Type 41 75 mm cavalry gun

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Type 41 75 mm cavalry gun
Type 41 75 mm cavalry gun.jpg
Rear view of a Type 41 cavalry gun
Typelight field gun
Place of originJapan
Service history
In service1908-1945
Used by Japan
WarsWorld War I, 2nd Sino-Japanese War, World War II
Specifications
Weight915.76 kg (2,019 lb) Firing
1,499.58 kg (3,306 lb) Traveling
Length4.39 m (14 ft 5 in) Firing
8.05 m (26 ft 5 in) Traveling
Barrel length2.174 metres (7 ft 2 in) L/29.27
Width1.37 m (4 ft 6 in) Track,
1.57 m (5 ft 2 in) Maximum
Height1.57 m (5 ft 2 in)

Shell75 x 185 mm R[1]
Shell weight6.025 kilograms (13.28 lb)
Caliber75 mm (2.95 in)
BreechInterrupted screw
RecoilHydrospring
Carriagefixed box trail
Elevation-8° to +16° 30'
Traverse6° right 6° left
Rate of fire8 rpm
Muzzle velocity510 m/s (1,673 ft/s)
Maximum firing range8,380 metres (9,160 yd)

The Type 41 75 mm cavalry gun was a Japanese field gun first accepted into service in 1908. Type 41 designation was given to this gun as it was accepted in the 41st year of Emperor Meiji's reign (1908).[2] It was slightly lightened version of the Type 38 75 mm field gun that was based on a 1905 Krupp design. It was the primary weapon of artillery units attached to cavalry formations. Although effectively obsolete by the start of World War II it was used in limited numbers despite nominally being replaced by the Type 95 75 mm field gun.

Design[edit]

This Schneider type gun was especially constructed to give artillery support to cavalry regiments. Its design is almost identical with that of the original Model 38 75 mm gun. It is somewhat lighter than the Model 38 improved 75 mm gun, the corresponding direct-support artillery in the infantry division. In 1944, Japanese cavalry brigades had not yet been in combat against U. S. forces, it was not certain whether this old-fashioned gun with unmodified box trails and hydrospring recoil remained in general use or if it had been superseded by a more modern weapon. It can readily be differentiated from the Model 38 75 mm gun by its interrupted thread breechblock.[3]

A Type 41 cavalry gun as seen from the side.

External links[edit]

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "75-77 MM CALIBRE CARTRIDGES". www.quarryhs.co.uk. Retrieved 2017-10-02.
  2. ^ War Department TM-E-30-480 Handbook on Japanese Military Forces September 1944 p 400
  3. ^ War Department Special Series No 25 Japanese Field Artillery October 1944

Bibliography[edit]

  • Chamberlain, Peter and Gander, Terry. Light and Medium Field Artillery. New York, Arco
  • TM-E 30-480 Handbook of Japanese Military Forces. US war department. 1945.
  • War Department Special Series No 25 Japanese Field Artillery October 1944

See also[edit]