Kent County Cricket Club
Kent County Cricket Club is one of the eighteen first-class county clubs within the domestic cricket structure of England and Wales. It represents the historic county of Kent; the club was first founded in 1842 but teams representing the county have played top-class cricket since the early 18th century and the club has always held first-class status. Kent have competed in the County Championship since the official start of the competition in 1890 and have played in every top-level domestic cricket competition in England; the club's limited overs team is called the Kent Spitfires after the Supermarine Spitfire. The county has won the County Championship seven times, including one shared victory. Four wins came in the period between 1906 and 1913 with the other three coming during the 1970s when Kent dominated one-day cricket cup competitions. A total of eleven one-day cricket cup victories include eight between 1967 and 1978, with the last trophy won by the club coming in the 2007 Twenty20 Cup.
The club plays most of its home matches at the St Lawrence Ground in Canterbury, which hosts Canterbury Cricket Week, the oldest cricket festival in England. It plays some home matches at the County Cricket Ground and the Nevill Ground, Royal Tunbridge Wells which hosts Tunbridge Wells Cricket Week. Kent field a women's team in the Women's County Championship; the team has won the Championship a record seven times, most in 2016, the Women's T20 title three times, most also in 2016. It has traditionally played matches at the Polo Farm in Canterbury, but since 2016 has moved to be based at Beckenham. Cricket is believed to have originated out of children's bat and ball games in the areas of the Weald and North and South Downs in Kent and Sussex; the two counties and Surrey were the first centres of the game and the earliest known organised match involving adult players took place in Kent in about 1610 at Chevening, with village cricket developing in the area during the 17th century. A newspaper report recorded an 11-a-side match played for a wager of 11 guineas a man at Town Malling, between West Kent and Chatham in 1705, the first properly recorded cricket match in the county.
Four years the earliest known inter-county match took place when a Kent side and one from Surrey played against each other on Dartford Brent. Dartford was an important club in the first half of the 18th century, it came under the patronage of Edwin Stead through the 1720s and its team began to become rather more representative of Kent as a county playing against teams from Sussex. There were three Kent v Sussex matches in 1728 and Stead's team won them all. After the third win, a newspaper reported the outcome as "the third time this summer that the Kent men have been too expert for those of Sussex"; this proclamation of Kent's superiority is the first time that the concept of a "Champion County" can be seen in the sources and it is augmented by comments made in other newspaper reports in the next two years. In July 1739, the strength of Kent as a county team was recognised by the formation for the first time of an All-England team to play against them. Kent drew the second. In 1744, the year in which the Laws of Cricket were first published as a code, Kent met All-England four times including the famous encounter on Monday, 18 June at the Artillery Ground, commemorated in a poem by James Love.
Under the 3rd Duke of Dorset and Sir Horatio Mann, Kent continued to field strong teams through the last quarter of the 18th century, were, along with Surrey, the main challengers to Hampshire whose team was organised by the Hambledon Club. Teams, which were not always wholly representative of the county itself, played numerous inter-county matches through the 1770s and 1780s against Hampshire and Surrey. Inter-county cricket ceased during the Napoleonic Wars due to a lack of investment, although Kent teams played a few matches and club cricket continued. County matches were not resurrected until 1825. By the 1830s Kent sides began to dominate English cricket, winning 98 matches during the period and being declared the leading county side for six seasons out of the seven between 1837 and 1843. During this period the formation of county sides was focussed on Town Malling Cricket Club, backed by lawyers Thomas Selby and Silas Norton alongside William Harris, 2nd Baron Harris. Selby and Norton recruited "the best batsman in England", Fuller Pilch from Norfolk, to play at Town Malling, maintain the cricket ground and run the connected public house.
Alongside other players such as Alfred Mynn, Nicholas Felix, Ned Wenman and William Hillyer, Kent teams selected by Selby played eleven matches at Town Malling between 1836 and 1841. The expense of running county games meant that Town Malling proved too small to support a county club, despite the large attendances that games attracted, in 1842 Pilch moved to the Beverley club at Canterbury; the Beverley Cricket Club was formed in 1835 at the Canterbury estate of brothers John and William Baker playing in the St Stephen's district of the city before moving to the Beverley Ground in 1839 when they organised the first annual Cricket Week. After the failure of the Town Malling club, the Bakers stepped in to organise Kent teams, the newest patrons of cricket in the county, Pilch moving to Canterbury to be the groundsman; the Beverley club became the Kent Cricket Club on 6 August 1842, when it reconstituted itself during the annual cricket festival. The club was the first formal incarnation of Kent County Cricket Club and the 1842 cricket festival is seen by Kent as being the first Canterbury Cricket Week.
The new Kent club played its initial first-class cricket match against A
10cc are an English rock band founded in Stockport, who achieved their greatest commercial success in the 1970s. The band consisted of four musicians – Graham Gouldman, Eric Stewart, Kevin Godley, Lol Creme – who had written and recorded together for some three years, before assuming the name "10cc" in 1972. 10cc featured two songwriting teams, one "commercial" and one "artistic". Stewart and Gouldman were predominantly pop songwriters, who created most of the band's accessible songs. By way of contrast and Creme were the predominantly experimental half of 10cc, featuring an "art school" sensibility and cinematically-inspired writing; every member of 10cc was a multi-instrumentalist, singer and producer, the writing teams switched partners, so that Godley/Gouldman or Creme/Stewart compositions were not uncommon. After Godley and Creme left the band in 1976, Gouldman and Stewart were the main creative forces behind 10cc. Stewart left the band after 1995 and Gouldman continues to lead a touring version of 10cc.
Most of the band's albums were recorded at their own Strawberry Studios in Stockport and Strawberry Studios in Dorking, with most of those engineered by Stewart. 10cc was co-managed by Ric Dixon and Harvey Lisberg at Kennedy Street, who had represented the individual members of the band since the mid-1960s. Three of the founding members of 10cc were childhood friends in the Manchester area; as boys and Creme knew each other. Their first recorded collaboration was in 1964, when Gouldman's band The Whirlwinds recorded the Lol Creme composition, "Baby Not Like You", as the B-side of their only single, "Look At Me"; the Whirlwinds changed members and name, becoming The Mockingbirds. The Mockingbirds recorded five singles in 1965–66 without any success, before dissolving; the guitarist in both The Whirlwinds and The Mockingbirds was Stephen Jacobson, brother of well-known writer Howard Jacobson. In June 1967, Godley and Creme reunited and recorded a solitary single under the name "The Yellow Bellow Room Boom".
In 1969, Gouldman took them to a Marmalade Records recording session. The boss Giorgio Gomelsky was impressed with Godley's falsetto voice and offered them a recording contract. In September 1969, Godley & Creme recorded some basic tracks at Strawberry Studios, with Stewart on guitar and Gouldman on bass; the song, "I'm Beside Myself" b/w "Animal Song", was issued as a single, credited to Frabjoy and Runcible Spoon. Gomelsky planned to market Creme as a duo, in the vein of Simon & Garfunkel. Plans for an album by Frabjoy and Runcible Spoon faltered, when Marmalade ran out of funds. Solo tracks by Godley and Gouldman, however - both involved Stewart and Creme — were released on a 1969 Marmalade Records compilation album, 100 Proof. Gouldman's track was "The Late Mr. Late". Gouldman, had made a name for himself as a hit songwriter, penning "Heart Full of Soul", "Evil Hearted You" and "For Your Love" for The Yardbirds, "Look Through Any Window" and "Bus Stop" for The Hollies and "No Milk Today", "East West" and "Listen People" for Herman's Hermits.
Meanwhile, the fourth future member of 10cc was tasting significant pop music success: guitarist Eric Stewart was a member of Wayne Fontana and the Mindbenders, a group that hit No.1 with "The Game of Love", scored a number of other mid-1960s hits. When Fontana left the band in October 1965, the group became known as The Mindbenders, with Stewart as their lead vocalist; the band scored a hit with "A Groovy Kind of Love" and made an appearance in the 1967 film To Sir, with Love with "It's Getting Harder All the Time" and "Off and Running." In March 1968, Gouldman joined Stewart in The Mindbenders, replacing bassist Bob Lang and playing on some tour dates. Gouldman wrote two of the band's last three singles, "Schoolgirl" and "Uncle Joe the Ice Cream Man"; those singles did not chart and The Mindbenders broke up after a short tour of England in November. In the dying days of The Mindbenders, Stewart began recording demos of new material at Inner City Studios, a Stockport studio owned by Peter Tattersall, a former road manager for Billy J. Kramer and the Dakotas.
In July 1968, Stewart joined Tattersall as a partner in the studio, where he could further hone his skills as a recording engineer. In October 1968, the studio was moved to bigger premises and renamed Strawberry Studios, after The Beatles' "Strawberry Fields Forever". In 1969, Gouldman began using Strawberry to record demos of songs he was writing for Marmalade, he had become much more in demand as a songwriter than as a performer. By the end of the year, he too was a financial partner in the studios. By 1969, all four members of the original 10cc line-up were working together at Strawberry Studios. Around the same time, noted American bubblegum pop writer-producers Jerry Kasenetz and Jeffry Katz of Super K Productions came to England and commissioned Gouldman to write and produce formula bubblegum songs, many of which were recorded at Strawberry Studios, were either augmented or performed by varying combinations of the future 10cc line-up. Among the recordings from this period was "Sausalito", a No. 86 US hit credited to Ohio Express and released in July 1969.
In fact the song featured Gouldman on lead vocal, vocal
Durham County Cricket Club
Durham County Cricket Club is one of eighteen first-class county clubs within the domestic cricket structure of England and Wales. It represents the historic county of Durham. Founded in 1882, Durham held minor status for over a century and was a prominent member of the Minor Counties Championship, winning the competition seven times. In 1992, the club joined the County Championship and the team was elevated to senior status as an official first-class team. Durham has been classified as an occasional List A team from 1964 as a full List A team from 1992. Durham CCC competes in the Specsavers County Championship, the Royal London One-Day Cup and in the North Group of the NatWest t20 Blast, they won the County Championship in 2008 for the first time, retained the trophy in the 2009 season, won it for a third time in 2013. In one-day competition, they won the 50-over Friends Provident Trophy in 2007 and the inaugural 50-over Royal London One-Day Cup in 2014. Having been relegated from Division One of the County Championship as part of the conditions for a package of financial support from the ECB, Durham will play in Division Two of the County Championship in the 2017 season.
The club's limited overs kit colours are yellow and blue in the Royal London One-Day Cup, red and black colours in the t20 Blast. Durham is sponsored by several companies including Emirates and Port of Tyne, as well as 188Bet as their betting partner; the team was sponsored by Northern Rock prior to the bank's nationalisation in 2008. The club is based at the Riverside Ground in Chester-le-Street, one of the newest additions to the English Test match circuit, hosting its first match – the second 2003 England v Zimbabwe Test – from 5 to 7 June. County Championship: 3 2008, 2009, 2013 Gillette/NatWest/C&G/Friends Provident Trophy: 1 2007 Royal London One-Day Cup: 1 2014 Sunday League/Pro 40/National League: 1 2007 Minor Counties Championship: 7 1895, 1900, 1901, 1926, 1930, 1976, 1980, 1981, 1984 MCCA Knockout Trophy: 1 1985 Second XI Championship: 2 2008, 2016 Second XI Trophy: 0 Cricket did not reach Durham until the 18th century; the earliest reference is a game at Raby Castle on or soon after 5 August 1751 between the Earl of Northumberland’s XI and the Duke of Cleveland’s XI.
The game was commemorated by a ballad which starts: Durham City has been dull so long, No bustle at all to show. As it happens, there was a return game soon afterwards at Stanwick, near Richmond, and, the earliest reference to cricket in Yorkshire; the first recorded match of representative cricket in the county took place in 1848 at Sunderland, between an All England XII and a Bishopwearmouth 22. Despite their extra numbers the cricketers of Bishopwearmouth were comprehensively outplayed as All England's scores of 129 and 143 dwarfed their own 56 and 59; the first team to carry the name of'Durham County' played an MCC team in 1876 and went on to take on the touring Australians in 1878, winning by 71 runs, again in 1880, losing by an innings and 38, with the great Fred Spofforth taking 17 wickets for 66. Durham CCC was founded as an official entity on 23 May 1882, the nascent club played its first competitive match on 12 June of that year, beating Northumberland by 4 wickets at the Ashbrooke Ground, Sunderland.
The club established an enviable record as a minor county: becoming the first minor county to beat a first-class county in the Gillette Cup. Early in 1989, the Club began the process of applying to become a first-class cricketing county and join the County Championship. First-class status was awarded on 6 December 1991, with Durham becoming the first new first-class county for 70 years, their first season in the County Championship was the 1992 season. For over a decade after gaining their status, Durham were not distinguished by marked success as a first-class county. In the 2004 season they finished bottom of the two-division County Championship, sixth out of ten teams in the one-day National Cricket League and fifth out of six teams in the Northern Division of the Twenty20 Cup. However, in 2005 under the captaincy of Australian Mike Hussey Durham finished second and achieved promotion in both the County Championship and the one-day National Cricket League. Hussey was prevented from returning to the Riverside in 2006 as he was contracted to the Australian international team.
Durham had mixed success in the 2006 season, finishing second in the North Division of the C&G Trophy. However, Durham were poor in the Twenty20 cup, finishing last in the North Division and only managing 2 victories, both against Lancashire; the Pro40 campaign started well, with Durham taking 4 points from the first 4 games with a win, a loss, a tie and a no result. However, several defeats left them needing a win against the champions elect, Essex, in the final game of the season, they managed the victory, but other results did not go their way and they ended up being relegated in 8th place. The Championship season began with success, but mediocre results in the middle of the season left Durham hanging above the relegation zone by just half a point going into the last game of the season. Durham needed more points than their rivals Yorkshire, but looked in trouble when Darren Lehmann hit a c
Inter-county cricket matches are known to have been played since the early 18th century, involving teams that are representative of the historic counties of England and Wales. Since the late 19th century, there have been two county championship competitions played at different levels: the County Championship, a first-class competition which involves eighteen first-class county clubs among which seventeen are English and one is from Wales. County cricket started in the eighteenth century, the earliest known inter-county match being played in 1709, though an official County Championship was not instituted until 1890. Having been badly hit by the Seven Years' War, county cricket ceased altogether during the Napoleonic Wars and there was a period from 1797 to 1824 during which no inter-county matches took place. Inter-county cricket was popular throughout the 18th century, although the best team, such as Kent in the 1740s or Hampshire in the days of the famous Hambledon Club, was acknowledged as such by being matched against All-England.
The most successful county teams were Hampshire, Middlesex and Sussex. There was, however a crossover between town and county with some strong local clubs tending at times to represent a whole county. Examples are London, which played against county teams and was in some respects a county club in itself. One of the best county teams in the late 18th century was Berkshire, which no longer has first-class status. All matches prior to 1988 were scheduled for three days of a nominal six hours each plus intervals, but with the first two days lengthened by up to an hour and the final day shortened, so that teams with fixtures elsewhere on the following day could travel at sensible hours; the exception to this was the 1919 season, when there was an experiment with two-day matches played over longer hours, up to nine o'clock in the evening in mid-summer. This experiment was not repeated. From 1988 to 1992 some matches were played over four days. From 1993 onward, all matches have been scheduled for four days.
The eighteen first-class counties are the top league cricket teams. They include one Welsh county, Glamorgan; the English first-class counties are: The full name of the cricket team is formed from the name of the county followed by the words County Cricket Club, which are abbreviated as CCC. The opening first-class game of an English county cricket season has traditionally been played at Lord's between the MCC and the Champion County; when the Marylebone Cricket Club plays against one of the first-class counties, the game is granted first-class status. The six MCC-sponsored University teams, are afforded first-class status for some of their matches against a first-class county, they are: Cambridge MCCU Oxford MCCU Durham MCCU Loughborough MCCU Cardiff MCCU Leeds/Bradford MCCU Most of the first-class counties play three-day games against university cricket teams in the early part of the English cricket season. This is because the start of the cricket season coincides with the end of the university academic year, because the games act as pre-season warm-ups for the county clubs.
The minor counties are the cricketing counties of England. Present members are: Eastern Division Bedfordshire County Cricket Club Buckinghamshire County Cricket Club Cambridgeshire County Cricket Club Cumberland County Cricket Club Hertfordshire County Cricket Club Lincolnshire County Cricket Club Norfolk County Cricket Club Northumberland County Cricket Club Staffordshire County Cricket Club Suffolk County Cricket ClubWestern Division Berkshire County Cricket Club Cheshire County Cricket Club Cornwall County Cricket Club Devon County Cricket Club Dorset County Cricket Club Herefordshire County Cricket Club Oxfordshire County Cricket Club Shropshire County Cricket Club Wales Minor Counties Cricket Club Wiltshire County Cricket Club Some teams outside of the English counties have been allowed to take part in some English county cricket one-day competitions, they include: Ireland Netherlands Scotland Denmark Unicorns An important year was 1873, when player qualification rules came into force, requiring players to choose at the start of each season whether they would play for the county of their birth or their county of residence.
Before this, it was quite common for a player to play for both counties during the course of a single season. Three meetings were held, at the last of these, held at The Oval on 9 June 1873, the following rules were decided on: That no cricketer, whether amateur or professional, shall play for more than one county during the same season; every cricketer born in one county and residing in another shall be free to choose at the commencement of each season for which of those counties he will play, shall, during that season, play for the one county only. A cricketer shall be qualified to play for the county in which he is residing and has resided for the previous two years: or a cricketer may elect to play for the county in which his family home is, so long as it remains open to him as an occasional residence; that should any question arise as to the residential qualification, the same shall be left to the decision of the Marylebone Cricket Club
Robert Allen Stanford is an American former financier and sponsor of professional sports, serving a 110-year federal prison sentence, having been convicted of charges that his investment company was a massive Ponzi scheme and fraud. Stanford was the chairman of the now defunct Stanford Financial Group of Companies. A fifth-generation Texan who once resided in Saint Croix, U. S. Virgin Islands, he holds dual citizenship, being a citizen of Antigua and Barbuda and the United States, he contributed millions of dollars to politicians in both Antigua and the United States amongst other countries. In early 2009, Stanford became the subject of several fraud investigations, on February 17, 2009, was charged by the U. S. Securities and Exchange Commission with fraud and multiple violations of U. S. securities laws for alleged "massive ongoing fraud" involving $7 billion in certificates of deposits. The Federal Bureau of Investigation raided Stanford's offices in Texas. On February 27, 2009, the SEC amended its complaint to describe the alleged fraud as a "massive Ponzi scheme".
He "voluntarily surrendered" to authorities on June 18, 2009. On March 6, 2012, Stanford was convicted on all charges except a single count of wire fraud, he is serving his 110-year sentence at Coleman in Coleman, Florida. In September 2014, Stanford appealed his conviction. Stanford grew up in Texas, his father, James Stanford, is former mayor of Mexia and a member of the Board of Directors of Stanford Financial Group. His mother, Sammie, is a nurse. After his parents divorced in 1959, Stanford and his brother went to live with their mother. Both of his parents remarried. Stanford graduated from Eastern Hills High School in Texas. In 1974, Stanford graduated from Baylor University in Waco, earning a BA degree in finance. Stanford started in business in Waco, opening a bodybuilding gym that failed, his first success in business came from speculating in real estate in Houston after the Texas oil bubble burst in the early 1980s. The men made a fortune in the 1980s, buying up depressed real estate and selling it years as the market recovered.
After his father retired in 1993, Stanford took control of the company, which by had 500 employees. Stanford moved to the Caribbean in the 1980s, first to Montserrat to Antigua. With Stanford Finance, he started Guardian International Bank on the island of Montserrat in 1985. Early in 2007, Stanford and Baldwin Spencer, prime minister of Antigua and Barbuda and an ally, began verbally feuding in public. In 2009, Antigua's Financial Services Regulatory Commission named a British firm, Vantis Business Recovery Services, the receiver for Stanford International Bank and Stanford Trust Company, the Associated Press reported. Reports surfaced in early February 2009 that the SEC, the FBI, the Florida Office of Financial Regulation, the Financial Industry Regulatory Authority, a major U. S. private-sector oversight body, were investigating Stanford Financial Group, questioning the higher-than-market returns which Stanford International Bank claimed to make for its depositors. A former executive told SEC officials that Stanford presented hypothetical investment results as actual historical data in sales pitches to clients.
Stanford claimed his certificates of deposit were as safe as, or safer than, U. S. government-insured accounts. A leaked cable message from the U. S. Embassy in the Bahamas reported as early as 2006 that companies under Stanford's control were "rumored to engage in bribery, money laundering, political manipulation"; the U. S. Ambassador to the Bahamas at the time was reported to have "managed to stay out of any one-on-one photos with Stanford" during a charity breakfast event. Federal agents raided the offices of Stanford Financial on February 17, 2009, treated it as "a kind of crime scene—cautioning people not to leave fingerprints"; the SEC charged Stanford with "massive ongoing fraud" centered on an eight-billion-dollar investment scheme. Stanford's assets, along with those of his companies, were frozen and placed into receivership by a U. S. federal judge, who ordered Stanford to surrender his passport. CNBC reported that Stanford tried to flee the country on the same day as the raids on his headquarters.
He contacted a private jet owner and attempted to pay for a flight to Antigua with a credit card, but was refused because the company would accept only a wire transfer. On February 19, acting at the request of the SEC, FBI agents located Stanford at his girlfriend's house near Fredericksburg and served him with civil legal papers filed by the SEC; the SEC files civil charges before criminal charges are filed. Stanford was arrested on June 18, 2009, he surrendered his passport to federal prosecutors, hired criminal defense lawyer Brendan Sullivan, who had represented Oliver North. Various governments took over Stanford's business operations; the Eastern Caribbean Central Bank announced that it had taken over the local operations of the Bank of Antigua, renamed the Eastern Caribbean Amalgamated Bank. The Venezuelan government took over Stanford Bank Venezuela, the branch of Stanford's bank in that nation. On February 27, 2009, the SEC said that Stanford and his accomplices operated a "massive Ponzi scheme", misappropriating billions of dollars of investors' money and falsifying the Stanford International Bank's records to hide their fraud.
Edgbaston Cricket Ground
Edgbaston Cricket Ground known as the County Ground or Edgbaston Stadium, is a cricket ground in the Edgbaston area of Birmingham, England. It is home to Warwickshire County Cricket Club, is used for Test matches, One Day Internationals and Twenty20 Internationals. Edgbaston has hosted the T20 domestic finals day more than any other cricket ground. Edgbaston was the first English ground outside Lord's to host a major international one day tournament final when it hosted the ICC Champions Trophy final in 2013. With permanent seating for 25,000 spectators, it is the fourth-largest cricketing venue in the United Kingdom, after Lord's, Old Trafford and The Oval. Edgbaston was the venue of the first senior game under floodlights in English cricket in July 1997 between Warwickshire and Somerset in the AXA Life Sunday League and hosted the first day/night Test match in England in August 2017 when England played the West Indies; the land that now makes up Edgbaston Cricket Ground was owned by the Calthorpe Estate, who have now sold the site onto Wylam Investments on a long lease.
Calthorpe Estates had developed the manor of Edgbaston into an exclusive Birmingham suburb over the course of the 19th century, believed that a cricket ground would be an asset that would add to the genteel image of the area. Warwickshire County Cricket Club had considered Rugby and Leamington Spa for their headquarters, but club secretary William Ansell believed that Birmingham's large population and comprehensive railway connections made it preferable – envisaging first-class status for the county and Test status for the ground; the club had favoured the Wycliffe Ground on Pershore Road, but were instead offered a 12-acre "meadow of rough grazing land" in an undeveloped area on the banks of the River Rea by the Calthorpe Estate – the less attractive development land having more to gain from association with the cricket ground. With the site only 20 minutes' walk from New Street Station, Warwickshire agreed in 1885 to lease the land for £5 per acre over a 21-year period. A further £ 1,250 was spent on building a wooden pavilion.
The new ground's first match took place on 7 June 1886 against the MCC, watched by 3,000 spectators over two days, with 6,000 turning out on 9 and 10 August to watch Warwickshire play Australia. Edgbaston's first Test match was the first in The Ashes series against Australia in 1902, for which the club erected a permanent stand, two temporary stands and facilities for 90 members of the press; these developments cost a total of £1,500, Warwickshire's share of the tour funds was only £750. The first piece of development in the post-war era was the construction of the Rea Bank and the Thwaite Memorial Scoreboard in 1950. In 1956 an Indoor Cricket School was built and the Pavilion Suite was completed in the same year. By the time the William Ansell Stand opened in 1967 the facilities at Edgbaston were considered to rival those at Lord's. In 1989 executive boxes were added to the rear of the Priory and Raglan Stands and the Sidney Barnes Stand was reconstructed and enlarged, expanding the ground capacity of 17,500.
In July 1997, Edgbaston was the scene of the first competitive floodlit day-night cricket match in Britain. The pavilion end on the south side of the ground was redeveloped between 2010 and 2011 at a cost of £32 million paid for from a £20 million loan from Birmingham City Council, bringing the ground's capacity up to 25,000. Demolition of the pavilion – parts of which dated back to the 1890s – and the Leslie Deakins, R. V. Ryder and William Ansell Stands took place in January 2010, with construction of the new South and West Stands starting in April 2010 and reaching completion 66 weeks later. 5 permanent floodlight pylons were erected around the ground at the same time, allowing up to 15 days of day-night cricket annually. The new development was opened by the Duke of Edinburgh on 25 July 2011; the first test match to be played at the redeveloped venue was the third Test vs India on 10 August 2011, which saw England reach the number 1 position in the ICC Test Championship for the first time with victory by an innings and 242 runs on the fourth day of the match.
Edgbaston is considered to be one of England's leading cricket grounds. Wisden's guide to cricket grounds in 1992 commented that "Lord's is its only superior in the United Kingdom" with The Daily Telegraph agreeing in 2009 that "taken all in all, it is now the best ground outside Lord's." After the opening of the new South and West Stands in 2011 the England and Wales Cricket Board commented that "the spacious facilities are cutting edge, marginally better than the Home of Cricket". The atmosphere at Edgbaston is reputed to be the most hostile in England for visiting teams. Former England captain Alec Stewart recalled "On a world level I would put it up there with Eden Gardens in Calcutta, which holds about 100,000, it inspires a team. It's like having another man in your side." And the former England wicketkeeper Geraint Jones describes how "The crowd here makes such a big noise when you are doing well... it's a unique environment." After winning the 2015 Ashes Test Match with Australia at Edgbaston, England captain Alastair Cook commented "The Edgbaston crowd was up there with the loudest I can remember.
With some of the chants guys who have played a fair bit of cricket were looking at each other and realising how special it was. Edgbaston has been a fantastic venue for us."The record attendance at a County Championship match at Edgbaston is 28,000 against Lancashire in the championship-winning season of 1951, the record for a single day of a test match is 32,000 against the West Indies in 1957. For some years until 2000, Edgbaston had a distinctive motoriz
Leicestershire County Cricket Club
Leicestershire County Cricket Club is one of eighteen first-class county clubs within the domestic cricket structure of England and Wales. It represents the historic county of Leicestershire, it has been representative of the county of Rutland. The club's limited overs team is called the Leicestershire Foxes. Founded in 1879, the club had minor county status until 1894 when it was promoted to first-class status pending its entry into the County Championship in 1895. Since Leicestershire have played in every top-level domestic cricket competition in England; the club is based at Grace Road and have played home games at Aylestone Road in Leicester, at Hinckley, Melton Mowbray, Ashby-de-la-Zouch and in Coalville inside the traditional county boundaries. In limited overs cricket, the kit colours are red with black trim in the Clydesdale Bank 40 and black with red trim in the T20; the shirt sponsors are Oval Insurance Broking with Highcross Leicester on the top reverse side of the shirt. Leicestershire are in the second division of the County Championship and in Group C of the Pro40 one day league.
They finished bottom of the County Championship for the sixth time since the introduction of two divisions. Their best showing in recent years has been in the Twenty20 Cup with the Foxes winning the trophy three times in eight years. County Championship – 1975, 1996, 1998Runners-Up – 1982, 1994Sunday/National League – 1974, 1977Runners-up: 1972, 2001 Gillette Cup/NatWest/C&G Trophy/Friends Provident Trophy Runners-up: 1992, 2001 Twenty20 Cup/Friends Life t20 – 2004, 2006, 2011 Benson & Hedges Cup – 1972, 1975, 1985Runners-up: 1974, 1998 Second XI Championship - 1983, 2014Runners-up: 1961, 1975 Second XI Trophy -1993, 1995, 1996, 2000, 2014 Second XI Twenty20 Cup – 2014 Minor Counties Championship - 1931 Under-25 Competition-1975, 1985+ 1 Bain Hogg Trophy – 2nd 11 one day competition – 1996 Cricket may not have reached Leicestershire until well into the 18th century. A notice in the Leicester Journal dated 17 August 1776 is the earliest known mention of cricket in the county. Soon afterwards, a Leicestershire and Rutland Cricket Club was taking part in important matches against Nottingham Cricket Club and Marylebone Cricket Club.
This club was prominent from 1781 until the beginning of the 19th century. Little more is heard of Leicestershire cricket until the formation of the present club on 25 March 1879. Essex CCC versus Leicestershire CCC at Leyton on 14, 15 & 16 May 1894 was the first first-class match for both clubs. In 1895, the County Championship was restructured into a 14-team competition with the introduction of Essex and Warwickshire CCC. Leicestershire's first 70 years were spent in lower table mediocrity, with few notable exceptions. In 1953, the motivation of secretary-captain Charles Palmer lifted the side fleetingly to third place, but most of the rest of the 1950s was spent propping up the table, or thereabouts. Change came in the late 1950s with the recruitment of the charismatic Willie Watson at the end of a distinguished career with England and Yorkshire. Watson's run gathering sparked the home-grown Maurice Hallam into becoming one of England's best opening batsmen. In bowling, Leicestershire had an erratically successful group of seamers in Terry Spencer, Brian Boshier, John Cotton and Jack van Geloven, plus the spin of John Savage.
Another change was in the captaincy: Tony Lock, the former England and Surrey spinner who had galvanised Western Australia. Ray Illingworth, again from Yorkshire, instilled self-belief to the extent that the county took its first trophy in 1972, the Benson & Hedges Cup with Chris Balderstone man of the match; this was start of the first golden era as the first of five trophies in five years and included Leicestershire's first County Championship title in 1975. A couple of runners up spots were thrown in; the game when Leicestershire won their first County Championship, on 15 September 1975, marked something of a personal triumph for Chris Balderstone. Batting on 51 not out against Derbyshire at Chesterfield, after close of play he changed into his football kit to play for Doncaster Rovers in an evening match 30 miles away, thus he is the only player to have played first class cricket on the same day. He returned to Chesterfield to complete a century the following morning and take three wickets to wrap up the title.
To add to that season's success for Leicestershire was a second Benson & Hedges victory. A runners up spot in the 1982 County Championship brought some respectability, but the decade's only first class silverware was in the 1985 Benson & Hedges Cup with Balderstone still on board making him the most successful trophy winner in the club's history with six. Leicestershire won the county championship in 1996, again in 1998; this was an amazing achievement considering the resources of the club compared to other county teams. This Leicestershire side, led by Jack Birkenshaw and James Whitaker, used team spirit and togetherness to get the best out of a group of players who were either discarded from other counties or brought through the Leicestershire ranks; this team did not have many stars, but Aftab Habib, Darren Maddy, Vince Wells, Jimmy Ormond, Alan Mullally and Chris Lewis all had chances for England. West Indian all-rounder Phil Simmons was named as one of Wisden's Cricketers of the year in 1997 while playing for the club.
The advent of Twenty20 cricket saw Leicestershire find a new source of success, winning the domestic T20 competition in 2004, 2006 and 2011. However, in the era of two-division County Championship cricket they have found success more dif