Type 056 corvette

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Type 056 corvette in ShangHai.jpg
PLAN Type 056 corvette
Class overview
Builders:
Operators:
Preceded by: Type 037 corvette
Planned: 60[1]
Building: 9[2]
Active: 41 (PLAN) as of June 2018[3]
General characteristics
Type: Corvette
Displacement: 1,500 tons
Length: 90 m
Beam: 11.14 m
Draught: 4.0 m
Propulsion: 2 SEMT Pielstick PA6-STC diesel motors
Speed: 25 knots
Range: 3,500 nmi at 16 kn
Complement: 78
Sensors and
processing systems:
  • Type 347G radar
  • Bow sonar
  • Towed array and variable depth sonar (Type 056A)
Armament:
Aviation facilities: Helipad for 1 medium-lift helicopter

The Type 056 (NATO reporting name: Jiangdao) is a Chinese People's Liberation Army Navy (PLAN) corvette. They replace older patrol craft and some of the Type 053H frigates.[4] The first Type 056 entered service in February 2013.[5] An anti-submarine warfare (ASW) variant, commonly known as Type 056A, has also entered service.[6]

Two 1800 ton patrol variant, P18N has been delivered to Nigeria[7] and four 1300 ton corvette variant has been sold to Bangladesh.[8]

Description[edit]

583 Shangrao
YJ-83 ASM launchers
FL-3000N SAM launcher
Radar

The Type 056 corvette fills the capability gap between the Type 022 missile boat and the Type 054A frigate.[9] It is 90 metres long, displaces 1500 tons,[10] and incorporates anti-radar features.[11] The Type 056 is suited for mid-range missions and littoral duties, but not for major blue-water combat operations;[4] it is built with a 15-day endurance for combat missions such as patrol, escort and protection of EEZ maritime interests within 200 nmi (230 mi; 370 km) from the coast, freeing up larger warships for open ocean deployment.[12] The Type 056 corvette has crew of 78 people with a top speed of 25 knots (46 km/h), and a range of 3,500 nautical miles (6,500 km) at 16 knots (30 km/h),[13][14] though some sources claim a range of 2,000 nautical miles (3,700 km) at 18 knots (33 km/h).[12][15]

Surface armament is reported as a AK-176 76 mm. gun, two 30 mm. cannon,[13] and four YJ-83 anti-ship missiles.[10] FL-3000N surface-to-air missiles are carried in a single eight-cell launcher.[13] Finally, there are two triple-tube 324 mm. torpedo launchers;[10] these may carry Yu-7 light ASW torpedoes.[13]

The basic Type 056 is equipped with Type 347G (LR66) radar and bow-mounted sonar.[13] The Type 056A adds towed array and variable depth sonars (VDS);[10] the towed body suggests the VDS is "not an exact copy" of either the Italian/US DE-1163 or the French DUBV-43. It is likely that the Chinese will have undertaken extensive trials and analysis of any imported equipment and built a nominally indigenous system using the knowledge gained.[16]

The Type 056 has a helicopter deck for a Z-9-sized helicopter, but no hangar.[10]

Development[edit]

The Type 056 hull may have been based on the Pattani-class offshore patrol vessels, which were built in China for Thailand from 2005 to 2006.[17]

The first ship was launched by Hudong-Zhonghua Shipbuilding in May 2012.[18][19] In late 2012, corvettes were being produced by four Chinese shipyards.[20]

The Type 056A were in production by late 2013. One of the first, 593 Sanmenxia, was launched in November 2013 with a modified hull to accommodate the added ASW gear.[16]

China Coast Guard variant[edit]

A Type 056 variant for the China Coast Guard was under construction at Huangpu in late-2014 . The forward superstructure was moved back to make for a raised structure ahead of the bridge. Large davits were installed ahead of the flight deck on both sides of the ships. It is not expected to be armed with the 76 mm. gun, missiles, or other weapon systems.[21]

Variants[edit]

The P18 corvette is the export version of the Type 056. The P18 is advertised as displacing 1,800 tons, with a 95 m (312 ft) length and a 12 m (39 ft) beam; the power plant is two MTU 20V 4000M diesel engines, for a maximum speed of 25 knots (46 km/h); armament may include a 76 mm. gun, two 30 mm. cannon, up to eight anti-ship missiles, and two triple torpedo launchers; a medium-sized helicopter may be carried.[22]

In 2014, the P18 was reportedly considered by Kazakhstan to fill a requirement for up to nine ships.[23]

In late 2014, Argentina reportedly agreed to purchase five P18s, two to be built in China, and the remainder to be co-produced in Argentina. The ships would be called the Malvinas class, and have towed array sonar and an enlarged landing deck to handle Sea King helicopters. Each ship may cost US$50 million.[22]

Bangladesh[edit]

The C13B corvette is the surface warfare corvette variant of the Type 056 corvette for the Bangladesh Navy. The corvettes displace 1,330 tons and are 90 metres (300 ft) in length.[8] It is armed with a H/PJ-26 76 mm gun, C-802A anti-ship missiles, FL-3000N SAMs and two H/PJ-17 30 mm remote controlled gun turrets.[24] The C13B lacks sonar and ASW weapons.[8] Like the Type 056, there is a helicopter pad but no hangar.[7] The corvette has a reported speed of 25 knots (46 km/h).[25]

The first batch of two corvettes was ordered from Wuchang Shipyard in Wuhan,[8] reportedly in October 2012.[7] The ships were laid down on 8 January 2013. Shadhinota (F111), the lead ship, was launched on 30 November 2014.[25] The second ship, Prottoy (F112) was launched on 30 December 2014. Shadhinota and Prottoy were commissioned on 19 March 2016.[26]

The second batch of two corvettes was ordered on 21 July 2015 to China.[27] Construction of the ships began on 9 August 2016.[28] The third ship of the class, Shongram (F113), was launched on 12 February 2018.[29]The fourth ship of the class, Prottasha (F114) was launched on 8 April, 2018.[30]

Nigeria[edit]

The P18N offshore patrol vessel (OPV) is the variant operated by the Nigerian Navy. The P18N displaces 1,800 tons, is 95 m (312 ft) long, has an endurance of 20 days,[31] a maximum speed of 21 knots (39 km/h)[32] and a range of 3,000 nautical miles (5,600 km) at 14 knots (26 km/h).[31] It has a crew of 75. Armament is reportedly a single NG-16-1 76 mm gun with a TR47 fire-control radar, two 30 mm guns, and two 20 mm guns.[32] The class has an Oil Support Recovery System to combat oil spills.[33] Unlike the Type 056, the P18N has a helicopter hangar.[31]

Nigeria ordered two P18Ns from CSOC in April 2012[34] for US$42 million each.[22] The first was slated to be completed in China, with the final 50–70% of the second being completed at the Nigerian Naval Shipyard in Port Harcourt; CSOC was contracted to upgrade the shipyard to facilitate this.[34]

NNS Centenary (F91), the first P18N, was built at the Wuchang Shipyard in Wuhan. It was launched January 2014 and completed trials in October 2014.[32] Centenary left China in December 2014 and arrived in Lagos, Nigeria in February 2015;[31] it was commissioned the same month.[33] Delivery was originally expected in mid-2014.[34]

The second OPV, NNS Unity (F92), was reported in February 2015 to be undergoing outfitting at Wuchang, and was expected to be delivered in 2015.[31] Nigeria had originally expected to receive it in mid-2014 for completion at Port Harcourt.[34] The ship was delivered on 4 November 2016 to the Nigerian Navy in Lagos. NNS Unity was commissioned on 15 December 2016.[35] In January 2017 the vessel was deployed to The Gambia in a "show of strength" as part of an ECOWAS sponsored intervention in the 2016–17 Gambian constitutional crisis.[36]

Ships in class[edit]

 People's Liberation Army Navy
 Pennant Number   Name   Builder   Launched   Commissioned   Fleet   Status 
Type 056
501[37] 信阳 / Xinyang[37] March 2015[37] North Sea Fleet[37] Active
503[38]
505[39] 秦皇岛 / Qinhuangdao[39] Hudong[39] October 2014[39] 16 October 2015[39] North Sea Fleet[39] Active[39]
511[40] 保定 / Baoding[40] December 2016 East Sea Fleet Active
512[40] 菏泽 / Heze[40] December 2016 East Sea Fleet Active
580[38][41] 大同 / Datong[41] May 2013[41] Active
581[38][42] 营口 / Yingkou[42] August 2013[42] North Sea Fleet[42] Active
582[38][43] 蚌埠 / Bengbu[38] February 2013[43] Active
583[38] 上饶 / Shangrao[38]
584[38][44] 梅州 / Meizhou[38][44] July 2013[44] South Sea Fleet[44] Active
585[38] 百色/ Baise[38]
586[38] 吉安 / Ji'an[38]
587[38][45] 揭阳 / Jieyang[38][45] January 2014[45] South Sea Fleet[45] Active
588[38][46] 泉州 / Quanzhou[46] August 2014[46] East Sea Fleet[46] Active
589[38][47] 清远 / Qingyuan[47] Huangpu[47] June 2014[47] South Sea Fleet[47] Active
590[38] 威海 / Weihai[48]
591[38]
592[38][47] 泸州 / Luzhou[47] Wuhan[47] June 2014[47] South Sea Fleet[47] Active
595[38]
596[38][49] 惠州 / Huizhou[38][49] July 2013[50] Hong Kong Garrison[49] Active
597[38][49] 钦州 / Qinzhou[38][49] July 2013[50] Hong Kong Garrison[49] Active
Type 056A
502[10] 黄石 / Huangshi[10] Hudong[10] March 2015[10] North Sea Fleet[10] Active
593[6][38] 三门峡 / Sanmenxia[6] Hudong[13] November 2013[16] November 2014[6] East Sea Fleet[6] Active
594[38][51] 株洲 / Zhuzhou[51] November 2014[51] South Sea Fleet[51] Active
 Bangladesh Navy
 Pennant Number   Name   Builder   Launched   Commissioned   Status 
F111[8] Shadhinota[8] Wuchang[8] 30 November 2014[25] 11 December 2015[52] Active[52]
F112[8] Prottoy[8] Wuchang[8] 30 December 2014[53] 11 December 2015[52] Active[52]
F113 Shongram Wuchang 12 February 2018[29] Launched[29]
F114 Prottasha Wuchang 8 April 2018[30] Launched[30]
 Nigerian Navy
 Pennant Number   Name   Builder   Launched   Commissioned   Status 
F91[31] Centenary[31] Wuchang[32] January 2014[32] February 2015[33] Active
F92[31] Unity[31] Wuchang[31] 29 November 2014[54] 15 December 2016[35] Active

Comparable ships[edit]

Ships of comparable role and size:

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ https://thediplomat.com/2018/06/chinas-navy-commissions-41st-type-056056a-stealth-warship/
  2. ^ http://www.navyrecognition.com/index.php/focus-analysis/naval-technology/6436-plan-s-50th-type-056-corvette-wuzhou-launched-by-shipyard-in-southern-china.html
  3. ^ https://www.janes.com/article/80806/image-suggests-china-s-41st-type-056-corvette-may-have-entered-service
  4. ^ a b United States Navy Office of Naval Intelligence (2015). The PLA Navy: New Capabilities and Missions for the 21st Century (PDF) (Report). p. 17. Archived from the original (PDF) on 18 May 2015. Retrieved 6 June 2015.
  5. ^ United States Office of the Secretary of Defense (2013). Annual Report To Congress: Military and Security Developments Involving the People’s Republic of China 2013 (PDF) (Report). p. 7. Retrieved 6 June 2015.
  6. ^ a b c d e Rahmat, Ridzwan (18 November 2014). "China inducts second Type 056A corvette into East Sea Fleet". IHS Jane's 360. Archived from the original on 14 June 2015. Retrieved 6 June 2015.
  7. ^ a b c Mizokami, Kyle (7 May 2015). "A Look at China's Growing International Arms Trade". USNI News. United States Naval Institute. Retrieved 6 June 2015.
  8. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Mazumdar, Mrityunjoy (13 July 2015). "Bangladesh's new C13B corvettes start sea trials ahead of more orders". IHS Jane's 360. Retrieved 14 July 2015.
  9. ^ Dutton, Peter; Erickson, Andrew S.; Martinson, Ryan, eds. (February 2014). China's Near Seas Combat Capabilities (Report). China Maritime Studies. 11. United States Naval War College. p. 122. Archived from the original on 21 May 2015. Retrieved 6 June 2015.
  10. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Tate, Andrew (11 May 2015). "China commissions fourth ASW-capable Type 056 corvette". IHS Jane's 360. Archived from the original on 15 May 2015. Retrieved 6 June 2015.
  11. ^ United States Office of the Secretary of Defense (June 2014). Annual Report To Congress: Military and Security Developments Involving the People’s Republic of China 2014 (PDF) (Report). p. 66. Retrieved 11 June 2015.
  12. ^ a b China's 36th & 37th Type 056 Corvettes (Jiangdao class) Commissioned in PLAN South Sea Fleet – Navyrecognition.com, 28 November 2017
  13. ^ a b c d e f Rahmat, Ridzwan (1 September 2014). "PLAN's 17th Type 056 corvette begins sea trials". IHS Jane's 360. Archived from the original on 2 May 2015. Retrieved 6 June 2015.
  14. ^ Type 056 class – Military-Today.com
  15. ^ Jiangdao Class (Type 056) Corvette – Naval-Technology.com
  16. ^ a b c Tate, Andrew (31 August 2014). "China adding towed sonars to Type 054A, Type 056 vessels". IHS Jane's 360. Archived from the original on 1 September 2014. Retrieved 6 June 2015.
  17. ^ Cao, Feng (4 March 2013). "China's New Frigate by the Numbers". USNI News. United States Naval Institute. Retrieved 7 June 2015.
  18. ^ "Launch of the head of Type 056 Chinese Corvette class". Navy Recognition. 24 May 2012. Retrieved 7 June 2015.
  19. ^ Xu, Tianran (24 May 2012). "PLA corvette 'launched' amid tensions". Globaltimes.cn. Archived from the original on 7 June 2012. Retrieved 7 June 2015.
  20. ^ O'Rourke, Ronald (23 December 2014). China Naval Modernization: Implications for U.S. Navy Capabilities – Background and Issues for Congress (PDF) (Report). Congressional Research Service. RL33153. Retrieved 6 June 2015.
  21. ^ Tate, Andrew (25 November 2014). "China building coastguard ship based on Type 056 corvette hull". IHS Jane's 360. Archived from the original on 26 September 2015. Retrieved 6 June 2015.
  22. ^ a b c Fisher, Richard D., Jr. (1 February 2015). "China, Argentina set for defence collaboration, Malvinas-class OPV deal". IHS Jane's 360. Archived from the original on 10 March 2015. Retrieved 6 June 2015.
  23. ^ Herschelmann, Kerry (31 August 2014). "Kazakh Navy to get new MCMVs, patrol craft in near future". IHS Jane's 360. Archived from the original on 14 June 2015. Retrieved 6 June 2015.
  24. ^ "New Corvette for Bangladesh Navy launched by China Shipbuilding Industry Corporation". www.navyrecognition.com. Retrieved 2015-12-04.
  25. ^ a b c "New Corvette for Bangladesh Navy launched by China Shipbuilding Industry Corporation". Navy Recognition. 3 December 2014. Retrieved 11 June 2015.
  26. ^ "Navy to get 2 submarines this year: PM". The Daily Sun. 19 March 2016. Retrieved 19 March 2016.
  27. ^ "China starts construction of two more Bangladesh Navy corvettes". navaltoday.com. 11 August 2016. Retrieved 15 October 2016.
  28. ^ "Bangladesh Navy chief to attend steel-cutting ceremony of warships in China". Bdnews24.com. 7 August 2016. Retrieved 14 February 2018.
  29. ^ a b c "China's CSSC launches C-13B corvette for Bangladesh". Quwa. 13 February 2018. Retrieved 14 February 2018.
  30. ^ a b c "China launches fourth and final Type C13B corvette for Bangladesh Navy | Jane's 360". www.janes.com. Retrieved 2018-04-10.
  31. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Mazumdar, Mrityunjoy (8 February 2015). "First Chinese-built OPV arrives in Lagos". IHS Jane's 360. Archived from the original on 28 June 2015. Retrieved 11 June 2015.
  32. ^ a b c d e Rahmat, Ridzwan (2 November 2014). "China completes sea trials for Nigerian OPV". IHS Jane's 360. Archived from the original on 29 April 2015. Retrieved 6 June 2015.
  33. ^ a b c Waldwyn, Tom (13 March 2015). "Tom Waldwyn: Asian naval exports to Africa on the rise". International Institute for Strategic Studies. Retrieved 11 June 2015.
  34. ^ a b c d Mazumdar, Mrityunjoy (23 October 2013). "Details of Nigerian naval shipbuilding plans revealed". IHS Jane's 360. Archived from the original on 28 October 2013. Retrieved 6 June 2015.
  35. ^ a b de Cherisey, Erwan (19 December 2016). "Nigerian Navy commissions new vessels". IHS Janes 360. Archived from the original on 20 December 2016. Retrieved 20 December 2016.
  36. ^ "The Gambia's president declares state of emergency". BBC News. 2017-01-17. Retrieved 2017-01-18.
  37. ^ a b c d Tate, Andrew (10 March 2015). "China commissions 19th Type 56 corvette". IHS Jane's 360. Archived from the original on 2 July 2015. Retrieved 6 June 2015.
  38. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa United States Navy Office of Naval Intelligence (2015). PLA Navy Identification Guide (PDF) (Report). Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 May 2015. Retrieved 6 June 2015.
  39. ^ a b c d e f g Tate, Andrew (20 October 2015). "China commissions 23rd Type 056 corvette". IHS Jane's 360. Archived from the original on 22 October 2015. Retrieved 1 November 2015.
  40. ^ a b c d "Chinese navy commissions two more Jiangdao-class corvettes". CMC reporting Jane's Defense Weekly. 2016-12-19. Retrieved 2017-01-11.
  41. ^ a b c Chen, Jie, ed. (20 May 2013). "New-type guided missile frigate commissioned to PLA Navy". China Military Online. Archived from the original on 15 June 2015. Retrieved 6 June 2015.
  42. ^ a b c d Zhang, Tao, ed. (2 August 2013). "New frigate commissioned to PLAN". China Military Online. Archived from the original on 15 June 2015. Retrieved 6 June 2015.
  43. ^ a b Zhang, Tao, ed. (26 February 2013). "First type-056 frigate delivered to PLA Navy". China Military Online. Archived from the original on 15 June 2015. Retrieved 6 June 2015.
  44. ^ a b c d Chen, Jie, ed. (30 July 2013). "'Meizhou' ship commissioned to South China Sea Fleet". China Military Online. Archived from the original on 15 June 2015. Retrieved 6 June 2015.
  45. ^ a b c d Zhang, Tao, ed. (27 January 2014). "'Jieyang' ship commissioned to South China Sea Fleet". China Military Online. Retrieved 6 June 2015.
  46. ^ a b c d Rahmat, Ridzwan (18 August 2014). "PLAN commissions Jiangdao-class corvette into East Sea Fleet". IHS Jane's 360. Archived from the original on 5 September 2014. Retrieved 6 June 2015.
  47. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Rahmat, Ridzwan (20 June 2014). "PLAN inducts two Type 056 corvettes into South China Sea fleet". IHS Jane's 360. Archived from the original on 14 June 2015. Retrieved 6 June 2015.
  48. ^ "Chinese Frigate 590 Weihai". AirForceWorld.com. 10 July 2015. Archived from the original on 13 July 2015.
  49. ^ a b c d e f Arthur, Gordon (1 July 2014). "China shows off new kit at Hong Kong garrison open days". IHS Jane's 360. Archived from the original on 14 June 2015. Retrieved 6 June 2015.
  50. ^ a b Chen, Jie, ed. (2 July 2013). "Two new-type frigates of PLA Hong Kong Garrison commissioned". China Military Online. Archived from the original on 15 June 2015. Retrieved 6 June 2015.
  51. ^ a b c d Rahmat, Ridzwan; Hardy, James (10 November 2014). "PLAN commissions first ASW variant Type 056 corvette". IHS Jane's 360. Archived from the original on 2 May 2015. Retrieved 6 June 2015.
  52. ^ a b c d Mazumdar, Mrityunjoy (13 January 2016). "Bangladesh Navy receives two new corvettes". IHS Jane's 360. Retrieved 23 July 2016.
  53. ^ "Second Type 056 Corvette of Bangladesh Navy launched". defencebd.com. Retrieved July 23, 2015.
  54. ^ "武船集团两艘军贸舰相继下水". 武昌船舶重工集团有限公司 (in Chinese). 22 December 2015. Retrieved 9 October 2016.

External links[edit]