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Twin Groves, Arkansas

Twin Groves is a town in northwestern Faulkner County, United States. The name of the town comes from two neighboring communities — Solomon Grove and Zion Grove — which joined to incorporate as a town in 1991; the town's population was 335 at the 2010 census, up from 276 at the 2000 census. Twin Groves is part of the Little Rock–North Little Rock–Conway Metropolitan Statistical Area. Twin Groves is located at 35°19′0″N 92°25′27″W; the town follows the crest of Batesville Mountain, a low ridge that rises 300 feet above Cadron Creek to the south. U. S. Route 65 passes through the eastern side of the town, leading south 18 miles to Conway, the county seat, north 21 miles to Clinton. According to the United States Census Bureau, the town of Twin Groves has a total area of 4.6 square miles, all land. As of the census of 2000, there were 276 people, 103 households, 74 families residing in the town; the population density was 22.7/km². There were 113 housing units at an average density of 9.3/km². The racial makeup of the town was 26.81% White, 72.10% Black or African American, 1.09% from two or more races.

0.36 % of the population were Latino of any race. There were 103 households out of which 27.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.3% were married couples living together, 9.7% had a female householder with no husband present, 27.2% were non-families. 25.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.8% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.68 and the average family size was 3.21. In the town, the population was spread out with 22.5% under the age of 18, 8.0% from 18 to 24, 24.6% from 25 to 44, 27.5% from 45 to 64, 17.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females, there were 107.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 103.8 males. The median income for a household in the town was $34,375, the median income for a family was $37,222. Males had a median income of $28,929 versus $16,250 for females; the per capita income for the town was $16,811. None of the families and 3.3% of the population were living below the poverty line, including no under eighteens and 8.5% of those over 64.

Public education for elementary and secondary school students is available from the Guy–Perkins School District. From 1879 until consolidation with Guy-Perkins in 1949, Solomon Grove operated a separate school district including three black schools, whose students attended classes in Conway until integration of Guy-Perkins High School in 1964 and Guy-Perkins Elementary School in 1966

Mamia III Gurieli

Mamia III Gurieli known as Mamia the Great Gurieli or the Black Gurieli, of the western Georgian House of Gurieli, was Prince of Guria from 1689 to 1714. Involved in civil wars plaguing western Georgia, he became King of Imereti three times in the years of 1701, 1711–1712, 1713–1714. After his first reign as king for a year in 1701, he abdicated the throne of Imereti, being unable to tolerate the influence of his father-in-law Giorgi Abashidze. Subsequent periods of his royal career was the result of a feud with Giorgi VII of Imereti. Mamia died while still sitting on the throne of Imereti, which reverted to his rival Giorgi VII. Mamia was a younger son of Giorgi III Tamar Chijavadze. On Giorgi's death at the battle of Rokiti against King Alexander IV of Imereti in 1684, Mamia joined his brothers in exile in Akhaltsikhe under the protection of its Ottoman governor Yusuf-Pasha. In the subsequent infighting between Mamia's elder brother Kaikhosro and his paternal uncle Malakia, the former lost his life, while the latter was deprived of his sight.

In 1689, at the request of Guria's nobility, Mamia was summoned from Akhaltsikhe and installed as prince-regnant with the pasha's support, while the blinded Malakia was made Bishop of Shemokmedi by the new Gurieli ruler. In 1690, Mamia hosted Giorgi XI, the exiled king of Kartli and a foe of Alexander IV of Imereti, but soon became suspicious of his nobles' loyalty to the guest and began a crackdown on the suspected opposition, forcing Giorgi to relocate to the Ottoman-controlled Gonio. In the incessant power struggles in Imereti, Mamia supported his father-in-law Giorgi Abashidze, but, in 1699, he helped Abashidze's estranged son-in-law, King Simon, return from his exile in Kartli and recover the crown of Imereti. In return, Simon agreed to marry Mamia's sister. Abashidze, supported by the Mingrelian regent Giorgi Lipartiani, marshaled his troops on the borders of Guria and requested that Gurieli kill Simon, promising to make Mamia king of Imereti. Gurieli refused to do that himself, but allowed Abashidze's agents to shoot Simon dead in a bathroom in 1701.

Pursuant to his promise, Abashidze made Mamia king of Imereti, if in name only. Abashidze controlled royal domains and nobility, while Mamia had to sell his Gurian subjects in slavery to meet his own expenses; that year, Mamia felt compelled to abdicate and retire to Guria. Abashidze made himself king of Imereti and, thus, a suzerain of Mingrelia. In 1703, Guria as well as the rest of western Georgia faced a major invasion by the Ottoman Empire. Eager to tighten a loosening grip over their Caucasian subjects, the Ottomans mounted a large-scale invasion, with the intention to eliminate the sovereignty of Guria and limit that of Imereti. A revolt of the troops bound to Georgia forced the Ottomans to withdraw from Georgia's interior, but the coastal area around Batumi was permanently lost for Guria. By 1707, the unity imposed by Abashidze on western Georgia crumbled. In 1709, Abashidze and his Mingrelian allies were defeated by his rival Giorgi VII, who enjoyed the Ottomans' support. Giorgi raided and ravaged Guria in response of Mamia's support of Abashidze.

Giorgi's corrupt rule soon became intolerable to the Imeretians. During his tenure, he opened schools in Guria. Both Giorgi VII and Giorgi Abashidze took refuge with King Vakhtang VI of Kartli, who attempted to end the feud. Abashidze returned to his estates in Imereti; the deposed king Giorgi went to Akhaltsikhe and conspired with Zurab Abashidze, Giorgi Abashidze's nephew, dispossessed by Mamia. In June 1712, Giorgi VII and Zurab Abashidze secretly invaded the district of Argveti and inflicted defeat on Mamia and Giorgi Abashidze at Chkhari. Gurieli fled to Racha and to Kartli, where he was hosted in Tskhinvali by Vakhtang VI's son Bakar. Supported by the government of Kartli, Mamia made his way to Guria. In November 1713, Mamia Gurieli, joined by Dadiani, the duke of Racha, Giorgi Abashidze, the Lechkhumians, defeated King Giorgi at Kutaisi and forced him into flight to Akhaltsikhe. Mamia died two months on 5 January 1714 and Giorgi VII was restored once again. Mamia's remains were interred at the Shemokmedi Monastery.

Mamia Gurieli was married twice. He first wed, in 1698, daughter of Giorgi Abashidze, their marriage was repudiated in 1711 and Mamia married Tamar, daughter of Papuna I, Duke of Racha, former wife of Prince Papuna Chkheidze. After the death of Mamia, she married his husband's rival King Giorgi VII of Imereti, but died shortly after the marriage and was buried at Gelati. Mamia had seven children, four sons and three daughters: Prince Giorgi IV Gurieli, Regent in Guria, Prince of Guria, King of Imereti.

International Medical Informatics Association

The International Medical Informatics Association is an independent organization that plays a role in promoting and furthering the application of information science in modern society in the fields of healthcare and medicine. It was established in 1967 as a technical committee of the International Federation for Information Processing, it became an independent organization in 1987 and was established under Swiss law in 1989. The promotion of informatics in health care and biomedical research the advancement of international cooperation the stimulation of research and education the dissemination and exchange of informationInherent in this mission is to bring together, from a global perspective, researchers, vendors and suppliers in an environment of cooperation and sharing; the international membership network of national member societies, IMIA regions and academic institutional members, working and special interest groups, constitute the "IMIA family". IMIA organizes various conferences and events around the world and is focusing on "bridging the knowledge gap" by facilitating and providing support to developing nations.

Specific goals include supporting the ongoing development of the African Region. The International Medical Informatics Association approved the endorsement of the IMIA Code of Ethics for Health Information Professionals at its General Assembly meeting on October 4, 2002 in Taipei; the code is the culmination of several years of a global collaborative effort led by IMIA's working Group on Data Protection in Health Information, Chaired by Professor Ab Baker. In 2016, the General Assembly approved an updated version of the Code of Ethics, authored by Dr. Eike-Henner W. Kluge, Professor of the Department of Philosophy at the University of Victoria in Victoria, BC, Canada IMIA membership consists of National and Affiliate Members and Honorary Fellows. National Members represent individual countries. A member is a society, a group of societies, or an appropriate body, representative of the medical, health informatics activities within that country. Where no representative societies exist, IMIA accommodates involvement through "Corresponding" members within developing countries.

Argentine Association of Medical Informatics Health Informatics Society of Australia Ltd. Working Group Medical Informatics of the Austrian Society for Biomedical Engineering ÖGBMT) and of the Austrian Computer Society Belgian Medical Informatics Association Society for Medical Informatics of Bosnia and Herzegovina Brazilian Society of Health Informatics British Computer Society Health Informatics Forum COACH: Canada's Health Informatics Association Croatian Society for Medical Informatics Cuban Society of Medical Informatics Czech Society for Biomedical Engineering and Medical Informatics Ethiopian Health Informatics Association Finnish Social and Health Informatics Association French Medical Informatics Association German Association for Medical Informatics and Epidemiology Greek Health Informatics Association Hong Kong Society of Medical Informatics John von Neumann Computer Society Indian Association for Medical Informatics Iranian Medical Informatics Association Healthcare Informatics Society of Ireland The Israeli Association for Medical informatics Ivorian Society of Biosciences and Health Informatics Japan Association for Medical Informatics Medical Pharmaceutical Information Association Korea Society of Medical Informatics Medical Informatics Association of Malawi Malaysian Health Informatics Association The Mali Society of Biomedical and Health Information Health Informatics New Zealand Association for Health Informatics of Nigeria Norwegian Society for Medical Informatics Philippine Medical Informatics Society, Inc.

Romanian Society of Medical Informatics The Saudi Association for Health Informatics Association for Medical and Bio-Informatics, Singapore Slovak Society of Biomedical Engineering and Medical Informatics Slovenian Medical Informatics Association South African Health Informatics Association Spanish Society of Health Informatics Swedish Federation for Medical Informatics Swiss Society for Medical Informatics Taiwan Association for Medical Informatics VMBI, Society for Healthcare Informatics Turkish Medical Informatics Association The Ukrainian Association for Computer Medicine American Medical Informatics Association Uruguayan Society of Health Informatics Venezuelan Association of Computer Science in Health The IMIA family includes a growing number of Working and Special Interest Groups, which consist of individuals who share common interests in a particular focal field. The groups hold Working Conferences on leading edge and timely health and medical informatics issues. IMIA Working Groups and Special Interest Groups include: Biomedical Pattern Recognition Consumer Health Informatics Data Mining and Big Data Analytics Francophone Special Interest Group Health and Medical Informatics Education Health Informatics for Development Health Informatics for Patient Safety Health Information Systems Health Record Banking History of BioMedical and Health Informatics Human Factors Engineering for Health Informatics Informatics in Genomic Medicine Language and Meaning in Biomedicine Nursing Informatics Special Interest Group - IMIA NI SIG Open Source Health Informatics Organizational and Social Issues Participatory Health and Social Media Primary Health Care Informatics Security in Health Information Systems * Social Media Working Group Standards in Health Care Informatics Technology Assessment & Quality Development in Health Informatics T

Madrid Arena

Madrid Arena is an indoor arena located in the city of Madrid, in the fairgrounds in the Casa de Campo, just minutes from the city centre. Built from the old Rocódromo, the pavilion was designed by Spanish architects Estudio Cano Lasso who designed this versatile building in 2001 to host sporting events, commercial and leisure activities; the pavilion was sponsored by the company Telefónica for what was known as Telefónica Arena. The arena was built in 2002 as part of the facilities planned for the Madrid 2012 Olympic bid, it was expected to house basketball competitions. The first phase was about in 2002, expanded the following year, it is distributed on three floors. Its central court has three retractable bleachers, allowing the surface to change depending on the type of event; the pavilion features a Satellite Pavilion, with an area of 2,100 m²and it was the location of the Mutua Madrileña Masters Madrid men's tennis tournament until Caja Mágica was opened. It has a maximum seating capacity of 12,000 seats.

It is owned by the City Council of Madrid and is managed by Madrid Destino, municipal company which replaced the disappeared Madridec. It has a maximum capacity of 10,248 spectators for basketball and 12,000 for boxing and 30,000 m², its dome is supported by a three-dimensional structure supported on 181 piles. It has a skylight; the facade is composed of a double curve of glass light and variable transparency. CB Estudiantes played its matches in the Madrid Arena from 2005 to 2010, it has signed a five-year contract with an option for another five. It hosted all the games of the second round of the Eurobasket 2007. On November 1, 2012 a human stampede in a Halloween party resulted in five girls being crushed to death; the party's organizers were allowed to sell 9,000 tickets. In the enquiry, judicial agents gathered more than 19,000 tickets. A few days it was announced that the Madrid Arena was not going to host the Handball World Championship as expected, due to its safety problems. In 2015 the Spanish writer Saúl Cepeda Lezcano, who worked for the main parties blamed for the tragedy, published the novel Aforo Completo.

The book uncovers many illegal activities in nightlife and clubbing activities that had led to a similar disaster. Line 6: Alto de Extremadura station. Line 10: Lago station. Masters Series Madrid WTA Tour Championships EuroBasket 2007 second round List of tennis stadiums by capacity Official site Madrid 2016 English Ticketing and location guide Wikimapia Madrid arena Nadal 2006

Kalapana, Hawaii

Kalapana is a town and a region in the Puna District on the Island of Hawaiʻi in the Hawaiian Islands. The town was the original location of the Star of the Sea Painted Church. In 1990, lava flows from the Kūpaʻianahā vent of Kīlauea destroyed and buried most of the town, as well as Kalapana Gardens and nearby Royal Gardens subdivisions; the lava flow. Along with the destruction of Kalapana were those of the nearby town of Kaimū and Kaimū Bay, both of which now lie buried beneath more than 50 feet of lava; the lava flow created a new coastline. In July 2010, lava from Kīlauea continued into the Kalapana region destroying a home, only 5 years old, leaving 35 homes remaining in the Kalapana Gardens Subdivision; the 2010 lava flow covered the 1986–1992 flow field again, while attracting thousands of visitors a day. Access to the village was reestablished and a thriving farmers market was held every Wednesday night until May, 2018 when lava flows impacted nearby roads. For many years the lava flow from Puʻu ʻŌʻō continued, for a time entering the sea at Kamokuna.

In May 2018, destructive new lava vents opened in nearby Leilani Estates. Access to Kalapana was restricted to residents until July 3, 2018, when the road was reopened to all motorists. U. S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Kalapana USGS: Pictures and information on Kalapana's destruction


Kumbhaka is the retention of the breath in the hatha yoga practice of pranayama. It has two types, accompanied whether after inhalation or after exhalation, the ultimate aim, unaccompanied; that state is kevala kumbhaka, the complete suspension of the breath for as long as the practitioner wishes. The name kumbhaka is from a pot, comparing the torso to a vessel full of air. Kumbhaka is the retention of the breath in pranayama, either after inhalation, the inner or Antara Kumbhaka, or after exhalation, the outer or Bahya Kumbhaka. According to B. K. S. Iyengar in Light on Yoga, kumbhaka is the "retention or holding the breath, a state where there is no inhalation or exalation". Sahit or Sahaja Kumbhaka is an intermediate state, when breath retention becomes natural, at the stage of withdrawal of the senses, the fifth of the eight limbs of yoga. Kevala Kumbhaka, when inhalation and exhalation can be suspended at will, is the extreme stage of Kumbhaka "parallel with the state of Samadhi", or union with the divine, the last of the eight limbs of yoga, attained only by continuous long term pranayama and kumbhaka exercises.

The 18th century Joga Pradipika states that the highest breath control, which it defines as inhaling to a count of 8, holding to a count of 19, exhaling to a count of 9, confers liberation and Samadhi. The Yoga Institute recommends sitting in a meditative posture such as Sukhasana for Kumbhaka practice. After a full inhalation for 5 seconds, it suggests retaining the air for 10 seconds, exhaling smoothly, taking several ordinary breaths, it recommends five such rounds per pranayama session, increasing the time of retention as far as is comfortable by one second each week of practice. The yoga scholar Andrea Jain states that while pranayama in modern yoga as exercise consists of synchronising the breath with movements, in ancient texts like the Bhagavad Gita and the Yoga Sutras of Patanjali, pranayama meant "complete cessation of breathing", for which she cites Bronkhorst 2007; the Yoga Sutras state: istractions... act as barriers to stillness.... One can subdue these distractions by... pausing after breath flows in or out.

With effort relaxing, the flow of inhalation and exhalation can be brought to a standstill. According to the scholar-practitioner of yoga Theos Bernard, the ultimate aim of pranayama is the suspension of breathing, "causing the mind to swoon". Swami Yogananda writes, "The real meaning of Pranayama, according to Patanjali, the founder of Yoga philosophy, is the gradual cessation of breathing, the discontinuance of inhalation and exhalation"; the yoga scholars James Mallinson and Mark Singleton write that "pure breath-retention" is the ultimate pranayama practice in hatha yoga texts. They give as an example the account in the c. 13th century Dattātreyayogaśāstra of kevala kumbhaka. They note that this is "the only advanced technique" of breath-control in that text, stating that in it the breath can be held "for as long as one wishes"; the Dattātreyayogaśāstra states that kevala kumbhaka gives magical powers, allowing the practitioner to do anything: Once unaccompanied breath-retention, free from exhalation and inhalation, is mastered, there is nothing in the three worlds, unattainable.

The 15th century Hatha Yoga Pradipika states that the kumbhakas force the breath into the central sushumna channel. The 18th century Gheranda Samhita states that death is impossible when the breath is held in the body. Mallinson and Singleton note that sahita kumbhaka, the intermediate state, still accompanied by breathing, was described in detail, they write that the Goraksha Sataka describes four sahita kumbhakas, that the Hatha Yoga Pradipika describes another four. They point out, that these supposed kumbhakas differ in their styles of breathing, giving the example of the buzzing noise made while breathing in bhramari. Kapalabhati Tummo #Practice James. Roots of Yoga. Penguin Books. ISBN 978-0-241-25304-5. OCLC 928480104