Tuluva dynasty

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Vijayanagara Empire
Sangama dynasty
Harihara I 1336–1356
Bukka Raya I 1356–1377
Harihara Raya II 1377–1404
Virupaksha Raya 1404–1405
Bukka Raya II 1405–1406
Deva Raya I 1406–1422
Ramachandra Raya 1422
Vira Vijaya Bukka Raya 1422–1424
Deva Raya II 1424–1446
Mallikarjuna Raya 1446–1465
Virupaksha Raya II 1465–1485
Praudha Raya 1485
Saluva dynasty
Saluva Narasimha Deva Raya 1485–1491
Thimma Bhupala 1491
Narasimha Raya II 1491–1505
Tuluva dynasty
Tuluva Narasa Nayaka 1491–1503
Vira Narasimha Raya 1503–1509
Krishna Deva Raya 1509–1529
Achyuta Deva Raya 1529–1542
Venkata I 1542
Sadasiva Raya 1542–1570
Aravidu dynasty
Aliya Rama Raya 1542–1565
Tirumala Deva Raya 1565–1572
Sriranga I 1572–1586
Venkata II 1586–1614
Sriranga II 1614
Rama Deva Raya 1617–1632
Venkata III 1632–1642
Sriranga III 1642–1646

Tuluva is the name of the third ruling dynasty of the Vijayanagara Empire.[1] The dynasty traces it's patrilineal ancestry to Tuluva Narasa Nayaka, a powerful warlord from the westerly Tulu speaking region.[2] His son Narasimha Nayaka arranged for the assassination of the weak Narasimha Raya II bringing an end to the rule of the Saluva dynasty.[2] Narasimha Nayaka later assumed the Vijayangara throne as Viranarasimha Raya bringing the Tuluva dynasty to prominence.[2] The dynasty was at it's zenith during the rule of Krishnadevaraya, the second son of Tuluva Narasa Nayaka.

History[edit]

The original home of the dynasty was the westerly Tulu speaking region. A Sanskrit epigraph on the eastern wall of Tirumalai temple describes the genealogy of Krishnadevaraya.[3] Here the mythic origin of the dynasty is traced back to the Moon God and other figures such as Budha, Pururavas, Ayu and Nahusha.[3] The first ancestor of the Tuluva lineage to be mentioned is Timmabhupati and his wife Devaki.[3] Timmabhupati is followed by his son Ishvara and consort Bukkamma and then a certain Narasa Bhupala who is none other than Tuluva Narasa Nayaka, the father of Emperor Krishnadevaraya.[3] The powerful warlord Tuluva Narasa Nayaka is attibuted with the conquest of the Cholas, Cheras, Pandyas, Gajapatis as well as certain Muslim rulers.[3]

Krishnadevaraya a Tulu speaker himself was noted to be linguistically neutral as he ruled a multilingual empire.[4] He is known to have patronised poets and issued inscriptions in languages as varied as Sanskrit, Tamil, Kannada and Telugu.[4] However, he elevated Telugu as a royal language possibly because of the dominance of Telugu speaking chiefs and composed the epic poem Amuktamalyada in it.[4]

The fall of the Tuluva dynasty led to the beginning of the disintegration of the Vijayanagar empire.[citation needed]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Sen, Sailendra (2013). A Textbook of Medieval Indian History. Primus Books. pp. 103–112. ISBN 978-9-38060-734-4. 
  2. ^ a b c Pollock, Sheldon (2011). Forms of Knowledge in Early Modern Asia: Explorations in the Intellectual History of India and Tibet, 1500–1800. Duke University Press. p. 81. ISBN 9780822349044. Retrieved 16 June 2018. 
  3. ^ a b c d e Pollock, Sheldon (2011). Forms of Knowledge in Early Modern Asia: Explorations in the Intellectual History of India and Tibet, 1500–1800. Duke University Press. p. 74. ISBN 9780822349044. Retrieved 16 June 2018. 
  4. ^ a b c Peter Fibiger Bang, Dariusz Kolodziejczyk (2012). Universal Empire: A Comparative Approach to Imperial Culture and Representation in Eurasian History. Cambridge University Press. pp. 222–223. ISBN 9781107022676. Retrieved 16 June 2018.