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Tula may refer to: Tula Mountains Tula Point Tulā, a solar month in the traditional Indian calendar Tula, Iran, a village in Hormozgan Province Tula, municipality in the province of Sassari, Italy Garba Tula, town in Northern Kenya Garba Tula Airport Atotonilco de Tula and municipality of Hidalgo Roman Catholic Diocese of Tula Tula The Toltec capital Tula, the modern city Tula, place in the state of Tamaulipas Tula Municipality, municipality of Tamaulipas Tula River, in central Mexico Unión de Tula, municipality in Jalisco in central-western Mexico Tula Tola, variant transcriptions of Tuul River Tula Oblast, a federal subject of Russia Tula, Russia, a city and the administrative center of Tula Oblast Tula Governorate, administrative division of the Russian Empire Tula electoral district Tula, unincorporated place in Lafayette County Tula, American Samoa, a village in eastern Tutuila Tula massacre, 1981 incident in the Mexican state of Hidalgo Tula people, Native American tribe Tula language, Savanna language of eastern Nigeria Tula, leader of the Curaçao slave revolt Rao Tula Ram, Indian rebellion leader Tula, English model with the given name Caroline Cossey Tula, Native American dancer with the given name Gertrude Prokosch Kurath Tula Benites, Peruvian politician Tula Lotay, pen name of English comic book writer Lisa Wood Tula Rodríguez, Peruvian dancer and model Tula Small, Australian singer/songwriter and TV personality Turab Tula, Soviet Uzbek writer Tulisa Contostavlos, full name Tula Paulinea Contostavlos, English singer/songwriter, TV personality Cristian Tula, Argentine football player Caroline Cossey aka "Tula", an English model, transgender woman, documentary producer 8985 Tula, main-belt asteroid Russian submarine K-114 Tula, Russian nuclear-powered ballistic missile submarine Tula Arms Plant, a Russian weapons manufacturer Tula, ship of the English mariner and explorer John Biscoe Tula pryanik, type of Russian gingerbread Tula, pink Hoob on the popular children's TV show Tula, the real name of superheroine Aquagirl from DC Comics Tula, the Latinised name for the Hindi translation of the astrological sign Tula Springs, fictional town in a series of novels by the James Wilcox Tula, synonym of the genus Nolana in the family Solanaceae Tula, Chilean Spanish slang for "penis" "Tula", track from the 1994 Cusco album Apurimac II Tula: The Revolt, a 2013 historical drama film of the slave revolt led by Tula Tulsky Toula Thule

Lithium aluminate

Lithium aluminate called lithium aluminium oxide, is an inorganic chemical compound, an aluminate of lithium. In microelectronics, lithium aluminate is considered as a lattice matching substrate for gallium nitride. In nuclear technology, lithium aluminate is of interest as a solid tritium breeder material, for preparing tritium fuel for nuclear fusion. Lithium aluminate is a layered double hydroxide with a crystal structure resembling that of hydrotalcite. Lithium aluminate solubility at high pH is much lower than that of aluminium oxides. In the conditioning of low- and intermediate level radioactive waste, lithium nitrate is sometimes used as additive to cement to minimise aluminium corrosion at high pH and subsequent hydrogen production. Indeed, upon addition of lithium nitrate to cement, a passive layer of LiH2 · 5 H2O is formed onto the surface of metallic aluminium waste immobilised in mortar; the lithium aluminate layer is insoluble in cement pore water and protects the underlying aluminium oxide covering the metallic aluminium from dissolution at high pH.

It is a pore filler. This hinders the aluminium oxidation by the protons of water and reduces the hydrogen evolution rate by a factor of 10. Lithium aluminate finds its use as an inert electrolyte support material in molten carbonate fuel cells, where the electrolyte may be a mixture of lithium carbonate, potassium carbonate, sodium carbonate. In 1906 Weyberg described his newly synthesized compound, lithium hydrogen aluminate; this was the first known synthesis of this unique compound. He asserted that this new compound had the corresponding chemical formula:LiHAl2O4 + 5 H2O In 1915 Allen and Rogers asserted that an insoluble aluminate of lithium is formed when aluminum is dissolved in a solution of lithium hydroxide; this air-dried substance had an atomic ratio of 2Li:5Al and the chemical formula:LiH2 + 5 H2O In 1929 Prociv recreated Allen and Rogers experiment and through a series of conductometric measurements on the saturated solution of the substance concluded that lithium and aluminum were present in the ratio of 0.8Li:2Al, which, he says, is an atomic ratio of 1Li:2Al.

According to him lithium aluminate may be precipitated by the addition of a solution of lithium hydroxide to a solution of aluminum salt or by adding a solution of lithium salt to a solution of an alkali aluminate. Thus there was disagreement between Allen/Rogers and Prociv as to the composition of lithium aluminate; this may have been attributed to variations between their precipitation conditions. In 1932 Dobbins and Sanders described the formation of lithium aluminate by the addition of dilute ammonia to a solution containing lithium and aluminum salt, in the presence of phelphtalein as an indicator. In their preparation of acid lithium aluminate they dissolved strips of amalgamated aluminum in normal and tenth normal solutions of lithium hydroxide; the lithium aluminate was precipitated by the addition of a solution of lithium hydroxide to a solution of aluminum salts, or by adding a solution of lithium salt to a solution of alkaline aluminate. In all cases the composition of the compound of lithium aluminate was expressed by the formula:Li2O2Al2O2 They claimed that the formed compound contained lithium and aluminum in the atomic ratio of 2Li:5Al.

Their chemical formula was simplified into the modern formulation for lithium aluminate: LiAlO2 The fundamental compound of lithium aluminate has found attention in two different fields: nuclear physics and solid-state chemistry. At least five different phases of lithium aluminate have been found; the lithium aluminate crystal structure may be found in β, or γ phases. Nuclear physicists are interested in the γ-LiAlO2 modification of lithium aluminate, because of its good performance under high neutron and electron radiation; this modification exhibits the essential chemical, thermo physical and mechanical stability at high temperature along with the required irradiation behavior. This phase appears to be a promising lithium ceramic, suitable as an in site tritium breeding material in future fusion reactors. Solid-state chemists investigating preparational routes to lithium aluminate discovered its interesting acid-base chemistry; the α-LiAlO2 modification reacts with molten benzoic acid leading to nearly total Li+ proton exchange thus forming LiHAl2O4 There is a lot of interest in the chemical reactivity among the three modifications of LiAlO2.

The reasons for the α-LiAlO2 modification being reactive and the β-LiAlO2 or γ-LiAlO2 modifications being unreactive is a mystery. Lithium aluminate powder preparation was based on the solid-state reactions between Al2O3 and lithium-containing compounds like Li2CO3, LiOH, Li2O, LiAc, reactions occurred at temperatures between 400Deg C to 1000 Deg C. Due to the evaporation of lithium at high temperatures and contamination from grinding operations, pure lithium aluminate with controlled particle size has been difficult to synthesize. Synthesis of lithium aluminate has been performed by several methods: in the solid state, by wet chemical, sol-gel, with the use of templates, various precursors, combustion processes; the main product in a solid state reaction is the α-LiAlO2 phase. The α-LiAlO2 modification, with a hexagonal structure, undergoes transformation to the γ-modification, with a tetragonal structure, at about 900 °C; the metastable β-modification, with a monoclinic structure, is assumed to transform to the γ-modification at about 900 °C

Hemus Air

Hemus Air was an airline based in Sofia, Bulgaria. It operated scheduled domestic and international services from Sofia and Varna, as well as charter and air ambulance services, its main base was Sofia Airport, with a hub at Varna Airport. After the acquisition of Bulgaria Air, all of Hemus Air's destinations are now under the plate of Bulgaria Air. Hemus Air, named after the ancient name for the Balkan mountains, is owned by Varna-based industrial/financial enterprise TIM; the airline was established and started operations in 1986, when it branched off from Balkan Bulgarian Airlines. It operated as a separate department providing ambulance services, flight calibration and aerial photography. In 1996 it was named Hemus Air; the company was privatized by Bulgarian corporate investors in 2002 and has faced stiff competition from foreign carriers, as well as the newly established successor of Balkan, Bulgaria Air. Hemus Air's management pledged to unite the major Bulgarian airlines and was selected as the preferred bidder for the sale of Bulgaria Air by the Bulgarian government.

In November 2006, Balkan Hemus Group sealed a deal to purchase Bulgaria Air with a 99.99% share of the airline for €6.6 million. The new airline will operate under the Bulgaria Air brand. Hemus promised to invest a further €86m over the next five years. Hemus and Bulgaria Air began to coordinate their schedules and operations in 2007; as of February 2009, all Hemus Air aircraft are operating for Bulgaria Air. All Hemus Air destinations are now operated under the commercial brand of Bulgaria Air; the Hemus Air fleet includes the following aircraft: Most of these aircraft are operating for Bulgaria Air until the two airlines merge they will all be transferred to Bulgaria Air's fleet. Boeing 737-300 Boeing 737-400 Tupolev Tu-134 Tupolev Tu-154 Yakovlev Yak-40 Hemus Air Flight 7081 was hijacked en route from Beirut International Airport to Varna on 3 September 1996; the hijacker, a member of the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine, allowed the 150 passengers to leave the aircraft at Varna and he and the eight crew members continued to Oslo Airport, Gardermoen where he gave up.

He claimed that he only wanted to seek asylum, but he claimed he was under orders to crash the aircraft into Oslo. Media related to Hemus Air at Wikimedia Commons Bulgaria Air

French Concert

French Concert is a live album by the Shelly Manne Quartet featuring Lee Konitz, recorded in Paris by Radio France as part of George Wein's Newport Jazz Festival tour in 1977, released on the Galaxy label in 1979. Scott Yanow of Allmusic said: "This combination of jazzmen works quite well, resulting in music, both swinging and explorative". "Softly, as in a Morning Sunrise" – 9:33 "Body and Soul" – 6:30 "What Is This Thing Called Love?" – 6:48 "What's New?" – 8:48 "Stella by Starlight" – 5:38 "Take the Coltrane" – 4:00 Performances on Specific Tracks based on the Jazz Disco website Shelly Manne – drums Lee Konitz – alto saxophone Mike Woffordpiano Chuck Domanicobass

Jo Haylen

Joanna Elizabeth Haylen is an Australian politician, elected to the New South Wales Legislative Assembly as the member for Summer Hill for the Labor Party at the 2015 New South Wales state election. Graduating from the University of Sydney with a Bachelor of Arts, Haylen served as youngest female Mayor of Marrickville from 2013 to 2014, she worked as a Director of Administration in the office of former Prime Minister Julia Gillard and as Deputy Chief of Staff for former Deputy Prime Minister Anthony Albanese. At the 2013 state redistribution, the seat of the Marrickville was abolished and was replaced with the seats of Newtown and Summer Hill. In November 2013, the sitting member for Marrickville, Carmel Tebbutt, announced she would not be recontesting at the 2015 state election. Haylen won pre-selection for Summer Hill. Official website


Ext2Fsd is a free Installable File System driver written in C for the Microsoft Windows operating system family. It facilitates write access to the ext2, ext3 and ext4 file systems; the driver can be installed on Windows 2000, Windows XP, Windows Server 2003, Windows Vista, Windows 7, Windows 8, Windows 10, Windows Server 2008, Windows Server 2008 R2. Support for Windows NT was dropped in version 0.30. The program Ext2Mgr can optionally be installed additionally to manage such; the German computer magazine PC-WELT reported frequent program crashes in 2009. The program was not able to access ext3 partitions smoothly; this led to a blue screen. Crashes of this type can lead to data loss, for example if there is not yet permanently stored data in the main memory; the program could only access ext2 partitions without errors. In 2012, Computerwoche warned that access to ext3 partitions was "not harmless". Data loss may occur. Flexible inode size: > 128 bytes, up to block size dir_index: htree directory index filetype: extra file mode in dentry large_file: > 4G files supported sparse_super: super block backup in group descriptor uninit_bg: fast fsck and group checksum extent: full support with extending and shrinking.

Journal: only support replay for internal journal flex_bg: first flexible metadata group symlink and hardlink Mount-as-user: specified uid/gid supported 64BIT mode journal: log-based operations, external journal Extended file attributes, Access control list support Extents management improvement EA and ACL security checking A warning was issued with the release of version 0.69: Don't use Ext2Fsd 0.68 or earlier versions with latest Ubuntu or Debian systems. Ext2Fsd 0.68 cannot process EXT4 with 64-BIT mode enabled it could corrupt your data. Sorry for this disaster issue, I'm working on an improvement. While it is not clear whether v0.69 corrects this deficiency, users have reported that Windows 10 prompts them to format the ext4 drive with the 0.69 version. The known solution is to convert the said ext4 drive to a 32 bit version. Explore2fs Ext2IFS GParted GNOME Disks dm-crypt FreeOTFE Official website Old website Ext2 File System Driver for Windows on