Newnan is a city in Metro Atlanta and the county seat of Coweta County, Georgia 40 miles southwest of Atlanta. The population was 33,039 at the 2010 census, up from 16,242 in 2000, for a growth rate of 103.4% over that decade. Newnan was established as county seat of Coweta County in 1828 and was named for North Carolinian General Daniel Newnan, it became a prosperous magnet for lawyers, other professionals, merchants. Much of Newnan's prosperity was due to its thriving cotton industry. Newnan was untouched by the Civil War due to its status as a hospital city, as a result still features much antebellum architecture. Celebrated architect Kennon Perry designed many of the town's 20th century homes. During the Atlanta Campaign, Confederate cavalry defeated Union forces at the nearby Battle of Brown's Mill. On April 23, 1899, a notorious lynching occurred after an African-American man by the name of Sam Hose was accused of killing his boss, Alfred Cranford. Hose was abducted from police custody, paraded through Newnan and burned alive just north of town by a lynch mob of 2,000 citizens of Coweta County.
Newnan was host to the trial in 1948 of wealthy landowner John Wallace, the first white man in the South to be condemned to death by the testimony of African Americans, two field hands who were made to help with burning the body of murdered white sharecropper Wilson Turner. These events were portrayed in the novel Murder in Coweta County; the film version starred Johnny Cash, Andy Griffith, June Carter. The city is home to one of the few Georgia counties with a museum that focuses on African American history; the Coweta County African American Heritage Museum and Research Center, or Caswell House, was opened in July 2003 in a donated mill village house once owned by Ruby Caswell. The museum sits on Farmer Street on an old, slave cemetery, it has collected hundreds of family genealogical records by interviewing residents and going through the census records. The museum houses the Coweta Census Indexes from 1870 to 1920; the first black library in the county was the Sara Fisher Brown Library. Built in the 1950s, the library has since been converted into the Community Action For Improvement Center.
The Farmer Street Cemetery is the largest slave cemetery in the South, may be the largest undisturbed one in the nation. It is within the city limits of Newnan. Newnan is located in the center of Coweta County at 33°22′35″N 84°47′19″W. U. S. Route 29 passes through the center of the city, leading northeast 13 miles to Palmetto and south 7 miles to Moreland. Interstate 85 passes through the eastern side of the city, with access from exits 41 and 47, leads northeast 40 miles to downtown Atlanta and southwest 125 miles to Montgomery, Alabama. U. S. Route 27A leads northwest from the center of Newnan 22 miles to Carrollton. According to the United States Census Bureau, Newnan has a total area of 18.6 square miles, of which 18.3 square miles is land and 0.35 square miles, or 1.88%, is water. The climate is moderate with an average temperature of 64.3 degrees Fahrenheit. The annual rainfall is 51.84 inches. Interstate 85 Outer Perimeter State Route 34 State Route 34 Bypass State Route 16 State Route 70 Lower Fayetteville Road Newnan Crossing Boulevard East U.
S. Route 29 U. S. Route 27A LINC Newnan–Coweta County Airport provides chartered air service and flight training. Newnan's population is 33,039 and Coweta County's population is 127,400. From 2000 to 2010, the population of Coweta County grew by 42.7% as compared to from 1990 to 2000, when the county's population grew by 65.7%. Newnan's population grew by 30% from 1990 to 2000 and by 103.4% from 2000 to 2010. The ethnic makeup of the city was 57.8% white alone, 30.6% African American alone, 0.3% Native American alone, 2.8% Asian alone, 0.1% Pacific Islander alone, 5.6% from "some other race" alone, 2.8% from "two or more races". Hispanic or Latino of any race were 11.4% of the population. There were 13,783 households out of which 34.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 42.5% were married couples living together, 17.7% had a female householder with no husband present, 33.4% were non-families. 28.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.3% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older.
The average household size was 2.61 and the average family size was 3.17. In the city, the population was spread out with 30.8% under the age of 19, 7.8% from 20 to 24, 29.8% from 25 to 44, 21.9% from 45 to 64, 9.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33.3 years. The median income for a household in the city was $50,175 and the median income for a family was $64,615. Males had a median income of $50,753 versus $39,691 for females; the per capita income for the city was $19,081. About 17.3% of families and 22.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 32.0% of those under age 18 and 5.7% of those age 65 or over. The Coweta County School District holds pre-school to grade twelve, consists of nineteen elementary schools, six middle schools, three high schools; the district has 1,164 full-time teachers and over 18,389 students. Arbor Springs Elementary Arnco-Sargent Elementary Atkinson Elementary Brooks Elementary Canongate Elementary Eastside Elementary Elm Street Elementary Grantville Elementary Jefferson Parkway Elementary Moreland Elementary Newnan Crossing Elementary Northside Elementary Poplar Road Elementary Ruth Hill Elementary Thomas Crossroads Elementary
Warm Springs, Georgia
Warm Springs is a city in Meriwether County, United States. The population was 425 at the 2010 census. Warm Springs named Bullochville, first came to prominence in the 19th century as a spa town, because of its mineral springs which flow at nearly 90 °F. Residents of Georgia Savannah, began spending vacations at Bullochville in the late 18th century as a way to escape yellow fever, finding the number of warm springs in the vicinity of Bullochville attractive. In the late 19th century traveling to the warm springs was attractive as a way to get away from Atlanta. Traveling by railroad to Durand, they would go to Bullochville. One of the places benefiting from this was the Meriwether Inn. Once the automobile became popular in the early 20th century, the tourists began going elsewhere, starting the decline of the Meriwether Inn. In 1921, Franklin Roosevelt contracted a paralytic illness, diagnosed at the time as polio, now thought to be Guillain–Barré syndrome, he tried to regain strength in his legs by bathing and exercising in the warm water.
His first time in Warm Springs was October 1924. He went to a resort in the town whose attraction was a permanent 88-degree natural spring, but whose main house was described as "ramshackle", it became famous as the Little White House, where Roosevelt lived while president, because of his paralytic illness. He died there in 1945 and it is now a public museum. Roosevelt first came in the 1920s in hopes, he was a constant visitor for two decades, renamed the town from Bullochville to Warm Springs. The town is still home to the Roosevelt Warm Springs Institute for Rehabilitation which remains a world-renowned comprehensive rehabilitation center including a physical rehabilitation hospital and vocational rehabilitation unit; the springs are not available for public use as a bath/spa resort, but they are used by the Roosevelt Institute for therapeutic purposes. Warm Springs is located at 32°53′19″N 84°40′48″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 1.2 square miles, of which 1.2 square miles is land and 0.83% is water.
As of the census of 2010, there were 485 people, 172 households, 107 families residing in the city. The population density was 409.7 people per square mile. There were 208 housing units at an average density of 175.7 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 67.22% White, 31.75% African American, 1.03% from two or more races. There were 172 households out of which 26.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 34.3% were married couples living together, 25.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 36.6% were non-families. 34.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.0% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.33 and the average family size was 2.99. In the city, the population was spread out with 21.2% under the age of 18, 7.4% from 18 to 24, 22.1% from 25 to 44, 20.6% from 45 to 64, 28.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 45 years. For every 100 females, there were 62.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 57.2 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $21,547, the median income for a family was $29,950. Males had a median income of $24,422 versus $13,110 for females; the per capita income for the city was $14,872. About 14.7% of families and 16.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 21.7% of those under age 18 and 9.3% of those age 65 or over. US President Franklin Delano Roosevelt lived in the Little White House in Warm Springs while he was not in Washington or at his residence in Hyde Park, New York, he died there. Philanthropist George Foster Peabody retired in Warm Springs, Georgia After graduating from John H. Francis Polytechnic High School, Cosmopolitan Magazine Editor Helen Gurley Brown and her family moved to Warm Springs. George W. Jenkins, founder of Publix, was born in Warm Springs. Cpl. Maoma L. Ridings was from Warm Springs. Cpl. Ridings was a WAC stationed at Camp Atterbury, was murdered August 28, 1943, in Room 729 of the Claypool Hotel in Downtown Indianapolis.
Her murder was never solved and made national news because she'd once been a nurse to President Roosevelt on his visits to Warm Springs. Harmon, Martin. 2014 The Warm Springs Story: Legacy and Legend. Macon, GA: Mercer University Press. City Page Roosevelt Memorial Airport
Interstate 85 in Georgia
Interstate 85 is a major Interstate Highway that travels northeast-to-southwest in the U. S. state of Georgia. It enters the state at the Alabama state line near West Point, Lanett, traveling through the Atlanta metropolitan area and to the South Carolina state line, where it crosses the Savannah River near Lake Hartwell. I-85 connects northern Georgia with Montgomery, Alabama, to the southwest, with South Carolina, North Carolina, Virginia to the northeast. Within Georgia, I-85 is designated as the unsigned State Route 403. I-85 in Georgia travels parallel with the route of U. S. Route 29. However, from Atlanta northeast to South Carolina, I-85 ventures away from that route, traveling about halfway between US 29 and the combination of US 23 and US 123. Within the City of Atlanta, I-85 has a concurrency with I-75 known as the "Downtown Connector". After splitting from Downtown Connector, it is known as Northeast Expressway until its junction with I-285. I-85 enters the state of Georgia from Alabama via twin bridges over the Chattahoochee River, it skirts the town of West Point, with Kia's multibillion-dollar plant located adjacent to the freeway just east of West Point.
After leaving West Point, I-85 enters the LaGrange area, the first large town in Georgia on its route to the northeast. Northeast of LaGrange, I-85 has an interchange with the long spur freeway, I-185, to the Columbus, Georgia Metropolitan Area; this is the only connection between the Interstate Highway System. From LaGrange, I-85 heads northeastward towards Atlanta. Before reaching Atlanta, the highway runs through a widened stretch that includes six to eight lanes between exits 35 and 77, passing near the suburbs of Moreland, Fairburn, Union City, College Park and East Point as well as intersecting I-285 at its southwest end in of the most complex interchanges in the country, meanwhile providing access to Hartsfield-Jackson Atlanta International Airport. I-85 runs along the northwestern boundary of the airport, providing access to the domestic terminal. I-75 services the International Terminals of the airport, which are located on the east side of the airport. At the southwestern edge of Atlanta's city limits, I-85 merges with I-75 to form the Downtown Connector, 12 to 14 lanes wide.
At the southern edge of downtown Atlanta, this freeway has an interchange with the major east-west Interstate Highway, I-20. The two freeways skirt the eastern edge of downtown, running due north, passing through the Georgia Tech campus and the Atlantic Station section of Atlanta before the two highways split, with I-75 exits via the right three lanes and heads northwest while I-85 uses the left three lanes and heads northeast. Heading northbound after the Brookwood Interchange with I-75, I-85 is routed along a ten lane wide viaduct from the Buford Highway Connector to State Route 400. Continuing northeast of Atlanta, I-85 continues through the northeastern suburbs, bypassing Chamblee and Doraville, where there is another intersection with I-285; the Interstate travels through the northeastern suburbs of Atlanta, including Lilburn, Lawrenceville. The Interstate has freeway interchanges with SR 316 in Duluth and I-985 in Suwanee, which provides a link to Gainesville. I-85 leaves the Atlanta area, continuing to travel through rural northeast Georgia.
At Lake Hartwell—which was formed by the damming of the Savannah River—I-85 crosses into South Carolina. I-85 has the first express lanes in Georgia, located in DeKalb counties. From Chamblee–Tucker Road to Old Peachtree Road, travelers that utilize the converted 15.5-mile lanes will be charged a toll varying from 10 to 90 cents per mile, depending on traffic conditions and usage. Though not signed on the freeway, they are HOT lanes, which means registered transport vehicles, carpools with three or more occupants and buses are exempt from toll charges as long as they are registered as such. Tolls are collected using an electronic toll collection system. All travelers that use the lane must have a Peach Pass sticker to avoid fines. Starting in November 2014, SunPass and NC Quick Pass are interoperable with Peach Pass, allowing motorists with those transponders to use the express lanes. Funds generated from the express lanes will be used to defray the costs of construction and maintenance of the lanes.
Long term revenue allocation is being studied and a decision about future excess revenues will be made in the project process. Proponents for the express lanes say it is to provide commuters with a more reliable, free-flow commute option. Detractors point out that existing infrastructure was reused for the express lanes and that commute times on the non-paying travel lanes have doubled since implementation. Constructed as a four- to six-lane expressway in the 1950s, the stretch of I-85 between the southern merge with I-75 and North Druid Hills Road was reconstructed as part of the Georgia Department of Transportation's Freeing the Freeways program; this project included rebuilding all overpasses, new HOV-ready ramps, a widen
Columbus is a consolidated city-county located on the west central border of the U. S. state of Georgia. Located on the Chattahoochee River directly across from Phenix City, Columbus is the county seat of Muscogee County, with which it merged in 1970. Columbus is the third-largest city in the fourth-largest metropolitan area. According to the 2017 estimates from the U. S. Census Bureau, Columbus has a population of 194,058 residents, with 303,811 in the Columbus metropolitan area; the metro area joins the nearby Alabama cities of Auburn and Opelika to form the Columbus–Auburn–Opelika Combined Statistical Area, which has a 2017 estimated population of 499,128. Columbus lies 100 miles southwest of Atlanta. Fort Benning, the United States Army's Maneuver Center of Excellence and a major employer, is located south of the city in Chattahoochee County. Columbus is home to museums and tourism sites, including the National Infantry Museum, dedicated to the United States Army's Infantry Branch, it has the longest urban whitewater rafting course in the world constructed on the Chattahoochee River.
This was for centuries and more the traditional territory of the Creek Indians, who became known as one of the Five Civilized Tribes of the Southeast after European contact. Those who lived closest to white-occupied areas conducted considerable trading and adopted some European-American ways. Founded in 1828 by an act of the Georgia Legislature, Columbus was situated at the beginning of the navigable portion of the Chattahoochee River and on the last stretch of the Federal Road before entering Alabama; the city was named for Christopher Columbus, its founders influenced by the writings of Washington Irving. The plan for the city was drawn up by Dr. Edwin L. DeGraffenried, who placed the town on a bluff overlooking the river. Across the river to the west, where Phenix City, Alabama is now located, Creek Indians still lived until they were forcibly removed in 1836 by the federal government to make way for European-American settlers; the river served as Columbus's connection to the world enabling it to ship its commodity cotton crops from the plantations to the international cotton market via New Orleans and Liverpool, England.
The city's commercial importance increased in the 1850s with the arrival of the railroad. In addition, textile mills were developed along the river, bringing industry to an area reliant upon agriculture. By 1860, the city was one of the more important industrial centers of the South, earning it the nickname "the Lowell of the South," referring to an important textile mill town in Massachusetts; when the Civil War broke out in 1861, the industries of Columbus expanded their production. During the war, Columbus ranked second to Richmond in the manufacture of supplies for the Confederate army; the Eagle Manufacturing Company made textiles of various sorts but woolens for Confederate uniforms. The Columbus Iron Works manufactured cannons and machinery and Gray made firearms, Louis and Elias Haimon produced swords and bayonets. Smaller firms provided additional sundries; as the war turned negative, each faced exponentially growing struggled shortages of raw materials and skilled labor, as well as worsenting financial opportunities.
In addition to textiles, the city had an ironworks, a sword factory, a shipyard for the Confederate Navy. Unaware of Lee's surrender to Grant and the assassination of Abraham Lincoln and Confederates clashed in the Battle of Columbus, Georgia, on Easter Sunday, April 16, 1865, when a Union detachment of two cavalry divisions under Maj. Gen. James H. Wilson attacked the lightly-defended city and burned many of the industrial buildings. John Stith Pemberton, who developed Coca-Cola in Columbus, was wounded in this battle. Col. Charles Augustus Lafayette Lamar, owner of the last slave ship in America, was killed here. A historic marker has been erected in Columbus, it notes that this was the site of the "Last Land Battle in the War from 1861 to 1865." Reconstruction began immediately and prosperity followed. Factories such as the Eagle and Phenix Mills were revived and the industrialization of the town led to rapid growth; the Springer Opera House was built on 10th Street, attracting such notables as Irish writer Oscar Wilde.
The Springer is now the official State Theater of Georgia. By the time of the Spanish–American War, the city's modernization included the addition of trolleys extending to outlying neighborhoods such as Rose Hill and Lakebottom, a new water works. Mayor Lucius Chappell brought a training camp for soldiers to the area; this training camp named Camp Benning would grow into present-day Fort Benning, named for General Henry L. Benning, a native of the city. In the spring of 1866 the Ladies Memorial Association of Columbus passed a resolution to set aside one day annually to memorialize the Confederate dead; the secretary of the association, Mrs. Charles J. Williams, was directed to write a letter inviting the ladies of every Southern state to join them in the observance; the letter was written in March 1866 and sent to representatives of all of the principal cities in the South, including Atlanta, Montgomery, Richmond, St. Louis, Alexandria and New Orleans; this was the beginning of the influential work by ladies' organizations to honor the war dead.
The date for the holiday was selected by Elizabeth "Lizzie" Rutherford Ellis. She chose April 26, the first anniversary of Confederate General Johnston's final surrender to Union General Sherman at Bennett Place, North Carolina. For many in the South, that act marked the official end of the Civil War. In
F. D. Roosevelt State Park
F. D. Roosevelt State Park is a 9,049 acres Georgia state park located near Pine Mountain and Warm Springs; the park is named for former U. S. President Franklin Delano Roosevelt, who sought a treatment for his paralytic illness in nearby Warm Springs at the Little White House; the western portion of the park named Pine Mountain State Park, was named a National Historic Landmark in 1997. F. D. Roosevelt State Park is Georgia's largest state park. Several structures in the park were built by the Civilian Conservation Corps in the Great Depression, including a stone swimming pool and Roosevelt's favorite picnic spot at Dowdell's Knob, overlooking the valley below. President Roosevelt would take polio patients suffering from depression along on picnics at Dowdell's Knob; the region containing the modern-day park was inhabited by the Creek Nation until ceded under the Treaties of 1825 and 1826, which granted the territories between the Flint and Chattahoochee rivers to the State of Georgia. An influx of settlers established the town of Kings Gap, named after King's Trading Post located near the modern-day Liberty Bell Pool.
The town vanished by the 20th century. In 1924, Franklin Delano Roosevelt first visited the warm springs located near the towns of Warm Springs and Bullochville, he came to the springs seeking relief from the symptoms of the paralytic illness he had contracted some years earlier. In 1927, Roosevelt and others established the Warm Springs Foundation known as the Warm Springs Institute for Rehabilitation, which established therapeutic programs utilizing the area's mineral springs. Since the Institute has developed into a complex of facilities helping those with disabilities. Just prior to being elected president of the United States in 1932, Roosevelt built a residence nearby which would come to be known as the Little White House. After his election to the presidency, he spearheaded the establishment of the Civilian Conservation Corps, it was this organization which, in 1935, established a camp near the modern-day park entrance on Highway 354. From this camp, the young men of the CCC constructed much of the present state park, including the Liberty Bell Pool, the Roosevelt Lodge, several cabins, the 15-acre Lake Delanor and its companion, the 25-acre Lake Franklin.
Because of the well-preserved CCC design and buildings of the western half of the park, for its association with Roosevelt, that area was designated a National Historic Landmark District in 1997. F. D. Roosevelt State Park is Georgia's largest state park; the park is located on the Pine Mountain Ridge, Georgia's southernmost mountainous area. The Pine Mountain Ridge, which extends into Alabama, is composed of quartzite rock formations, it is geologically a feature of the Piedmont Plateau, not the Appalachian Mountains farther north. Dowdell's Knob is the highest point in F. D. Roosevelt State Park, at 1,395 feet; the knob was named for two pioneer Harris County settlers: James Dowdell. The park contains the 23-mile long Pine Mountain Trail, a scenic nature path that winds through both hardwood and pine forests, featuring hickory and several species of oak; the trail has thirteen primitive back country campsites for backpackers. The Pine Mountain Trail is wholly maintained by the volunteers of the Pine Mountain Trail Association.
In addition, the park contains a historic trading post. There is a clump of surviving resistant chestnut trees in the park. On April 12, 2007, the 62nd anniversary of Roosevelt's death, a 1,200-pound bronze statue was unveiled at Dowdell's Knob; the statue depicts Roosevelt wearing his leg braces. The statue, commissioned by the Georgia Department of Natural Resources, was created by Atlanta sculptor Martin Dawe. During the 2011 Super Outbreak, an EF2 tornado caused severe damage to the park in the campgrounds, it was estimated that 30% of the structures in one of the park's group campground areas were destroyed. 105 Tent/Trailer/RV Campsites 16 Backcountry Campsites 22 Cottages 2 Picnic Shelters 2 Group Camps 1 Group Shelter 1 Pioneer Campground Spring Backpacking Trip Roosevelt Warm Springs Institute for Rehabilitation Franklin D. Roosevelt's paralytic illness List of National Historic Landmarks in Georgia National Register of Historic Places listings in Harris County, Georgia Georgia State Parks Pine Mountain Trail Association
Muscogee County, Georgia
Muscogee County is a county located on the central western border of the U. S. state of Georgia. As of the 2010 census, the population was 189,885, its county seat and only city is Columbus, with which it has been a consolidated city-county since the beginning of 1971. Muscogee County is part of Columbus, GA-AL Metropolitan Statistical Area; the only other city in the county was Bibb City, a company town that disincorporated in December 2000, two years after its mill closed permanently. Fort Benning, a large Army installation, takes up nearly one quarter of the county and extends into Chattahoochee County. Inhabited for thousands of years by varying cultures of indigenous peoples, this area was territory of the historic Creek people at the time of European encounter; the land for Lee, Troup and Carroll counties was ceded by a certain eight chiefs among the Creek people in the 1825 Treaty of Indian Springs. The Creek Nation declared the land cession illegal, because it did not represent the will of the majority of the people.
The United States Senate did not ratify it. The following year, the US government negotiated another treaty with the Creek, by which they ceded nearly as much territory under continued pressure from the state of Georgia and US land commissioners; the counties' boundaries were created by the Georgia General Assembly on June 9, but they were not named until December 14 of 1826. The county was developed by European Americans for cotton plantations, with labor accomplished by enslaved African Americans. A total of one million African Americans were brought into the Deep South through the domestic slave trade from the Upper South, breaking up countless families and creating a massive demographic shift. In many areas of what became known as the Black Belt for the fertility of soil and development of plantations, African Americans made up the majority of population in many counties; this county was named by European Americans for the native Creek people. Parts of the then-large county were taken to create every other neighboring Georgia county, including Harris County to the north in 1827.
According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 221 square miles, of which 216 square miles is land and 4.6 square miles is water. The majority of Muscogee County, from north of Columbus running northeast in the direction of Ellerslie, is located in the Middle Chattahoochee River-Walter F. George Lake subbasin of the ACF River Basin; the northwestern corner of the county, south of Fortson, is located in the Middle Chattahoochee River-Lake Harding subbasin of the same ACF River Basin. Harris County Talbot County Chattahoochee County Russell County, Alabama Lee County, Alabama As of the census of 2000, there were 186,291 people, 69,819 households, 47,686 families residing in the county; the population density was 861 people per square mile. There were 76,182 housing units at an average density of 352 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 50.42% White, 43.74% Black or African American, 0.38% Native American, 1.54% Asian, 0.14% Pacific Islander, 1.90% from other races, 1.87% from two or more races.
4.49% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There are 69,819 households out of which 34.60% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 44.70% were married couples living together, 19.60% had a female householder with no husband present, 31.70% were non-families. 26.70% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.40% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.54 and the average family size was 3.08. In the county, the population was spread out with 26.80% under the age of 18, 11.90% from 18 to 24, 29.80% from 25 to 44, 19.70% from 45 to 64, 11.70% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33 years. For every 100 females, there were 94.70 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.60 males. The median income for a household in the county was $34,798, the median income for a family was $41,244. Males had a median income of $30,238 versus $24,336 for females; the per capita income for the county was $18,262.
15.70% of the population and 12.80% of families were below the poverty line. Out of the total population, 22.00% of those under the age of 18 and 12.10% of those 65 and older were living below the poverty line. As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 189,885 people, 74,081 households, 47,742 families residing in the county; the population density was 877.5 inhabitants per square mile. There were 82,690 housing units at an average density of 382.1 per square mile. The racial makeup of the county was 46.3% white, 45.5% black or African American, 2.2% Asian, 0.4% American Indian, 0.2% Pacific islander, 2.4% from other races, 3.0% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 6.4% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 8.7% were Irish, 8.4% were German, 6.7% were English, 6.3% were American. Of the 74,081 households, 35.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 38.3% were married couples living together, 21.3% had a female householder with no husband present, 35.6% were non-families, 29.9% of all households were made up of individuals.
The average household size was 2.47 and the average family size was 3.08. The median age was 33.5 years. The median income for a household in the c
Harris County, Georgia
Harris County is a county located in the west-central portion of the U. S. state of Georgia. As of the 2010 census, the population was 32,024; the county seat is Hamilton. The largest city in the county is Pine Mountain, a resort town, home to the world-famous Callaway Gardens Resort and Franklin D. Roosevelt State Park. Harris County was created on December 14, 1827, named for Charles Harris, a Georgia judge and attorney. Harris County is part of GA-AL Metropolitan Statistical Area. In the antebellum era, it was considered part of the Black Belt in the southern United States, an upland area developed for cotton plantations in the 19th century before the American Civil War. Muscogee County, to the south, was more developed for cotton; the county was settled by European Americans after the federal government had forcibly removed the indigenous Creek people, who were relocated to Indian Territory west of the Mississippi River. In the antebellum era, parts of the county were developed for cotton plantations, the premier commodity crop.
Planters imported numerous slaves as workers from the Upper South through the domestic slave trade. The County Courthouse was designed by Edward Columbus Hosford of Georgia and completed in 1906. By the late 19th century, there were 200 years of families, black and mixed-race, with many interconnections among them. Moonshiners were active in the mountain areas of the county in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. On January 22, 1912, a black woman and three black men were lynched in Hamilton, the county seat for the murder of young local white landowner Norman Hadley, he was described by journalist Karen Branan in her 2016 book about these events as a white "near penniless plowboy-playboy" and "notorious predator of black women."Of this group, Dusky Crutchfield was the first woman lynched in Georgia, the lynching case attracted attention of national northern newspapers. Murdered by the lynch mob were Eugene Harrington, Burrell Hardaway, Johnie Moore; the four had been taken in for questioning about Hadley's murder by Sheriff Marion Madison "Buddie" Hadley, but never arrested.
Lynched as scapegoats by a white mob of 100 men, they were shown to have been utterly innocent. As an example of the complex relationships in the town and county, Johnie Moore was a mixed-race cousin of the sheriff. In 1947, prosperous farmer Henry "Peg" Gilbert, a married African-American man who owned and farmed 100 acres in Troup County, was arrested by officials from neighboring Harris County and charged with harboring a fugitive; the 47-year-old father was accused in the case of Gus Davidson, an African-American man accused of fatally shooting a white man in Harris County. Davidson had disappeared. Four days Gilbert was dead, shot while held in jail by the Harris County Sheriff, who said it was self-defense. No charges were filed against him. In 2016 the Civil Rights and Restorative Justice Project of Northeastern University reported on this death in custody, they had found that Gilbert had been beaten before his death, shot five times. They asserted he had been killed because whites resented his success as a farmer.
On March 3, 2019, an EF3 tornado impacted the county, the first significant tornado to impact the area since 1954. The county is now part of the Columbus, metropolitan area, which has become industrialized and developed a more varied economy. By per capita income, the county is the sixth-wealthiest in Georgia, the wealthiest county in the state outside of Metro Atlanta. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 473 square miles, of which 464 square miles are land and 9.1 square miles are covered by water. The majority of Harris County is located in the Middle Chattahoochee River-Lake Harding subbasin of the ACF River Basin, with the exception of the county's southeastern border area, south of Ellerslie, located in the Middle Chattahoochee River-Walter F. George Lake subbasin of the same ACF River Basin. Troup County Meriwether County Talbot County Muscogee County Lee County, Alabama Chambers County, Alabama As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 32,024 people, 11,823 households, 9,268 families residing in the county.
The population density was 69.0 inhabitants per square mile. There were 13,397 housing units at an average density of 28.9 per square mile. The racial makeup of the county was 79.3% white, 17.2% black or African American, 0.9% Asian, 0.3% American Indian, 0.1% Pacific islander, 0.7% from other races, 1.5% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 2.7% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 17.2% identified as having African ancestry. Of the 11,823 households, 35.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 64.0% were married couples living together, 10.3% had a female householder with no husband present, 21.6% were non-families, 18.5% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.67 and the average family size was 3.04. The med