# Truncated order-4 apeirogonal tiling

Truncated order-4 apeirogonal tiling

Poincaré disk model of the hyperbolic plane
Type Hyperbolic uniform tiling
Vertex configuration 4.∞.∞
Schläfli symbol t{∞,4}
tr{∞,∞} or ${\displaystyle t{\begin{Bmatrix}\infty \\\infty \end{Bmatrix}}}$
Wythoff symbol 2 4 | ∞
2 ∞ ∞ |
Coxeter diagram
or
Symmetry group [∞,4], (*∞42)
[∞,∞], (*∞∞2)
Dual Infinite-order tetrakis square tiling
Properties Vertex-transitive

In geometry, the truncated order-4 apeirogonal tiling is a uniform tiling of the hyperbolic plane. It has Schläfli symbol of t{∞,4}.

## Uniform colorings

A half symmetry coloring is tr{∞,∞}, has two types of apeirogons, shown red and yellow here. If the apeirogonal curvature is too large, it doesn't converge to a single ideal point, like the right image, red apeirogons below. Coxeter diagram are shown with dotted lines for these divergent, ultraparallel mirrors.

 (Vertex centered) (Square centered)

## Symmetry

From [∞,∞] symmetry, there are 15 small index subgroup by mirror removal and alternation. Mirrors can be removed if its branch orders are all even, and cuts neighboring branch orders in half. Removing two mirrors leaves a half-order gyration point where the removed mirrors met. In these images fundamental domains are alternately colored black and white, and mirrors exist on the boundaries between colors; the symmetry can be doubled as ∞42 symmetry by adding a mirror bisecting the fundamental domain. The subgroup index-8 group, [1+,∞,1+,∞,1+] (∞∞∞∞) is the commutator subgroup of [∞,∞].

Small index subgroups of [∞,∞] (*∞∞2)
Index 1 2 4
Diagram
Coxeter [∞,∞]
=
[1+,∞,∞]
=
[∞,∞,1+]
=
[∞,1+,∞]
=
[1+,∞,∞,1+]
=
[∞+,∞+]
Orbifold *∞∞2 *∞∞∞ *∞2∞2 *∞∞∞∞ ∞∞×
Semidirect subgroups
Diagram
Coxeter [∞,∞+]
[∞+,∞]
[(∞,∞,2+)]
[∞,1+,∞,1+]
= =
= =
[1+,∞,1+,∞]
= =
= =
Orbifold ∞*∞ 2*∞∞ ∞*∞∞
Direct subgroups
Index 2 4 8
Diagram
Coxeter [∞,∞]+
=
[∞,∞+]+
=
[∞+,∞]+
=
[∞,1+,∞]+
=
[∞+,∞+]+ = [1+,∞,1+,∞,1+]
= = =
Orbifold ∞∞2 ∞∞∞ ∞2∞2 ∞∞∞∞
Index
Diagram
Coxeter [∞,∞*]
[∞*,∞]
[∞,∞*]+
[∞*,∞]+
Orbifold *∞