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Type I string theory

In theoretical physics, type I string theory is one of five consistent supersymmetric string theories in ten dimensions. It is the only one whose strings are unoriented and which contains not only closed strings, but open strings; the classic 1976 work of Ferdinando Gliozzi, Joel Scherk and David Olive paved the way to a systematic understanding of the rules behind string spectra in cases where only closed strings are present via modular invariance. It did not lead to similar progress for models with open strings, despite the fact that the original discussion was based on the type I string theory; as first proposed by Augusto Sagnotti in 1988, the type I string theory can be obtained as an orientifold of type IIB string theory, with 32 half-D9-branes added in the vacuum to cancel various anomalies. At low energies, type I string theory is described by the N=1 supergravity in ten dimensions coupled to the SO supersymmetric Yang–Mills theory; the discovery in 1984 by Michael Green and John H. Schwarz that anomalies in type I string theory cancel sparked the first superstring revolution.

However, a key property of these models, shown by A. Sagnotti in 1992, is that in general the Green-Schwarz mechanism takes a more general form, involves several two forms in the cancellation mechanism; the relation between the type-IIB string theory and the type-I string theory has a large number of surprising consequences, both in ten and in lower dimensions, that were first displayed by the String Theory Group at the University of Rome Tor Vergata in the early 1990s. It opened the way to the construction of entire new classes of string spectra with or without supersymmetry. Joseph Polchinski's work on D-branes provided a geometrical interpretation for these results in terms of extended objects. In the 1990s it was first argued by Edward Witten that type I string theory with the string coupling constant g is equivalent to the SO heterotic string with the coupling 1 / g; this equivalence is known as S-duality. E. Witten, "String theory dynamics in various dimensions", Nucl. Phys. B 443 85. ArXiv:hep-th/9503124.

J. Polchinski, S. Chaudhuri and C. V. Johnson, "Notes on D-Branes", arXiv:hep-th/9602052. C. Angelantonj and A. Sagnotti, "Open strings", Phys. Rep. 1 arXiv:hep-th/0204089

HMS Arun (1903)

HMS Arun was a Laird Type River-class destroyer ordered by the Royal Navy under the 1902–1903 Naval Estimates. Named after the River Arun in southern England she was the first ship to carry this name in the Royal Navy, she was laid down on 27 August 1902 at the Cammell Laird shipyard at Birkenhead and launched on 29 April 1903. She was completed in February 1904, her original armament was to be the same as the turtleback torpedo boat destroyers that preceded her. In 1906 the Admiralty decided to upgrade the armament by landing the five 6-pounder naval guns and shipping three 12-pounder 8 hundredweight guns. Two would be mounted abeam at the foc's'le break and the third gun would be mounted on the quarterdeck. After commissioning she was assigned to the East Coast Destroyer Flotilla of the 1st Fleet and based at Harwich. On 13 August 1904, while under the command of Commander Reginald Y. Tyrwhitt, RN, she collided with the destroyer Decoy off the Scilly Islands. Decoy sank. On 27 April 1908 the Eastern Flotilla departed Harwich for live night manoeuvres.

During these exercises the cruiser Attentive rammed and sank the destroyer HMS Gala damaged the destroyer HMS Ribble. In April 1909 she was assigned to the 3rd Destroyer Flotilla of the 1st Fleet on its formation at Harwich, she remained until displaced by a Basilisk-class destroyer by May 1912. She went into reserve assigned to the 5th Destroyer Flotilla of the 2nd Fleet with a nucleus crew. On 30 August 1912 the Admiralty directed all destroyer classes were to be designated by alpha characters starting with the letter'A'; the ships of the River class were assigned to the'E'-class. After 30 September 1913, she was known as an E-class destroyer and had the letter'E' painted on the hull below the bridge area and on either the fore or aft funnel. In early 1914 when displaced by G-class destroyers she joined the 9th Destroyer Flotilla based at Chatham tendered to HMS St George; the 9th Flotilla was a patrol flotilla tasked with anti-submarine and counter mining patrols in the Firth of Forth area.

By September 1914, Arun was deployed to the Scapa Flow Local Flotilla under the Commander-in-Chief, Home Fleet tendered to HMS Marlborough. Here she provided counter mining patrols in defence of the main fleet anchorage. In August 1915 with the amalgamation of the 7th and 9th Flotillas, she was redeployed to the 5th Destroyer Flotilla in the Mediterranean Fleet based at Alexandria. Here Arun was employed in escort of merchant ships, counter mining patrols and anti-submarine patrols in the Eastern Mediterranean Sea for the remainder of the war. In 1919 Arun returned to Home Waters and was paid off laid up in reserve awaiting disposal. On 30 June 1920 she was sold to Thos W Ward of Sheffield for breaking at North Cornwall, she was not awarded a Battle Honour for her service


Rozalex was a brand of Rozalex Limited, a subsidiary of the Chloride Electrical Storage Company credited with being the first company in the United Kingdom to commercialise topical barrier cream for use in an industrial setting. The cream was developed for use in their Exide works at Clifton Junction near Manchester. Battery manufacture was labour-intensive and used hazardous materials, so skin irritation and contact dermatitis was rife among workers. Chloride began research and development of a barrier cream which could help protect workers and increase productivity; the company was founded in 1929 as a spin-off of The Chloride Electrical Storage Co. Ltd. 1969 Newton, Chambers & Company acquired Rozalex Limited and the brand sat along other household names such as IZAL and Zalpon. 1972 Newton, Chambers & Co was subsequently acquired by the Central & Sheerwood Trust an Investment banking and financial services group. 1973 Central & Sheerwood Trust sold the IZAL operation which included Rozalex to Sterling Winthrop's, Sterling Industrial.

1981 Sterling Industrial acquired the Kerodex range of industrial barrier creams and merged them into the Rozalex Range. 1987 Unilever acquired Sterling Industrial in a strategic move to push into the Business to Business hygiene and floor care sectors. 2002 Unilever sold the main equity share of its Business to Business division to SC Johnson to form JohnsonDiversey. 2008 JohnsonDiversey divests the Rozalex brand to Present Value Limited and Rozalex Limited is reinstated. 2010 Rozalex sponsors the Ginetta G50 car of the Barwell Motorsport team in the 2010 British Touring Car Championship TOCA series driven by Julien Draper 2011 Rozalex sponsors the Aston Martin GT4 car of the Barwell Motorsport team in the 2011 British GT Championship driven by Peter Erceg and Tiff Needell 2011 Rozalex sponsors the Greenpower Education Trust promoting sustainable engineering to young people 2011 Rozalex teams up with Goodwood to supply limited edition tins of handcare products for the 2011 Goodwood Revival.

2012 Present Value divests the Rozalex brand to Hughen Limited. Rozalex is now a trading subsidiary of Hughen Limited. 2013 Rozalex launches new Pouch Dispensing System for the Industrial / Engineering / Automotive / Marine / Construction and Energy sectors


Pasaquan is a 7-acre compound near Buena Vista, Georgia. It was created by an eccentric folk artist named Eddie Owens Martin, who called himself St. EOM. An internationally renowned art site, it consists of six major structures including a redesigned 1885 farmhouse, painted concrete sculptures, 4 acres of painted masonry concrete walls. In September 2008, Pasaquan was accepted for listing on the National Register of Historic Places. Pasaquan was restored by the Kohler Foundation and Columbus State University between 2014 and 2016. Eddie Owens Martin was born on July 4, 1908 in the village of Glen Alta in Marion County, Georgia to a sharecropper family of nine, he suffered abuse from his father that caused him to leave home for New York City at 14 years old and become a sex worker. His early adult years of skirting the law led to a one year prison term in 1942, he became a fortune teller after his release from Federal Narcotics Prison on March 17, 1943. He committed suicide on April 16, 1986. Martin was inspired by a spirit to create a religion called Pasaquoyanism.

Its members are called Pasaquoyans. The spirit named Martin "Saint EOM." Pasaquoyanism emphasizes connection to the use of hair. "Pasaquan" is a name coined from Spanish and Chinese meaning "the past coming together." He inherited the house and four acres of land from his mother after she passed away in 1950. Martin moved his fortune-telling business to the site in 1957 after a dispute with his brother Julius, he transformed the property over many years using proceeds earned from fortune telling. Martin collected local natural materials to construct his first wall and hired D. W. Milner to assist him, his original decorated fence decayed. Edwin Stephens provided Martin with a romantic relationship. After 10 years of construction, Martin began painting his structures with images inspired by his own personal acquaintances; the Marion County Historical Society assumed ownership of Pasaquan in 1986. A special committee was formed in order to facilitate care of the site and Martin's various other works.

The committee purged various materials in order to focus on the compound itself. The Pasaquan Preservation Society was born out of the committee and operated Pasaquan until 2014; the Pasaquan Preservation Society deeded Pasaquan to the Kohler Foundation in 2014 in order to finance its restoration. The Kohler Foundation transferred ownership of Pasaquan to Columbus State University after it reopened in 2016. In 2004, the Pasaquan Preservation Society solicited the Kohler Foundation for help in maintaining Pasaquan; the project was accepted in 2014. The Kohler Foundation collaborated with Columbus State University to restore Pasaquan's art. After two years of work, the site was re-opened to the public on October 22, 2016. President Jimmy Carter visited the site in the early 1980s. In 2015, the Pasaquan Preservation Society won the Governor's Award for the Arts and Humanities for its work on Pasaquan. In 2016, CNN recommended Pasaquan as a tourist destination. In 2019, Atlanta recommended Pasaquan as a folk art destination.

In 2013, Jason McCoy visited Pasaquan for his show Jason McCoy Eats America. In 2017, James Ogburn and Scott Wilkerson created an opera called "Eddie’s Stone Song: Odyssey of the First Pasaquoyan" that celebrated Martin's life. Official Pasaquan Site from Columbus State University Pasaquan Preservation Society Oral History Collection

Wydad AC

Wydad Athletic Club known as WAC or Wydad Casablanca called Wydad of Nation or The Lions Of Africa is a Moroccan sports club based in Casablanca City, Morocco. Wydad AC is one of the best and most successful football team in Africa, and, the most titled team in the history of Moroccan football League. Wydad has won a record of 20 Moroccan league titles. In addition Wydad has won 9 8 Moroccan Super Cup. In continental competitions the club has won 2 CAF Champions League, 1 CAF Cup Winners, 1 CAF Super Cup, 1 Afro-Asian Club Championship, 1 Arab Club Champions Cup, 1 Arab Super Cup, 3 North African Championship, 3 North African Super Cup, 1 North African Cup, 1 Mohammed V Trophy. Anina Wydad is an Arabic word that means "love", "sincere affection."There are several versions of the story of the origin of the club's name, but the version found in Ahmed Lahrizi's book Wydad Volume 1 is the most widespread and the most plausible. According to the book, during the frequent meetings which led to the creation of the club, one of the founding members arrived late after watching the latest film of the legendary Egyptian actress and singer Umm Kulthum with the same name, though latinized as Weddad.

The first section of the Wydad Athletic Club to be created was the Waterpolo section on 8 May 1939. The members of the first management committee of WAC team was Haj Mohamed Benjelloun, Maitre Mohamed Zarouk, Mohamed Ben Lahsan, Haj Mohamed Ben Mohamed Ben Lahsan Benjelloun, Ralph Botbol, Charles Benchetrit, Lucien Bilikrinieu, Pierre André, Croné Vivirel. Other sections where created for the Moroccan team as time went by, such as basketball in 1938 and football, created by Haj Tounsi alias Père Jégo in 1939. Today, there are a total of fourteen sections, including volleyball, boxing, cycling, badminton and field, swimming and hockey; the creation of Wydad was difficult at the time. Indeed, the context was marked by the French protectorate of Morocco; the origin of its creation is synonymous with the club omnisport indeed because during this time the port of Casablanca was surrounded by swimming pools and access to it should be part of a club, but clubs were all directed by settlers. From the 1935–36 season, several Moroccan Muslims were able to enjoy the swimming pools of the city registering well on its clubs.

But when the number of Muslims grew worried that the French authorities sent him the natives clubs. It was, but it was not easy because after several requests to the French authorities for the creation of the club, whenever requests were unanswered, future presidents Wydad decided to contact the Franco-Moroccan and this is where the General Nogues intervened to allow the creation of Wydad. Thus was created the Wydad Athletic Club on 8 May 1939; the name Wydad is unknown to this day, in fact many historians bring their explanations, but the historian Ahmed Lahrizi, author of the epic Wydad is the best known is widespread as this, when the first meeting of the first committee of Wydad, a person wanting to call, Mohamed Benjelloun who arrived late because he watched the last film of the great singer Arab Oum Kalthoum entitled Wydad and thus the first Moroccan club history was called Wydad Athletic Club. The first section of the club was that of water-polo and after a proposal by the first President, Mohamed Benjelloun, it was decided to set up several other sections and this is through this initiative that the football section Wydad was created in 1939.

Wydad played its first game against defending champion USM Casablanca as part of the first day of the championship in what is a criterion of war in September 1939. This meeting was the first of Wydad ended in defeat with a score of two goals to one; the first scorer was Abdelkader Lakhmiri. During this first season Wydad it was not a championship, played but a true test of war called cutting war because of the Second World War; the first edition of this competition was played so in the context of the 1939–40 season and ended with a victory for the USM Casablanca facing the new team what Wydad. One who had played his first match against USM and had faced rematch is still faced in the final after an incredible journey that has to qualify; the meeting was ended with a score of 1–0 at Stade Philippe to Casablanca. 1939/40: Champion of Chaouia League 1940: Winner of Moroccan Super Cup 1940: Runner-up of Moroccan Cup The following season was a criterion of war except that this time Wydad fails the same course as in the previous season.

The Reds began the competition in a group comprising a total of nine groups or they managed to skilled in the finals. The final phase started from the quarter-finals where the WAC is beaten by the Olympic Khouribga to score a 1–0, and finally. 1940/41: Runner-up of Chaouia League. After playing two seasons in cutting the war, the French authorities under the orders of the Vichy regime decided to play the championship again at war. Despite the good performance of Wydad, the French authorities decided to Wydad play in the second division and not first. One of the main reasons is the fact that the federation at the time was managed by teams of 1st Division. Despite these injustices, Wydad managed to be the first in their pool and in the context of a game between the dam at Ittihad Ribati, he succeeds in beating up the latter by a goal to nil. For fear that Wydad up in the first division, the federation decided to play another game the opponent this time in the Athletic Union of Meknes; this encounter was played during the month of Ramadan.

The team was comp

Kid Klown in Night Mayor World

Kid Klown in Night Mayor World, known in Japan as Mickey Mouse III: Yume Fuusen, is a platform video game for the Nintendo Entertainment System released on April 1, 1993. It was published by Kemco, it is the first game in the Kid Klown series. Kid Klown was a Mickey Mouse game in Japan. Released as part of the Crazy Castle series, Mickey Mouse III: Dream Balloon was released on September 30, 1992 by Kemco in Japan for the Family Computer. Due to copyright issues, it was changed to Kid Klown in Night Mayor World for its U. S. release. Other games in the Kid Klown series include Kid Klown in Crazy Chase for the Super Nintendo, the Japan-exclusive Kid Klown in Crazy Chase 2: Love Love Hani Soudatsusen for PlayStation, Soreike! Kid: Go! Go! Kid for the Game Boy and The Bombing Islands for the PlayStation. Mickey Mouse is working part-time selling balloons in order to buy a present for Minnie, whose birthday is a few days away, he gets news from Pluto. He sets off to visit her. Now, Mickey must journey into Minnie's mind.

Kid Klown and his family are on their way to perform in a circus when they meet the magician Night Mayor. He asks Kid Klown to help him open a treasure vault, but Kid Klown, having been warned about the evil magician by his parents, refuses. Not willing to give up so Night Mayor kidnaps Kid Klown's family and dares him to follow him into his world if he wants to see his family again; the player character, Mickey Mouse/Kid Klown, carries balloons with which he can attack, jump higher, or float. Including the introduction level, there are seven levels throughout the game, each with its own unique theme. At the end of each level, there is a bonus stage; the player is able to collect extra energy in the bonus stage. The stage select screen in the original game features the song "It's a Small World" in the original. In the original, the boss in the first stage is one of the vultures from The Jungle Book, while the Kid Klown version features an owl; the third stage has Rumplewald the giant from the cartoon Giantland as the end boss.

The Horned King is the final boss in the original. Kid Klown in Night Mayor World at MobyGames Kid Klown in Night Mayor World at GameFAQs