A twelve-step program is a set of guiding principles outlining a course of action for recovery from addiction, compulsion, or other behavioral problems. Proposed by Alcoholics Anonymous as a method of recovery from alcoholism, the Twelve Steps were first published in the 1939 book Alcoholics Anonymous: The Story of How More Than One Hundred Men Have Recovered from Alcoholism; the method became the foundation of other twelve-step programs. As summarized by the American Psychological Association, the process involves the following: admitting that one cannot control one's alcoholism, addiction or compulsion. Twelve-step methods have been adapted to address a wide range of alcoholism, substance-abuse and dependency problems. Over 200 self-help organizations—often known as fellowships—with a worldwide membership of millions—now employ twelve-step principles for recovery. Narcotics Anonymous was formed by addicts. Demographic preferences related to the addicts' drug of choice has led to the creation of Cocaine Anonymous, Crystal Meth Anonymous and Marijuana Anonymous.
Behavioral issues such as compulsion for, and/or addiction to, crime, sex, getting into debt and work are addressed in fellowships such as Gamblers Anonymous, Overeaters Anonymous, Sexaholics Anonymous and Debtors Anonymous. Auxiliary groups such as Al-Anon and Nar-Anon, for friends and family members of alcoholics and addicts are part of a response to treating addiction as a disease, enabled by family systems. Adult Children of Alcoholics addresses the effects of growing up in an alcoholic or otherwise dysfunctional family. Co-Dependents Anonymous addresses compulsions related to relationships, referred to as codependency. Alcoholics Anonymous, the first twelve-step fellowship, was founded in 1935 by Bill Wilson and Dr. Robert Holbrook Smith, known to AA members as "Bill W." and "Dr. Bob", in Akron, Ohio. In 1946 they formally established the twelve traditions to help deal with the issues of how various groups could relate and function as membership grew; the practice of remaining anonymous when interacting with the general public was published in the first edition of the AA Big Book.
As AA chapters were increasing in number during the 1930s and 1940s, the guiding principles were defined as the Twelve Traditions. A singleness of purpose emerged as Tradition Five: "Each group has but one primary purpose—to carry its message to the alcoholic who still suffers". Drug addicts who do not suffer from the specifics of alcoholism involved in AA hoping for recovery technically are not welcome in "closed" meetings unless they have a desire to stop drinking alcohol; the principles of AA have been used to form many numbers of other fellowships designed for those recovering from various pathologies. The following are the original twelve steps as published by Alcoholics Anonymous: We admitted we were powerless over alcohol—that our lives had become unmanageable. Came to believe that a power greater than ourselves could restore us to sanity. Made a decision to turn our will and our lives over to the care of God as we understood Him. Made a searching and fearless moral inventory of ourselves.
Admitted to God, to ourselves, to another human being the exact nature of our wrongs. Were ready to have God remove all these defects of character. Humbly asked Him to remove our shortcomings. Made a list of all persons we had harmed, became willing to make amends to them all. Made direct amends to such people wherever possible, except when to do so would injure them or others. Continued to take personal inventory, when we were wrong, promptly admitted it. Sought through prayer and meditation to improve our conscious contact with God as we understood Him, praying only for knowledge of His will for us and the power to carry that out. Having had a spiritual awakening as the result of these steps, we tried to carry this message to alcoholics, to practice these principles in all our affairs. In some cases, where other twelve-step groups have adapted the AA steps as guiding principles, step one is uniquely different for each organization, for example in Overeaters Anonymous, the first step read, "We admitted we were powerless over compulsive overeating- that our lives had become unmanageable."
The first step is sometimes altered to emphasize principles important to those particular fellowships, or to remove gender-specific pronouns language. The Twelve Traditions accompany the Twelve Steps; the Traditions provide guidelines for group governance. They were developed in AA in order to help resolve conflicts in the areas of publicity, politics and finances. Alcoholics Anonymous' Twelve Traditions are: Our common welfare. For our group purpose there is but one ultimate authority—a loving God as He may express Himself in our group conscience. Our leaders trusted servants; the only requirement for AA membership is a desire to stop drinking. Each group should be autonomous except in matters affecting AA as a whole; each group has but one primary purpose -- to carry its message to the alcoholic. An AA group ought never endorse, finance, or lend the AA name to any related facility or outside enterprise, lest p
An Evening with George Shearing & Mel Tormé is a live album by Mel Tormé, accompanied by George Shearing. It was the first of six albums that Tormé and Shearing recorded together for Concord Records, Tormé's performance on this album won him the Grammy Award for Best Jazz Vocal Performance, Male at the 25th Grammy Awards. "All God's Chillun Got Rhythm" – 3:37 "Born to Be Blue" – 5:15 "Give Me the Simple Life" – 3:39 "Good Morning Heartache" – 6:10 "Manhattan Hoedown" – 4:46 "You'd Be So Nice to Come Home To" – 2:52 "A Nightingale Sang in Berkeley Square" – 5:02 "Love" – 4:55 "It Might as Well Be Spring" – 4:42 "Lullaby of Birdland" – 7:32 Mel Tormé – vocals George Shearing – piano Brian Torff – double bass
The International Union of Pure and Applied Physics is an international non-governmental organization whose mission is to assist in the worldwide development of physics, to foster international cooperation in physics, to help in the application of physics toward solving problems of concern to humanity. It was established in 1922 and the first General Assembly was held in 1923 in Paris. IUPAP carries out this Mission by: sponsoring international meetings. IUPAP is a member of the International Council for Science; the Union is governed by its General Assembly. The Council is its top executive body, supervising the activities of the nineteen specialized International Commissions and the four Affiliated Commissions – it meets once or twice per year; the Union is composed of Members representing identified physics communities. At present 60 Members adhere to IUPAP; the Members are represented by Liaison Committees. Members of the Council and Commissions are elected by the General Assembly, based on nominations received from Liaison Committees and existing Council and Commission members.
The IUPAP specialised Commissions are: C1. Commission on Policy and Finance C2. Commission on Symbols, Nomenclature, Atomic Masses & Fundamental Constants C3. Commission on Statistical Physics C4. Commission on Astroparticle Physics; the commission was known as the Commission on Cosmic Rays. C5. Commission on Low Temperature Physics C6. Commission on Biological Physics C8. Commission on Semiconductors C9. Commission on Magnetism C10. Commission on the Structure and Dynamics of Condensed Matter C11. Commission on Particles and Fields C12. Commission on Nuclear Physics C13. Commission on Physics for Development C14. Commission on Physics Education C15. Commission on Atomic and Optical Physics C16. Commission on Plasma Physics C17. Commission on Laser Physics and Photonics C18. Commission on Mathematical Physics C19. Commission on Astrophysics C20. Commission on Computational Physics The Affiliated Commissions are: AC.1. International Commission for Optics AC.2. International Commission on General Relativity and Gravitation AC.3.
International Commission for Acoustics AC.4. International Commission on Medical Physics In addition IUPAP has established a number of Working Groups to provide an overview of important areas of international collaboration in physics; each year, IUPAP endorses 30 international conferences and awards grants to the majority of them. Applications for sponsorship can be made via the IUPAP website. Sponsored conferences fall into four categories: General Conferences - Type A These provide a broad overview of an entire field, occur at two- or three-year intervals, as advances in the field warrant. Attendance in the range of 750-1000 would be anticipated. Topical Conferences - Type B These concentrate on broad sub-fields, they would be scheduled in the years between the corresponding Type A General conferences. Attendance in the range of 300-600 would be anticipated. Special Conferences - Type C These concentrate on much more specialised topics than in the case of Type B Conferences. Attendance in the range of 50-200 would be anticipated.
Workshops in Developing Countries - Type D These concentrate on meeting the needs of a developing region. Unlike the Type A, B and C conferences, they do not need to be international, but should involve neighbouring countries, they should address the needs of the region. One Type D conference will be approved each year. All applications for Type-D Conferences must be submitted to the Commission on Physics for Development. IUPAP commissions sponsor various awards for scientists; these include: The IUPAP Young Scientist Prize and adopted at the 2005 General Assembly for all commissions. The SUNAMCO Medal, given by the Commission on Symbols, Nomenclature, Atomic Masses and Fundamental Constants The Boltzmann Medal, awarded by the Commission on Statistical Physics The Fritz London Award, given by the Commission on Low Temperature Physics The Young Author Best Paper Award, established by the Commission on Semiconductors and sponsored by the semiconductor industries of USA, Japan and Europe ICM Award in Magnetism, established by the Commission on Magnetism The ICPE Medal, sponsored by the Commission on Physics Education Penning Award Excellence in Low-Temperature Plasma Physics, established by the Commission on Plasma Physics ICO Prize, awarded by the Affiliated Commission for Optics ICO Galileo Galilei Award, awarded by the Affiliated Commission for Optics Symposium on Laser Physics International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry International Union of Pure and Applied Physics IUPAP'Red Book'
Picea schrenkiana, Schrenk's spruce, or Asian spruce, is a spruce native to the Tian Shan mountains of central Asia in western China and Kyrgyzstan. It grows at altitudes of 1,200–3,500 metres in pure forests, sometimes mixed with the Tien Shan variety of Siberian fir, its name was given in honour of Alexander von Schrenk. Picea schrenkiana is a large evergreen tree growing to 40–50 metres tall, with a trunk diameter of up to 1–2 metres, it sometimes pendulous branchlets. The shoots are pale buff-brown, glabrous; the leaves are needle-like, 1.5-3.5 cm long, rhombic in cross-section, dark green with inconspicuous stomatal lines. The cones are cylindric–conic, 6–12 cm long and 2 cm broad, purple when young, maturing dark brown and opening to 2.5–3.5 cm broad 5–7 months after pollination. There are two subspecies: Picea schrenkiana subsp. Schrenkiana. Eastern Tian Shan, in Kazakhstan and Xinjiang. Leaves longer, 2–3.5 cm long. Picea schrenkiana subsp. Tianshanica Bykov. Western Tian Shan, in Kyrgyzstan.
Leaves shorter, 1.5–2.5 cm long. It is related to, in many respects intermediate between Morinda spruce from further south in the Himalaya, Siberian spruce further north in Siberia. Schrenk's spruce is an important tree in central Asia for timber and paper production, where few other large trees exist, its slower growth compared to Norway Spruce reduces its importance outside of its native range. Picea schrenkiana is grown as public parks in Europe. Farjon, A.. Pinaceae. Drawings and Descriptions of the Genera. Koelz Scientific, ISBN 3-87429-298-3. Zsolt Debreczy. Kathy Musial. Conifers Around the World. DendroPress. P. 1089. ISBN 9632190610. Flora of China: Picea schrenkiana
The 2012–13 Atlante season was the 66th professional season of Mexico's top-flight football league. The season is split into two tournaments—the Torneo Apertura and the Torneo Clausura—each with identical formats and each contested by the same eighteen teams. Atlante began their season on July 22, 2012 against Pachuca, Atlante played their home games on Sundays at 6:00pm local time. On April 10, 2013 Atlante lost the Clausura 2013 Copa MX final to Cruz Azul 4–2 on penalties. Atlante did not qualify to the final phase in either the Clausura tournament. Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality. Win Draw Loss Win Draw Loss Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality. Win Draw Loss Atlante did not qualify to the Final Phase Win Draw Loss
Montgomery Independent School District is a public school district based in Montgomery, Texas. In 2009, the school district was rated "academically acceptable" by the Texas Education Agency; as of 2015 the district is developing its new high school which will be the second high school in the district. The new high school is named Lake Creek High School. Lake Creek High School is named after the Lake Creek Settlement. 2011-2012 school year, there are 6,892 students in the 8 campuses in the school district that stretches far beyond the Montgomery city limits, to all the way around Lake Conroe, with part of the east coast of the lake in Willis and Conroe districts. Average SAT scores is 1505. Of the 442 teaching staff, 95 have advanced degrees. Montgomery ISD Police serve the district, helping with traffic assistance, school emergencies and other issues. In 2016 they received new police cars; the Superintendent of the Montgomery Independent School District is Dr. Reagan Carter "Beau" Rees. Montgomery High Lake Creek High School Montgomery Junior High Keenan Elementary Oak Hills Junior High Lone Star Elementary Montgomery Elementary Stewart Creek Elementary Madeley Ranch Elementary At the May 17, 2016 Montgomery Independent School District Board of Trustees meeting, the following names were chosen for the new schools to be built using the bonds approved in 2015: Lake Creek High School, Oak Hills Junior High School, Keenan Elementary School, Lincoln Elementary School There is a common athletic facility for the two high schools, Montgomery ISD Athletic Complex/Football Stadium.
The scoreboard had a cost of $800,000. In 2018, Montgomery ISD initiated a hiring freeze to prevent layoffs. Over the 2018-2019 academic year, the district experienced a budget shortfall of $6.9 million. The following 2019-2020 academic year, the District experienced another budget shortfall of $4.4 million. Montgomery ISD Exciting Times as MISD’s New Schools Named