Fitzroy Falls, New South Wales
Fitzroy Falls is a village in the Wingecarribee Shire, located within the Southern Highlands region of New South Wales, Australia. The locality was renamed after the 81-metre waterfall. At the 2016 census, Fitzroy Falls had a population of 216; the waterfall was known to the indigenous Wodi Wodi people. The first European settler to see it was Charles Throsby, in the early 19th century. Near the head of the Yarrunga Creek in the Morton National Park, the waterfall was named in honour of Sir Charles Fitzroy, the Governor of New South Wales during his visit to the area in 1850. While a town was planned for the area in the 1860s, little development occurred. With the advent of motor vehicles, Fitzroy Falls became, still remains, a popular stopping point for tourists travelling towards the Southern Highlands. Substantial parking and catering facilities have been provided, together with pathways and boardwalks that enable able-bodied visitors to view the falls and other natural features. List of waterfalls of Australia Fitzroy Falls Reservoir "Fitzroy Falls Visitor Centre: Morton National Park".
Office of Environment & Heritage. Government of New South Wales. "Fitzroy Falls Visitor Centre economic report". NSW Dept of Environment. "Fitzroy Falls - Morton National Park". The Southern Highlands of New South Wales. Furry Software Pty. Ltd. and Berrima District Historical and Family History Society. 15 June 2010. Village of Fitzroy Falls and adjoining lands: Parishes - Burrawang & Yarrunga, County - Camden, Land District - Moss Vale, Shire - Wingecarribee / printed & published by Dept. of Lands, NSW Dept. of Lands, 1967
Oxley Wild Rivers National Park
The Oxley Wild Rivers National Park is a protected national park, located in the Northern Tablelands region of New South Wales, Australia. The 145,223-hectare park is situated 445 kilometres north of Sydney and is named in memory of the Australian explorer John Oxley, who passed through the area in 1818 and is one of the largest national parks in New South Wales; the park is part of the Hastings-Macleay Group World Heritage Site Gondwana Rainforests of Australia inscribed in 1986 and added to the Australian National Heritage List in 2007. The Oxley Wild Rivers National Park was World Heritage listed in recognition of the extensive dry rainforest that occurs within the park, the associated rich biodiversity that includes several rare or threatened plants and animals. There are at least fourteen waterfalls in the park. For thousands of years, the Northern Tablelands and these valleys were the tribal lands of the Dangaddi aboriginal people, whose descendants are now concentrated in the lower Macleay River.
Some marked trees have been found and a limestone cave shelter has been excavated near Kunderang Brook. In 1818 explorer John Oxley and his party tried to descend the Apsley valley, but steep gorges blocked the way until they proceeded around the head of the Apsley Falls. After Oxley passed through the cedar-getters were the first white people to penetrate these remote gorges and valleys in search of Australian red cedar, floated down-river to Kempsey. There have been cattle grazing through the Macleay River Gorges, called'The Falls', since the 1840s, with mustering points occurring at Top Creek, Middle Yards, Left Hand, Oven Camp, Youdales Hut, Green Gully, Yarrowitch River and Front Tableland; the restored Middle Yards Hut was once part of the 32,000-hectare East Kunderang cattle station on the Macleay River. In the late 19th century several gold and antimony mines were established around the rim of the gorges, at places such as Halls Peak and Hillgrove, as well as two ambitious hydro-electric schemes to power them, the remains of which can be seen today along the Styx River and at Gara Gorge.
In 1976 the Apsley Macleay Gorges were identified as being of true wilderness quality. At that stage the public protection offered to the area was limited to two small reserves in the south, a few local council run recreation areas at sites such as Wollomombi Falls and Apsley Falls. With future land-use undecided, the NSW Electricity Commission began surveying the Apsley Valley for a hydro-electric scheme in the late 1970s; the Apsley Gorge National Park of 6,718 hectares was gazetted followed by the 3,456-hectare Yarrowitch Gorge National Park soon after. During late 1981 the track to the Apsley River at Riverside was improved and Elcom installed a river gauging station; the project was shelved following a land use study recommending a national park be established. In 1986 the park was gazetted to foster nature conservation, cultural heritage and tourism on the Northern Tablelands. In 1989 East Kunderang Station of 30,400 hectares passed to the National Parks and Wildlife Service and was proclaimed the Oxley Wild Rivers National Park.
In 1994 Oxley Wild Rivers National Park was inscribed on the Register of World Heritage sites, as part of the Central Eastern Rainforest Reserves of Australia. 1,850 hectares of Winterbourne State Forest known at the Big Lease, was added to the wilderness. The remaining 1,560 hectares of Winterbourne and 1,075 hectares of Enmore State Forests are to be added to the national park. Further inclusions include Green Gully headwaters and 1,439 hectares of leasehold land in the lower Chandler River gorge; the Macleay Gorges Wilderness Area was declared in 1996 and extended in 1997 and covers over 50,000 hectares in the central part of the park. In December 2009 a lightning strike started a bushfire in the Youdales Hut area; the hut was unaffected, but 1,500 hectares of inaccessible steep country was burnt out before it was brought under control. Another lightning strike started a large bushfire in the Reedy Creek region of the park; this fire has burnt out over 8,000 hectares of rough country. The Oxley Wild Rivers National Park lies along the Great Escarpment between the Northern Tablelands, the east coast and has dramatic gorges and waterfalls, extensive wilderness and dry rainforest.
The main rivers in the national park are the: Apsley River, Macleay River, Wollomombi River, Chandler River, Tia River, Styx River, Gara River, Yarrowitch River, Oaky River and the Kunderang Brook. There are a number of waterfalls situated throughout the park including: Wollomombi Falls, Apsley Falls, Tia Falls and Dangars Falls as well as numerous cascades; the waterfalls in the park are at their best after the main ones are accessible by car. The formation of the area began with muddy sediments under ancient oceans that were changed by heat and pressure into hard rocks uplifted by movements of the continental plate and volcanic eruptions; this resulted in the formation of the Great Dividing Range, an undulating plateau that sloped to the west and fell away steeply to the east. Erosion by wind, rain and ice over millions of years carved out the plateaus of the Northern Tablelands, rivers and streams cut back the eastern edge of the tableland creating deep gorges that formed one continuous escarpment.
The jagged scarp is retreating west and this movement can be seen today in the erosion of steep cliffs at places like Wollomombi and Aps
Government of Queensland
The Government of Queensland referred to as the Queensland Government, is the Australian state democratic administrative authority of Queensland. The Government of Queensland, a parliamentary constitutional monarchy, was formed in 1859 as prescribed in its Constitution, as amended from time to time. Since the Federation of Australia in 1901, Queensland has been a state of the Commonwealth of Australia, the Constitution of Australia regulates its relationship with the Commonwealth. Under the Australian Constitution, Queensland ceded legislative and judicial supremacy to the Commonwealth, but retained powers in all matters not in conflict with the Commonwealth. Key state government offices are located at 1 William Street in the Brisbane central business district; the Government of Queensland operates under the Westminster system, a form of parliamentary government based on the model of the United Kingdom. The Governor of Queensland, as the representative of Elizabeth II, Queen of Australia, holds nominal power, although in practice only performs ceremonial duties.
The Parliament of Queensland holds legislative power, while executive power lies with the Premier and Cabinet, judicial power is exercised by a system of courts and tribunals. The Parliament of Queensland is the state's legislature, it consists of Her Majesty The Queen, a single chamber. Queensland is the only Australian state with a unicameral parliament after a second chamber, the Legislative Council, was abolished in 1922; the Legislative Assembly has 93 members. Elections for the Legislative Assembly are held every four years; the Cabinet of Queensland is the government's chief policy-making organ, consists of the Premier and all ministers. The Queensland Government delivers services, determines policy and regulations, including legal interpretation, by a number of agencies grouped under areas of portfolio responsibility; each portfolio is led by a government minister, a member of the Parliament. As of April 2016 there were nineteen lead agencies, called government departments, that consist of: Department of the Premier and Cabinet Department of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Partnerships Department of Agriculture and Fisheries Department of Communities, Child Safety and Disability Services Department of Education and Training Department of Energy and Water Supply Department of Environment and Heritage Protection Queensland Health Department of Housing and Public Works Department of Infrastructure, Local Government and Planning Department of Justice and Attorney-General Department of National Parks and Racing Department of Natural Resources and Mines Queensland Police Service and Queensland Fire and Emergency Services Department of Science, Information Technology and Innovation Department of State Development Department of Transport and Main Roads Queensland Treasury Department of Tourism, Major Events, Small Business and the Commonwealth GamesA range of other agencies support the functions of these departments.
The judiciary of Queensland consists of the Magistrates Court, the District Court, the Supreme Court, as well as a number of smaller courts and tribunals. The Chief Justice of Queensland is the state's most senior judicial officer; the Magistrates Court is the lowest tier of the judicial hierarchy of Queensland. The court's criminal jurisdiction covers summary offences, indictable offences which may be heard summarily, but all criminal proceedings in Queensland begin in the Magistrates Court if they are not within this jurisdiction. For charges beyond its jurisdiction, the court conducts committal hearings in which the presiding magistrate decides, based on the strength of the evidence, whether to refer the matter to a higher court or dismiss it; the court's civil jurisdiction covers matters in which the amount in dispute is less than or equal to $150,000. Appeals against decisions by the Magistrates Court are heard by the District Court; the District Court is the middle tier of the judicial hierarchy of Queensland.
The court has jurisdiction to hear all appeals from decisions made in the Magistrates Court. Its criminal jurisdiction covers serious indictable offences; the court's civil jurisdiction covers matters in which the amount in dispute is more than $150,000 but less than or equal to $750,000. Appeals against decisions by the District Court are heard by the Court of Appeal, a division of the Supreme Court; the Supreme Court is the highest tier of the judicial hierarchy Queensland. The court has two divisions; the Trial Division's jurisdiction covers serious criminal offences, civil matters involving claims of more than $750,000. The Court of Appeal's jurisdiction allows it to hear cases on appeal from the Trial Division, the District Court, a number of other judicial tribunals in Queensland. Appeals against decisions by the Court of Appeal are heard by the High Court of Australia. There are several factors; the legislature has no upper house. For a large portion of its history, the state was under a gerrymander that favoured rural electorates.
This, combined with the decentralised nature of Queensland, meant that politics has been dominated by regional interests. Queensland, along with New South Wales operated a balloting system known as Optional Preferential Voting for state elections; this is different from the predominant Australian electoral system, the instant-runoff voting system, in practice is closer to a first past the post ballot, which some say is to the
The Apsley Falls are two waterfalls on the Apsley River in the Northern Tablelands region of New South Wales, Australia. The falls are located about 20 kilometres east of Walcha, 1 kilometre off the Oxley Highway in a deep gorge, part of the Oxley Wild Rivers National Park, they are the first falls in a succession of dramatic drops in an area that has some of the most remarkable scenery in Eastern Australia. The first drop of the falls is about 65 metres in depth, the second, about 800 metres further on, plummets 58 metres metres to the bottom of the gorge. Aboriginal people tell the story of how the Rainbow Serpent created the gorge at Apsley Falls in the Dreamtime; the Rainbow Serpent is said to travel underground from the base of the falls to reappear 20 km upstream at the Mill Hole on the Apsley River in Walcha. The site is now marked at the Mill Hole by the Rainbow Serpent mosaic made with the help of the local Aboriginal community. Apart from Aboriginal significance of the area as a meeting place, John Oxley passed by the falls on 13 September 1818 and he named them the Bathurst Falls.
He described it as “one of the most magnificent waterfalls we have seen”. Oxley named the Apsley River and wrote in his journal that he was "lost in astonishment at the sight of this wonderful natural sublimity". In 1902 three men, Ted Baker, Jim McMillan and "Wattie" Joiner built the wooden stairway that zigzagged its way from the top of the gorge to the water's edge. All timber used in this dangerous and mammoth task was hand dressed with an axe and adze by this trio; the original stairway was used until 1932, when it was declared unsafe and demolished. Quite some time after parts of this stairway rotted and became dangerous, the Walcha Lions Club set about the huge task of erecting a steel staircase and viewing platform to halfway down the gorge. One of the Lions, Lindsay McMillan, designed the steel structure and platform. All materials were supplied by the Walcha Shire Council and it took the Lions Club members 1,745 hours to complete the job during 1961; the Lions were internationally, justly, recognised for their tremendous contribution here.
The official opening of the scenic stairway was on 14 October 1961 by the state member for Armidale, Davis Hughes. The sheer sided walls of the upper Apsley Gorge are caused by the slate in this area which splits vertically; the gorge rim supports a vegetation of forest and woodland with a limited understorey of shrubby plants. Common plants include a number of wattles, Acacia amoena, Acacia dealbata, Acacia filicifolia and green wattles, plus tea trees, Eucalyptus caliginosa, Eucalyptus viminalis, Eucalyptus nicholii, forest red gum, Eucalyptus melliodora, Dipodium punctatum, Hakea fraseri, Jacksonia scoparia and daisy bush. Wedge-tailed eagles may be seen soaring on the thermals in the area. Kangaroos, crimson rosellas, echidnas known as "spiny anteaters" and wallabies frequent the area. Since the National Parks and Wildlife Service took over they have constructed additional lookouts and walkways to view and photograph this magnificent gorge and the two falls. There are several short walks that can be taken from the car parks and these are highlighted in the information shelter erected in the area near the toilet facilities.
The main falls and gorge can be viewed from several lookouts which are accessed via stairs from the car park. In addition the Oxley Walk is a 2.7 km, 1½ hours walk on a sealed walkway, which crosses the river via a footbridge continues around the northern side of the gorge. A further lookout offers fine views of the main falls and the track continues past another three lookouts, where one can view a second waterfall and the dramatic cliffs of the chasm; this bridge was washed away in a flood on 28 December 2009, but the replacement was opened in June 2012. Good facilities are available for caravan or tent campers, including fire wood, interpretive information, hardened walking tracks, access for disabled people, ten viewing platforms, Aboriginal history and fauna. A small camping fee applies. Dogs and other domestic pets are not allowed. List of waterfalls of New South Wales Where They Grow Old Gracefully - Walcha District Hospital Centenary, 1892-1992 by co-authors: E L Hogan, OAM, JP and G J Reynolds.
"Walcha's National Parks". Walcha Tourism site. Archived from the original on 2014-05-13. "Apsley, Stoney Creek and Tia Falls". Walcha Shire Council official site. "Apsley Falls picnic area - Walcha". Visit NSW. "Apsley Gorge National Park, Oxley Hwy, Walcha, NSW, Australia". Australian Heritage Database. Australian Government. 21 March 1978
Tully Gorge National Park
Tully Gorge is a national park in Queensland, Australia, 1,338 km northwest of Brisbane. The park forms part of the Wooroonooran Important Bird Area, identified as such by BirdLife International because it supports populations of a range of bird species endemic to Queensland's Wet Tropics. Follow Tully Falls Road to the Tully Gorge Lookout. Tully Falls only run in a big wet season, but the walls of rock and rainforest which plunge 300 m down to the Tully River are still an awe-inspiring sight. An 800 m track takes walkers to the Tully River above the falls. Tully Falls Road begins on the outskirts of Ravenshoe at the junction of the Mount Garnet Road; the Tully Gorge National Park turnoff is 24 km down the road. A 1 km gravel road leads to viewing platform. Protected areas of Queensland
The Florence Falls is a segmented waterfall on the Florence Creek located within the Litchfield National Park in the Northern Territory of Australia. The waterfall descends from an elevation of 64 metres above sea level via a series of segmented tiers that range in height between 9.8–15 metres. Accessed by sealed road, the falls are found near the northern boundary of the national park 80 kilometres south of Darwin. A sign post at Florence Falls mentions two walks for hiking. The'Shady Creek Walk' is graded easy with a distance of 1.2 kilometres return. The'Florence Creek Walk' is graded easy with a distance of 3.2 kilometres return. The Florence Falls plunge pool is listed as "great for a refreshing swim" besides the usual safety warnings. List of waterfalls of the Northern Territory Media related to Florence Falls at Wikimedia Commons "Florence Falls". World of Waterfalls. Johnny T. Cheng. 5 June 2006
The Belmore Falls is a plunge waterfall with three drops on the Barrengarry Creek in the Southern Highlands and Illawarra regions of New South Wales, Australia. Located 6.5 kilometres south of the town of Robertson, the falls descend from the Illawarra escarpment at an elevation of 552 metres above sea level into the northern end of Kangaroo Valley within the Morton National Park. Descending over three drops, the waterfalls range in height between 77–130 metres and are best viewed from the Hindmarsh Lookout, accessible via a short walk from a road heading south east from Burrawang; the falls were named after Somerset Lowry-Corry, 4th Earl Belmore the then-Governor of New South Wales. List of waterfalls of New South Wales