Mask is a 1985 American biographical drama film directed by Peter Bogdanovich, starring Cher, Sam Elliott, Eric Stoltz with supporting roles played by Dennis Burkley, Laura Dern, Estelle Getty, Richard Dysart. Cher received the 1985 Cannes Film Festival award for Best Actress; the film is based on the life and early death of Roy L. "Rocky" Dennis, a boy who had craniodiaphyseal dysplasia, an rare disorder known as lionitis due to the disfiguring cranial enlargements that it causes. Mask won the Academy Award for Best Makeup while Cher and Stoltz received Golden Globe Award nominations for their performances. In Azusa, California in 1979, Rocky Dennis, who has craniodiaphyseal dysplasia, is accepted without question by his freewheeling biker mother's boyfriends Gar, his "extended motorcycle family", his maternal grandparents who share his love of baseball card collecting. Rocky's mother, Florence "Rusty" Dennis, is determined to give Rocky as normal a life as possible, in spite of her own wild ways as a member of the Turks biker gang, as well as her strained relationship with her parents.
She fights for Rocky's inclusion in a mainstream junior high school and confronts a principal who would rather relegate him to a special education school, despite the fact that his condition hasn't affected his intelligence. They go to the doctor for Rocky's semi-annual physical, where Rocky claims to be feeling well, despite continuing headaches, that his mother can sing away. A young doctor tells Rusty that Rocky will not live for more than six months which Rusty scoffs at, as the doctors had been making predictions in the past that Rocky would be blind, deaf etc. none of which came to be. Rocky goes on to thrive at school, he wins friends by assisting a fellow student with remembering his locker combination. Using humor when faced with an awkward silence during roll call, Rocky just repeats the prior new student's line, "Wow, thanks a lot." The class laugh with Rocky. He entertains his history class by giving a rendition of the story of the Trojan Horse and it being the turning point of the Trojan War.
Overcoming discrimination and tutoring his classmates for $3 per hour, Rocky is asked by the principal to accept a job as a counselor's aide at Camp Bloomfield, a summer camp for blind children. At his graduation from junior high, Rocky takes home academic achievement prizes in mathematics and science. Rocky feels the need to leave his chronically depressed and drug-addicted mother, helps her break her drug habit. At camp, Rocky falls in love with Diana Adams, a blind girl who cannot see his deformed skull and is entranced by Rocky's kindness and compassion. Rocky uses his intelligence to explain to Diana words like "billowy", "clouds", "red", "green" by using cotton balls as a touchable vision of "billowy clouds", a warm rock to explain "red" and "pink", a frozen rock to explain "icy blue." Diana introduces Rocky to her parents, who are put-off by Rocky's appearance, do not want Diana to spend time with him. Near the end of the film, Rocky faces the pain of separation from the two people to whom he feels closest.
His dream of a motorbike trip through Europe collapses when his best friend Ben, to come with him, tells him that he is moving back to Michigan for good. This drives Rocky into berating Ben and calling him "stupid" finally revealing to Ben that he conned him out of a Rube Walker card. However, Rocky feels better after taking a bus trip by himself to visit Diana at the equestrian stables, located near Griffith Park. Diana tells Rocky, but she reveals that she is going away to a private school for the blind, cannot be with him. To add to this, a member of his biker family, passes away, he attends high school, where none of his friends are, where he used to respond to taunts with wit and humor, he responds to a boy by pushing him against a locker and calling him a son-of-a-bitch. One evening when Rocky's "biker family" is visiting, Rocky is fighting a fierce headache and withdraws to his room, removes the tacks from his map of Europe, goes to bed; the next morning, Rusty tries to wake up Rocky for school and flies into a fit of grief-stricken rage when she realizes he has died.
After destroying the kitchen, Rusty mourns the death of Rocky and says "Now you can go anywhere you want, baby." She re-pins his map of Europe. The movie ends with Rusty and biker Dozer visiting his grave, leaving flowers and some baseball cards by his headstone and a voice-over by Rocky himself, who recites the poem he wrote for English class earlier in the film. Cher as Florence "Rusty" Dennis, Rocky's mother. Sam Elliott as Gar, a member of Rocky's motorcycle family who acts as a father figure and occasional peacemaker between Rocky and Rusty, based on Bernie Tullis. Eric Stoltz as Roy L. "Rocky" Dennis, a kid who has craniodiaphyseal dysplasia. His makeup was provided by Zoltan Elek. Estelle Getty as Evelyn Steinberg, Rusty's mother and Rocky's grandmother. Richard Dysart as Abe Steinberg, Rusty's father and Rocky's grandfather. Laura Dern as Diana Adams, a blind girl who becomes Rocky's love interest. Micole Mercurio as Babe Harry Carey, Jr. as Red Dennis Burkley as Dozer Barry Tubb as Dewey Lawrence Monoson as Ben, Rocky's best friend.
Ben Piazza as Mr. Simms L. Craig King as Eric Alexandra Powers as Lisa Kelly Jo Minter as Lorrie Todd Allen as Canuck Howard Hirdler as Stickman Les Dudek as Bone Bogdanovich had originall
The Turk Site is a Mississippian culture archaeological site located near Bardwell in Carlisle County, Kentucky, on a bluff spur overlooking the Mississippi River floodplain. The 2.5 hectare site was occupied during the Dorena Phase and into the Medley Phase of the local chronology. Its inhabitants may have moved from the Marshall Site, located on the nearest adjacent bluff spur. For a regional administrative center, Turk is a small site, but this is because of constraints placed on it by the geography of the bluff spur it sits on; the layout of the site is characteristically Mississippian, with a number of mounds surrounding a central plaza. The earliest published investigation at the site was that of Robert Loughridge, published in 1888. Mississippian stone statuary Southeastern Ceremonial Complex List of Mississippian sites Early shell tempering in far Western Kentucky
Turkish nationality law
Turkish nationality law is based on the principle of jus sanguinis. Children who are born to a Turkish mother or a Turkish father are Turkish citizens from birth; the intention to renounce Turkish citizenship is submitted in Turkey by a petition to the highest administrative official in the concerned person's place of residence, when overseas to the Turkish consulate. Documents processed by these authorities are forwarded to the Ministry of Interior for appropriate action. Citizenship is defined in Article 66 of the Turkish constitution: A child adopted by a Turkish citizen automatically becomes a Turkish citizen if under 18 years old on the date the application for adoption was made. In some cases, those who have foreign names and are applying for Turkish citizenship change their name to a Turkish name. Examples of people who have done this include football players Colin Kazim-Richards and Mehmet Aurélio. There are different states of loss of citizenship in Turkey; the three are either, revocation, or renunciation.
Loss of citizenship in Turkey may occur under Article 31 where the national in question has misrepresented or concealed essential information in regards to his acquisition of Turkish nationality, Turkish nationality may be revoked or renounced, under the Turkish Citizenship Law. Former Turkish citizens who were forced to give up their Turkish citizenship can apply for the Blue Card, which gives them some citizens' rights back, e.g. the right to live and work in Turkey, the right to possess land or the right to inherit. Excluded from this "Citizenship light" is the right to vote. A foreign national may apply for nationalization if the following conditions are met: Legal majority as defined by the laws of the applicant's country of origin or those of Turkey in the case of stateless persons, Residence in Turkey for an uninterrupted period of five years prior to the application, Intention to settle in Turkey and demonstration thereof, No risk to public health, Good moral character, Adequate command of the Turkish language, Sufficient income for his or her own livelihood and that of any dependants in Turkey, No threat to national security or public order.
Meeting these conditions does not give a foreign national an absolute right to Turkish citizenship. A foreign national, married to a Turkish citizen for three years and is still married to that partner may apply for naturalization under a different set of conditions: Residence with the Turkish spouse, Absence of acts jeopardising the marriage, No threat to national security or public order. Following a successful application, the naturalised spouse may retain their Turkish citizenship if the marriage should subsequently be dissolved, so long as both partners had entered into the marriage in good faith. Since 12 January 2017, Law No 5901 disposes that foreign citizens investing in Turkey will be granted the right to apply for Turkish citizenship. A foreign national who make one of the following investments or fulfils one of the condition may apply for Turkish citizenship: Investment in real estate worth at least 1'000'000 USD, without selling it for a period of at least 3 years, Investment in a Turkish Company worth at least 2'000'000 USD, A deposit of 3'000'000 USD in a Turkish Bank not to be withdrawn for at least 3 years, Investment in Government Bonds worth at least 3'000'000 USD not to be sold for at least 3 years, Employment of at least 100 Turkish workers in a company owned by the applicant.
The investment made and claimed by the foreign national will be monitored and confirmed by the relevant Government authority. Once the investment is confirmed by the relevant governmental authority, the foreign national will be granted Turkish citizenship. Dual citizenship is possible in Turkish law; the laws of Turkey provide for acquisition of Turkish citizenship based on one's descent—by birth to a Turkish citizen parent in Turkey and by birth abroad to a Turkish citizen parent —regardless of the other nationalities a person might acquire at birth. Children born in Turkey to foreign citizens do not have a claim to Turkish citizenship, unless one of the parents is a Turkish citizen or the child would otherwise be stateless; the automatic acquisition of a foreign nationality does not affect Turkish citizenship. Turkish laws have no provisions requiring citizens who are born with dual nationality to choose one nationality over the other when they become adults. While recognizing the existence of dual nationality and permitting Turkish citizens to have other nationalities, the Turkish government requires that those who apply for another nationality inform the relevant Turkish authority and provide the original naturalisation certificate, Turkish birth certificate, document attesting to completion of military service, marriage certificate and four photographs.
Dual nationals are not required to use a Turkish passport to leave Turkey. Since not all countries allow dual citizenship, Turks must sometimes give up their Turkish citizenship in order to naturalise as citizens of another country. Holders of an ordinary Turkish passport may travel without a visa, or with a visa received upon arrival, to 105 countries, as of 1 January 20
Turkish people or the Turks known as Anatolian Turks, are a Turkic ethnic group and nation living in Turkey and speaking Turkish, the most spoken Turkic language. They are the largest ethnic group in Turkey, as well as by far the largest ethnic group among the speakers of Turkic languages. Ethnic Turkish minorities exist in the former lands of the Ottoman Empire. In addition, a Turkish diaspora has been established with modern migration in Western Europe. Turks arrived from Central Asia and settled in the Anatolian basin in around the 11th century through the conquest of Seljuk Turks, mixing with the peoples of Anatolia; the region began to transform from a predominately Greek Christian one to a Turkish Muslim society. Thereafter, the Ottoman Empire came to rule much of the Balkans, the Caucasus, the Middle East, North Africa over the course of several centuries, with an advanced army and navy; the Empire lasted until the end of the First World War, when it was defeated by the Allies and partitioned.
Following the successful Turkish War of Independence that ended with the Turkish national movement retaking most of the land lost to the Allies, the movement abolished the Ottoman sultanate on 1 November 1922 and proclaimed the Republic of Turkey on 29 October 1923. Not all Ottomans were Muslims and not all Ottoman Muslims were Turks, but by 1923, the majority of people living within the borders of the new Turkish republic identified as Turks. Article 66 of the Turkish Constitution defines a "Turk" as "anyone, bound to the Turkish state through the bond of citizenship". However, the majority of the Turkish population are of Turkish ethnicity and are estimated at 70–75 percent; the ethnonym "Turk" may be first discerned in Herodotus' reference to Targitas, first king of the Scythians. Pomponius Mela refers to the "Turcae" in the forests north of the Sea of Azov, Pliny the Elder lists the "Tyrcae" among the people of the same area; the first definite references to the "Turks" come from Chinese sources in the sixth century.
In these sources, "Turk" appears as "Tujue". In the 19th century, the word Türk only referred to Anatolian villagers; the Ottoman ruling class identified themselves as Ottomans, not as Turks. In the late 19th century, as the Ottoman upper classes adopted European ideas of nationalism the term Türk took on a much more positive connotation. During Ottoman times, the millet system defined communities on a religious basis, a residue of this remains in that Turkish villagers consider as Turks only those who profess the Sunni faith. Turkish Jews, Christians, or Alevis may be considered non-Turks. On the other hand, Kurdish followers of the Sunni branch of Islam who live in eastern Anatolia were sometimes considered "Mountain Turks". Article 66 of the Turkish Constitution defines a "Turk" as anyone, "bound to the Turkish state through the bond of citizenship." It is believed by Robert Fisk. Anatolia was first inhabited by hunter-gatherers during the Paleolithic era, in antiquity was inhabited by various ancient Anatolian peoples.
After Alexander the Great's conquest in 334 BC, the area was Hellenized, by the first century BC it is thought that the native Anatolian languages, themselves earlier newcomers to the area, as a result of the Indo-European migrations, became extinct. In Central Asia, the earliest surviving Turkic-language texts, the eighth-century Orkhon inscriptions, were erected by the Göktürks in the sixth century CE, include words not common to Turkic but found in unrelated Inner Asian languages. Although the ancient Turks were nomadic, they traded wool, leather and horses for wood, silk and grain, as well as having large ironworking stations in the south of the Altai Mountains during the 600s CE. Most of the Turkic peoples were followers of Tengrism, sharing the cult of the sky god Tengri, although there were adherents of Manichaeism, Nestorian Christianity and Buddhism. However, during the Muslim conquests, the Turks entered the Muslim world proper as slaves, the booty of Arab raids and conquests; the Turks began converting to Islam after Muslim conquest of Transoxiana through the efforts of missionaries and merchants.
Although initiated by the Arabs, the conversion of the Turks to Islam was filtered through Persian and Central Asian culture. Under the Umayyads, most were domestic servants, whilst under the Abbasid Caliphate, increasing numbers were trained as soldiers. By the ninth century, Turkish commanders were leading the caliphs’ Turkish troops into battle; as the Abbasid Caliphate declined, Turkish officers assumed more military and political power taking over or establishing provincial dynasties with their own corps of Turkish troops. During the 11th century the Seljuk Turks who were admirers of the Persian civilization grew in number and were able to occupy the eastern province of the Abbasid Empire. By 1055, the Seljuk Empire captured Baghdad and began to make their first incursions into the edges of Anatolia; when the Seljuk Turks won the Battle of Manzikert against the Byzantine Empire in 1071, it opened the gates of Anatolia to them. Although ethnically Turkish, the Seljuk Turks appreciated and became the purveyors of the Persian culture rather than the Turkish culture.
Nonetheless, the Turkish language and Islam were introduced and spread over the region and the slow transition from a predominantly Christian and Greek-speaking Anatolia to a pr
Snatch is a 2000 British crime comedy film written and directed by Guy Ritchie, featuring an ensemble cast. Set in the London criminal underworld, the film contains two intertwined plots: one dealing with the search for a stolen diamond, the other with a small-time boxing promoter who finds himself under the thumb of a ruthless gangster, ready and willing to have his subordinates carry out severe and sadistic acts of violence; the film features an assortment of characters, including Irish Traveller "One Punch" Mickey O'Neil, referred to as a "pikey", arms-dealer Boris "the Blade" Yurinov, professional thief and gambling addict Franky "Four-Fingers", American gangster-jeweller Abraham Denovitz known as "Cousin Avi", getaway driver Tyrone and bounty hunter Bullet-Tooth Tony. It is distinguished by a kinetic direction and editing style, an intricate double plot featuring numerous ironic twists of chance and causality, a fast pace; the film shares themes and motifs with Ritchie's first film, Lock and Two Smoking Barrels.
It is filmed in the same visual style and features many of the same actors, including Jones and Ford. After stealing an 86-carat diamond in a heist in Antwerp, Franky "Four-Fingers" goes to London to see diamond dealer Doug "The Head" on behalf of New York jeweller "Cousin Avi". One of the other robbers advises Franky to obtain a gun from ex-KGB agent Boris "The Blade". Boris plans to steal the diamond from him before he can turn it over to Doug. Meanwhile, boxing promoter and slot machine shop owner Turkish persuades gangster "Brick Top" to put boxer "Gorgeous George" in a matchup against one of Brick Top's boxers. However, when Turkish sends his partner Tommy and Gorgeous George to purchase a caravan from a group of Irish Travellers, George gets into a fight with Mickey O'Neil, a bare-knuckle boxing champion who badly injures George. Turkish persuades Mickey to replace George in his upcoming match by agreeing to purchase a new caravan for Mickey's mother. Brick Top agrees to the change on the condition.
Boris gives Franky a revolver in exchange for a favour: Franky is to place a bet on Boris' behalf at Brick Top's bookies. Avi, knowing Franky has a gambling problem, flies to London with his bodyguard "Rosebud" to claim the diamond personally. Boris hires two small-time crooks, to rob Franky while he is at the bookies; the robbery goes awry and Sol and their driver Tyrone are caught on camera, but manage to kidnap Franky. Instead of throwing the fight, Mickey knocks his opponent out with a single punch. Infuriated, Brick Top robs Turkish of his savings and demands that Mickey fight again, lose this time. Meanwhile, Boris retrieves the diamond and murders Franky with a pistol. Brick Top tracks down Sol, Vinny and their friend, Yardie "Bad Boy" Lincoln and plans on killing them for robbing his bookies. Sol bargains for their lives by promising Brick Top the stolen diamond, is given 48 hours to retrieve it. Avi and Doug hire "Bullet-Tooth" Tony to help them find Franky; when the trail leads to Boris, they kidnap him and retrieve the diamond pursued by Sol and Tyrone.
Coincidentally Turkish and Tommy are driving on the same stretch of road at the time. When Tommy throws Turkish's carton of milk out of their car window. Boris escapes from the wreck only to be hit by Tyrone's car. Tony and Avi are confronted by Sol and Tyrone at a pub where Tony realizes that the trio's pistols are replicas, which he contrasts with his real handgun and intimidates them into leaving; the wounded Boris arrives with an assault rifle with a grenade launcher looking for the diamond back but is shot and killed by Tony, wounding Tyrone at the same time. Sol and Vinny leave a wounded escape with the diamond, which Vinny hides in his pants; when Tony catches up to them, they tell him. Once there, they produce the diamond, but it is promptly swallowed by a dog that Vinny got from the travellers. Avi fires at the fleeing dog, accidentally killing Tony, he returns to New York. Mickey refuses to fight again unless Turkish buys a better caravan for his mother, but Turkish has no money left since Brick Top stole his savings.
Furious, Brick Top has his men vandalize Turkish's gambling arcade and burn down Mickey's mother's caravan while she is asleep inside. Mickey agrees to fight to avoid more carnage, but gets so drunk after his mother's wake that Turkish fears he will not make it to the fourth round. If he fails to go down as agreed, Brick Top's men will execute Turkish, Tommy and the entire campsite of travellers. Mickey makes it to the fourth round, when he knocks out his opponent. Outside the arena, Brick Top and his men are killed by the travellers. Mickey has bet on himself to win, waited until the fourth round to allow the travellers time to ambush and kill Brick Top's men at the campsite; the next morning and Tommy find the travellers' campsite deserted. When confronted by the police, they cannot explain why they are there, until Vinny's dog arrives and they claim to be walking it. Sol and Vinny are arrested when the police find Tony's bodies in their car. Turkish and Tommy take the dog to a veterinarian to extract a squeaky toy that it had swallowed, discover the diamond in its stomach, as well.
They consult Doug about selling the diamond and he calls Avi, who returns to London. A half-hour documentary of the production of the film was released featuring much of the cast along with Ritch
Christopher Duncan Turk, M. D. referred to by his last name "Turk" is a fictional character in the American comedy-drama Scrubs, played by Donald Faison. Turk appeared in every episode of the series except three season 8 episodes, "My Saving Grace", "My New Role" and "My Lawyer's in Love". Faison is the only original cast member, besides John C. McGinley, that returned for season 9 as a regular cast member. Known by his surname, "Turk" is the best friend and former roommate of the series' protagonist, J. D.. Turk was J. D.'s roommate at the College of William and Mary and at medical school, the two have an close relationship, best described as "guy love" in the season 6 episode "My Musical". J. D. claims that Turk's middle name, was chosen due to his father's love of doughnuts. Starting in season 1 as a surgical intern, he works his way up to attending surgeon and the chief of surgery at Sacred Heart Hospital, where the series takes place. In season 1, he begins dating the Head Nurse, he and Carla have an infant daughter, Isabella, as well as another daughter mentioned in season 8 and 9.
Turk is an extroverted, competitive "alpha male". He says that his competitive nature drove him to "play everything" in high school, cites it as the main reason that he became a surgeon. At one point, he says "winning is more important than friendship. My Gram-Gram taught me that", it accounts for his antagonistic relationship with Chief Attending Physician Dr. Perry Cox. In a season 6 episode, they fight a battle of wits over a hypochondriac patient. Turk tricks Cox into losing, eliciting Cox's grudging respect. In early seasons of the show, Turk is portrayed as a devout Christian, his faith in God is shaken after being on call for Christmas Eve, during which he treats several people suffering horrific injuries. He feels lost, but his faith is restored after he finds a runaway patient giving birth and helps deliver the child. Turk is incorrectly referred to as "Turkleton" by Dr. Bob Kelso, Sacred Heart's Chief of Medicine, it gets to the point that at Carla and Turk's reception, Dr. Kelso drunkenly stated that he thinks Turk's name is Turk Turkleton.
Dr. Kelso refers to Carla as "Nurse Turkleton". Turk has two brothers, who paid for Turk's college and medical school, he has a "bipolar Aunt Leslie". He mentions a sister. Turk notes that while his family is dysfunctional, it is close. Turk's mother is a Jehovah's Witness, although Turk himself is Roman Catholic as evidenced by his attendance of Mass and his wearing of a small crucifix around his neck. Turk is one-eighth Japanese. Carla catches Turk's eye although she is reluctant to go out with him at first because of his arrogance, purely physical attraction to her, his god complex, he impresses her by telling her that she should give Elliot Reid, with whom she does not get along, a break. In season two, they get engaged after Carla rejects his proposal, they spend the whole of season 3 planning their wedding, which happens, albeit with a few problems, in the season finale. During season 4, the two experience some marital trouble; the situation is worsened when Carla and J. D. share a "friend kiss" after getting drunk together.
The two fix their relationship, at the end of season four they agree to begin trying to have a baby. They spend most of season 5 trying to conceive succeeding after a few months, their baby, Isabella, is born after some complications in "My Best Friend's Baby's Baby and My Baby's Baby". In the fourth season, Turk is diagnosed with type two diabetes. In the seventh season, Turk has a testicle removed after his daughter, kicks him in the groin, causing testicular torsion. Turk and J. D. are surrogate brothers. They both attended the College of Mary, where they roomed together, they share a goofy sense of humor. He and J. D. own. J. D. acts as best man at Turk's wedding, is Izzy's godfather. There have been several joking allusions to the fact that they are so close as to be a couple. However, they best explain their relationship in their duet "Guy Love": "It's Guy Love/That's all it is/It's Guy Love/he's mine, I'm his/There's nothing gay about it in our eyes." Carla is supportive of Turk and J. D.'s close relationship, although she gets jealous.
While witnessing their ecstatic reunion after she and Turk return from their honeymoon, for example, she wistfully remarks, "Maybe one day he'll love me like that". She refers to J. D. as Turk's "boyfriend", introduces him to the newborn Izzy as "the man you'll be competing with for your father's love."When J. D. leaves Sacred Heart in the eighth season finale, Turk makes a large banner outside the hospital that says "Goodbye J. D.". Though the two realize that their rel
Philippe Liégeois is a Belgian comic book artist. He is best known by his pen name Turk, he is the co-author including Colonel Clifton, Léonard and Robin Dubois. His usual writer for all three series is Bob de Groot, the duo "Turk & De Groot" has been successful. Liégeois was born in the city of Belgium; the house is now converted to a hotel-restaurant, with a small plaquette at the door denoting the birthplace. Philippe is a French-speaking Belgian, living in the Ardennes near Belgium. Comics work includes: Colonel Clifton Léonard Robin Dubois Media related to Philippe Liégeois at Wikimedia Commons