Arkansas is a state in the southern region of the United States, home to over 3 million people as of 2018. Its name is of Siouan derivation from the language of the Osage denoting their related kin, the Quapaw Indians; the state's diverse geography ranges from the mountainous regions of the Ozark and the Ouachita Mountains, which make up the U. S. Interior Highlands, to the densely forested land in the south known as the Arkansas Timberlands, to the eastern lowlands along the Mississippi River and the Arkansas Delta. Arkansas is the 33rd most populous of the 50 United States; the capital and most populous city is Little Rock, located in the central portion of the state, a hub for transportation, business and government. The northwestern corner of the state, such as the Fayetteville–Springdale–Rogers Metropolitan Area and Fort Smith metropolitan area, is a population and economic center; the largest city in the state's eastern part is Jonesboro. The largest city in the state's southeastern part is Pine Bluff.
The Territory of Arkansas was admitted to the Union as the 25th state on June 15, 1836. In 1861, Arkansas withdrew from the United States and joined the Confederate States of America during the Civil War. On returning to the Union in 1868, the state continued to suffer due to its earlier reliance on slavery and the plantation economy, causing the state to fall behind economically and socially. White rural interests continued to dominate the state's politics until the civil rights movement. Arkansas began to diversify its economy following World War II and relies on its service industry, poultry, tourism and rice; the culture of Arkansas is observable in museums, novels, television shows and athletic venues across the state. People such as politician and educational advocate William Fulbright; the name Arkansas was applied to the Arkansas River and derives from a French term, the plural term for Quapaws, a Dhegiha Siouan-speaking Native American people who settled in Arkansas around the 13th century.
This comes from an Algonquian term, /akansa/, for the Quapaws, is also the root term for Kansas. The name has been spelled in a variety of fashions. In 1881, the pronunciation of Arkansas with the final "s" being silent was made official by an act of the state legislature after a dispute arose between Arkansas's two U. S. senators as one favored the pronunciation as AR-kən-saw while the other favored ar-KAN-zəs. In 2007, the state legislature passed a non-binding resolution declaring that the possessive form of the state's name is Arkansas's, followed by the state government. Arkansas borders Louisiana to the south, Texas to the southwest, Oklahoma to the west, Missouri to the north, Tennessee and Mississippi to the east; the United States Census Bureau classifies Arkansas as a southern state, sub-categorized among the West South Central States. The Mississippi River forms most of Arkansas's eastern border, except in Clay and Greene, counties where the St. Francis River forms the western boundary of the Missouri Bootheel, in many places where the channel of the Mississippi has meandered from its original 1836 course.
Arkansas can be split into two halves, the highlands in the northwest half and the lowlands of the southeastern half. The highlands are part of the Southern Interior Highlands, including The Ozarks and the Ouachita Mountains; the southern lowlands include the Arkansas Delta. This dual split can yield to general regions named northwest, northeast, southeast, or central Arkansas; these directionally named regions are broad and not defined along county lines. Arkansas has seven distinct natural regions: the Ozark Mountains, Ouachita Mountains, Arkansas River Valley, Gulf Coastal Plain, Crowley's Ridge, the Arkansas Delta, with Central Arkansas sometimes included as a blend of multiple regions; the southeastern part of Arkansas along the Mississippi Alluvial Plain is sometimes called the Arkansas Delta. This region is a flat landscape of rich alluvial soils formed by repeated flooding of the adjacent Mississippi. Farther away from the river, in the southeast portion of the state, the Grand Prairie consists of a more undulating landscape.
Both are fertile agricultural areas. The Delta region is bisected by a geological formation known as Crowley's Ridge. A narrow band of rolling hills, Crowley's Ridge rises from 250 to 500 feet above the surrounding alluvial plain and underlies many of the major towns of eastern Arkansas. Northwest Arkansas is part of the Ozark Plateau including the Ozark Mountains, to the south are the Ouachita Mountains, these regions are divided by the Arkansas River; these mountain ranges are part of the U. S. Interior Highlands region, the only major mountainous region between the Rocky Mountains and the Appalachian Mountains; the highest point in the state is Mount Magazine in the Ouachita Mountains, which rises to 2,753 feet above sea level. Arkansas has many rivers and reservoirs within or along its borders. Major tributaries of the Mississippi River include the Arkansas River, the White River, the St. Francis River; the Arkansas is fed by the Mulberry River and the Fou
Italian Minister of Foreign Affairs
The Italian Minister of Foreign Affairs is the head of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs in Italy. The office was one of the positions which Italy inherited from the Kingdom of Sardinia where it was the most ancient ministry of the government: this origin gives to the office a ceremonial primacy in the Italian cabinet. Parties1861–1912: Historical Right Historical Left Military 1912–1922: Liberal Union Radical Party Democratic Liberal Party 1922–1943: National Fascist Party 1943–1946: Labour Democratic Party Christian Democracy Independent Military Governments Rightist coalition Leftist coalition Liberal coalition Fascist Military Mixed coalition Parties 1946-1994: Christian Democracy Socialist Party Republican Party Liberal Party Democratic Socialist Party Independent Since 1994: People's Party Forza Italia/The People of Freedom Italian Renewal The Olive Tree Democrats of the Left/Democratic Party National Alliance Italian Radicals New Centre-Right/Popular Alternative Independent Governments Centrist coalition Centre-right coalition Centre-left coalition Populist coalition Mixed coalition Affari Esteri Foreign policy
Paolo Giubellino, is an experimental particle physicist working on High-Energy Nuclear Collisions. He is the joint Scientific Managing Director of the Facility for Antiproton and Ion Research in Europe GmbH and the GSI Helmholtzzentrum für Schwerionenforschung GmbH; the accelerator facility FAIR, which will be constructed at GSI, is one of the largest research projects worldwide. Until 31 December 2016 Giubellino was the Spokesperson of the ALICE: A Large Ion Collider Experiment Collaboration, an international collaboration of more than 1300 people from 163 scientific institutions from 40 countries, he has carried several responsibility positions in the ALICE Collaboration since its creation in the early nineties, to be elected deputy spokesperson from 2004 to 2010 and spokesperson since 1 January 2011. On July 17, 2013, he was elected with a large majority for a second term as spokesperson of the Collaboration. Giubellino has dedicated most of his scientific life to the Physics of High-Energy Heavy-Ion collisions, in which Quark–gluon plasma a state of ultra- dense and hot matter like the one prevailing in the first microseconds of life of our Universe is created.
Moreover, he has participated in numerous experimental projects first at the CERN SPS and, since the beginning of the program, at the Large Hadron Collider. Paolo Giubellino, born in 1960, graduated in Physics at the University of Torino in 1983 with 110/110 cum laude and special honorable mention and continued his studies as a Fulbright fellow at the University of California, Santa Cruz. In 2000 he was awarded the title of Doctor in Mathematics by the Dubna Academic Council, he has one son. Paolo Giubellino has dedicated most of his scientific life to the Physics of High-Energy Heavy-Ion collisions, first in HELIOS in NA50, in the ALICE experiment and at GSI and FAIR, he joined the Torino branch of the Italian National Institute for Nuclear Physics in 1985. In 2006 he was promoted to the highest in the three-level INFN career. Giubellino has been responsible for several scientific programs within INFN and for NATO, INTAS and EU grants. From 1990 to 1996 he was coordinator of the Group II of the Torino branch of the INFN.
From 1995 to 2000 and since 2007 he was responsible for the involvement of the Torino group in the ALICE Inner Tracking System project. Giubellino has participated in CERN heavy-ion programme from the early days of his career, he was in charge of the design and operation of the SCI-PAD detector for the NA34/1 experiment as well as for the NA34/2 silicon pad detectors for the Ring Counters. In 1988 he worked in one of the fixed-target experiments, he was responsible in NA50 for the design and commissioning of the silicon multiplicity detectors. During his entire career, Giubellino has participated in several R&D projects directed to the development of silicon detectors and radiation tolerant electronics, he is one of the founding fathers of the microelectronics group at INFN Torino Giubellino has been involved in ALICE from the first feasibility studies, has carried a number of responsibilities in the experiment, including Project Leader for the Inner Tracking System, Chair of Conference Committee, Upgrade Coordinator and, for six years, Deputy Spokesperson.
He was elected Spokesperson of the ALICE Collaboration for the first time in March 2010 and re-elected in July 2013. During this period he led the ALICE Collaboration to the preparation of an Upgrade proposal for experiment, spanning the years 2018 to 2025; the upgrade project, which will involve 163 Institutions from 40 countries, has been approved by the Large Hadron Collider Committee in September 2012. On January 1, 2017, Paolo Giubellino became the first joint scientific managing director of Facility for Antiproton and Ion Research in Europe GmbH and GSI Helmholtzzentrum für Schwerionenforschung GmbH in Darmstadt. In addition, he has taken over the position of spokesperson of the management of FAIR and GSI. In September 2016, the FAIR Council and the GSI Supervisory Board announced their decision to appoint Giubellino. Since January 1, 2017 Giubellino is professor at the institute for nuclear physics at TU Darmstadt. Paolo Giubellino serves in many scientific committees and panels in France, Russia, the United States, Spain, the Czech Republic, the Republic of Korea and South Africa.
He has been active in International collaboration, has promoted and had key roles in several programs funded by the European Union, NATO and numerous bilateral agreements. Member since January 2017 of the EMMI Steering Committee of the Extreme Matter Institute, Germany Chair, 2003-2011, of the scrutiny group charged of assessing and monitoring the running and maintenance expenses for the CDF International Finance Committee at Fermilab, United States. Member, 2003 - 2010, of the Conseil Scientifique of the SUBATECH Laboratory, France. Member in 2006 of the 4-yearly CNRS/IN2P3 Evaluation Committee of the SUBATECH Laboratory, France. For the Agence d’Evaluation de la Recherche of the French Government: member in 2008 of the Evaluation Committee of the IPN Laboratory in Orsay, Member in 2008 of the Evaluation Committee of the LPSC Laboratory in Grenoble, President in 2010 of the Evaluation Committee of the Subatech Laboratory in Nantes. Member, 2010 - end of 2015, of the Scientific Council of the IN2P3 of France.
For the GSI Laboratory in Germany (largest German Nuclear Physics Labo
Carlo Ratti is an Italian architect, inventor and activist. He is a professor at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology where he directs the MIT Senseable City Lab, a research group that explores how new technologies are changing the way we understand and live in cities. Ratti is a founding partner of the international design and innovation office CRA-Carlo Ratti Associati, which he established in 2004 in Torino and now has a branch in New York City, United States. Ratti was named one of the "50 most influential designers in America" by Fast Company and highlighted in Wired Magazine's "Smart List: 50 people who will change the world."Ratti has been featured in Esquire Magazine’s "Best & Brightest" list and in Thames & Hudson's selection of "60: Innovators Shaping our Creative Future." Blueprint Magazine included him as one of the "25 People Who Will Change Architecture and Design," Forbes listed him as one of the "Names You Need To Know." Ratti graduated from both the Ecole Nationale des Ponts et Chaussees in Paris and the Politecnico di Torino in Italy.
He earned his MPhil and PhD degrees from the Martin Centre at the University of Cambridge, UK. In 2000 he moved to the Massachusetts Institute of Technology as a Fulbright fellow, working with Hiroshi Ishii at the MIT Media Lab. In a 2011 TED talk in Long Beach Ratti outlines the vision of an "architecture that senses and responds." Digital technologies are becoming networked and atomised, hence changing the interaction between humans and the built environment. It is as if our cities and objects were starting to “talk back to us.” In a discussion with architect Peter Cook as part of the Royal College of Art 2011/2012 Architecture Lecture Series in London, Ratti traced back his vision to Michelangelo's "why don't you speak to me" and to the Baroque and Art Nouveau periods. Ratti's work deals with the built environment of cities – from street grids to plumbing and garbage systems – using new kinds of sensors and hand-held electronics that have transformed the way we can describe and understand cities.
Other projects flip this equation – using data gathered from sensors to create dazzling new environments. The Copenhagen Wheel developed by MIT Senseable City Lab explores how any bicycle could be transformed into a network-connected e-bike by sampling changing a wheel hub; the project Trash Track uses electronic tracking to better understand and optimise flows of waste through cities. He has opened a research centre in Singapore as part of an MIT-led initiative on the Future of Urban Mobility. Ratti's work has been seminal in the field of smart cities. In an article published in Scientific American together with Anthony M. Townsend, Ratti contrasts the prevailing technocratic vision of smart cities – highlighting instead the "human face" of urban technologies and their potential in promoting bottom-up social empowerment. Ratti's designs inventively bridge the physical; the Digital Water Pavilion at the World Expo 2008 in Zaragoza, developed by CRA-Carlo Ratti Associati design practice, reacts to visitors by having streams of water part to let them through.
Its fluid architecture was considered by Time Magazine as one of the "Best Inventions of the Year." In CRA's extension of the Trussardi fashion house in Milan's central in Piazza della Scala, developed with botanist Patrick Blanc, a green vertical canopy is suspended on a crystal box to promote new interactions with people on the inside and the outside. An un-built proposal for the 2012 Summer Olympics in London turns a landmark building into a "Cloud" of blinking interactive art. Several design projects rely on data visualisation. Real Time Rome, which filled an entire pavilion at the 2006 Venice Biennale of Architecture, explored real time dynamics of a city mapped through cellphone data. New York Talk Exchange, exhibited at MoMA in New York City as part of the exhibition "Design and the Elastic Mind," moved further to explore global communication flows together with Saskia Sassen. Several projects from the MIT Senseable City Lab were included in Fast Company's "Best Infographics of 2011."
A data analysis and visualisation project resulted in an Op-Ed in The New York Times to redesign the map of the United States. During the 2013 Milan Design Week CRA ventured into product design with a project for Italian furniture manufacturer Cassina, called "Our Universe." At the same venue another project, called "Makr Shakr," explored The Third Industrial Revolution and its effect on creativity and design through the simple process of making a drink. Ratti curated the "Future Food District" – one of the themed pavilions at Expo 2015 in Milan. In 2017, CRA was part of the team led by developer Lendlease which won the international competition to transform the former area of Milan's Expo 2015 into a district focused on science and innovation. Ratti has taught at the Politecnico di Torino, the Ecole Nationale des Ponts et Chaussees, Harvard University, Strelka Institute and MIT; the class "Urban Infoscape" taught at the Harvard Graduate School of Design in 2004 was central to setting the vision of the MIT Senseable City Lab.
In 2011, Ratti was a Lab Team curator for the Berlin location of the BMW Guggenheim Lab. He was a program director at the Strelka Institute for Media and Design in Moscow. While a PhD student at the University of Cambridge, Ratti was one of the initiators of Progetto Collegium for the reform of Italian universities, together with philosophers Umberto Eco and Marco Santambrogio; the project led to the foundation of other institutions in Italy. Ratti has been involved in several civic initiatives – m
Remo Bodei is an Italian philosopher. He is Professor of the history of philosophy at the UCLA University, Los Angeles California, teaches at the University of Pisa and Scuola Normale Superiore di Pisa, his initial interests were in classical German philosophy, the Weimar Classicism period. He has subsequently written over 200 papers on utopian thinkers of the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, contemporary political thought, his books include the following: Sistema ed epoca in Hegel Hegel e Weber. Egemonia e legittimazione Multiversum. Tempo e storia in 1983 Scomposizioni. Forme dell'individuo moderno Hölderlin: la filosofia y lo tragico Ordo amoris. Conflitti terreni e felicità celeste Geometria delle passioni. Paura, speranza e felicità: filosofia e uso politico Le forme del bello Le prix de la liberté Se la storia ha un senso La filosofia nel Novecento Interview with Remo Bodei, Barcelona Metropolis, 2008
Emilio Insolera is an actor and producer, known for Sign Gene. Insolera was born deaf to Italian deaf parents in Buenos Aires and was raised in Italy and in the United States; as a Fulbright and Roberto Wirth scholar, he received his bachelor’s degree in Linguistics and Film from Gallaudet University, Washington DC, the only liberal arts college for the deaf in the world, his master's degree in Mass Communication with Summa Cum Laude from University of Rome La Sapienza. Insolera speaks and read lips fluently though sign language is his native language, he has an older brother, himself deaf too. Upon completing his studies, Insolera settled down in New York City and worked for MTV, Time Out New York and ELLE. Insolera wrote and produced the long feature superhero film Sign Gene; the film, shot between Japan, the US and Italy, centres on deaf superheroes who have the ability to create superhuman powers through the use of sign language. The characters are blessed with arcane powers "- like those, when signing the word'close', of being able to make doors close at will.
Starting out as a short film, it garnered such a groundswell of interest with people offering to become involved, that Insolera, upon realizing it had the legs for a shot at the big time, had to rewrite the script into a feature-length. The casting came by way of word of mouth: Insolera was looking for native signers fluent in Sign language; the film had its world premiere on September 8, 2017 in Milan, was released in theatres by the UCI Cinemas on September 14, 2017, had its US debut on April 13, 2018 and was released in Japan on September 14th, 2018. The film was presented at the Italian Pavilion, Hôtel Barrière Le Majestic during the 71st Cannes Film Festival. Sign Gene received positive reviews from critics. On Los Angeles Times, Michael Rechtshaffen describes the “fresh, unique filmmaking voice” as a “fast-paced potpourri of stock footage combined with sign-language and stroboscopic action sequences performed by a deaf cast, video effects simulating grainy, scratchy film stock and that aforementioned all-enveloping sound mix, with an end result that proves as wildly inventive as it is empowering”.
On Avvenire it reads the film “will like to the younger generation accustomed to the rapid and psychedelic language of video games or Japanese cartoons”. Writing for ASVOFF, Giorgia Cantarini says; the sounds create an unexpected important part, sometimes overwhelming, watching. All happens fast and astonishes you with a vibrant energy”. On Corriere della Sera, Michela Trigari calls Sign Gene an “experimental film” that uses the science fiction as a medium to capture the imagination and “make visible what is invisible to the eyes”; the film is making waves, has inspired one Italian linguist to declare it “the symbol of activism for the visual community.”Insolera appeared on the cover of Tokyo Weekender’s November 2018 issue taken by worldwide known photographer Leslie Kee. During the same month, Insolera was featured on the main poster of Leslie Kee’s 20th anniversary photo exhibition “WE ARE LOVE” in Tokyo. In January, Insolera was featured in thirteen full pages fashion story on Vanity Fair Italia number 5 with Carola Insolera taken by Rosi Di Stefano.
He is married to Norwegian model Carola Insolera. Insolera collaborated with LISMedia and Mason Perkins Deafness Fund to the realization of Un Picnic Tutto Pazzo. Along with researchers Elena Radutzky and Mauro Mottinelli, Insolera produced the first Italian Sign Language dictionary in DVD format. “Flash” song written by Maria Eva Albistur’s Santa Fe. Featuring Insolera Official website Emilio Insolera on IMDb Emilio Insolera on Instagram Emilio Insolera on Twitter
Sergio Silvio Balanzino was an Italian diplomat. He studied as a Brittingham Foreign Scholar at the University of Wisconsin in Madison 1956-57. After graduating in Law from the University of Rome La Sapienza he joined the Italian foreign service in 1958, he served as the Italian ambassador to Canada from May 1990 to January 1994. He became the Deputy Secretary General of NATO before becoming acting Secretary General twice. Firstly by replacing Manfred Wörner on August 13, 1994 after the latter resigned in the last stages of cancer, he was replaced by Willy Claes on October 17, 1994 who resigned on alleged corruption charges on October 20, 1995. Balanzino, who had gone back to being Deputy, again took over the reins until he was replaced on December 5, 1995 by Javier Solana, he taught in the springtime at the Loyola University Chicago Rome Center