Amalthea Cellars is a winery in the West Atco section of Wainslow in Camden County, New Jersey. The vineyard was first planted in 1976, opened to the public in 1981. Amalthea has 10 acres of grapes under cultivation, produces 5,000 cases of wine per year; the winery is named after Amalthea, a moon of Jupiter, reflecting the owner's scientific background and love of mythology. Amalthea Cellars is in the Outer Coastal Plain AVA, produces wine from Cabernet Franc, Cabernet Sauvignon, Chardonnay, Merlot, Pinot gris, Rayon d'Or, Rkatsiteli, Sauvignon blanc, Traminette, Villard blanc, Viognier grapes. Amalthea makes fruit wines from blueberries and peaches, it is the only winery in New Jersey that produces wine from Rayon d'Or, a white hybrid grape developed in France in the early twentieth century. Amalthea was a participant at the Judgment of Princeton, a wine tasting organized by the American Association of Wine Economists that compared New Jersey wines to premium French vintages; the winery advocates traditional winemaking techniques, uses egg whites and oak barrels to produce its wine.
Amalthea has a plenary winery license from the New Jersey Division of Alcoholic Beverage Control, which allows it to produce an unrestricted amount of wine, operate up to 15 off-premises sales rooms, ship up to 12 cases per year to consumers in-state or out-of-state. Amalthea is a member of the Garden State Wine Growers Association and the Outer Coastal Plain Vineyard Association. Alcohol laws of New Jersey American wine Judgment of Princeton List of wineries and distilleries in New Jersey New Jersey Farm Winery Act New Jersey Wine Industry Advisory Council New Jersey wine Garden State Wine Growers Association Outer Coastal Plain Vineyard Association Amalthea Cellars home page
Bellview Winery is a winery in the Landisville section of Buena in Atlantic County, New Jersey. A family produce farm since 1914, the vineyard was first planted in 2000, opened to the public in 2001. Bellview has 40 acres of grapes under cultivation, produces 8,000 cases of wine per year; the farm was named by the great-grandfather of the current owner, is of Italian origin. Bellview Winery is in the Outer Coastal Plain AVA, produces wine from Blaufränkisch, Cabernet Franc, Cabernet Sauvignon, Cayuga White, Chardonnay, Ives noir, Muscat Ottonel, Petit Verdot, Pinot gris, Tinta Cão, Touriga Nacional, Vidal Blanc, Viognier grapes. Bellview makes fruit wines from apples, blueberries and dandelions, it is one of only a handful of wineries in the United States. Bellview is the only New Jersey winery that uses Tinta Cão and Touriga Nacional, which are red vinifera grapes indigenous to Portugal that are used to make port; the winery was a participant at the Judgment of Princeton, a wine tasting organized by the American Association of Wine Economists that compared New Jersey wines to premium French vintages.
Bellview Winery is a member of the Garden State Wine Growers Association, the Outer Coastal Plain Vineyard Association, as well as two wine trails in their local region, including the Two Bridges Wine Trail and Pinelands Reserve Wine Trail. As a Founding Member of the Outer Coastal Plain Vineyard Association, Bellview Winery helped to form the creation of the Outer Coastal Plain AVA region, opening up opportunity for wineries in New Jersey to grow as their own unique destination. Bellview operates under a Plenary Winery License from the New Jersey Division of Alcoholic Beverage Control, allowing it to produce an unrestricted amount of wine, as well as operate up to 15 off-premises sales rooms; as a result of further legislation in 2012, Bellview Winery has the option to mail wine directly to some consumers, under new Direct Shipping laws in the state. Combined with Direct Shipping laws, Bellview's license allows the shipment of up to 12 cases per year to consumers In or Out-Of-State. Alcohol laws of New Jersey American wine Judgment of Princeton List of wineries and distilleries in New Jersey New Jersey Farm Winery Act New Jersey Wine Industry Advisory Council New Jersey wine Garden State Wine Growers Association Outer Coastal Plain Vineyard Association
New Jersey is a state in the Mid-Atlantic and Northeastern regions of the United States. It is located on a peninsula, bordered on the north and east by the state of New York along the extent of the length of New York City on its western edge. New Jersey is the fourth-smallest state by area but the 11th-most populous, with 9 million residents as of 2017, the most densely populated of the 50 U. S. states. New Jersey lies within the combined statistical areas of New York City and Philadelphia. New Jersey was the second-wealthiest U. S. state by median household income as of 2017. New Jersey was inhabited by Native Americans for more than 2,800 years, with historical tribes such as the Lenape along the coast. In the early 17th century, the Dutch and the Swedes founded the first European settlements in the state; the English seized control of the region, naming it the Province of New Jersey after the largest of the Channel Islands and granting it as a colony to Sir George Carteret and John Berkeley, 1st Baron Berkeley of Stratton.
New Jersey was the site of several decisive battles during the American Revolutionary War in the 18th century. In the 19th century, factories in cities, Paterson, Trenton, Jersey City, Elizabeth helped to drive the Industrial Revolution. New Jersey's geographic location at the center of the Northeast megalopolis, between Boston and New York City to the northeast, Philadelphia and Washington, D. C. to the southwest, fueled its rapid growth through the process of suburbanization in the second half of the 20th century. In the first decades of the 21st century, this suburbanization began reverting with the consolidation of New Jersey's culturally diverse populace toward more urban settings within the state, with towns home to commuter rail stations outpacing the population growth of more automobile-oriented suburbs since 2008. Around 180 million years ago, during the Jurassic Period, New Jersey bordered North Africa; the pressure of the collision between North America and Africa gave rise to the Appalachian Mountains.
Around 18,000 years ago, the Ice Age resulted in glaciers. As the glaciers retreated, they left behind Lake Passaic, as well as many rivers and gorges. New Jersey was settled by Native Americans, with the Lenni-Lenape being dominant at the time of contact. Scheyichbi is the Lenape name for the land, now New Jersey; the Lenape were several autonomous groups that practiced maize agriculture in order to supplement their hunting and gathering in the region surrounding the Delaware River, the lower Hudson River, western Long Island Sound. The Lenape society was divided into matrilinear clans; these clans were organized into three distinct phratries identified by their animal sign: Turtle and Wolf. They first encountered the Dutch in the early 17th century, their primary relationship with the Europeans was through fur trade; the Dutch became the first Europeans to lay claim to lands in New Jersey. The Dutch colony of New Netherland consisted of parts of modern Middle Atlantic states. Although the European principle of land ownership was not recognized by the Lenape, Dutch West India Company policy required its colonists to purchase the land that they settled.
The first to do so was Michiel Pauw who established a patronship called Pavonia in 1630 along the North River which became the Bergen. Peter Minuit's purchase of lands along the Delaware River established the colony of New Sweden; the entire region became a territory of England on June 24, 1664, after an English fleet under the command of Colonel Richard Nicolls sailed into what is now New York Harbor and took control of Fort Amsterdam, annexing the entire province. During the English Civil War, the Channel Island of Jersey remained loyal to the British Crown and gave sanctuary to the King, it was from the Royal Square in Saint Helier that Charles II of England was proclaimed King in 1649, following the execution of his father, Charles I. The North American lands were divided by Charles II, who gave his brother, the Duke of York, the region between New England and Maryland as a proprietary colony. James granted the land between the Hudson River and the Delaware River to two friends who had remained loyal through the English Civil War: Sir George Carteret and Lord Berkeley of Stratton.
The area was named the Province of New Jersey. Since the state's inception, New Jersey has been characterized by religious diversity. New England Congregationalists settled alongside Scots Presbyterians and Dutch Reformed migrants. While the majority of residents lived in towns with individual landholdings of 100 acres, a few rich proprietors owned vast estates. English Quakers and Anglicans owned large landholdings. Unlike Plymouth Colony and other colonies, New Jersey was populated by a secondary wave of immigrants who came from other colonies instead of those who migrated directly from Europe. New Jersey remained agrarian and rural throughout the colonial era, commercial farming developed sporadically; some townships, such as Burlington on the Delaware River and Perth Amboy, emerged as important ports for shipping to New York City and Philadelphia. The colony's fertile lands and tolerant religious policy drew more settlers, New Jersey's population had increased to 120,000 by 1775. Settlement for the first 10 years of English rule took place along Hackensack River and Arthur Kill –
Coda Rossa Winery
Coda Rossa Winery is a winery in the Franklinville section of Franklin Township in Gloucester County, New Jersey, United States. The vineyard was first planted in 2002; the current owners obtained the property in 2006, Coda Rossa opened to the public in 2010. Coda Rossa has 10 acres of grapes under cultivation, produces 1,500 cases of wine per year; the winery is named for the Italian words coda rossa which mean "red tail," because of the red-tailed hawks that live near the farm. Coda Rossa Winery is in the Outer Coastal Plain AVA, produces wine from Barbera, Cabernet Franc, Cabernet Sauvignon, Cayuga White, Chardonnay, Durif, Nebbiolo, Pinot gris, Sauvignon blanc, Vidal blanc, Zinfandel grapes; the winery makes fruit wines from blackberries, blueberries and raspberries. Coda Rossa has a plenary winery license from the New Jersey Division of Alcoholic Beverage Control, which allows it to produce an unrestricted amount of wine, operate up to 15 off-premises sales rooms, ship up to 12 cases per year to consumers in-state or out-of-state.
The winery is a member of the Garden State Wine Growers Association and the Outer Coastal Plain Vineyard Association. In 2004, the owners of Coda Rossa founded The Wine Room, an instructional winemaking facility in Cherry Hill, New Jersey. Alcohol laws of New Jersey American wine Judgment of Princeton List of wineries and distilleries in New Jersey New Jersey Farm Winery Act New Jersey Wine Industry Advisory Council New Jersey wine Garden State Wine Growers Association Outer Coastal Plain Vineyard Association
Alcohol laws of New Jersey
The state laws governing alcoholic drinks in New Jersey are among the most complex in the United States, with many peculiarities not found in other states' laws. They provide for 29 distinct liquor licenses granted to manufacturers, wholesalers and for the public warehousing and transport of alcoholic drinks. General authority for the statutory and regulatory control of alcoholic drinks rests with the state government the Division of Alcoholic Beverage Control overseen by the state's Attorney General. Under home rule, New Jersey law grants individual municipalities substantial discretion in passing ordinances regulating the sale and consumption of alcoholic drinks within their limits; the number of retail licenses available is determined by a municipality's population, may be further limited by the town's governing body. As a result, the availability of alcohol and regulations governing it vary from town to town. A small percentage of municipalities in the state are "dry towns" that do not allow alcoholic drinks to be sold, do not issue retail licenses for bars or restaurants to serve alcohol to patrons.
Other towns permit alcohol sales 24 hours a day. Retail licenses tend to be difficult to obtain, when available are subject to exorbitant prices and fervent competition. In addition to granting local governments wide latitude over liquor sales, New Jersey law has some other unusual features. Corporations are limited to two retail distribution licenses, making it impractical for chain stores to sell alcoholic drinks. State law treats drunk driving as a traffic offense rather than a crime, permits individual municipalities to define the scope of underage drinking laws. New Jersey's history of taverns and alcohol production dates to its early colonial period. Colonial winemakers received recognition by the Royal Society of Arts for producing high-quality wine, a local distillery owner was asked by George Washington for his recipe for "cyder spirits". Throughout the 19th and early 20th centuries, the industry developed with the influx of European immigrants Germans and Italians, who presented a sizable market for alcoholic drinks and brought with them old world winemaking and distilling techniques.
With the rise of the temperance movement culminating in Prohibition, New Jersey's alcohol industry suffered. The legacy of Prohibition restricted and prevented the industry's recovery until the state legislature began loosening restrictions and repealing Prohibition-era laws starting in 1981. New Jersey's alcohol industry is experiencing a renaissance, enacted laws provide new opportunities for the state's wineries and breweries. New Jersey's laws and regulations regarding alcohol are overseen by the Department of Law and Public Safety's Division of Alcoholic Beverage Control, managed by the state's Attorney General; the current director of the Alcohol Beverage Control division is Dave Rible. State and municipal laws, including those that regulate alcoholic drinks, apply in all territorial waters which includes inland rivers and bays, tidal waters up to three nautical miles from the New Jersey shoreline. Starting in 1738, towns in New Jersey began issuing liquor licenses to tavern keepers. Before federal Prohibition in 1919, despite many state liquor statutes, the regulation of alcoholic drinks in New Jersey was exclusively local, with wide variations among municipalities.
In 1933, after the repeal of Prohibition, the states were again permitted to regulate alcoholic drinks. Upon the end of Prohibition in 1933, New Jersey instituted the Alcoholic Beverage Control Law, which established and granted rulemaking powers to the Division of Alcoholic Beverage Control; the law established a three-tier alcohol distribution system whereby, with minor exceptions, alcohol manufacturers may only sell to wholesalers, who may only sell to retailers, who may only sell to customers. New Jersey's alcohol laws and regulations are codified in Title 33 of the New Jersey Statutes, Title 13, Chapter 2 of the New Jersey Administrative Code respectively. After New Jersey's current state constitution was adopted in 1947 and some departments were consolidated, the department was incorporated into the Department of Law and Public Safety under the New Jersey Attorney General's office; the statutes define an alcoholic drink as "any fluid or solid capable of being converted into a fluid, suitable for human consumption, having an alcohol content of more than one-half of one per centum by volume, including alcohol, lager beer, porter fermented wine, treated wine, blended wine, fortified wine, sparkling wine, distilled liquors, blended distilled liquors and any brewed, fermented or distilled liquors fit for use for drink purposes or any mixture of the same, fruit juices."
New Jersey has a strong tradition of municipal home rule. Local municipalities thus have considerable authority in the licensing and regulating of alcohol-related businesses; these powers include: limiting the number of licenses to sell alcoholic beverages at retail, limiting the hours of retail alcohol sales, prohibiting the retail sale of alcoholic beverages on Sunday, regulating the conduct of any retail establishment licensed to sell alcoholic beverages, regulating the nature and condition of the licensed premises limiting persons within the municipality to a single liquor license, limiting a license to cover only the specific licensed premises.
Wheat beer is a beer top-fermented, brewed with a large proportion of wheat relative to the amount of malted barley. The two main varieties are Weissbier, based on the German tradition, Witbier, based on the Belgian tradition. Two common varieties of wheat beer are Weißbier based on the German tradition of mixing at least 50% wheat to barley malt to make a light coloured top-fermenting beer, witbier based on the Belgian tradition of using flavorings such as coriander and orange peel. Belgian white beers are made with raw unmalted wheat, as opposed to the malted wheat used in other varieties. Both German Weißbier and Belgian witbier are termed "white beers" because "wheat" has the same etymological root as "white" in most West Germanic languages. U. S. Brewers and Canadian brewers follow both of the main wheat beer traditions with greater variation. In Britain, wheat beer is not considered traditional; this is in line with the rising sales of other speciality products. It tends to be a hybrid of the continental style with an English bitter, rather than an exact emulation.
Other minor wheat beer styles such as Berliner Weiße, Lambic are made with a significant proportion of wheat. Weizenbier or Hefeweizen, in the southern parts of Bavaria called Weißbier, is a beer, traditionally from Bavaria, in which a significant proportion of malted barley is replaced with malted wheat. By German law, Weißbiers brewed in Germany must be fermented using a "top-fermenting" yeast, technically an "ale yeast". Specialized strains of yeast are used which produce overtones of banana and clove as by-products of fermentation. Weißbier is so called because it was, at the time of its inception, paler in color than Munich's traditional brown beer, it is well known throughout Germany. The terms Hefeweizen or Hefeweißbier refer to wheat beer in its unfiltered form; the term Kristallweizen, or kristall Weiß, refers to a wheat beer, filtered to remove the yeast and wheat proteins which contribute to its cloudy appearance. The Hefeweizen style is noted for its low hop bitterness and high carbonation, considered important to balance the beer's malty sweetness.
Another balancing flavor note unique to Hefeweizen beer is its phenolic character. Hefeweizen's phenolic character has been described as "clove" and "medicinal" but smoky. Other more typical but less assertive flavour notes produced by Weißbier yeast include "banana", "bubble gum", sometimes "vanilla". Weißbier is available in a number of other forms, including Dunkelweizen and Weizenstarkbier referred to as Weizenbock; the dark wheat varieties are made with darker, more kilned malts. The Weizenbocks have a much higher alcohol content than their lighter cousins; the four largest brands in Germany are Erdinger, Paulaner and Maisel. Other renowned brands are Augustiner, Weihenstephaner and Andechser. Regional brands in Bavaria are Hopf, Ayinger and Plank. Aventinus is an example of Weizen Doppelbock and darker version of Weizenbock, made by the G. Schneider & Sohn brewery in Kelheim. British brewers producing cask-conditioned varieties include Oakleaf Eichenblatt Bitte, Hoskins White Dolphin, Fyfe Weiss Squad and Oakham White Dwarf.
Witbier, white beer, bière blanche, or witte is a barley/wheat, top-fermented beer brewed in Belgium and the Netherlands. It gets its name due to suspended yeast and wheat proteins which cause the beer to look hazy, or white, when cold, it is a descendant from those medieval beers which were flavored and preserved with a blend of spices and other plants such as coriander and bitter orange referred to as "gruit" instead of using hops. The style was revived by Pierre Celis at the Hoegaarden Brewery in Belgium and the Celis Brewery in Austin, is traditionally made with up to 50% raw wheat rather than wheat malt; the beers have a somewhat sour taste due to the presence of lactic acid or acetic acid, much more pronounced in the past than today. The suspended yeast in the beer causes some continuing fermentation in the bottle. A minor variety of wheat beer is represented by Berliner Weiße, low in alcohol and intentionally tart. Sweetened syrups of lemon, raspberry or woodruff herb are added before drinking.
Leipziger Gose is similar to Berliner Weiße but stronger at around 4% ABV. Its ingredients include salt, which are unusual for German beers. Belgian Lambic is made with wheat and barley, but differs from nearly all beers in the use of wild yeast for spontaneous fermentation. A variation on the barley wine style involves adding a large quantity of wheat to the mash bill, resulting in what is referred to as wheat wine; this style originated in the United States in the 1980s. Wheat beers vary in name according to the place in which they are brewed and small variations in the recipe. Among those used are: Weißbier, short Weiße: "Weiß" is German for "white"
A barrel is one of several units of volume applied in various contexts. For historical reasons the volumes of some barrel units are double the volumes of others. In many connections the term "drum" is used interchangeably with "barrel". Since medieval times the term barrel as a unit of measure has had various meanings throughout Europe, ranging from about 100 litres to 1000 litres; the name was derived in medieval times from the French baril, of unknown origin, but still in use, both in French and as derivations in many other languages such as Italian and Spanish. In most countries such usage is obsolescent superseded by SI units; as a result, the meaning of corresponding words and related concepts in other languages refers to a physical container rather than a known measure. In the international oil market context, prices in United States dollars per barrel are used, the term is variously translated to derivations of the Latin/Teutonic root fat. In other commercial connections, barrel sizes such as beer keg volumes are standardised in many countries.
US dry barrel: 7,056 cubic inches Defined as length of stave 28 1⁄2 in, diameter of head 17 1⁄8 in, distance between heads 26 in, circumference of bulge 64 in outside measurement. Any barrel, 7,056 cubic inches is recognized as equivalent; this is equal to 26.25 US dry gallons. US barrel for cranberries 5,826 cubic inches Defined as length of stave 28 1⁄2 in, diameter of head 16 1⁄4 in, distance between heads 25 1⁄4 in, circumference of bulge 58 1⁄2 in outside measurement. No equivalent in cubic inches is given in the statute, but regulations specify it as 5,826 cubic inches; some products have a standard weight or volume that constitutes a barrel: Cornmeal, 200 pounds Cement, 4 cubic feet or 376 pounds Sugar, 5 cubic feet Wheat or rye flour, three bushels or 196 pounds Lime, 280 pounds large barrel, or 180 pounds small barrel Butter and cheese in UK, 224 pounds Salt, 280 pounds Fluid barrels vary depending on what is being measured and where. In the UK a beer barrel is 36 imperial gallons. In the US most fluid barrels are 31.5 US gallons.
The size of beer kegs in the US is based loosely on fractions of the US beer barrel. When referring to beer barrels or kegs in many countries, the term may be used for the commercial package units independent of actual volume, where common range for professional use is 20-60 L a DIN or Euro keg of 50 L. Richard III, King of England from 1483 until 1485, had defined the wine puncheon as a cask holding 84 gallons and a wine tierce as holding 42 gallons. By 1700 custom had made the 42-gallon watertight tierce a standard container for shipping eel, herring, wine, whale oil and many other commodities in the English colonies. After the American Revolution in 1776, American merchants continued to use the same size barrels. In the worldwide oil industry, an oil barrel is defined as 42 US gallons, about 159 litres or 35 imperial gallons. Oil companies that are listed on American stock exchanges report their production in terms of volume and use the units of bbl, Mbbl, or MMbbl and for widest comprehensive statistics the Gbbl denoting a billion.
There is a conflict concerning the units for oil barrels. For all other physical quantities, according to the International System of Units, the uppercase letter "M" means Mega, for example: Mm, MHz, MW, MeV, but due to tradition, the Mbbl acronym is used today meaning "one thousand bbl", as a heritage of the roman number "M" meaning "one thousand". On the other hand, there are efforts to avoid this ambiguity, most of the barrel dealers today prefer to use bbl, instead of Mbbl, mbbl, MMbbl or mmbbl. Outside the United States, volumes of oil are reported in cubic metres instead of oil barrels. Cubic metre is the basic volume unit in the International System. In Canada, oil companies measure oil in cubic metres but convert to barrels on export, since most of Canada's oil production is exported to the US; the nominal conversion factor is 1 cubic metre = 6.2898 oil barrels, but conversion is done by custody transfer meters on the border since the volumes are specified at different temperatures and the exact conversion factor depends on both density and temperature.
Canadian companies operate internally and report to Canadian governments in cubic metres, but convert to US barrels for the benefit of American investors and oil marketers. They will quote prices in Canadian dollars per cubic metre to other Canadian companies, but use US dollars per barrel in financial reports and press statements, making it appear to the outside world that they operate in barrels. Companies