Halmtorvet is a public square in the Vesterbro district of Copenhagen, Denmark. It is located next to Copenhagen Central Station in front of the Meat District; the oblong square turns into Sønder Boulevard, a broad street with a park strip in its central reserve, which continues to Enghavevej at Enghave station. Copenhagen's haymarket was located just inside the Western City Gate where the City Hall Square lies today, it closed on 1 January 1888 and relocated to the area outside the new Livestock Market which had opened at the site in 1879. Market days were Wednesday and Saturday and up to several hundred loads of hay and straw were traded and distributed to cattle and horse stables around the city. Up through the 20th century, with improved infrastructure, livestock moved out of the city and horses lost their role in transportation, the haymarket closed; the area became associated with prostitution and drug dealing. The site was dominated by through traffic and goods transport; the area underwent gradual gentrification up through the 1990s and Halmtorvet was refurbished from 1999 to 2003 as part of a major programme for urban renewal in the Vesterbro area.
The first stage was designed by the office of the City Architect and completed in 2000. The second and third stages were designed by the Park Office of the City and carried out in 2003. In order to obtain a coherent space in the area a large gas regulator in front of the Brown Meat District was removed; the square has an oblong shape. To make the space more attractive to urban life, the new layout introduced one-way traffic, taken along a single lane on the south side of the square. A roundabout on the corner of the Brown Meat District, distributes traffic south and north of the Central Station. In the centre of the square, in front of Øksnehallen, there is an oval pool surrounded by large open spaces and playgrounds. Other areas have elevated flower beds with terraced sides. Other elements in the refurbishment include new paving and items of street furniture; the north side of the square is lined with residential buildings from the 1890s. The building between Lille Istedgade and Abel Cathrine Gade was built from 1897 to 1898 to the design of Emil Blichfeldt who has designed the main entrance of Tivoli Gardens on the other side of the Central Station.
Built in 1961, Borgenhus, at No. 20, is the only building in Inner Vesterbro under City Plan West, a municipal plan from 1958 for condemnations and urban renewal in the area. The south side of the square, from the roundabout up to the beginning of Sønder Boulevard, borders on the Meat Packing District; the original meat market was planned and designed by Hans Jørgen Holm in 1878 but over the years new buildings were added to the design of other architects, including Øksnehallen by Ludvig Fenger in 1901. The section closest to the Central Station is known as the Brown Meat District, it is the older part and dates from about 1900. The section closest to Sønder Boulevard is known as the White Meat District and was built in the first half of the 1930s to the design of City Architect Poul Holsøe. Halmtorvet 29 is the former headquarters of Alfred Benzon A/S. Halmtorvet is now lined on either side by restaurants. Part of the Brown Meat District, Øksnehallen at No. 11, a former market building, now serves as an exhibition venue which houses a broad variety of events and flea markets.
Husets Teater is a small studio theatre based in another building of the Brown Meat District. Borgenhus, the modern building at No. 20, houses Station City, the Copenhagen Police Department's police station for the city centre
Kalvebod Brygge is a waterfront area in the Vesterbro district of Copenhagen, Denmark. The name refers to a section of the Ring 2 ring road which follows the waterfront from Langebro in the north to the H. C. Ørsted Power Station in the south. The area is dominated by office buildings, Tivoli Conference Center, several hotels and the shopping centre Fisketorvet; the southern part of the area, south of Bernstoffsgade, is to the west bounded by an extensive railway terrain, a section of, now under redevelopment into a linear park with scattered buildings and a super bikeway, which will provide a greenway between the city centre and the South Harbour. The northern part of the road, northeast of Bernstoffsgade, belongs to the Indre By district, it is bounded to the north by the small Rysensteen Quarter where the Copenhagen Police Headquarters is located. Both Kalvebod Brygge and the railway terrain, which separates the area from the rest of Vesterbro, are located on reclaimed land; the coast south of Copenhagen was known as Kalvebod Beach.
The first land reclamations took place as early as 1755 when the area just outside the West Rampart's Rysensten Bastion was used for establishment of lumberyards. Tømmergraven was dug out. A little further to the south, Copenhagen's first gasworks known as Vestre Gasværk, opened on the beach in 1857; the railway was constructed on reclaimed land between 1897 and 1901. A new goods station was built on the grounds, it was designed by DSB's head architect Heinrich Wenck and opened in 1901. It was replaced by a modern goods station designed by Ole Hagen in 1968; the new railway obstructed the Western Gasworks' access to the harbor. The Danish State Railways therefore agreed to building a new Gasworks Harbour on the east side of the railway as part of the project; the Western Gasworks closed on 8 June 1927 and the site was used for construction of the White Meat District, a modern expansion of the old meat-packing district, established next to the Haymarket in 1820. The waterfront was redeveloped in the late 1990s.
Beginning from the north, the buildings along the quay are Nykredit's Head Office, Copenhagen Marriott Hotel, The Engineer's House and the Fisketorvet shopping centre. The Havneholmen mixed-use development was subsequently built on reclaimed land in front of Fisketorvet. In 2011, Nykredit expanded their headquarters with a new building, The Crystal, on the other side of the street. A new plaza was created in front of the building; the Kalvebod Wave was designed by JDS Architects and Klar and inaugurated in 2013. It consists of an undulating wooden boardwalk which creates various new spaces for sitting and water-related activities. A masterplan competition for the disused part of the railway terrain along Kalvebod Brygge was won by Lundgaard & Tranberg; the plan involves a greenway which will connect the area around Copenhagen Central Station to the South Harbour. Lundgaard & Tranberg has designed two buildings for SEB Bank & Pension, which, on the corner of Bernstoffsgade and Kalvebod Brygge, flank the beginning of the greenway.
The surrounding landscape is designed by Stig L. Anderson; the greenway continues across the roof of the former goods station, converted into a home for the Danish National Archives by PLH Architects. The raised promenade continues to Tivoli Hotel and Congress Centre; the complex is designed by Kim Utzon Architects and comprises a conference venue with room for 4,000 people and two hotels. The Tivoli Hotel is under expansion. Stages will continue it southwards to Dybølsbro station and all the way to the South Harbour; the terraced landscape that surrounds the SEB buildings were designed by Stig L. Andersson; the area north of Kalvebod West, on the other side of Bernstoffsgade, is known as the Rysensteen Quarter, although the name is little used today. The neighbourhood is bounded on the other sides by Tietgensgade to the northwest, separating it from Tivoli Gardens, H. C. Andersens Boulevard to the northeast and Hemnrosgade to the south, separating it from Kalvebod Brygge; the most notable landmarks in the area are Ny Carlsberg Glyptotek and the Copenhagen Police Headquarters.
The former Vestre Elværk power station and Vestre Hospital both front Tietgensgade. A former factory building on Anker Heegaards Gade has been converted into residences for MPs who live in the provinces; the nearest railway station is Copenhagen Central Station. The now demolished coal bridge across Kalvebod Brygge is seen at 0:32:25 in the 1975 Olsen-banden film The Olsen Gang on the Track. Kalvebod Brygge is used as a location in many of the other Olsen Gang films. Frederiks Brygge
Denmark the Kingdom of Denmark, is a Nordic country and the southernmost of the Scandinavian nations. Denmark lies southwest of Sweden and south of Norway, is bordered to the south by Germany; the Kingdom of Denmark comprises two autonomous constituent countries in the North Atlantic Ocean: the Faroe Islands and Greenland. Denmark proper consists of a peninsula, an archipelago of 443 named islands, with the largest being Zealand and the North Jutlandic Island; the islands are characterised by flat, arable land and sandy coasts, low elevation and a temperate climate. Denmark has a total area of 42,924 km2, land area of 42,394 km2, the total area including Greenland and the Faroe Islands is 2,210,579 km2, a population of 5.8 million. The unified kingdom of Denmark emerged in the 10th century as a proficient seafaring nation in the struggle for control of the Baltic Sea. Denmark and Norway were ruled together under one sovereign ruler in the Kalmar Union, established in 1397 and ending with Swedish secession in 1523.
The areas of Denmark and Norway remained under the same monarch until Denmark -- Norway. Beginning in the 17th century, there were several devastating wars with the Swedish Empire, ending with large cessions of territory to Sweden. After the Napoleonic Wars, Norway was ceded to Sweden, while Denmark kept the Faroe Islands and Iceland. In the 19th century there was a surge of nationalist movements, which were defeated in the 1864 Second Schleswig War. Denmark remained neutral during World War I. In April 1940, a German invasion saw brief military skirmishes while the Danish resistance movement was active from 1943 until the German surrender in May 1945. An industrialised exporter of agricultural produce in the second half of the 19th century, Denmark introduced social and labour-market reforms in the early 20th century that created the basis for the present welfare state model with a developed mixed economy; the Constitution of Denmark was signed on 5 June 1849, ending the absolute monarchy, which had begun in 1660.
It establishes a constitutional monarchy organised as a parliamentary democracy. The government and national parliament are seated in Copenhagen, the nation's capital, largest city, main commercial centre. Denmark exercises hegemonic influence in the Danish Realm, devolving powers to handle internal affairs. Home rule was established in the Faroe Islands in 1948. Denmark negotiated certain opt-outs, it is among the founding members of NATO, the Nordic Council, the OECD, OSCE, the United Nations. Denmark is considered to be one of the most economically and developed countries in the world. Danes enjoy a high standard of living and the country ranks in some metrics of national performance, including education, health care, protection of civil liberties, democratic governance and human development; the country ranks as having the world's highest social mobility, a high level of income equality, is among the countries with the lowest perceived levels of corruption in the world, the eleventh-most developed in the world, has one of the world's highest per capita incomes, one of the world's highest personal income tax rates.
The etymology of the word Denmark, the relationship between Danes and Denmark and the unifying of Denmark as one kingdom, is a subject which attracts debate. This is centered on the prefix "Dan" and whether it refers to the Dani or a historical person Dan and the exact meaning of the -"mark" ending. Most handbooks derive the first part of the word, the name of the people, from a word meaning "flat land", related to German Tenne "threshing floor", English den "cave"; the -mark is believed to mean woodland or borderland, with probable references to the border forests in south Schleswig. The first recorded use of the word Danmark within Denmark itself is found on the two Jelling stones, which are runestones believed to have been erected by Gorm the Old and Harald Bluetooth; the larger stone of the two is popularly cited as Denmark's "baptismal certificate", though both use the word "Denmark", in the form of accusative ᛏᛅᚾᛘᛅᚢᚱᚴ tanmaurk on the large stone, genitive ᛏᛅᚾᛘᛅᚱᚴᛅᚱ "tanmarkar" on the small stone.
The inhabitants of Denmark are there called "Danes", in the accusative. The earliest archaeological findings in Denmark date back to the Eem interglacial period from 130,000–110,000 BC. Denmark has been inhabited since around 12,500 BC and agriculture has been evident since 3900 BC; the Nordic Bronze Age in Denmark was marked by burial mounds, which left an abundance of findings including lurs and the Sun Chariot. During the Pre-Roman Iron Age, native groups began migrating south, the first tribal Danes came to the country between the Pre-Roman and the Germanic Iron Age, in the Roman Iron Age; the Roman provinces maintained trade routes and relations with native tribes in Denmark, Roman coins have been found in Denmark. Evidence of strong Celtic cultural influence dates from this period in Denmark and much of North-West Europe and is among other things reflected in the finding of the Gundestrup cauldron; the tribal Danes came from the east Danish islands and Scania and spoke an early form of North Germanic.
Historians believe that before their arrival, most of Jutland and the nearest islands were settled by tribal J
Vesterbros Torv is a public square located at the corner of Vesterbrogade and Gasværksvej in the heart of the Vesterbro district of Copenhagen, Denmark. It is dominated by Elijah's Church; the square was established in 1850. Its triangular shape of the space was determined by a series of rope walks which used to be located at the site; the two buildings which flank Elijah's Church date from the establishment of the square. The church was completed as an infill in 1907, it is designed by Martin Nyrop. On the opposite side of the square, the two buildings which flank the passageway which passes through The New Theatre, one of them with a characteristic tower, was built as part of the large theatre complex; the theatre was inaugurated in 1908 and is built to a design which mixes Art Nouveaux with other styles. The Hercules Fountain was a gift from the society Hovedstadens forskønnelse, it was designed by the sculptor Rasmus Harboe who had created the reliefs on the facade of Elijah's Church. A plaque on No.
55A commemorates the World War II resistance fighter Erik Koch Michelsen. He was shot at the site on 3 March 1945. In 1901 city architect Ludvig Fenger fitted the square with underground lavatories. Similar facilities were constructed at the City Hall Square and Nyhavn
Teglholmen is a peninsula in the South Harbour of Copenhagen, located between Sluseholmen and Enghave Brygge. The former dockland area used to house heavy industry. While some industry activities remain in the area, but since most industry left the area, starting in the 1970s, it has undergone massive redevelopment, though some industrial activities remain, most notably MAN B&W Diesel's motor development plant. Today the area houses both a considerable number of Danish and regional headquarters of multinational companies and residential developments. Teglholmen is home to Aalborg University's AAU Cph Campus as well as TV 2's activities in Copenhagen. Teglholmen takes its name from a tile works which established in the area in 1871, for many years supplying Vesterbro with tiles. Around World War I, the tile works closed and the extensive clay pit was turned into a new harbour basin by connecting it to the main harbour, forming what is today known as Teglværkshavnen, separating Teglholmen from Sluseholmen.
The next generation of companies to establish in the area were shipyards, foundries and a car assembly plant. In the 1970s, the industrial activities in the Teglholmen area started to close and from the end of the 1990s, a number of multinational companies started to establish Danish or Regional headquarters at Teglværkshavnen. From the middle of the 2000s, Teglholmen started to attract residential developments. In 2006, Odense-based TV2 collected its Copenhagen activities in a new media house at Teglholmen; the residential areas at Teglholmen are created as a continuation of the canal district at Sluseholmen. Companies located at Teglholmen include Nokia, Ericsson and TV2. In 2011, a bridge connecting Teglholmen to Sluseholmen opened; the bridge is designed by Danish architectural firm Mølgaard. Since September 2009, Teglholmen has been served by Route 904 of the Copenhagen Harbour Buses. Enghave Brygge
Helgolandsgade is a one-way street in the Vesterbro district of Copenhagen, Denmark. It runs from Vesterbrogade in the northwest to Halmtorvet in the southeast and is intersected by Istedgade. Located close to Copenhagen Central Station, the street is dominated by hotels. Helgolandsgade was not established until circa 1880, making it one of the youngest streets in the Inner Vesterbro area; the site was prior to that part of Gartner Hintze's market gardens. The main building faced Vesterbrogade and the area down towards the railway was planted with fruit trees and fruit bushes; the street was named after the island of Helgoland to commemorate the Battle of Helgoland in 1864. Many of the buildings in the street are hotels. Hotel Hebron is still owned by the association; the building was designed by Christian Mandrup-Poulsen. The 200-room First Hotel Mayfair is operated by First Hotels; the chain's Hotel Excelsior in Colbjørnsensgade on the other side of the block was merged with the hotel in 2016. Hotel Axel Guldsmeden is Guldsmeden Hotels' flagship hotel in Copenhagen.
The Andersen Boutique Hotel and Hotel Absalon, located on each their corner with Istedgade, are both operated by the Andersen Fonden. Borgerdydskolen's former building was designed by Frederik Levy; the school was founded in Nørregade in 1787 and a branch was opened in Christianshavn. It was disjoined from the parent institution and moved to Helgolandsgade in 1893. Værnehjemmet Bethania was built as a home for unmarried women at the initiative of Regitze Barner; the National Romantic building was designed by Emil Jørgensen. No. 2 is from 1875 and was designed by Georg Wittrock and Johan Schrøder
Absalonsgade is a street in the Vesterbro district of Copenhagen, Denmark. It runs from Vesterbrogade in the north to Sønder Boulevard in the south and passes Istedgade on the way; the Museum of Copenhagen has a small display of historical street furniture next to its former building at the corner with Vesterbrogade. One of two entrances to the Shooting Range Garden is located in the street; the street was created on land that had belonged to the Royal Copenhagen Shooting Society's vast property outside the city's Western City Gate. The new street was named after Copenhagen's legendary founder, it was built over with typical 5-storey apartment blocks from the 1870s One of the developers was Peter Christian Wienberg, one of the most active builders of the time. He had started his career in the provinces, building everything from lighthouses to manor houses, but moved moved his business to Copenhagen in 1866, his professional relationship with Ferdinand Meldahl had secured him several large contracts, including the construction of the Danish National Gallery, Charlottenborg Exhibition Building and the completion of Frederick's Church.
The street was part of a densely populated working-class neighbourhood. In 1880, as an example of the living conditions, 17 families with a total of 81 children lived in the building fronting the street at No. 30. Copenhagen Police Department's Station 5 moved to Svendsgade 3 at the corner of Absalonsgade in 1882, it had until been located at nearby Gasværksvej. The Vester Vov Vov cinema is located at No. 6. Both built in 1869, No. 5 was designed by Carl Lendorf and No. 22 was designed by Vilhelm Friederichsen. No. 17 was designed by Charles Abrahams. The former police station at the corner with Svendsgade now been converted into apartments; the building was designed by Ludvig Fenger. The windows in the ground floor were arched but has been adapted. To the rear of No. 28, with views of the Shooting Range Garden, is a Jugendstil-influenced building from 1903 designed by Aage Langeland-Mathiesen. No. 3 was designed by Johannes Emil Gnudtzmann. Vesterbro Ungdomsgård is located just inside the gate to the Shooting Range Garden.
It was built by city architect Hans Christian Hansen in 1952-53. The apartment where the eponymous protagonist lives with her family in the 1968 DR TV series Sonja is located at Absalonsgade 30. Source