Oitama Station is a railway station on the Ōu Main Line in the city of Yonezawa, Yamagata Prefecture, operated by East Japan Railway Company. Oitama Station is served by the Ōu Main Line, is located 45.6 rail kilometers from the terminus of the line at Fukushima Station. Oitama Station has two opposed side platforms connected via a pedestrian overpass; the station is unattended. Oitama Station opened on December 20, 1917; the station was absorbed into the JR East network upon the privatization of JNR on 1 April 1987. Mogami River JR East Station information
Yamagata Station is a railway station in Yamagata, Yamagata Prefecture, operated by East Japan Railway Company. Yamagata Station is served by the following lines. Yamagata Shinkansen Ōu Main Line Senzan Line Aterazawa Line The station has a "Midori no Madoguchi" staffed ticket office and a View Plaza travel agency. Yamagata Station opened on 11 April 1901. With the privatization of JNR on 1 April 1987, the station came under the control of JR East. Yamagata Shinkansen services started on 1 July 1992. From 4 December 1999, Yamagata Shinkansen services were extended to Shinjō Station. In fiscal 2012, the station was used by an average of 10,860 passengers daily; the passenger figures for previous years are as shown below. Yamagata City Office Yamagata Museum of Art Mogami Yoshiaki Historical Museum Yamagata Citizens' Hall Yamagata Gakuin High School Yamagata No. 3 Junior High School Yamagata Station Yamagata Station map
Fukushima Station (Fukushima)
Fukushima Station is a railway station in the city of Fukushima, Fukushima Prefecture, Japan. The station is the terminus for the JR East Yamagata Shinkansen, Ōu Main Line, as well as the third-sector Abukuma Express Line and operated Fukushima Kotsu Iizaka Line. JR East Tohoku Shinkansen Yamagata Shinkansen Tōhoku Main Line Ōu Main Line Abukuma Express Abukuma Express Line Fukushima Transportation Iizaka Line The station is separated into an east and a west section. Within the area after entering the ticket gates, the opposite sections of the station are accessible via a pedestrian tunnel that runs over the tracks. Outside of the ticketed area, pedestrians must use an underground tunnel to access the opposite section. Cyclists and other vehicles must utilize the bridges to either the south of the station. All lines, except for the Abukuma Express Line and the Iizaka Line, are accessible through the main entrance of the East or West sections of the station; the Abukuma Express Line and the Iizaka Line have a separate entrance on the Northeast side of the station.
The JR portion of the station uses one side platform, one island platform and one bay platform to serve a total of six tracks for regular trains, two elevated island platforms for Shinkansen operations. The station has a Midori no Madoguchi staffed ticket office; the Abukuma Express Line and the Fukushima Kōtsū Iizaka Line share a single island platform. Nippon Railway opened Fukushima Station and the railway between Kōriyama Station and Shiogama Station on December 15, 1887; this railway was nationalized and named the Tōhoku Main Line. The government railways opened the railway named the Ōu Main Line, between Fukushima Station and Yonezawa Station on May 15, 1899; the Iizaka Line was opened on April 1924 by Fukushima Iizaka Electric Tramway. The Tōhoku Shinkansen opened on June 23, 1982 and the Abukuma Express Line opened on July 1, 1988. Through services between the Tōhoku Shinkansen and the Ōu Main Line, under the name Yamagata Shinkansen, began on July 1, 1992. For Minamisōma, Haranomachi Station, Kashima Station For Sōma For Nihonmatsu, Koriyama Women's University, Kōriyama Station For Nihonmatsu, Iwaki Station, Iwaki-Taira Velodrome For Nihonmatsu, Aizu-Wakamatsu Station, Aizuwakamatsu Castle For Sendai Station Abukuma.
Fukushima Station is located in the centre of the city of Fukushima. List of railway stations in Japan JR East Station information Abukuma Express Station information Fukushima Kōtsū Station information
Murayama Station (Yamagata)
Murayama Station is a railway station in Murayama, Japan, operated by East Japan Railway Company. Murayama Station is served by the Ōu Main Line and the Yamagata Shinkansen, with direct high-speed Tsubasa services to and from Tokyo, it is located 113.5 rail kilometers from the terminus of the line at Fukushima Station. Murayama Station has one side platform and one island platform connected to the station building by a footbridge; the station has a Midori no Madoguchi staffed ticket office. The station opened on 23 August 1901 as Tateoka Station. A new station building was completed in March 1935; the station was absorbed into the JR East network upon the privatization of JNR on 1 April 1987. The station was renamed Murayama Station on 4 December 1999 with the start of Yamagata Shinkansen operations; the current station building was completed on the same date. Murayama City Hall Murayama Post Office National Route 13 List of railway stations in Japan JR East station information
Aomori is the capital city of Aomori Prefecture, in the Tōhoku region of Japan. As of 1 April 2017, the city had an estimated population of 287,800 in 136,209 households, a population density of 350 persons per km2; the city is one of Japan's 48 core cities. The total area of the city was 824.61 square kilometres. Aomori is located in central Aomori Prefecture, on a plain between the southern end of Aomori Bay, which it faces to the north and the Hakkōda Mountains to the south. Among other smaller rivers, the city has two large rivers flowing through it, the Komagome River and its tributary, the Arakawa River. Aomori Prefecture Kuroishi, Towada, Hirakawa Kitatsugaru District – Itayanagi Minamitsugaru District – Fujisaki Higashitsugaru District – Hiranai, Yomogita Kamikita District – Shichinohe Like most of Tōhoku, Aomori has a humid temperate climate with hot summers, cold, though not extreme, winters; the city has a humid continental climate using 0 degree isotherm, with monthly averages ranging from −1.2 °C in January to 23.3 °C in August.
Aomori and its surrounding area are renowned for heavy snowfall, the heaviest among all Japanese cities, and, in fact, among the heaviest in the world. In February 1945 the city recorded a maximum snow cover of 209 centimetres, but the extreme low of −24.7 °C was recorded 14 years earlier. In contrast, Sapporo's heaviest snowfall occurred in 1939, and, only 164 centimetres, more northerly Wakkanai has recorded similar maxima; the heavy snow is caused by several winds that collide around the city and make the air rise and cool, resulting in quick, thick cloud formation followed by intense precipitation. In summer, a cool wind called "Yamase" blows from the east, which sometimes results in abnormally cool weather and poor harvests. Additionally, thick fogs from the Oyashio Current are observed in mountainous areas in the summer. Due to this fog, flights to Aomori Airport are cancelled. Per Japanese census data, the population of Aomori has remained steady over the past 40 years. Aomori means blue forest, although it could be translated as "green forest".
The name is considered to refer to a small forest on a hill which existed near the town. This forest was used by fishermen as a landmark. A different theory suggests; the area has been settled extensively since prehistoric times, numerous Jōmon period sites have been found by archaeologists, the most famous being the Sannai-Maruyama Ruins located just southwest of the city center dating to 5500-4000 BC, the Komakino Site farther south dating to around 4000 BC. The large scale of these settlements revolutionized theories on Jōmon period civilization. During the Heian period, the area was part of the holdings of the Northern Fujiwara clan, but remained inhabited by the Emishi people well into the historic period. After the fall of the Northern Fujiwara in the Kamakura period, the territory was part of the domain assigned to the Nambu clan, into the Sengoku period, it came under the control of the rival Tsugaru clan, whose main castle was located in Namioka. After the start of the Edo period, Aomori was a minor port settlement for Hirosaki Domain called Utō.
The town was rebuilt in 1626 under orders of the daimyō, Tsugaru Nobuhira and renamed "Aomori", but this name did not come into common use until after 1783. After the Meiji Restoration, the feudal domains were abolished and replaced with prefectures, of which a total of six were created in the territory of modern Aomori Prefecture; these were merged into the short-lived Hirosaki Prefecture in July 1871. However, due to the historic enmity between the former Tsugaru territories in the west and the former Nambu territories in the east, the prefectural capital relocated from Hirosaki to the more centrally-located Aomori after the merger and the prefecture was renamed Aomori Prefecture on September 23, 1871. However, the municipality of Aomori was not given town status within Higashitsugaru District until April 1, 1889, was not designated a city until April 1, 1898; the Hokkaidō Colonization Office began operations of a ferry service from Aomori to Hakodate in Hokkaido from 1872. In September 1891, Aomori was connected with Tokyo by rail with the opening of the Tōhoku Main Line.
The Ōu Main Line running along the Sea of Japan coast opened in December 1894. The development of modern Aomori was due to its prefectural capital status and the singular importance as the terminus of these rail lines and the Seikan ferry, which opened in 1908; the 8th Division of the Imperial Japanese Army were stationed in Aomori from 1896. In the winter of 1902, 199 of 210 soldiers on a military cold-weather readiness exercise perished while attempting to cross the Hakkōda Mountains from Aomori to Towada in what was called the Hakkōda Mountains incident. Much of the town burned down in a large fire on May 3, 1910; the port facilities were expanded in 1924, the city received its first bus services in 1926. Japan Air Transport began scheduled air services from 1937. Towards the final stages of World War II, on the night of July 28–29, 1945, Aomori was subject to an air raid as part of the strategic bombing campaign waged by the United States of America against military and civilian targets and population centers during the Japan home islands campaign.
The July 28–29 bombing claimed 1,767 lives and destroyed 88% of the city. In the post war period, Aomori rebuilt as the local commercial center; the Tsugaru Line railway opened in 1951, Aomori Airport in 1964. The city was connected to Tokyo by highway in 1979 with the
Aomori Prefecture is a prefecture of Japan located in the Tōhoku region. The capital is the city of Aomori; until the Meiji Restoration, the area of Aomori prefecture was known as the northern part of Mutsu Province. During the Edo period the Hirosaki clan began building a seaport at the current city of Aomori. There were green woods near the city; these green woods called. The prefecture came into existence in 1871; the town of Aomori was established in 1889. The town was incorporated as a city in 1898 with a population of 28,000. On May 3, 1910, a fire broke out in the Yasukata district. Fanned by strong winds, the fire devastated the whole city; the conflagration injured a further 160 residents. It destroyed burnt 19 storage sheds and 157 warehouses. At 10:30 p.m. on July 28, 1945, a squadron of American B29 bombers bombed over 90% of the city. Radio Aomori made its first broadcast in 1951. Four years the first fish auctions were held. 1958 saw the completion of the Municipal Fish Market as well as the opening of the Citizen's Hospital.
In the same year, the Tsugaru Line established a rail connection with Minmaya Village at the tip of the peninsula. Various outlying towns and villages were incorporated into the growing city and with the absorption of Nonai Village in 1962, Aomori became the largest city in the prefecture. In March 1985, after 23 years of labor and a financial investment of 700 billion yen, the Seikan Tunnel linked the islands of Honshū and Hokkaidō, thereby becoming the longest tunnel of its kind in the world. Three years on March 13, railroad service was inaugurated on the Tsugaru Kaikyo Line; that same day saw the end of the Seikan ferry rail service. During their 80 years of service, the familiar ferries of the Seikan line sailed between Aomori and Hakodate some 720,000 times, carrying 160 million passengers. In April 1993, Aomori Public College opened. In August 1994, Aomori City made an "Education and Friendship Exchange Pact" with Kecskemét in Hungary. One year a similar treaty was signed with Pyongtaek in South Korea, cultural exchange activities began with exchanges of woodblock prints and paintings.
In April 1995, Aomori Airport began offering regular international air service to Seoul, South Korea, Khabarovsk, Russia. In June 2007, four North Korean defectors reached Aomori Prefecture, after having been at sea for six days, marking the second known case where defectors have reached Japan by boat. In March 2011, a magnitude 9.0 earthquake struck Japan on the east coast. The northeastern coast of Aomori Prefecture was affected by the resulting tsunami. Buildings along harbors were damaged along with boats thrown about in the streets. Aomori prefecture's climate is cool for the most part, it has four distinct seasons with an average temperature of 10 °C. Variations in climate exist between the western parts of the prefecture; this is in part due to the Ōu Mountains that divide the two regions. The western side is subject to heavy monsoons and little sunshine which results in heavy snowfall during the winter; the eastern side receives little sunlight during the summer months, June through August, with temperatures staying low.
The lowest recorded temperature during the winter is -9.3 °C, the highest recorded temperature during the summer is 33.1 °C. Aomori Prefecture is the northernmost prefecture on Honshu and faces Hokkaido across the Tsugaru Strait, it borders Iwate in the south. Oma, at the northwestern tip of the axe-shaped Shimokita Peninsula, is the northernmost point of Honshu; the Shimokita and Tsugaru Peninsulas enclose Mutsu Bay. Between those peninsulas lies the Natsudomari Peninsula, the northern end of the Ōu Mountains; the three peninsulas are prominently visible in a stylized map. Lake Towada, a crater lake, straddles Aomori's boundary with Akita. Oirase River flows easterly from Lake Towada; the Shirakami Mountains are located in western Aomori and contain the last of the virgin beech tree forest, home to over 87 species of birds. As of April 1, 2012, 12% of the total land area of the prefecture was designated as Natural Parks, namely Towada-Hachimantai National Park. Ten cities are located in Aomori Prefecture: These are the towns and villages in each district: Aomori Prefecture is host to the Misawa Air Base, the only combined, joint U.
S. service installation in the western Pacific servicing Army and Air Force, as well as the Japan Self-Defense Forces. On 20 February 2018 a U. S. Air Force F-16 fighter jet caught fire in flight; the pilot dumped two fuel tanks into Lake Ogawarako in northern Aomori Prefecture. Like much of the Tōhoku Region, Aomori Prefecture remains dominated by traditional industries such as farming and fishing. Aomori Prefecture is Japan's largest producer of apples. Aomori boasts being the home to Hakkōda cattle, a rare, region-specific breed of Japanese Shorthorn; the town of Gonohe has a long history as a breeding center for horses of exceptional quality, popular among the samurai. With the decline of the samurai, Gonohe's horses continued to be bred for their meat; the lean horse meat is coveted as a delicacy when served in its raw form, known as Basashi. The Aomori coast along
A train station, railway station, railroad station, or depot is a railway facility or area where trains stop to load or unload passengers or freight. It consists of at least one track-side platform and a station building providing such ancillary services as ticket sales and waiting rooms. If a station is on a single-track line, it has a passing loop to facilitate traffic movements; the smallest stations are most referred to as "stops" or, in some parts of the world, as "halts". Stations elevated. Connections may be available to intersecting rail lines or other transport modes such as buses, trams or other rapid transit systems. In British English, traditional usage favours railway station or station though train station, perceived as an Americanism, is now about as common as railway station in writing. In British usage, the word station is understood to mean a railway station unless otherwise qualified. In American English, the most common term in contemporary usage is train station. In North America, the term depot is sometimes used as an alternative name for station, along with the compound forms train depot, railway depot, railroad depot, but applicable for goods, the term depot is not used in reference to vehicle maintenance facilities in American English.
The world's first recorded railway station was The Mount on the Oystermouth Railway in Swansea, which began passenger service in 1807, although the trains were horsedrawn rather than by locomotives. The two-storey Mount Clare station in Baltimore, which survives as a museum, first saw passenger service as the terminus of the horse-drawn Baltimore and Ohio Railroad on 22 May 1830; the oldest terminal station in the world was Crown Street railway station in Liverpool, built in 1830, on the locomotive hauled Liverpool to Manchester line. As the first train on the Liverpool-Manchester line left Liverpool, the station is older than the Manchester terminal at Liverpool Road; the station was the first to incorporate a train shed. The station was demolished in 1836 as the Liverpool terminal station moved to Lime Street railway station. Crown Street station was converted to a goods station terminal; the first stations had little in the way of amenities. The first stations in the modern sense were on the Liverpool and Manchester Railway, opened in 1830.
Manchester's Liverpool Road Station, the second oldest terminal station in the world, is preserved as part of the Museum of Science and Industry in Manchester. It resembles a row of Georgian houses. Early stations were sometimes built with both passenger and goods facilities, though some railway lines were goods-only or passenger-only, if a line was dual-purpose there would be a goods depot apart from the passenger station. Dual-purpose stations can sometimes still be found today, though in many cases goods facilities are restricted to major stations. In rural and remote communities across Canada and the United States, passengers wanting to board the train had to flag the train down in order for it to stop; such stations were known as "flag stops" or "flag stations". Many stations date from the 19th century and reflect the grandiose architecture of the time, lending prestige to the city as well as to railway operations. Countries where railways arrived may still have such architecture, as stations imitated 19th-century styles.
Various forms of architecture have been used in the construction of stations, from those boasting grand, Baroque- or Gothic-style edifices, to plainer utilitarian or modernist styles. Stations in Europe tended to follow British designs and were in some countries, like Italy, financed by British railway companies. Stations built more often have a similar feel to airports, with a simple, abstract style. Examples of modern stations include those on newer high-speed rail networks, such as the Shinkansen in Japan, THSR in Taiwan, TGV lines in France and ICE lines in Germany. Stations have staffed ticket sales offices, automated ticket machines, or both, although on some lines tickets are sold on board the trains. Many stations include a convenience store. Larger stations have fast-food or restaurant facilities. In some countries, stations may have a bar or pub. Other station facilities may include: toilets, left-luggage, lost-and-found and arrivals boards, luggage carts, waiting rooms, taxi ranks, bus bays and car parks.
Larger or manned stations tend to have a greater range of facilities including a station security office. These are open for travellers when there is sufficient traffic over a long enough period of time to warrant the cost. In large cities this may mean facilities available around the clock. A basic station might only have platforms, though it may still be distinguished from a halt, a stopping or halting place that may not have platforms. Many stations, either larger or smaller, offer interchange with local transportation. In many African, South American countries, Asian countries, stations are used as a place for public markets and other informal businesses; this is true on tourist routes or stations near tourist destinations. As well as providing services for passengers and loading facilities for goods, stations can sometimes have locomotive and rolling stock depots (usually with facilities for storing and refuelling rolling stock an