Italy the Italian Republic, is a country in Southern Europe. Located in the middle of the Mediterranean Sea, Italy shares open land borders with France, Austria and the enclaved microstates San Marino and Vatican City. Italy covers an area of 301,340 km2 and has a temperate seasonal and Mediterranean climate. With around 61 million inhabitants, it is the fourth-most populous EU member state and the most populous country in Southern Europe. Due to its central geographic location in Southern Europe and the Mediterranean, Italy has been home to a myriad of peoples and cultures. In addition to the various ancient peoples dispersed throughout modern-day Italy, the most famous of which being the Indo-European Italics who gave the peninsula its name, beginning from the classical era and Carthaginians founded colonies in insular Italy and Genoa, Greeks established settlements in the so-called Magna Graecia, while Etruscans and Celts inhabited central and northern Italy respectively; the Italic tribe known as the Latins formed the Roman Kingdom in the 8th century BC, which became a republic with a government of the Senate and the People.
The Roman Republic conquered and assimilated its neighbours on the peninsula, in some cases through the establishment of federations, the Republic expanded and conquered parts of Europe, North Africa and the Middle East. By the first century BC, the Roman Empire emerged as the dominant power in the Mediterranean Basin and became the leading cultural and religious centre of Western civilisation, inaugurating the Pax Romana, a period of more than 200 years during which Italy's technology, economy and literature flourished. Italy remained the metropole of the Roman Empire; the legacy of the Roman Empire endured its fall and can be observed in the global distribution of culture, governments and the Latin script. During the Early Middle Ages, Italy endured sociopolitical collapse and barbarian invasions, but by the 11th century, numerous rival city-states and maritime republics in the northern and central regions of Italy, rose to great prosperity through shipping and banking, laying the groundwork for modern capitalism.
These independent statelets served as Europe's main trading hubs with Asia and the Near East enjoying a greater degree of democracy than the larger feudal monarchies that were consolidating throughout Europe. The Renaissance began in Italy and spread to the rest of Europe, bringing a renewed interest in humanism, science and art. Italian culture flourished, producing famous scholars and polymaths such as Michelangelo, Leonardo da Vinci, Raphael and Machiavelli. During the Middle Ages, Italian explorers such as Marco Polo, Christopher Columbus, Amerigo Vespucci, John Cabot and Giovanni da Verrazzano discovered new routes to the Far East and the New World, helping to usher in the European Age of Discovery. Italy's commercial and political power waned with the opening of trade routes that bypassed the Mediterranean. Centuries of infighting between the Italian city-states, such as the Italian Wars of the 15th and 16th centuries, left the region fragmented, it was subsequently conquered and further divided by European powers such as France and Austria.
By the mid-19th century, rising Italian nationalism and calls for independence from foreign control led to a period of revolutionary political upheaval. After centuries of foreign domination and political division, Italy was entirely unified in 1871, establishing the Kingdom of Italy as a great power. From the late 19th century to the early 20th century, Italy industrialised, namely in the north, acquired a colonial empire, while the south remained impoverished and excluded from industrialisation, fuelling a large and influential diaspora. Despite being one of the main victors in World War I, Italy entered a period of economic crisis and social turmoil, leading to the rise of a fascist dictatorship in 1922. Participation in World War II on the Axis side ended in military defeat, economic destruction and the Italian Civil War. Following the liberation of Italy and the rise of the resistance, the country abolished the monarchy, reinstated democracy, enjoyed a prolonged economic boom and, despite periods of sociopolitical turmoil became a developed country.
Today, Italy is considered to be one of the world's most culturally and economically advanced countries, with the sixth-largest worldwide national wealth. Its advanced economy ranks eighth-largest in the world and third in the Eurozone by nominal GDP. Italy owns the third-largest central bank gold reserve, it has a high level of human development, it stands among the top countries for life expectancy. The country plays a prominent role in regional and global economic, military and diplomatic affairs. Italy is a founding and leading member of the European Union and a member of numerous international institutions, including the UN, NATO, the OECD, the OSCE, the WTO, the G7, the G20, the Union for the Mediterranean, the Council of Europe, Uniting for Consensus, the Schengen Area and many more; as a reflection
Luparense F.C. (football)
Luparense Football Club is an Italian association football in San Martino di Lupari in the Province of Padua. It is the same club; the club was founded in 1933 and refounded in 1952. It have played as Unione Sportiva Luparense in Serie C and Serie D. June 22, 2015 A. S. D. Radio Birikina merged with A. S. D. Luparense Football Club, the local club of futsal changing its name in the current, it plays with the team B after the moving of "S. S. D. Atletico San Paolo Padova", now Luparense San Paolo F. C. in the same city. The team's colors are blue. Official website of Luparense F. C
Kit (association football)
In association football, kit is the standard equipment and attire worn by players. The sport's Laws of the Game specify the minimum kit which a player must use, prohibit the use of anything, dangerous to either the player or another participant. Individual competitions may stipulate further restrictions, such as regulating the size of logos displayed on shirts and stating that, in the event of a match between teams with identical or similar colours, the away team must change to different coloured attire. Footballers wear identifying numbers on the backs of their shirts. A team of players wore numbers from 1 to 11, corresponding to their playing positions, but at the professional level this has been superseded by squad numbering, whereby each player in a squad is allocated a fixed number for the duration of a season. Professional clubs usually display players' surnames or nicknames on their shirts, above their squad numbers. Football kit has evolved since the early days of the sport when players wore thick cotton shirts and heavy rigid leather boots.
In the twentieth century, boots became lighter and softer, shorts were worn at a shorter length, advances in clothing manufacture and printing allowed shirts to be made in lighter synthetic fibres with colourful and complex designs. With the rise of advertising in the 20th century, sponsors' logos began to appear on shirts, replica strips were made available for fans to purchase, generating significant amounts of revenue for clubs; the Laws of the Game set out the basic equipment which must be worn by all players in Law 4: The Players' Equipment. Five separate items are specified: shirt, socks and shin pads. Goalkeepers are allowed to wear tracksuit bottoms instead of shorts. While most players wear studded football boots, the Laws do not specify. Shirts must have sleeves, goalkeepers must wear shirts which are distinguishable from all other players and the match officials. Thermal undershorts must be the same colour as the shorts themselves. Shin pads must be covered by the stockings, be made of rubber, plastic or a similar material, "provide a reasonable degree of protection".
The only other restriction on equipment defined in the Laws of the Game is the requirement that a player "must not use equipment or wear anything, dangerous to himself or another player". It is normal for individual competitions to specify that all outfield players on a team must wear the same colours, though the Law states only "The two teams must wear colours that distinguish them from each other and the referee and the assistant referees". In the event of a match between teams who would wear identical or similar colours the away team must change to a different colour; because of this requirement a team's second-choice is referred to as its "away kit" or "away colours", although it is not unknown at international level, for teams to opt to wear their away colours when not required to by a clash of colours, or to wear them at home. The England national team sometimes plays in red shirts when it is not required, as this was the strip worn when the team won the 1966 FIFA World Cup. In some cases both teams have been forced to wear their second choice away kits.
Many professional clubs have a "third kit", ostensibly to be used if both their first-choice and away colours are deemed too similar to those of an opponent. Most professional clubs have retained the same basic colour scheme for several decades, the colours themselves form an integral part of a club's culture. Teams representing countries in international competition wear national colours in common with other sporting teams of the same nation; these are based on the colours of the country's national flag, although there are exceptions—the Italian national team, for example, wear blue as it was the colour of the House of Savoy, the Australian team like most Australian sporting teams wear the Australian National Colours of green and gold, neither of which appear on the flag, the Dutch national team wear orange, the colour of the Dutch Royal House. Shirts are made of a polyester mesh, which does not trap the sweat and body heat in the same way as a shirt made of a natural fibre. Most professional clubs have sponsors' logos on the front of their shirts, which can generate significant levels of income, some offer sponsors the chance to place their logos on the back of their shirts.
Depending on local rules, there may be restrictions on how large these logos may be or on what logos may be displayed. Competitions such as the Premier League may require players to wear patches on their sleeves depicting the logo of the competition. A player's number is printed on the back of the shirt, although international teams also place numbers on the front, professional teams print a player's surname above their number; the captain of each team is required to wear an elasticated armband around the left sleeve to identify them as the captain to the referee and supporters. Most current players wear specialist football boots, which can be made either of
U.S. Folgore Caratese A.S.D.
U. S. Folgore Caratese A. S. D. is an Italian association football club, based in Carate Brianza which plays in Serie D group A. The club was founded in 2011 after the merger of U. S. Folgore Verano and U. S. Caratese; the most notable former player of Caratese has been Moreno Torricelli. Folgore Caratese is a satellite team of Novara Calcio; the club serves as a training side for Novara's young talents. The team's colors are blue with white border, it plays at the Stadio XXV Aprile in Carate Brianza, which has a capacity of 3,000. Official Website
Seravezza is a town and comune belonging to the Province of Lucca, in northern Tuscany, Italy. It is located in Versilia, close to the Apuan Alps. Forte dei Marmi Massa Montignoso Pietrasanta Stazzema Seravezza's patron saint is St. Lawrence, his feast occurs annually on 10 August. According to historian Lorenzo Marcuccetti the battle remembered by historian Titus Livius of 186 BC was fought between apuan Ligures and Romans in Ponte Stazzemese; the battle was fought on a hill named Colle Marcio from the name of the defeated consul: Quintus Marcius. The frazione of Querceta has St. Joseph, celebrated on 19 March; the patron saint of the frazione of Pozzi is St. Roch. Seravezza is twinned with: Calatorao, Spain Marco Balderi, conductor Official website
Associazione Calcio Dilettantistica Legnano referred to as Legnano, is an Italian football club based in Legnano, Lombardy. Founded in 1913, Legnano played three seasons in Serie A and a total of eleven seasons in the top tier of the Italian football league system. Legnano's most recent appearance in Serie A dates back to 1954, whereas in 1957 the club took part for the last time – to date – in a Serie B championship. Since the club have played at their highest at the third tier of the Italian league; the team's colours are white. After financial struggles and bankruptcy in 2010 the club folded and reformed in 2011 as ASD Legnano Calcio 1913; the club were founded in 1913 as Football Club Legnano. Several notable players appeared for Legnano in their early years. Goalkeeper Angelo Cameroni was called up to the Italian national side in 1920. Luigi Allemandi played four seasons with the club from 1921 onwards, until he was bought by Italian giants Juventus, he won the World Cup with Italy at the 1934 FIFA World Cup.
Legnano first gained access to Serie A for the 1930–31 season. The first match at the top level of Italian football was the shocking 2–1 defeat of Italy's oldest club, Genoa C. F. C. For Legnano, they finished at the bottom of the table that season and were relegated. S. Roma, a 2–1 defeat of S. S. C. Napoli in Naples. In the 1935–1936 season, the club changed their name to Associazione Calcio Legnano. Left-winger Emilio Caprile was called up by the azzurri, to play in two international games during 1948, he became the first Legnano player to score for Italy with a goal in each match. After their last relegation in from Serie A in 1953–54, the club have declined. First they came close to promotion back into the league with a 3rd position in B, but two years they were relegated down to Serie C. Legnano spent 18 years in a row competing in Serie C, only able to finish as high as 5th in that time. 1974–75 saw the club slump down to Serie D. Giovanni Mari took over as club president in 1979 and under him, Legnano would achieve the championship of Serie C2.
This was the first time A. C. Legnano had finished first position in any league since 1919; the club's stadium was named Stadio Giovanni Mari in honour of the man. Following bankruptcy in 2010, Legnano subsequently folded, it was refounded on July 15, 2011, as A. S. D. Legnano Calcio was admitted to Group N of Prima Categoria Lombardy in the 2011 -- 12 season; the club was promoted to Group A of Promozione Lombardy. The club had a successive second promotion after finishing as champions of Group A of Promozione Lombardy next season and was promoted to Group A of Eccellenza Lombardy. On May 7, 2015, A. S. D. Legnano Calcio 1913 re-acquired the name Associazione Calcio Legnano, they were eliminated in the play-offs. They were qualified for the play-offs again, they defeated Torviscosa with 4–1 aggregate in semifinal and Sankt Georgen with 4–3 aggregate in final and were promoted to Serie D. Over the years Legnano has had chairmen or presidential figures.
A.S.D. Città di Foligno 1928
A. S. D. Città di Foligno 1928 S.r.l. is an Italian association football club, based in Umbria. It plays in Serie D; the club was founded in 1928, but Foligno had football teams since the early'900. Meetings were held with the Czechoslovak military stationed in Foligno during the First World War; the best result Foligno obtained in the Prima Divisione championship in 1933–34 was when it ended in second place in the standings and thereby gained access to the finals for the promotion among the runners-up: the outcome of this season was overturned paradoxically by Federation that condemned the company for unlawful sport to relegation. On 6 May 2007, with a day in advance of the end of the season 2006–2007, Foligno won the Serie C2 Group B and was promoted to Serie C1. In the season 2007–2008 played in Serie C1 Group A. Pierpaolo Bisoli was chosen by the company as the technical coach. On 27 April 2008, by beating 0–2 at Penzo stadium Venezia, gained access to the play-off for promotion to Serie B. In the first game, played in Foligno, the home team beat 1–0 Cittadella.
The second leg, played at Cittadella on 25 May 2008, Foligno was beaten 0–2, losing the promotion to Serie B. In the season 2008/2009 Foligno participates in the Lega Pro Prima Divisione championship Group B; the conduction technique was entrusted to Roberto Cevoli, but with only two wins and a number of draws, was fired on 4 November and was replaced with Paolo Indiani. From January, with a few new signings Foligno becomes stronger, the team seems to catch up, because of a further decline in results, after the defeat against Virtus Lanciano, Marcello Pizzimenti became the new coach replacing Indiani; the Foligno still played against Pistoiese. It was beaten in Pistoia in the first leg 2–1, but obtained salvation after winning the second leg 1–0. On 7 July 2009 Luca Fusi was the new coach for season 2009–2010. At the end of 2009 Fusi signed a contract extension until 30 June 2011, but on 26 April 2010 was sucked. On 9 May 2010, the Foligno thus avoided the play-out, it was a important victory and it was followed by a grand celebration in the streets of the city.
On 13 December 2010 coach Salvatore Matrecano was sacked, Federico Giunti appointed as the new coach. At the end of the championship, Foligno was found in the area play-out against Ternana. Foligno won the first leg at home 1–0. At the second leg of the play-out, played in Terni, the home team was preceding in the score with 1–0 in the second half, but in the extra time Foligno scored the winning goal, which result in a draw, ending the match 1–1, thus retaining its spot in the league. On 29 April 2012 Foligno was defeated 1–0 from Carpi; the result confirmed the mathematical relegation to Lega Pro Seconda Divisione as Foligno finished last in the standings. On 10 July 2015 the sports title was transferred from Foligno Calcio S.r.l. to A. S. D. Città di Foligno 1928 S.r.l.. The team's colours are white. Official site