on each committee; the deal attracted some criticism from the media. A writer for New York magazine said that the approval of Trump Tower has "legitimized a pushy kid nobody took seriously," while The Wall Street Journal wrote that Trump combined "a huckster's flair for hyperbole with a shrewd business and political sense," and The Village Voice said that Trump "turn political connections into private profits at public expense."
The Trump Organization closed Bonwit Teller's flagship store in May 1979, the store was demolished by 1980. Trump hired Der Scutt, the architect of Trump Tower, in July 1978, a year before the Bonwit Teller site was purchased. Scutt had collaborated with Trump before to develop several other projects; the architect proposed a design similar to Boston's John Hancock Tower, but Trump objected strongly. He preferred a building, both tall and expensive, with a design that critics and potential tenants would approve of; the real-estate mogul stated that "the marble in Trump Tower would cost more than the entire rent from one of my buildings in Brooklyn."Two major factors affected Trump Tower's construction. One was the decision to build it around a concrete frame, in contrast to many other skyscrapers, which were built on steel frames. Scutt was more rigid than a steel frame was; the other was the decision to design Trump Tower as a mixed-use building with retail and residential units. Trump only wanted to build an office building on the site, but the plot
Trump Tower Manila
Trump Tower Manila known as Trump Tower at Century City, is a residential building located in Makati, Metro Manila, Philippines. The Trump Tower Manila showroom opened in early 2012, although the company has said that unit reservations started in September 2011. Groundbreaking of the building began in June 2012, with a scheduled opening in November 2017. Construction was nearly finished as of November 2016; the $150 million tower will stand 57 stories high upon completion. The building is located at the Century City mixed-use complex in Makati Poblacion, it is tallest in the Makati City skyline. Century City Development Corp. a unit of Century Properties Group, will be developing the residential skyscraper with the brand name and mark under license from American real estate mogul and President of the United States Donald Trump, Trump Marks Philippines LLC. Trump Tower Manila's concept of the'peeled' façade is articulated with internal balconies, its curtain wall facade maximizes views of the city.
The facade's function is environmentally responsive, with light shelves and shading systems designed to react to the building's orientation in relation to sun's path. List of tallest buildings in Metro Manila The Gramercy Residences List of things named after Donald Trump Century Properties.
Trump Park Avenue
Trump Park Avenue is a former skyscraper hotel converted to a residential condominium by Donald Trump. It is located on the southern border of Lenox Hill at New York City, it contains 8 penthouses. The building is 32 stories high, it was built in 1929 and it was designed by Goldner and Goldner. The building has had many uses over the years, it was the Viceroy Hotel but was renamed as the Cromwell Arms and as the Hotel Delmonico. In 1929, it was purchased by Sr.. The building was converted into apartments in 1974. In 1990, real estate investor Sarah Korein converted it back to a hotel. Trump purchased the hotel from Korein's estate in 2002 for $115 million
Trump Tower (Tampa)
Trump Tower Tampa was the name of an unfinished condominium project located in downtown Tampa, Florida. The construction of the towers was never started due to the economic collapse of the real estate market. Located at the northwest corner of West Brorein St. and South Ashley Avenue, the building would have been visible from the end of Bayshore Boulevard and Tampa General Hospital on the Hillsborough River waterline. Ground was broken on March 2, 2006, in July 2007 the foundation footings were drilled. In September groundwork was halted. Pilot borings showed. Brownstone Partners Tampa, an investment group led by Robert Owens of OR&L Facility Services, acquired the property on June 20, 2011. St. Petersburg, Florida based Feldman Equities filed plans with the city in late July, 2015, for a similar 52-floor tower on the same property; as of March 9, 2007, the fence surrounding the construction site was taken down and some of the construction equipment was gone. On March 9, 2007 the developers acknowledged in a press release that, "Cost overruns won't be the only obstacles Related faces.
Soil issues at the site, unpaid contractors and a general perception from the community that the 52-story luxury condominium tower will never be built stand in the way of making the tower a success."On May 30, 2007, Donald Trump demanded his name be removed from the project, sued the developers for over $1 million in unpaid license fees for the use of the Trump name. On the same day, the phone at the developer's office was listed as disconnected. Buyers who put down 20 percent deposits of units priced from $700,000 to $6 million only got half their money refunded and lawsuits were filed against Trump. After acquiring the property in a June 2011 deal, Robert Owens told the Wall Street Journal that he planned to build a mixed-use complex with retail, offices and a hotel or condominiums there; this plan did not come to fruition. In 2015, a joint venture of developer Larry Feldman's Feldman Equities and investment firm Tower Realty Partners paid $12.1 million for the 1.5-acre site, with plans to build a new 52-story building containing condos, office space and restaurants.
The new planned building, named Riverwalk Place, is slated to open in 2020. List of things named after Donald Trump
Trump International Hotel and Tower (Vancouver)
The Trump International Hotel and Tower Vancouver is a skyscraper in Downtown Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada. The 63-storey, 187.8-metre, mixed-use tower is located at 1151 West Georgia Street, was completed in 2016. The Trump Tower is the second tallest building in the city, after the Shangri-La tower located across West Georgia Street; the tower, designed by architect Arthur Erickson, is triangular in shape, twisting with height up to 45 degrees from bottom to top. The building is described as having a'hyperbolic paraboloid' form; the developer, Holborn Group, is aiming for LEED Silver certification for the building. Holborn is backed financially by chairman of TA Enterprise; the nine-level derelict building occupying the site was demolished. The initial project was cancelled on February 25, 2009. Buyers who purchased luxury condos in the tower received letters informing them of the project's cancellation. On June 1, 2009, Holborn Group president Joo Kim Tiah said his company still wanted to see the plan completed on the prime downtown site—if the City of Vancouver wanted to work with him.
On August 21, 2009, it was announced that the project would resume as an taller building while keeping the same design by Arthur Erickson. Work on the project would resume as soon after the Winter Olympics. However, it was not certain as of August 21, 2009, if the Ritz-Carlton "brand" would still remain associated with the project. Developers announced August 2009, that the project will proceed, they are re-proposing the project. The proposal called for a higher number of smaller housing units with a more efficient use of floor space while keeping the exterior of the tower aesthetically unchanged; the new proposal went through a series of public hearings before Vancouver city council was scheduled to vote on it in November 2009. The project was revitalized in mid-2011 without Ritz-Carlton as the hotelier; the tower was redesigned from an additional 2 floors of underground parking. In mid-2012, the new hotel tenant was announced to be Marriott. Excavation recommenced with actual construction work beginning in August.
By November 2012, the foundation had been completed and substantial construction had commenced, with half of the first floor of parking being completed. In 2013 at a local press conference, Holborn Group president Joo Kim Tiah, developer of the site, along with the Trump Organization president Donald Trump, accompanied by his three children Donald Jr. Ivanka, Eric, unveiled the $360 million Trump International Hotel & Tower Vancouver; the 63-story condo and hotel complex opened on February 28, 2017, with Donald Jr. and Eric Trump joined by developer Joo Kim Tiah. The opening was met with public protests and a boycott of the ceremony by Mayor Robertson and other local politicians; the building consists of the Trump Hotel on the first 15 floors, topped by 217 condos on the remaining floors. On March 1, 2018, CNN reported that the FBI has opened a counterintelligence investigation into Ivanka Trump; the 147-room Trump Hotel, located on the first 15 floors of the building, will include a champagne lounge, signature restaurant, 560-square-metre Trump Spa, 1,400-square-metre of meeting and event space.
The hotel will feature Vancouver's first pool bar nightclub. On December 15, 2015, Vancouver mayor Gregor Robertson wrote a letter to the developers of the Trump Tower Vancouver to remove Donald Trump's name from the building. Robertson stated that "Trump’s name and brand have no more place on Vancouver’s skyline than his ignorant ideas have in the modern world." A petition to remove the name was mentioned in the letter, with more than 50,000 residents voicing their concerns. British Columbia Premier Christy Clark agreed with the movement, stating that "Donald Trump doesn’t represent our city." Similar movements occurred in Toronto, which led to the Trump International Hotel and Tower, Toronto being purchased for renovation and renaming in 2017.. List of condominiums in Canada List of tallest buildings in Vancouver List of things named after Donald Trump List of twisted buildings Capital Gate, a twisted building Al Hamra Tower, a twisted building Trump Vancouver Presale Condo Information City of Vancouver building proposal Emporis Listing Vancouver Sun Article - Project Dead and Mail Article - Trump Brand Arrives in Vancouver |Globe and Mail Article - Trump Brand Arrives in Vancouver
Trump Tower (novel)
Trump Tower is a work of fiction by Jeffrey Robinson credited to Donald Trump, billed as Trump's "debut novel" by the publisher. It was first published in 2011 by Vanguard Press. Trump had attempted to create a television series titled Trump Tower, modeled after Dallas and Upstairs, Downstairs, he worked with MVP Entertainment, contracted a writer in Los Angeles, had Showtime Networks develop a television pilot. After receiving a payment for television rights to Trump Tower, he marketed the idea to Lifetime; when the television series attempt did not pan out, Trump published the novel in 2011 by Vanguard Press with ghostwriter Robinson. This original version was subsumed by the 2012 edition which removed Trump's name from the cover and credited Robinson as sole author; the plot of the book is set within a fictional version of Trump Tower, with Trump himself appearing as a character in the work. Detailed sex acts are depicted including the rape of a woman. An employee of the building is described having sex on the set of The Celebrity Apprentice.
The plot moves from erotica to murder mystery, the building manager is a suspect before being cleared. Bill Clinton and other celebrities appear in cameo appearances. Esquire placed the work within the genre of erotic literature. A book review in the New York Post compared the storyline to the novel Fifty Shades of Grey. Playground Magazine wrote; the Huffington Post called the book "incredibly sexist". Tango Magazine said. New York Magazine called it "a very sexist novel"; the Late Show with Stephen Colbert host Stephen Colbert discussed the book on his show. The novel is set within a fictional version of Trump Tower in New York. A version of Donald Trump appears as a fictional character in the novel; the Trump character is described in the novel as giving out details of his sex life to others, making hiring and firing decisions, denigrating the mental status of tenants residing in his building. Trump Tower portrays the machinations of the love lives engaged in by both residents of the building, in addition to the employees who work inside of the facility.
Sex acts are depicted within the novel including those displaying sexual kinkiness and bondage, dominance and sadomasochism. A worker in the book is depicted in a sex act occurring on the set of The Celebrity Apprentice inside of Trump Tower. Women appear in the book with detailed descriptions based on their perceived level of physical attractiveness. A rape of a woman is described in detail within the first chapter of the book. After its initial foray into erotica within the first section of the work, the tale subsequently becomes a murder mystery. One of the main protagonists of the book is the building manager of Trump Tower, Pierre Belasco, who attempts to ensure stable operation of the facility; the building manager thinks internally in the beginning of the work, "Donald Trump only thinks he rules Trump Tower." He attempts to prove this throughout the work. At the conclusion of the work, Trump usurps power from the building manager; the building manager was a suspect in the murder mystery, by the conclusion of the work he is confirmed to have not been the killer.
The novel features cameo appearances from fictional versions of celebrities including Bill Clinton. Donald Trump attempted to produce a television series titled Trump Tower which would have been modeled after soap operas Dallas and Upstairs, Downstairs. MVP Entertainment production company employee Bob Frederick worked with Trump and they contracted with a writer based on Los Angeles, California to write the plot of the potential television series. Trump pitched the idea to television networks in earnest during the period of the 1990s. Trump convinced Showtime Networks to create a television pilot episode, which did not further develop into a full television series. Trump received payment for television rights to the series at this point in time. After this setback, Trump next took his Trump Tower television show pitch in 2008 to the television network Lifetime. Trump was slated to be the narrator of the Lifetime version of the Trump Tower television series; the novel attributed to Trump, carried the same title and basic plot outline as his pitched television series.
The novel was first published in 2011 by Vanguard Press, attributed to Donald Trump as author and Jeffrey Robinson as ghostwriter. The original cover of the novel stated, "Donald J. Trump with Jeffrey Robinson"; the book had the tagline: "The sexiest novel of the decade". It was advertised as the "debut novel" of Donald Trump. Marketing materials said; when the book was first given its initial International Standard Book Number, primary authorship was ascribed to Donald Trump. The novel was catalogued in the Library of Congress with Trump as the main author. Another edition attributed to Donald Trump was released the same year in audiobook format by Playaway Digital Audio; the cover designer of the work was Jeff Williams. Book vendors and librarians received marketing materials for the book in 2011 with its original cover featuring Trump as primary author, with Robinson's name appearing below Trump's; the literature purveyors subsequently received a notice that the original version of the work would not be sent out to them.
Perseus Books Group, supervisor of Vanguard Press, told The Huffington Post when contacted that year, that the first published version of the title from 2011 was unavailable. The novel was subsequently published in 2012 with Jeffrey Robinson credited as
Trump Tower Punta del Este
Trump Tower Punta del Este is a 26-story apartment tower named after Donald Trump and located in Punta del Este, Uruguay. The project was announced in November 2012, YY Development Group began construction in January 2014; the project is overseen by Trump's son, Eric Trump, is scheduled for completion in early 2020. Trump Tower Punta del Este was announced by Donald Trump at his Manhattan Trump Tower on November 28, 2012, it would be the first South American project for Trump's formed brokerage firm, Trump International Realty. Trump had discussed possible projects for South America, including Brazil, but such projects had never materialized up to that time. Trump was involved in the project through a licensing agreement that would allow the building to use his surname. From the deal, Trump was to earn royalties of $100,000 to $1 million; the circular-shaped building, located along Playa Brava Beach and designed by Dujovne-Hirsch & Associates, was planned to include 23 floors and 125 apartment units, with prices ranging from $700,000 to $2.5 million.
The project's target market was wealthy residents of Argentina. Argentina-based YY Development Group, consisting of business partners Felipe Yaryura and Moisés Yellati, would finance the project and handle development and construction, while groundbreaking was expected to occur within three months. Construction was scheduled to begin in May 2013, with completion scheduled for three years later. Yaryura, along with 40 other investors, financed $20 million into the project around the time of the announcement. Trump Tower Punta del Este was expected to cost $100 million, was the first project for YY Development to be located outside of Argentina. Construction began in January 2014, was scheduled for completion in 2016. Construction began a year behind schedule due to poor apartment sales in the building, prompting YY Development to reduce the project's units in size and price. YY Development had sought tax breaks through a Uruguayan government program, meant to improve the country's construction industry, but the company was turned down because the project began prior to the introduction of the program.
Construction consisted of excavation work, to remove 5,000 cubic meters of rocky ground. The project was overseen by Trump's son, Eric Trump, an executive vice president for Trump International. Eric Trump described the project as "The Hamptons of South America," and visited the site during construction to check on its progress. A change in internal directors, as well as modifications of the floor plans, delayed completion of the project beyond its initial 2016 date; as of March 2016, 60 percent of the project's units had been sold, with occupancy expected for December 2017. As of July 2016, construction had reached the 16th floor. Construction was expected to reach the 22nd floor during the local summer time, while a total of 500 workers were expected to be working on the project once additional work such as electrical was required. Occupancy was scheduled for late 2018. By October 2016, construction had reached the 20th floor. On December 9, 2016, the property was evacuated due to a bomb threat.
After Donald Trump's victory in the 2016 U. S. presidential election, apartment prices in the tower increased 30 to 35 percent, ranging from $550,000 to $8 million. It is the last Trump-branded tower under construction following Trump's electoral victory. A ground-level billboard featuring a large photo of Donald Trump's face had been located in front of the project during construction; the billboard was a popular attraction among tourists who would have their photo taken with Trump's face. By January 2017, the billboard of Trump's face had been removed. Eric Trump – who took over The Trump Organization with his brother, Donald Trump Jr. – explained that his father "is getting out of the business to become commander in chief of the United States." A photo of Donald Trump and his three adult children, located in the building's showroom, was removed. Juan Jose Cugliandolo, the chief executive officer of YY Development Group, said that the photos were removed at the request of Donald Trump, further stated, "The reality is that becoming president of the United States does not fit with putting his photo on a real estate development."As of January 2017, construction had reached the 25th floor of the 26-story tower.
Each floor remained a concrete skeleton of framework, while completion was scheduled for late 2018. The project will include 154 apartments and two penthouses, is being built at a cost of $120 million; as of June 2018, the project is expected to be complete in early 2020. Upon completion, the tower is estimated to stand 279 feet. Trump Tower Punta del Este will include 107,500 sq ft of amenities, including a two-story marble lobby, two movie theaters, a gym and outdoor pools, a spa and sauna, a restaurant, a wine cellar, a cigar lounge, a market, climate-controlled tennis courts, conference rooms, a heliport located atop the tower; the tower will include eight high-speed elevators, as well as two service elevators. Each apartment tenant will receive an iPad computer, used to make requests such as food delivery or to have their vehicle dropped off by valet at the entrance. Official website