Turkish general election, 1983

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Turkish general election, 1983

← 1977 November 6, 1983 1987 →

Total of 400 seats of the Grand National Assembly of Turkey
201 seats were needed for a majority
Turnout 76.6%

  First party Second party Third party
  Turgut Özal 1986.jpg No image.svg No image.svg
Leader Turgut Özal Necdet Calp Turgut Sunalp
Leader since 20 May 1983 21 May 1983 16 May 1983
Leader's seat İstanbul Ankara İzmir
Last election New party New party New party
Seats won 211 117 71
Seat change Increase211 Increase117 Increase71
Popular vote 7,833,148 5,285,804 4,036,970
Percentage 45.14% 30.46% 23.27%
Swing Increase45.14% Increase30.46% Increase23.27%

Turkish general election, 1983.png

Prime Minister before election

Bülent Ulusu
(Military rule)

Elected Prime Minister

Turgut Özal

General elections were held in Turkey on 6 November 1983, the first since 1977 because the democratic rights were abandoned after the military coup of 1980. The National Security Council banned the previous political parties from participating, leading to the establishment of new parties.[1] Turgut Özal's Motherland Party (ANAP) won a significant victory in this elections by gaining 45.14% of the votes. This victory was the starting point of a rapid change in the structure of the state and society in Turkey.[2] Voter turnout was 76.6%.[3]

The People's Party (HP) was the continuation of the former CHP and was the only left-wing participant in the election. The Nationalist Democracy Party was founded by the military junta of the time, whilst the Motherland Party was seen as the successor of the Justice Party (AP) by some circles but Süleyman Demirel, the leader of AP, would later form the DYP to challenge the power of Turgut Özal's Motherland Party.


Parliament of Turkey 1983.svg
Party Votes % Seats +/–
Motherland Party 7,833,148 52.8 211 New
People's Party 5,285,804 29.3 117 New
Nationalist Democracy Party 4,036,970 23.3 71 New
Independent 195,588 1.1 0 0
Invalid/blank votes 886,852
Total 18,238,362 100 400 -50
Source: Nohlen et al.

Owing to a registration error in the town of Bingöl, ANAP were unable to take one of the seats they had won there, lowering the total number of MPs in the chamber to 399.


  1. ^ Turkey - Political Developments since the 1980 Coup Country Studies
  2. ^ ucnokta.com
  3. ^ Dieter Nohlen, Florian Grotz & Christof Hartmann (2001) Elections in Asia: A data handbook, Volume I, p257 ISBN 0-19-924958-X