The Tsugaru Peninsula is a peninsula in Aomori Prefecture, at the northern end of Honshū island, Japan. The peninsula projects north into the Tsugaru Strait separating Honshū from Hokkaidō; the western coast is on the Sea of Japan, while on its eastern coast are Mutsu Bay. Across the Tsugaru strait to the north is Hokkaidō's Matsumae Peninsula, to which it is linked by the Seikan Tunnel. In the Edo period the peninsula was ruled by the Tsugaru clan. Traditionally one of the poorest and remotest areas of Japan, Tsugaru is best known as the birthplace of writer Osamu Dazai, who wrote the mordant travelogue Tsugaru about his travels around the peninsula, for the Tsugaru-jamisen, a distinctive local version of the Japanese string instrument shamisen. After the defeat of Aizu during the Boshin War, many of the last samurai were sent to prisoner-of-war camps on the Tsugaru Peninsula. Hokkaido Shinkansen, Kaikyō Line, linked to Hokkaidō via the Seikan Tunnel Tsugaru Line Tsugaru RailwayAs with Aizu in Fukushima Prefecture, JR East treats Tsugaru as a separate province from Mutsu, stations in the area are marked "Tsugaru-" before their names.
Japan National Route 280 Japan National Route 339 Tsugaru Peninsula travel guide from Wikivoyage
Shikotsu-Tōya National Park
Shikotsu-Tōya National Park is a national park in the western part of the island of Hokkaidō, Japan. Named after the volcanic caldera lakes of Lake Shikotsu and Lake Tōya, it has a total area of 993.02 square kilometers. The popular hot spring resort of Noboribetsu is within the park, it can be divided into five areas: The Mount Yōtei area The area around Lake Tōya, Mount Usu and Shōwa-shinzan The area around the hot springs of Noboribetsu, Orofure Pass, Lake Kuttara The area around Lake Shikotsu, Mount Tarumae, Mount Eniwa The area around Jōzan-kei, Toyohira Gorge, Nakayama Pass Media related to Shikotsu-Toya National Park at Wikimedia Commons Shikotsu-Tōya National Park travel guide from Wikivoyage Shikotsu-Toya National Park Biodiversity Center of Japan Tōya Usu Geopark
Daisen-Oki National Park
Daisen-Oki National Park is a national park in the Chūgoku region, Honshū, spans the prefectures of Okayama and Tottori. Mount Daisen is the focus of the park, which includes the volcanic mountains and plains of Hiruzen, Mount Kenashi, Mount Sanbe, Mount Hōbutsu; the Izumo Plain region of the park is home to the oldest Shinto shrine in the Izumo-taisha. The Oki Islands are an important component of the park; the park was established in 1936 as Daisen National Park, but was expanded and renamed in 1961 to include the Oki Islands and Shimane Prefecture areas. List of national parks of Japan Introducing places of interest: Daisen-Oki National Park Daisen-Oki National Park Daisen-Oki National Park
Kushiro-shitsugen National Park
Kushiro-shitsugen National Park is a national park located in the east of the island of Hokkaido, Japan. It was designated as a national park on 31 July 1987; the park is known for its wetlands ecosystems. Kushiro-shitsugen covers an area of 268.61 square kilometres on the Kushiro Plain and contains the largest tracts of reedbeds in Japan. The Kushiro River, which originates in Lake Kussharo, meanders through much of the park. During the Ramsar Convention of 1980, in which Japan participated, the park was first registered as a peatland with raised bogs. In 1967, the wetlands themselves had been designated as a national natural monument. For that reason, access is limited and the landscape, most typical of Hokkaido, has been preserved. Reeds, peat moss wetlands, black alder thickets, rivers which bend back and forth, groups of lakes and marshes, other wet ecosystems comprise a varied environment. Kushiro-shitsugen is home to over 600 species of plants; the park is a valuable haven for wild species such as the red-crowned crane, Siberian salamander and dragonfly.
Kushiro Subprefecture Kushiro, Hokkaidō Kushiro, Hokkaidō Shibecha, Hokkaidō Tsurui, Hokkaidō List of national parks of Japan J-IBIS Nature Restoration Project Ramsar Kushiro Shitsugen National Park
Chichibu Tama Kai National Park
Chichibu-Tama-Kai National Park is a national park in Japan at the intersection of Saitama, Yamanashi and Tokyo Prefectures. With eight peaks over 2000 m scattered over 1250 km², there are numerous hiking trails and ancient shrines; the best known landmarks are home to the 2000-year-old Mitsumine Shrine. The park has sources of major rivers such as the Arakawa River, Shinano River, Tama River, Fuefuki River; the major points of interest are Mount Mito. Mount Mitake is positioned on the eastern border of the national park, it has been worshiped as a sacred mountain from the time of antiquity. On its peak stands a Shinto shrine, Musashi-Mitake Shrine, established during the reign of Emperor Sujin in 90 B. C; the building houses a Zaōgonge Statue made in 736. At present, a cable-car service allows visitors easy access. Mount Mito consists of three peaks: the Western Peak, Central Peak, Eastern Peak; the mountain is part of a northern section of the Oku-takao Ridge that runs northeast from Mount Takao, Hachiōji, Tokyo.
The mountain is famous for its forest of Fagus japonica and was voted to be one of the best 100 mountains in Japan in 1997. It is the source of the Akigawa River, a major tributary of the Tama River; the main attractions are Nakatsu Canyon. The location of the Tochimoto Sekisho Historical Site sits at the junction of the Chichibu Trail that goes through the Karisaka Pass toward Kōshū and the Shinshū Route heading for Shinshū through the Jūmonji Pass. Although the site at present is located in a small settlement on the mountains, at its heyday, many travelers went through this location; the historic site offers a glimpse of that period. Nakatsu Canyon is a canyon that extends 10 km and is carved by the Nakatsu River, a tributary of the Arakawa River. In particular, around in November many visitors are attracted to this location for fall foliage. Major attractions include the Daibosatsu Pass, Mitake Shosēn Gorge, Nishizawa Canyon; the Daibosatsu Pass is a pass, famous from the novel The Sword of Doom by Kaizan Nakazato.
The pass resides between Kōshū, Yamanashi and Kosuge and rises to 1897 m. North of the pass along the ridge stands 2,057 m in height above sea level; the pass is sometimes called the “Hagiwara Road”, “Daibosatu Road”, or “Oume Way”. It was used as an important but most strenuous leg of the Oume Route, an alternate route to Kōshū Kaidō, which connects Musashi Province and Kai Province. In 1878, a renovation to the nearby Yanagisawa Pass shifted traffic away from the Daibosatsu Pass. In recent years, a mountain hut has been constructed; the ridge provides magnificent vistas with a grass land with fireweed flowers. Around May and October the site is visited by many hikers to see fireweed flowers and autumn foliage with the cable car extending to the Kamihikawa Pass; the Mitake Shosēn Gorge is a gorge carved by a tributary of the Fuefuki River located on the northern side of the Kōfu Basin. It is shortened to the Shosēn Gorge. Granite rocks curved into various shapes by the river embellish the gorge.
In 2008, the location was ranked in the best 100 waterways by the Ministry of the Environment. The location is inhabited by a large population of birds. Visitors started to come to the gorge through the Kōshū Kaidō during the Edo period. In 1964 and in 1972 opened Shosēn Gorge Ropeway and Mitake Shosēn Gorge Turnpike making it a major tourist destination year around. During the holidays seasons, traffic jam on the turnpike and difficulty with parking due to limited availability take place. In 1992, the Shosēnkyō Museum of Art, which displays shadow play and kirigami exhibits, was built nearby; the Nishisawa Canyon is a canyon carved by the Fuefuki River located upstream of Hirose Lake. It is situated at the northern part of Yamanashi Prefecture to the northeast of Hirose Lake, to the north of Mount Kurogane, to the east of Mt. Kokushi, Mt. Kita Okusenjō, Mt. Okusenjō, to the south of Mt. Tosaka and Mt. Kobushi; the entrance to the canyon is located along National Route 140. In the proximity a rest area, the Roadside Station Mitomi, the Karisaka Tunnel.
The canyon features stream pools with a well-maintained trail. Toward the end of the trail is the Nanatsugama-godan Fall, one of the best 100 falls in Japan. A portion of old railway tracks, Shirnrin Railway, is visible on the opposite side of the river; the major point of interest is the Chikuma River Upstream Course. The popular route is a mountainous trail stretching from Mōkiba to Mount Kobushi. Mōkiba is famous for an entrance to the Jūmonji Pass. Mount Kobushi is a mountain that sits between the border between Saitama Prefecture and Nagano Prefecture, rising to 2,475 m above sea level. One theory for the origins of the name accounts that the three characters Ko, Bu, Shin stand for the initial characters of the old provinces Kōshū, Bushū, Shinshū; the mountain is known as the source of the Chikuma River, the Nagano Prefecture portion of the Shinano River. There are three visitor centers; the Mitake Visitor Center is located in Mitake village, half way between the top of the Mitake-Tozan Railway cable car and the Musashi-Mitake Shrine.
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Minami Alps National Park
Minami Alps National Park is a national park in the Akaishi Mountains, Chūbu region, Honshū, Japan. The Minami Alps National Park was established on June 1, 1964, it extends along the border of Shizuoka and Nagano Prefectures for a length of 55 kilometres, a maximum width of 18 kilometres for a total area of 358 square kilometres. The Park is a mountainous region, centering on the Akaishi Mountains with several noted peaks of over 3000 meters in height, including Koma-ga-take, Senjō-ga-take, Akaishi-dake and Kita-dake; the park protects the headwaters of the Fuji River, Ōi River and Tenryū River. Flora in the park includes extensive stands of Japanese beech, Japanese stone pine and hemlock spruce; the largest fauna noted avian species include the ptarmigan. The park has minimal public facilities, the only approach is by mountaineering. Other large fauna include wild boar and Sika deer. Akaishi Mountains Japanese Alps List of national parks of Japan Hunt, Paul. Hiking in Japan: An Adventurer's Guide to the Mountain Trails.
Kodansha America. ISBN 0-87011-893-5 Southerland and Britton, Dorothy; the National Parks of Japan. Kodansha International. ISBN 4-7700-1971-8 Official Minami Alps National Park website Ministry of the Environment Minami Alps National Park website
Hirosaki is a city located in western Aomori Prefecture, Japan. As of 1 December 2017, the city had an estimated population of 174,171 in 71,823 households, a population density of 330 persons per km2; the total area of the city is 524.20 square kilometres. Hirosaki developed; the city is a regional commercial center, the largest producer of apples in Japan. The city government has been promoting the catchphrase "Apple Colored Town Hirosaki", "Castle and Cherry Blossom and Apple Town" to promote the city image; the town is noted for a large number of western-style buildings dating from the Meiji period. Hirosaki is located in western Aomori Prefecture, in the Tsugaru plains of southern Tsugaru Peninsula, south of Mount Iwaki and bordering on Akita Prefecture. Mount Iwaki is within the city borders, the Iwaki River flows through the city. Aomori Prefecture Tsugaru Hirakawa Nakatsugaru District – Nishimeya Minamitsugaru District – Ōwani, Inakadate Kitatsugaru District – Itayanagi, Tsuruta Nishitsugaru District – Ajigasawa Akita Prefecture Ōdate Per Japanese census data, the population of Hirosaki has grown over the past 40 years.
Hirosaki uses a Buddhist manji as its official emblem. This came from the flag emblem of Tsugaru clan, the daimyōs of Hirosaki Domain during the Edo period. Hirosaki has a cold humid continental climate characterized by warm short summers and long cold winters with heavy snowfall; the average annual temperature in Hirosaki is 10.1 °C. The average annual rainfall is 1357 mm with September as the wettest month; the temperatures are highest on average in August, at around 23.7 °C, lowest in January, at around -2.3 °C. The area around Hirosaki formed part of the domains of the Northern Fujiwara in the Heian period. During the Sengoku period a local retainer of the Nambu, Ōura Tamenobu, declared his independence and seized local castles, he pledged fealty to Toyotomi Hideyoshi at the Battle of Odawara in 1590, was confirmed in his holdings with revenues of 45,000 koku. He changed his name to "Tsugaru". After siding with Tokugawa Ieyasu at the Battle of Sekigahara, he was re-confirmed in his holdings with a nominal kokudaka of 47,000 koku and he began construction of a castle in Takaoka.
This marked the start of Hirosaki Domain under the Tokugawa shogunate. His successor, Tsugaru Nobuhira, completed the castle in 1611, but its massive 5-storey donjon was lost to lightning in 1627; the domain's kokudaka increased to 100,000 koku in 1628. The Tsugaru clan sided with the Satchō Alliance in the Boshin War of the Meiji Restoration, was rewarded by the new Meiji government with an additional 10,000 koku. However, with the abolition of the han system on August 29, 1871, Hirosaki Domain was abolished, replaced by Hirosaki Prefecture; the prefecture was renamed Aomori Prefecture in October of the same year, the prefectural capital was relocated to the more centrally located Aomori. Chōyō Elementary School was established on October 1, 1873. Apple horticulture was introduced to Hirosaki from 1877 and the 59th National Bank, the predecessor of Aomori Bank opened in March 1878. Hirosaki was proclaimed a city on April 1, 1889 with the establishment of the modern municipalities system and was thus one of the first 30 cities in Japan.
It was the third largest city in the Tōhoku region after Sendai and Morioka at the time. The Ōu Main Line connected Hirosaki with Aomori on December 1, 1894. Hirosaki became the home garrison town for the Imperial Japanese Army's IJA 8th Division from October, 1898; the division was prominently active in the Russo-Japanese War. Hirosaki City Hospital was established in 1901, Hirosaki City Library in 1906; the first telephone service in the city stated from 1909. The first Cherry Blossom Festival was held in 1918. In 1927, the Kōnan Railway connected Hirosaki with Onoe. Hirosaki University was established in 1949. On March 1, 1955, Hirosaki expanded through annexation of neighboring villages of Shimizu, Toyoda, Chitose, Niina, Takasugi and Higashimeya. Nishimeya became an enclave; the city further expanded on September 1957, through annexation of neighboring Ishikawa Village. The first Chrysanthemum and Maple Festival took place in 1964, the first Hirosaki Castle Snow Lantern Festival in 1977. In 1979, the city was connected to the Tōhoku Expressway by a spur road named "Apple Road".
On November 15, 2006, old Hirosaki city, the town of Iwaki, village of Sōma were merged into the new and expanded city of Hirosaki. Hirosaki has a mayor-council form of government with a directly elected mayor and a unicameral city legislature of 28 members; the city, together with the neighbouring village of Nishimeya, contributes six members to the Aomori Prefectural Assembly. Hirosaki is the regional commercial center for southwest Aomori Prefecture; the main agricultural crops include apples and rice, with Hirosaki accounting for 20% of the total production of apples in Japan. Hirosaki University Tohoku Women's College Hirosaki Gakuin University Hirosaki University of Health and Welfare Tohoku Women's Junior College Hirosaki University of Heath and Welfare Junior College Hirosaki has 36 public elementary schools and 15 public junior high schools operated by the city government. There is one national public elementary school and public junior high school, one private combined elementary/junior high school and one private junior high school.
The city has six public high schools operated by the Aom