Type 079 landing ship medium

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History
China
Builder: Guangzhou Shipyard
Class overview
Name: Type 79 landing ship medium
Operators:  People's Liberation Army Navy
Preceded by: Type 271 LCU
Succeeded by: Type 074 Yuhai class
Subclasses: Type 079II
General characteristics
Class and type: Yulü class
Type: Landing Ship Medium
Displacement: 714t normal, 730t standard, 833t full
Length: 60.3m
Beam: 10.m
Draft: 2.36m
Propulsion: two 6300 diesel engine @ 600 hp each
Speed: 12 kt
Range: 1000 nm @ 10 kt
Endurance: 7 days
Capacity: 200 tons, or 5 medium tanks or 8 trucks
Crew: 36
Armament: 4 Type 61 25 mm machine guns.

Type 079 landing ship medium (LSM) is a series of amphibious warfare ship of the People's Liberation Army Navy (PLAN), and this series landing ship has received NATO reporting name Yulian class.

Type 79I[edit]

The origin of Type 79 series LSM dates back in the 1970s, when North Vietnam asked China to produce a landing ship capable of carrying around 200 tons of cargo with maximum speed of 12 kts, but more importantly, the manufacturing technique had to be simply so that it must be able to be built quickly in large numbers.[1]

Design of Type 079 LSM took more than two years, lasting from 1971 to 1973, and construction begun in May 1974 at Guangzhou Shipyard International, and launched on July 22, 1976. Due to the changes of Sino-Vietnamese relations, the end customer became PLAN instead, and the ship entered PLAN service in October, 1976. This class received NATO reporting name Yulian class. Trials between December 1972 to January 1977 has revealed that the performance was somewhat satisfactory, but the speed was slow and the ability to operate in bad weather condition is poor, with the maximum sea state allowed to operate being sea state 6. Work immediately begun on redesign named as Type 79II LSM, while the first unit is subsequently named as Type 79I LSM.

Type 79II[edit]

Shortcomings of Type 79I LSM revealed in trials lead to immediate redesign named as Type 79II LSM, which was completed in October 1977,[1] and a total of 31 was built, including the conversion of the sole Type 79I LSM to Type 79II standard. 26 were completed by Guangzhou Shipyard International, and 4 were completed by Xiamen Shipyard. Like its predecessor Type 79I LSM, Type 79II LSM was also designed by 708th Research Institute. The main difference between 79I & 79II is that the latter is larger, with dimensions increased to 72 m x 13.8 m x 2.6 m respectively, and the displacement is increased to 1100 tons. More complex machinery was added, lead to the increase of crew member to 109, more than 3 times of that of the original Type 79I LSM. The speed is also slightly increased to 13 kts. Armament is strengthened by the addition of two BM21 122 mm rocket launchers. Nearly three decades after production ended in 1983, all 30 Type 79II LSM still remain in Chinese service today, mostly in Chinese navy South Sea Fleet (PLAN SSF), though most of them are delegated to transport duties.

Pennant No. Fleet Name
957 PLAN SSF
958 PLAN SSF Fen River
959 PLAN SSF
960 PLAN SSF
961 PLAN SSF Spring River (泉河)
962 PLAN SSF
963 PLAN SSF
964 PLAN SSF
965 PLAN SSF
966 PLAN SSF
967 PLAN SSF
968 PLAN SSF
969 PLAN SSF
970 PLAN SSF
971 PLAN SSF
972 PLAN SSF
973 PLAN SSF 5 Fingers Mountain(五指山)
974 PLAN SSF Lotus Mountain (莲花山)
975 PLAN SSF Lan River (岚河)
976 PLAN SSF
977 PLAN SSF Mount Dingjun
978 PLAN SSF
979 PLAN SSF Yi River
980 PLAN SSF Ali Mountain
981
982
983
984
985
986 Si River (泗河)

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Type 79". Retrieved 5 June 2015.