Tyne Dock

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Tyne Dock
Neighbourhood
A view of a small dock as seen from a departing ferry. Industrial buildings surround, and a small boat is docked in the corner.
The last remaining section of Tyne Dock viewed from a departing ferry. This has since been filled in.
Tyne Dock is located in Tyne and Wear
Tyne Dock
Tyne Dock
Location in Tyne and Wear
Coordinates: 54°58′52″N 1°27′04″W / 54.981°N 1.451°W / 54.981; -1.451Coordinates: 54°58′52″N 1°27′04″W / 54.981°N 1.451°W / 54.981; -1.451
OS grid referenceNZ352653
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
CountryEngland
DistrictTyne and Wear

Tyne Dock is a neighbourhood within the town of South Shields, North East England, on the south bank of the River Tyne. It takes its name from the large dock on the river which was opened in 1859[1] by the North Eastern Railway (and acquired by the Tyne Improvement Commission in 1938) to handle Tyneside's coal exports.[2] At its height the trade amounted to 7 million tons of coal transported via the four staiths which had been built to facilitate the process;[3] this trade declined in the second half of the twentieth century and the bridges that carried the coal trains into the dock, the famous Tyne Dock Arches, were demolished in the early 1980s. The dock itself has been progressively infilled since closure, allowing for the building of modern storage warehouses; this process concluded with the final 13 acres that were filled in as part of the project to build the second Tyne Tunnel. The Tyne Dock basin was filled with 400,000 cubic metres of sediment dredged from the Tyne.[4]

Tyne Dock Metro station, on the Tyne and Wear Metro, serves the Tyne Dock area, as well as neighbouring West Harton.

References[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • Meredith, John H. (December 1984). "Coals to Newcastle again". Rail Enthusiast. EMAP National Publications. pp. 12–13. ISSN 0262-561X. OCLC 49957965.