Unione Calcio Sampdoria referred to as Sampdoria, is an Italian professional football club based in Genoa, Liguria. The club was formed in 1946 from the merger of two existing sports clubs whose roots can be traced back to the 1890s, Sampierdarenese and Andrea Doria. Both the team name and jersey reflect this, the first being a combination of the former names, the second incorporating the former teams' colours in a single design; the team's colours are blue with white and black hoops, hence the nickname blucerchiati. Sampdoria play at Stadio Luigi Ferraris, capacity 36,536, which it shares with Genoa's other club, Genoa Cricket and Football Club; the derby between the two teams is known as the Derby della Lanterna. Sampdoria have won the Scudetto once in their history, in 1991; the club has won the Coppa Italia four times, in 1985, 1988, 1989 and 1994, the Supercoppa Italiana once, in 1991. Their biggest European success came when they won the Cup Winners' Cup in 1990, they reached the European Cup final in 1992, losing the final 1–0 to Barcelona after extra time.
The Ginnastica Sampierdarenese was founded in 1891, opening its football section in 1899. Named to honour Andrea Doria, a club named Society Andrea Doria was founded in 1895, which focused itself on football training and competition. Andrea Doria did not participate in the first Italian Football Championship, organised by the Italian Federation of Football since instead they had enrolled themselves into a football tournament, organised by the Italian Federation of Ginnastica; the club joined the competition for the 1903 Italian Football Championship, but did not win a game in the tournament until 1907, when they beat local rivals Genoa 3–1. It was not until 1910 -- 11. During that season's tournament, they finished above Juventus and Genoa in the Piedmont-Lombardy-Liguria section. After World War I Sampierdarenese began to compete in the Italian Championship, after they bought a pre-war club of Genoa province: Pro Liguria of Bolzaneto, thus and Doria met in the championship for the first time.
With the 1921–22 season, the Italian top league was split into two competitions. Sampierdarenese played in the FIGC-run competition, whereas Andrea Doria played in the CCI variation. Sampierdarenese won the Ligura section and went on to the semi-finals, finishing top out of three clubs. Both legs of the final ended in 0–0 draws, thus a repetition match was played in Cremona on 21 May 1922. Still intensely difficult to separate, the match went into extra time with Novese winning the tie 2–1. After the league system in Italy was brought back into one item, Sampierdarenese remained stronger than Andrea Doria by qualifying for the league. By 1924–25, the clubs were competing against each other in the Northern League. At the end of the 1926–27 season, the clubs merged by fascist authorities under the name La Dominante. Wearing green and black striped shirts, La Dominante Genova were admitted to the first season of Serie B, where they finished third, just missing out on promotion; the next season, under the name Liguria, they had a disastrous year, finishing bottom of the table and suffering relegation.
Because of this, both Sampierdarenese and Andrea Doria reverted to their previous names as separate clubs. Sampierdarenese finished in the upper part; the following year, they were promoted into Serie A for the first time. Andrea Doria, on the other hand, battled out the 1930s down in Serie C. 15 July 1937 saw Sampierdarenese merging with Corniglianese and Rivarolese, with the club using the name Associazione Liguria Calcio. This saw them reach fifth place in Serie A in 1939. In the early 1940s, the club was relegated but bounced straight back up as Serie B champions in 1941. After World War II, both clubs were competing in Serie A, but in a reverse of pre-war situations, Andrea Doria were now the top club out of the two. However, on 12 August 1946, a merger occurred to create Unione Calcio Sampdoria; the first chairman of this new club was Piero Sanguineti, but the ambitious entrepreneur Amedeo Rissotto soon replaced him, while the first team coach during this period was a man from Florence named Giuseppe Galluzzi.
To illustrate the clubs would be represented in the new, merged club, a new kit was designed featuring the blue shirts of Andrea Doria and the white and black midsection of Sampierdarenese. In the same month of the merger, the new club demanded they should share the Stadio Luigi Ferraris ground with Genoa. An agreement was reached, the stadium began hosting Genoa's and Sampdoria's home matches. In 1979, the club playing Serie B, was acquired by oil businessman Paolo Mantovani, who invested in the team to bring Sampdoria to the top flights. In 1982, Sampdoria made their Serie A return and won their first Coppa Italia in 1985. In 1986, Vujadin Boškov was appointed as the new head coach; the club won their second Coppa Italia in 1988, being admitted to the 1988–89 UEFA Cup Winners' Cup, where they reached the final, losing 2–0 to Barcelona. A second consecutive triumph in the Coppa Italia gave Sampdoria a spot in the 1989–90 Cup Winners' Cup, whi
The Congregation of the Sisters of Our Lady of Mercy, - was founded by Mother Teresa Eva Potocka in Warsaw, Poland on November 1, 1862. This was the first "Mercy House"; the order uses the abbreviation O. L. M. Mother Teresa Ewa, née Countess Potocka of the Sułkowska princes, after eight months of practice in the House of Mercy in the Laval returned to Poland and – at the invitation of Archbishop Zygmunt Szczesny Feliński – took over the shelter in Warsaw for girls failed morally. November 1, 1862 Archbishop Feliński dedicated a house for girls; that date was adopted as the date of creation'the Congregation of the Sisters of Our Lady of Mercy' in Poland. In 1878 there was a connection to the assembly on the Laval and obtaining a decree authorizing the activities of the Papal Order; the order has been self-sufficient since 1922. In communist times, the 1962 Polish government nationalized operations conducted by the congregation; some of them were converted to "Caritas". In August 1925, in the religious house in Warsaw Helena Kowalska Saint Faustina began her postulancy and on April 30, 1926 took her perpetual vows and became a member of the Congregation.
In 1986, Cardinal Bernard Law during the pilgrimage to the Shrine in Kraków-Łagiewniki, asked Mother General, Sr. Paulina Słomka, to send several sisters to Boston to create a community of Sisters of Our Lady of Mercy; the three sisters came to Boston on September 15, 1988, where he set up temporarily at the convent in Our Lady of Czestochowa parish. It was the first international meeting house, founded outside of Poland. October 10, 1993 moved to a permanent house at the Neponset Ave. in Boston. Congregation of the Sisters of Our Lady of Mercy
Île Longue is a peninsula of the roadstead of Brest in the department of Finistère in the Brittany region. It is the base of the SNLE, the French ballistic missile submarines, as such one of the most secretive and defended places in France. Île Longue is a peninsula on the commune of Crozon, attached to the Crozon peninsula. Its altitude is 42 metres and has an area of 1.10 km2. To the north of the peninsula there are two small islands: Ile Trébéron; the isthmus was a mere sand bank, crossing was only possible at low tide. During the 19th century, it was improved with a stone pathway. During the construction of the strategic base, it was widened, made insubmersible, changed into a big parking space; the peninsula is a stone plateau surrounded by cliffs. It harbours several water springs. In the 19th century, three villages were built on the peninsula: Kernalleguen and Bothuelc'h North. Exploitation of porphyry started in the 18th century. By the end of the 19th century, half a million cobblestones were produced each year.
Up to eleven quarries were exploited around the peninsula. The largest, Vengleuz Braz, was located west from Kermeur. With its cliffs, local water resources, isthmus crossable only at low tide and its location defending Brest harbour, Île Longue is an defendable, strategic location, it was fortified by Vauban and Dajot as to render the roadstead impossible to hold by an enemy fleet and to allow a counter-attack against an enemy landing party attempting to seize Quélern. Dajot had a fort constructed at the top of the peninsula around 1776, it featured a hemicircular lower battery with small buildings protected by a ditch, with a bastion and a drawbridge. In 1879, a wall was built South of the peninsula, it featured a drawbridge defended by two bastions. Remains of the main gate and of the casemate still exist, but are enclosed in the military area, not accessible to the general public. From 1914 to 1919, Île Longue was used as an internment camp for German citizens captured after the seizure of the ship Nieuw Amsterdam, intercepted by the French 2nd Light Squadron on 2 September 1914.
From 3 -- 23 September, the 1500 passengers were interned in Brest. The last prisoners were released on 31 December 1919. During the occupation, the Germans used Île Longue as an anti-aircraft battery, which remained active until 1944. Megalithic monuments were destroyed by the construction of bunkers. In 1965, President Charles de Gaulle chose Île Longue as home for the sea-based component of the Force de frappe; the place was chosen because it was close to a large harbour, yet distant enough to stay out of the public's eye, was controlled and defended. Île Longue is the command center for France's SSBNs. Work took 5 years; the peninsula was changed, as the isthmus was widened and consolidated, the peninsula itself gained 30 hectares. Two dry docks were built, as well as numerous habitation and defence buildings, 24 vertical missile silos. Missiles are assembled just south of the base, at the Guenvénez Missile Storage and Maintenance Area. In 1972, the base was made operational and Le Redoutable departed for her first patrol.
Île Longue has been the base of the SNLE of the Force Océanique Stratégique since. Maintenance of the submarines is done at Île Longue, as well as storage of the nuclear components. Chemical pyrotechnics for the missiles and conventional warheads are stored in Guenvénez, 4 km away; the base is divided into three colour-coded zones: Zone Blue comprises the security installations and personnel, including the fire department and the Fusiliers Marins responsible for the defence of the site. This zone comprises offices and catering. Zone Red encompasses the bunkers to hold nuclear warheads. Zone Yellow encompasses the harbour and submarine installations, notably two roofed 200-metre long docks. A 170-metre long bunker between the two docks is used to unload nuclear materials. Since 2006, work has been undertaken at Île Longue to prepare the base for the new M51 SLBM. In 2005, a controversy broke out when it was realised that this area is visible from Google Earth, but since 2018, it is not possible anymore to view good quality satellite images of this sensitive area in most map websites.