Jerry Lee Rice Sr is a retired American football wide receiver who played in the NFL with the San Francisco 49ers. Due to his numerous records and accolades, he is regarded as the greatest wide receiver in NFL history. Rice is the career leader in most major statistical categories for wide receivers, including receptions, touchdown receptions, receiving yards, once being the leader for total yards and touchdowns in a season, he has scored more points than any other non-kicker in NFL history with 1,256. Rice was named All-Pro 12 times in his 20 NFL seasons, he won an AFC Championship with the Oakland Raiders. As of 2017, Rice holds over the most of any player by a wide margin. In 1999, The Sporting News listed Rice second behind Jim Brown on its list of "Football's 100 Greatest Players". In 2010, he was chosen by NFL Network's NFL Films production The Top 100: NFL's Greatest Players as the greatest player in NFL history. Rice was inducted into the Pro Football Hall of Fame in 2010 and the College Football Hall of Fame in 2006.
In January 2015, Rice admitted to using Stickum on his gloves saying "I know this might be a little illegal, but you put a little spray, a little Stickum on them, to make sure that texture is a little sticky". Stickum was banned in the NFL in 1981. Jerry Lee Rice was born in Starkville and grew up in the small town of Crawford, Mississippi, as the son of a brick mason, he attended B. L. Moor High School in Mississippi. According to his autobiography Rice, his mother did not allow him to join the school's football team in his freshman year; when Rice was a sophomore, the school's principal caught Rice being truant. After Rice sprinted away, the principal told the school's football coach about Rice's speed and he was offered a place on the team. While at B. L. Moor, Rice played basketball and was on the track and field team. Rice attended Mississippi Valley State University from 1981 to 1984, he became a standout receiver and acquired the nickname "World" due to "his ability to catch anything near him."
In 1982, Rice played his first season with redshirt freshman quarterback Willie Totten. Rice caught 66 passes for seven touchdowns as a sophomore that year. Together and Rice became known as "The Satellite Express" and set numerous NCAA records in the spread offense of coach Archie Cooley, nicknamed "The Gunslinger". Rice had a record-setting 1983 campaign, including NCAA marks for receptions and receiving yards, was named a first-team Division I-AA All-American, he set a single-game NCAA record by catching 24 passes against Louisiana's Southern University. As a senior in 1984, he broke his own Division I-AA records for receptions and receiving yards, his 27 touchdown receptions in that 1984 season set the NCAA record for all divisions. The 1984 Delta Devils scored 628 points in an average of more than 57 per game. Subsequent to an August practice experiment, Cooley had Totten call all the plays at the line of scrimmage without a huddle; the result was more staggering offensive numbers. Rice caught 17 passes for 199 yards against Southern, 17 for 294 against Kentucky State, 15 for 285 against Jackson State.
He scored five touchdowns in a single game twice that year. Rice was named to every Division I-AA All-America team and finished ninth in Heisman Trophy balloting in 1984. In the Blue–Gray Classic all-star game played on Christmas Day, he earned MVP honors, he finished his career with 301 catches for 50 touchdowns. Rice became a member of Phi Beta Sigma fraternity at the Delta Phi chapter while at Valley. In the spring of 1999, the school renamed its football stadium from Magnolia Stadium to Rice–Totten Stadium in honor of Rice and Totten. Rice was inducted into the College Football Hall of Fame on August 12, 2006. Rice's record-breaking season at Mississippi Valley State caught the attention of many NFL scouts, but his below-average speed kept most teams wary. Sources vary on his 40-yard dash time, as slow as 4.71 seconds. The Dallas Cowboys and San Francisco 49ers showed interest in him. In the first round of the 1985 NFL Draft, Dallas had the 17th selection and San Francisco, as Super Bowl champion from the previous season, had the last.
49ers coach Bill Walsh sought Rice after watching highlights of Rice the Saturday night before San Francisco was to play the Houston Oilers on October 21, 1984. On draft day, the 49ers traded its first two picks for the New England Patriots' first-round choice, the 16th selection overall, selected Rice before, as some report, the Cowboys were intending to pick him. Rice was prized more by the USFL, as he was the number-one pick overall in that league's 1985 draft, selected by the Birmingham Stallions, but the USFL would fold after the 1986 season. Although he struggled at times, Rice impressed the NFL in his rookie season for the 49ers in 1985 after a 10-catch, 241-yard game against the Los Angeles Rams in December. For that rookie season, he recorded 49 catches for 927 yards, averaging 18.9 yards per catch and was named the NFC Offensive Rookie of the Year by United Press International. The following season, he caught 86 passes for 15 touchdowns, it was the first of six seasons in which Rice led the NFL in receiving yar
Official (American football)
In American football, an official is a person who has responsibility in enforcing the rules and maintaining the order of the game. During professional and most college football games, seven officials operate on the field. Beginning in 2015, Division I college football conferences are using eight game officials, the Alliance of American Football began using eight game officials in 2019. College games outside the Division I level use seven officials. Arena football, high school football, other levels of football have other officiating systems. High school football played under the National Federation of State High School Associations rules use five officials for varsity and 3, 4, or 5 for non-varsity games. Football officials are but incorrectly, referred to as referees, but each position has specific duties and a specific name: referee, head linesman, line judge, back judge, side judge, center judge and field judge; because the referee is responsible for the general supervision of the game, the position is sometimes referred to as head referee or crew chief.
American football officials use the following equipment: Whistle Used to signal a reminder to players that the ball is dead. Penalty marker or flag A bright-yellow-colored flag, thrown on the field toward or at the spot of a foul. For fouls where the spot is unimportant, such as fouls which occur at the snap or during a dead ball, the flag is thrown vertically; the flag is wrapped around a weight, such as sand or beans, so that it can be thrown with some distance and accuracy and to ensure it remains in place and not moved by wind. Officials carry a second flag in case there are multiple fouls on a play. Officials who run out of flags when they see multiple fouls on a play may drop their hat or a bean bag instead. Bean bag Used to mark various spots that are not fouls but which may be possible spots of penalty enforcement or illegal touching of a scrimmage kick. For example, a bean bag is used to mark the spot of a fumble or the spot where a player caught a punt, it is colored white, black, or orange, depending on the official's league, college conference, level of play, or weather conditions.
Unlike penalty flags, bean bags may be tossed to a spot parallel to the nearest yard line, not to the actual spot. Down indicator A specially designed wristband, used to remind officials of the current down, it has an elastic loop attached to it, wrapped around the fingers. Officials put the loop around their index finger when it is first down, the middle finger when it is second down, so on. Instead of the custom-designed indicator, some officials use two thick rubber bands tied together as a down indicator: one rubber band is used as the wristband and the other is looped over the fingers; some officials umpires, may use a second indicator to keep track of where the ball was placed between the hash marks before the play. This is important when the ball is re-spotted after a foul. Game data card and pencil Officials write down important administrative information, such as the winner of the pregame coin toss, team timeouts, fouls called. Game data cards can be reusable plastic. A pencil with a special bullet-shaped cap is carried.
The cap prevents the official from being stabbed by the pencil. Stopwatch Officials will carry a stopwatch when necessary for timing duties, including keeping game time, keeping the play clock, timing timeouts and the interval between quarters. For ease of recognition, officials are clad in a black-and-white vertically striped shirt and black trousers with a thin white stripe down the side. Officials wear a black belt, black shoes, a peaked cap. A letter indicating the role of each official appears on the back of the shirt at some levels, while NFL officials have numbers with a small letter or letters above. Shortly after the September 11, 2001 attacks, an American flag was added to the shirts of NFL officials; the stripes were first introduced in the 1920s. Prior to this, plain white shirts were worn. College football referee Lloyd Olds is credited with the idea after a quarterback mistakenly handed the ball to him; the officials are colloquially called "zebras" due to their black-and-white striped shirts.
During the 1940s the NFL officials wore color-striped shirts. During most of the American Football League's existence, officials wore red-orange striped jerseys; the referees wore the others white, each with the AFL logo. The red and orange look was recreated in 2009 during AFL Legacy Weekends to mark the 50th anniversary of the AFL's founding; the United States Football League, which played from February to July in its three-season existence from 1983 to 1985, allowed officials to wear black shorts. The United Football League, which launched play in October 2009, featured officials wearing solid red polo shirts without stripes with black numbers and black pants; as no teams in the league wore red or orange, there was no prospect of a clash of colors. From 2010, the UFL
Lawrence Alexander Izzo is a retired American football linebacker and special teamer. He was signed by the Miami Dolphins as an undrafted free agent in 1996, he played college football at Rice. He is an assistant special teams coach for the Seattle Seahawks of the National Football League. A three-time Pro Bowl selection and three-time All-Pro selection, Izzo has played for the New England Patriots, he earned three Super Bowl rings during his time with the Patriots and won a ring during his time as an assistant Special teams coordinator for the New York Giants whom coincidentally, beat Izzo's former team, the Patriots in Super Bowl XLVI. Izzo attended Broad Run High School in Ashburn, Virginia and McCullough High School in The Woodlands and won varsity letters in football where he was coached by Weldon Willig as a running back/safety, in baseball. Following his senior year, Izzo was selected as the Houston Chronicle's Two-Way Player of the Year, was a finalist for the Houston Touchdown Club's Player of the Year.
Larry Izzo attended Rice University where he wore the number 26, was a four-year letterman and standout and finished fourth on the school's all-time tackles list with 301 tackles, setting a school-record 46 tackles for losses, a season record of 18 tackles for losses in 1995. In 1994 an underdog Rice beat top 10 ranked Texas on national television by the score 19-17, as Izzo was selected player of the game with two key sacks, it was the first time in over 30 years that Rice had beaten its in-state rival, would help Rice win a share of the Southwest Conference title for the first time in 37 years. As a senior, Izzo was voted defensive team captain and earned consensus All-Southwest Conference honors after registering 121 tackles, he won the George Martin Award as the team’s MVP and won the Jess Neely Defense Award as the team’s top linebacker. Izzo was selected as an Honorable Mention All-American. Izzo went undrafted in the 1996 NFL Draft and was signed by the Miami Dolphins as a free agent in April 1996.
He first came to local notoriety based on a sound byte that circulated during the pre-season of Izzo's rookie year, where Miami coach Jimmy Johnson told the team that only two players were guaranteed to make the team: one was Dan Marino and the other the then-unknown Izzo. He spent most of his time on special teams, was rewarded with his first trip to the Pro Bowl in 2000. Izzo signed with Miami's divisional rival New England in 2001, played on three of the six Patriots' Super Bowl championship teams, defeating the St. Louis Rams, Carolina Panthers, Philadelphia Eagles, respectively. Izzo was part of the 2007 Patriots that were the only undefeated team since the NFL expanded to a 16-game schedule but had lost Super Bowl XLII to the New York Giants 17-14, he had two more trips to Hawaii as the AFC special team representative in 2002, 2004. Izzo gained notoriety in 2002 in the Patriots Super Bowl parade by leading the crowd in a "Yankees suck!" chant, in reference to the Yankees-Red Sox rivalry.
In 2008, Izzo hosted an interview segment on the NESN dating show Sox Appeal. Izzo joined his third AFC East team, the New York Jets on March 11, 2009. On December 10, 2009, the Jets placed Izzo on IR. On June 24, 2011, Izzo joined the New York Giants as assistant special teams coach.. Izzo was credited with helping turn around the Giants special teams during their Super Bowl run in 2011-12. In the pivotal 2011-12 NFC Championship game, the Giant's special teams changed the momentum of the game when rookie linebacker Jacquian Williams caused a fumble on a punt return to set up Lawrence Tynes' game-winning field goal in overtime against the 49ers; the Giants went on to win the Super Bowl, Izzo received his fourth Super Bowl ring. On January 15, 2016, the Houston Texans hired Izzo as special teams coordinator. During Izzo's tenure with Houston the Special Teams unit improved its DVOA ranking from dead last to 26 in 2017, including finishing in the top 10 in two critical statistical areas related to coverage teams.
On January 2, 2018 Texans reached a mutual parting of the ways with Izzo. On February 1, 2018, the Seattle Seahawks hired Izzo as assistant special teams coach. In 14 NFL seasons, Izzo recorded. Izzo racked up 275 ST Tackles in 200 career regular-season games plus 23 tackles in 21 postseason games. While the NFL does not publish official statistics on ST tackles, that ranks Izzo ahead of Buffalo's Mark Pike, he ranks ahead of Keith Burns, Gary Stills, former Dallas Cowboy Bill Bates and former Bill Steve Tasker. In 14 NFL seasons, Izzo never played on a team with a losing record; that included 9 playoff appearances, 5 AFC Championship appearances, 4 Super Bowl appearances, 3 Super Bowl victories. Through the 2008 season, Izzo played in 103 consecutive games for the Patriots, dating back to 2002. Izzo recorded his highest special teams tackle total in 1999 when he led the Dolphins with 33 special teams stops. In 2003, he tallied. Izzo was Named to Football Digest’s 1999 All-Tough Guy Team. Izzo was named to ESPN's John Clayton's "The Best Team Money Can Buy" roster in July 2006 as a back-up linebacker and special teams coverage player.
Izzo was the Miami Dolphins recipient of the Ed Block Courage Award in 1998. Graduated from Rice University with a degree in Managerial Studies. In 2008, Izzo was selected by his teammates as special teams captain of the New England Patriots for the 8th consecutive season. For his cha
The Oakland Raiders are a professional American football franchise based in Oakland, California. The Raiders compete in the National Football League as a member club of the league's American Football Conference West division. Founded on January 30, 1960, they played their first regular season game on September 11, 1960, as a charter member of the American Football League which merged with the NFL in 1970; the Raiders' off-field fortunes have varied over the years. The team's first three years of operation were marred by poor on-field performance, financial difficulties, spotty attendance. In 1963, the Raiders' fortunes improved with the introduction of head coach Al Davis. In 1967, after several years of improvement, the Raiders reached the postseason for the first time; the team would go on to win its first AFL Championship that year. Since 1963, the team has won 15 division titles, four AFC Championships, one AFL Championship, three Super Bowl Championships. At the end of the NFL's 2018 season, the Raiders boasted a lifetime regular season record of 466 wins, 423 losses, 11 ties.
The team departed Oakland to play in Los Angeles from the 1982 season until the 1994 season before returning to Oakland at the start of the 1995 season. Al Davis owned the team from 1972 until his death in 2011. Control of the franchise was given to Al's son Mark Davis. On March 27, 2017, NFL team owners voted nearly unanimously to approve the Raiders' application to relocate from Oakland to Las Vegas, Nevada, in a 31–1 vote at the annual league meetings in Phoenix, Arizona; the Raiders plan to remain in the Bay Area through 2019, relocate to Las Vegas in 2020, pending the completion of the team's planned new stadium. The Raiders are known for distinctive team culture; the Raiders have 14 former members. They have played at Kezar Stadium in San Francisco, Candlestick Park in San Francisco, Frank Youell Field in Oakland, the Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum in Los Angeles, the Oakland–Alameda County Coliseum in Oakland; the Oakland Raiders were going to be called the "Oakland Señors" after a name-the-team contest had that name finish first, but after being the target of local jokes, the name was changed to the Raiders before the 1960 season began.
Having enjoyed a successful collegiate coaching career at Navy during the 1950s, San Francisco native Eddie Erdelatz was hired as the Raiders' first head coach. On February 9, 1960, after rejecting offers from the NFL's Washington Redskins and the AFL's Los Angeles Chargers, Erdelatz accepted the Raiders' head coaching position. In January 1960, the Raiders were established in Oakland, because of NFL interference with the original eighth franchise owner, were the last team of eight in the new American Football League to select players, thus relegated to the remaining talent available; the 1960 Raiders 42-man roster included 28 rookies and only 14 veterans. Among the Raiders rookies were future Pro Football Hall of Fame inductee center Jim Otto, a future Raiders head coach, quarterback Tom Flores. In their debut year under Erdelatz the Raiders finished with a 6–8 record. Ownership conflicts prevented the team from signing. On September 18, 1961, Erdelatz was dismissed after the Raiders were outscored 77–46 in the first two games of the season.
On September 24, 1961, after the dismissal of Erdelatz, management named Los Angeles native and offensive line coach Marty Feldman as the Raiders head coach. The team finished the 1961 season with a 2–12 record. Feldman began the 1962 season as Raiders head coach but was fired on October 16, 1962 after an 0–5 start. From October 16 through December, the Raiders were coached by Oklahoma native and former assistant coach Red Conkright. Under Conkright, the Raiders went 1–8, finishing the season with 1–13 record. Following the 1962 season the Raiders appointed Conkright to an interim mentor position as they looked for a new head coach. After the 1962 season, Raiders managing general partner F. Wayne Valley hired Al Davis as Raiders head coach and general manager. At 33, he was the youngest person in professional football history to hold the positions. Davis began to implement what he termed the "vertical game", an aggressive offensive strategy inspired by the offense developed by Chargers head coach Sid Gillman.
Under Davis the Raiders improved to 10–4 and he was named the AFL's Coach of the Year in 1963. Though the team slipped to 5–7–2 in 1964, they rebounded to an 8–5–1 record in 1965; the famous silver and black Raider uniform debuted at the regular season opening game on September 8, 1963. Prior to this, the team wore a combination of black and white with gold trim on the pants and oversized numerals. In April 1966, Davis left the Raiders after being named AFL Commissioner, promoting assistant coach John Rauch to head coach. Two months the league announced its merger with the NFL; the leagues would retain separate regular seasons until 1970. With the merger, the position of commissioner was no longer needed, Davis entered into discussions with Valley about returning to the Raiders. On July 25, 1966, Davis returned as part-owner of the team, he purchased a 10% interest in the team for $18,000, became the team's third general partner — the partner in charge of football operations. Under Rauch, the Raiders matched their 1965 season's 8–5–1 record in 1966 but missed the pl
A fumble in American and Canadian football occurs when a player who has possession and control of the ball loses it before being downed, scoring, or going out of bounds. By rule, it is any act other than passing, punting, or successful handing that results in loss of player possession. A fumble may be forced by a defensive player who either grabs or punches the ball or butts the ball with his helmet. A fumbled ball may be advanced by either team, it is one of three events that can cause a turnover, where possession of the ball can change during play. Under American rules a fumble may be confused with a muff. A muff occurs where a player drops a ball that he does not have possession of, such as while attempting to catch a lateral pass or improperly fielding a kicking play such as a punt. Ball security is the ability of a player to maintain control over the football during play and thus avoid a fumble. Thus, losing possession of the ball via a fumble includes not only dropping the ball before being downed.
If the ball is fumbled the defensive team may recover the ball and advance it to their opponents' goal. The same is true for the offense, but when the offense recovers the ball it tries to down it. In American football the offense cannot advance the ball if it recovers its own fumble on fourth down, or in the last two minutes of a half, unless the ball is recovered by the fumbler. However, if the offense fumbles the ball, the defense recovers and fumbles back to the offense, they would get a first down since possession had formally changed over the course of the play though the ball had never been blown dead. In American football, there is no separate signal to indicate a fumble recovery. If the offense recovers its own fumble, the official will indicate the recovery by a hand signal showing the next down. If the defense recovers the fumble, the official will indicate with a "first down" signal in the direction the recovering team is driving the ball; some officials have erroneously used a "first down" signal when the offense recovers its own fumble and the recovery did not result in a first down.
This is not the same thing as when a forward pass is not caught. In this latter case, it is an incomplete pass. However, if the receiver catches the ball, but drops it after gaining control of the ball, considered a fumble. Any number of fumbles can be committed during a play, including fumbles by the team on defense. Most famously, Dallas Cowboys defender Leon Lett fumbled during Super Bowl XXVII while celebrating during his own fumble return. A sometimes controversial rule is referred to as "the ground cannot cause a fumble". If a player is tackled and loses control of the ball at or after the time he makes contact with the ground, the player is treated as down and the ball is not in play. However, in the NFL and CFL, if a ball carrier falls without an opponent contacting him, the ground can indeed cause a fumble; this is because in those leagues the ball carrier is not "down" unless an opponent first makes contact, or the runner is out of bounds. If a player fumbles in most other leagues, as soon as the knee or elbow touches the ground, the ball carrier is considered down.
It is possible for the ground to cause a fumble in college football if the ball hits the ground before any part of the ball carrier's body touches the ground. An example was the fumble by Arkansas quarterback Clint Stoerner vs. Tennessee in 1998; the effects of fumbles vary when the ball goes out of bounds without being recovered: A fumble going out-of-bounds between the end zones is retained by the last team with possession. If the ball was moving backwards with regard to the recovering team, it is spotted where it went out of bounds. If the ball was moving forwards, it is spotted. A fumble going out-of-bounds in the endzone being attacked results in the defending team assuming possession via touchback if the offensive team forced the ball into the endzone. If the defensive team forced the ball into the endzone it is a safety for the offense. A fumble going out-of-bounds in the endzone being defended is ruled a safety if the offensive team forced the ball into the endzone. A fumble going out-of-bounds in the endzone being defended is ruled a touchback if the defensive team forced the ball into the endzone.
The ball is turned over to the defensive team. In all cases, a fumble recovered by an out-of-bounds player is considered an out-of-bounds fumble if the ball never leaves the field of play. In addition, a punted or place-kicked ball that touches any part of a player on the receiving team, whether or not the player gains control, is considered to be live and is treated like a fumble. Lateral passes that are caught by a member of the opposing team are recorded as fumbles as opposed to interceptions. Since footballs tend to bounce in unpredictable ways on artificial turf, attempting to recover and advance a fumbled ball is risky for those with good manual coord
William Stephen Belichick ( or is an American football coach who serves as the head coach of the New England Patriots of the National Football League. His extensive authority over the Patriots' football operations makes him the general manager of the team as well, he holds numerous coaching records, including winning a record six Super Bowls as the head coach of the New England Patriots, two more as defensive coordinator for the New York Giants. He is considered to be one of the greatest coaches in NFL history by current and former players, his peers, the press. Belichick began his coaching career in 1975 and became the defensive coordinator for New York Giants head coach Bill Parcells by 1985. Parcells and Belichick won two Super Bowls together before Belichick left to become the head coach of the Cleveland Browns in 1991, he was fired following the team's 1995 season. He rejoined Parcells, first in New England, where the team lost Super Bowl XXXI, with the New York Jets. After being named head coach of the Jets, Belichick resigned after only one day on the job to accept the head coaching job for the New England Patriots on January 27, 2000.
Since he has led the Patriots to 16 AFC East division titles, 13 appearances in the AFC Championship Game, nine Super Bowl appearances, with a record six wins. Belichick has won eight Super Bowl titles in total from his combined time as an assistant and head coach. Belichick is the NFL's longest-tenured active head coach, as well as the first all-time in playoff coaching wins with 31 and third in regular season coaching wins in the NFL with 261, he is one of only three head coaches. He was named the AP NFL Coach of the Year for the 2003, 2007, 2010 seasons. Belichick was born on April 16, 1952, in Nashville, the son of Jeannette and Steve Belichick. Bill was named after College Football Hall of Fame coach Bill Edwards, his godfather. Belichick is of Croatian ancestry, his paternal grandparents, Ivan Biličić and Marija Barković, emigrated from the Croatian village of Draganić, Karlovac, in 1897, settling in Monessen, Pennsylvania, he was raised in Annapolis, where his father was an assistant football coach at the United States Naval Academy.
Belichick has cited his father as one of his most important football mentors, Belichick studied football with his father. Bill learned to break down game films at a young age by watching his father and the Navy staff do their jobs, he graduated from Annapolis High School in 1970 with classmate Sally Brice-O'Hara. While there, he played lacrosse, with the latter being his favorite sport, he enrolled at Phillips Academy in Andover, for a postgraduate year, with the intention of improving his grades and test scores to be admitted into a quality college. The school honored him 40 years by inducting him into its Athletics Hall of Honor in 2011. Belichick subsequently attended Wesleyan University in Middletown, where he played center and tight end. In addition to being a member of the football team, he played lacrosse and squash, serving as the captain of the lacrosse team during his senior season. A member of Chi Psi fraternity, he earned a bachelor's degree in economics in 1975, he would be part of the inaugural induction class into the university's Athletics Hall of Fame in spring 2008.
After graduating, Belichick took a $25-per-week job as an assistant to Baltimore Colts head coach Ted Marchibroda in 1975. In 1976, he joined the Detroit Lions as their assistant special teams coach before adding tight ends and wide receivers to his coaching duties in 1977, he spent the 1978 season with the Denver Broncos as their assistant special teams coach and defensive assistant. In 1979, Belichick began a 12-year stint with the New York Giants alongside head coach Ray Perkins as a defensive assistant and special teams coach, he added linebackers coaching to his duties in 1980 and was named defensive coordinator in 1985 under head coach Bill Parcells, who had replaced Perkins in 1983. The Giants won Super Bowl Super Bowl XXV following the 1986 and 1990 seasons, his defensive game plan from the New York Giants' 20–19 upset of the Buffalo Bills in Super Bowl XXV has been placed in the Pro Football Hall of Fame. From 1991 until 1995, Belichick was the head coach of the Cleveland Browns. During his tenure in Cleveland, he compiled a 36–44 record, leading the team to the playoffs in 1994, his only winning year with the team.
Coincidentally, his one playoff victory during his Browns tenure was achieved against the New England Patriots in the Wild Card Round during that postseason. In Belichick's last season in Cleveland, the Browns finished 5–11, despite starting 3–1. One of his most controversial moves was cutting quarterback Bernie Kosar midway through the 1993 season. Kosar was signed by the Dallas Cowboys two days and won a Super Bowl with the Cowboys in Super Bowl XXVIII. In November 1995, in the middle of the ongoing football season, Browns owner Art Modell had announced he would move his franchise to Baltimore after the season. After first being given assurances that he would coach the new team that would become the Baltimore Ravens, Belichick was instead fired on February 14, 1996, one week after the shift was announced. After his dismissal by the Cleveland Browns, Belichick served under Parcells again as assistant head coach and defensive backs coach with the Patriots for the 1996 season; the Patriots finished with an 11–5 record and won the AFC Championship over the Jacksonville Jaguars, but they lost to the Green Bay Packers in Super Bowl XXXI amid rumors of Parcells's impending defection.
David Patten is a former American football wide receiver. He was signed by the Albany Firebirds as a street free agent in 1996, he played college football at Western Carolina. Patten was a member of the Washington Redskins, New Orleans Saints, Cleveland Browns and New England Patriots, he earned three Super Bowl rings with the Patriots. Patten played football at Lower Richland High School in Hopkins, South Carolina, where he caught passes from future Major League Baseball player Pokey Reese. After graduating from high school, Patten attended Western Carolina University; as a junior in 1994, he averaged 3.6 catches, good for sixth in the Southern Conference. In 1995, his senior season, Patten recorded 59 catches for 881 yards and was named to the All-Southern Conference team. Patten went undrafted in the 1996 NFL Draft but began his professional football career by playing for the Arena Football League's Albany Firebirds in the summer of 1996, he signed late in the AFL's season and played in their final regular season game on August 2, 1996 in a 54-49 win over the Milwaukee Mustangs.
Patten caught two passes for 37 yards in the game. Patten saw action in both Firebirds' playoff contests the same season. In a first round 79-58 win over the Mustangs the following week in Albany, Patten caught four passes for 111 yards and one touchdown, he played in the Firebirds' quarter-final loss at the Iowa Barnstormers. Patten caught three passes for 42 yards as his Firebirds were eliminated 62-55 by Iowa and their quarterback Kurt Warner. After spending the rest of the 1996 season out of football, Patten was signed by the New York Giants on March 24, 1997, he was waived by the Giants on August 24, 1997, re-signed to their practice squad the next day. Two days the Giants signed Patten to their 53-man roster, he played in 16 games for the Giants in 1997, catching 13 passes for 226 yards and returning eight kickoffs for 123 yards. In 1998, Patten played in 12 games for the Giants, returning 43 kickoffs for 928 yards and one touchdown, while catching 11 passes for 119 yards and a touchdown.
In 1999, his final season with the Giants, Patten played in 16 games, leading the team with 33 kickoff returns for 673 yards as well as recording nine receptions for 115 yards. Following the 1999 season, Patten signed as an unrestricted free agent with the Cleveland Browns, he spent one season with the team, starting 10 of 14 games and recording 38 receptions for 546 yards. In 2001, Patten signed as a free agent with the New England Patriots, he started 14 games at wide receiver for the Patriots in 2001, setting a then-career-high with 51 catches for 749 yards. Against the Indianapolis Colts on October 21, 2001, Patten became the eighth player in NFL history to run and throw for a touchdown in a 38–17 win. Patten caught a touchdown pass from Drew Bledsoe in the AFC Championship Game at Pittsburgh and caught a score from Tom Brady in the Patriots' Super Bowl XXXVI win over the St. Louis Rams in February 2002, earning his first Super Bowl ring. In 2002, Patten again started 14 of 16 games, setting a career-high with 61 receptions, 824 yards, five touchdowns while leading Patriots receivers with 13.5 yards per catch.
Patten started five of the team's first six games in 2003 before being placed on injured reserve on November 7. Patten returned to start 11 of 16 games in 2004, recording 44 catches for 800 yards and seven touchdowns and earning his third Super Bowl ring in a win over the Philadelphia Eagles in Super Bowl XXXIX. Following the 2004 season, Patten signed a five-year, $13 million contract with the Washington Redskins. Patten started seven of the first nine games of the season with the Redskins before being placed on injured reserve on November 18, he finished the season with 22 receptions for 217 yards. In 2006, Patten played in the first four games of the season, recording one reception for 25 yards, his only catch of the season, he was inactive for the remainder of the season except Week 17. He was released by the Redskins on March 22, 2007. A few weeks after his release from Washington, Patten signed a one-year deal with the New Orleans Saints, he went on to have the second-best season of his career statistically, catching 54 passes for 792 yards and three touchdowns.
Patten started three of the first four games for the Saints in 2008, but played in only one game after that due to injuries. He finished the season with 11 catches for 162 yards and one touchdown and was released by the Saints following the season. Patten signed with the Cleveland Browns for the second time on March 23, 2009, he was released on September 5, 2009. On February 24, 2010, Patten was signed by the Patriots. On July 31, 2010, Patten announced his retirement. David Patten has returned to Western Carolina University to complete his degree in social work and will be coaching the Western Carolina University Catamounts, under second-year head coach, Mark Speir. New England Patriots bio Media related to David Patten at Wikimedia Commons