Dallam County, Texas
Dallam County is a county located in the northwestern corner of the U. S. state of Texas. As of the 2010 Census, its population was 6,703, its county seat is Dalhart. The county was founded in 1876 and organized in 1891, it is named for a lawyer and newspaper publisher. Dallam is the northernmost of the 10 Texas counties that from 1885–1912 constituted the legendary XIT Ranch; the ranch is still celebrated through the XIT Museum in Dalhart and the annual XIT Rodeo and Reunion held the first long weekend in August. Dallam County was formed in 1876 from portions of Bexar County, it was named after the lawyer who made the first digest of Texas laws. The first settlement in the area followed in 1870, which resulted in the Red River War of 1874 and 1875 with the native Comanche and Kiowa tribes. In 1900-01, the Chicago, Rock Island and Pacific Railroad company built a stretch from Liberal, Kansas to Tucumcari, New Mexico, which ran through the county; the location where the tracks met those of the Fort Worth and Denver Railway was named Dalhart.
The name is taken from the first letters of Dallam County and Hartley County, between which the town's area is divided. Within a short time, the small railroad stop turned into a sizable town and was named county seat in 1903. Dallam County was one of the hardest hit areas in the Dust Bowl. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,505 square miles, of which 1,503 square miles are land and 2.0 square miles are covered by water. U. S. Highway 54 U. S. Highway 87 U. S. Highway 287 U. S. Highway 385 State Highway 102 Cimarron County, Oklahoma Sherman County Hartley County Union County, New Mexico Moore County Rita Blanca National Grassland As of the census of 2000, there were 6,222 people, 2,317 households, 1,628 families residing in the county; the population density was 4 people per square mile. There were 2,697 housing units at an average density of 2 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 82.64% White, 1.64% Black or African American, 0.90% Native American, 0.21% Asian, 12.41% from other races, 2.20% from two or more races.
28.38% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. In terms of ancestry, 19.6% were of German, 8,2% were of Irish, 7,1 % were of English, 5,5% were of American, 2,8% were of French, 2,7 % were of Scotch-Irish, 1,6% were of Dutch. There were 2,317 households out of which 39.00% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.10% were married couples living together, 9.70% had a female householder with no husband present, 29.70% were non-families. 26.20% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.00% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.68 and the average family size was 3.24. In the county, the population was spread out with 31.80% under the age of 18, 8.60% from 18 to 24, 28.80% from 25 to 44, 20.60% from 45 to 64, 10.30% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 31 years. For every 100 females there were 102.00 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 101.30 males. The median income for a household in the county was $27,946, the median income for a family was $33,558.
Males had a median income of $27,244 versus $19,000 for females. The per capita income for the county was $13,653. About 11.30% of families and 14.10% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.40% of those under age 18 and 24.80% of those age 65 or over. Dallam County is located within District 86 of the Texas House of Representatives; the seat has been held by Amarillo attorney John T. Smithee, a Republican, since 1985. Dallam County as a whole is Republican in orientation; the following school districts serve Dallam County: Dalhart Independent School District Stratford Independent School District Texline Independent School District Dalhart Coldwater Texline Conlen Kerrick Perico List of museums in the Texas Panhandle National Register of Historic Places listings in Dallam County, Texas Recorded Texas Historic Landmarks in Dallam County Dallam County commissioners’ website Dallam County in Handbook of Texas Online at the University of Texas Dallam County Profile from the Texas Association of Counties The XIT Ranch claims to have been the largest range in the world "under fence"
Oklahoma is a state in the South Central region of the United States, bordered by Kansas on the north, Missouri on the northeast, Arkansas on the east, Texas on the south, New Mexico on the west, Colorado on the northwest. It is the 28th-most populous of the fifty United States; the state's name is derived from the Choctaw words okla and humma, meaning "red people". It is known informally by its nickname, "The Sooner State", in reference to the non-Native settlers who staked their claims on land before the official opening date of lands in the western Oklahoma Territory or before the Indian Appropriations Act of 1889, which increased European-American settlement in the eastern Indian Territory. Oklahoma Territory and Indian Territory were merged into the State of Oklahoma when it became the 46th state to enter the union on November 16, 1907, its residents are known as Oklahomans, its capital and largest city is Oklahoma City. A major producer of natural gas and agricultural products, Oklahoma relies on an economic base of aviation, telecommunications, biotechnology.
Both Oklahoma City and Tulsa serve as Oklahoma's primary economic anchors, with nearly two thirds of Oklahomans living within their metropolitan statistical areas. With ancient mountain ranges, prairie and eastern forests, most of Oklahoma lies in the Great Plains, Cross Timbers, the U. S. Interior Highlands, a region prone to severe weather. More than 25 Native American languages are spoken in Oklahoma, ranking third behind Alaska and California. Oklahoma is on a confluence of three major American cultural regions and served as a route for cattle drives, a destination for Southern settlers, a government-sanctioned territory for Native Americans; the name Oklahoma comes from the Choctaw phrase okla humma meaning red people. Choctaw Nation Chief Allen Wright suggested the name in 1866 during treaty negotiations with the federal government on the use of Indian Territory, in which he envisioned an all-Indian state controlled by the United States Superintendent of Indian Affairs. Equivalent to the English word Indian, okla humma was a phrase in the Choctaw language that described Native American people as a whole.
Oklahoma became the de facto name for Oklahoma Territory, it was approved in 1890, two years after the area was opened to white settlers. The name of the state is Pawnee: Uukuhuúwa, Cayuga: Gahnawiyoˀgeh. In the Chickasaw language, the state is known as Oklahomma', in Arapaho as bo'oobe'. Oklahoma is the 20th-largest state in the United States, covering an area of 69,899 square miles, with 68,595 square miles of land and 1,304 square miles of water, it lies in the Great Plains near the geographical center of the 48 contiguous states. It is bounded on the east by Arkansas and Missouri, on the north by Kansas, on the northwest by Colorado, on the far west by New Mexico, on the south and near-west by Texas. Much of its border with Texas lies along a failed continental rift; the geologic figure defines the placement of the Red River. The Oklahoma panhandle's Western edge is out of alignment with its Texas border; the Oklahoma/New Mexico border is 2.1 miles to 2.2 miles east of the Texas line. The border between Texas and New Mexico was set first as a result of a survey by Spain in 1819.
It was set along the 103rd meridian. In the 1890s, when Oklahoma was formally surveyed using more accurate surveying equipment and techniques, it was discovered the Texas line was not set along the 103rd meridian. Surveying techniques were not as accurate in 1819, the actual 103rd meridian was 2.2 miles to the east. It was much easier to leave the mistake than for Texas to cede land to New Mexico to correct the surveying error; the placement of the Oklahoma/New Mexico border represents the true 103rd meridian. Cimarron County in Oklahoma's panhandle is the only county in the United States that touches four other states: New Mexico, Texas and Kansas. Oklahoma is between the Great Plains and the Ozark Plateau in the Gulf of Mexico watershed sloping from the high plains of its western boundary to the low wetlands of its southeastern boundary, its highest and lowest points follow this trend, with its highest peak, Black Mesa, at 4,973 feet above sea level, situated near its far northwest corner in the Oklahoma Panhandle.
The state's lowest point is on the Little River near its far southeastern boundary near the town of Idabel, which dips to 289 feet above sea level. Among the most geographically diverse states, Oklahoma is one of four to harbor more than 10 distinct ecological regions, with 11 in its borders—more per square mile than in any other state, its western and eastern halves, are marked by extreme differences in geographical diversity: Eastern Oklahoma touches eight ecological regions and its western half contains three. Although having fewer ecological regions Western Oklahoma contains many relic species. Oklahoma has four primary mountain ranges: the Ouachita Mountains, the Arbuckle Mountains, the Wichita Mountains, the Ozark Mountains. Contained within the U. S. Interior Highlands region, the Ozark and Ouachita Mountains are the only major mountainous region between the Rocky Mountains and the Appalachians. A portion of the Flint Hills stretches into north-central Oklahoma, near the state's eastern border, The Oklahoma Tourism & Recreation Department regards Cavanal Hill as the world's tallest hill.
The semi-arid high
U.S. Route 67 in Texas
U. S. Route 67 is a major U. S. highway in the state of Texas. It runs from the US-Mexico Border south of Presidio to Texarkana at the Texas-Arkansas border. US 67 is part of the La Entrada al Pacifico international trade corridor from its southern terminus to US 385 in McCamey. US 67 enters Texas from Mexico as Federal Highway 16 south of Presidio. US 67 travels miles between Big Bend Ranch State Park. US 67 shares an overlap with US 90 from Marfa to Alpine. Leaving US 90, US 67 travels north towards I-10. US 67 shares an overlap with I-10 for 25 miles. In Fort Stockton, US 385 joins. US 67/385 leave I-10 just east of Fort Stockton. US 67 in Presidio has the highest mile marker posted on any highway. US 67 leaves I-10 with the two share an overlap until McCamey. US 67 travels in a east-west direction towards San Angelo. US 67 travels though rural areas, passing through or near the towns of Rankin, Big Lake, Mertzon. In San Angelo, parts of US 67 are known as the Houston Harte Expressway, named after the San Angelo-native publishing magnate.
US 67 starts a short overlap with US 277 in San Angelo along the Houston Harte. US 67 ends its overlap with US 277 northeast of San Angelo. US 67 travels towards Ballinger and has an overlap with US 83. Between the towns of Santa Anna and Stephenville, US 67 shares overlaps with US highways 84, 183, 377; the overlap with US 377 ends in south east Stephenville. US 67 travels to Glen Rose, the location of Dinosaur Valley State Park. US 67 travels to Cleburne, where the western half of the bypass is a 4 lane freeway and the eastern half is a two-lane highway. US 67 travels through the towns of Keene and Venus before entering Midlothian, where a freeway begins that travels all the way to I-35E in Dallas. US 67 shares an unsigned overlap with I-35E/US 77 to Downtown Dallas, where US 67 leaves I-35E and joins I-30. US 67 shares an unsigned overlap with I-30; the two highways travel through east Dallas and Garland, Texas before crossing over Lake Ray Hubbard, twice. After the second crossing, the highways enter Rockwall.
In Royse City, US 67 signage begins. The highways arrive in Greenville. US 67 travels before leaving I-30 east of town. US 67 parallels I-30 crossing the highway. US 67 passes though the towns of Mount Vernon, Mount Pleasant. East of Mount Pleasant, US 67 travels miles south of I-30 traveling through Morris County. US 67 travels on the south border of the Lone Star Army Ammunition Plant, before arriving in Texarkana. US 67 travels to downtown. US 67 has business routes in Presidio, two in San Angelo, Cleburne and Sulphur Springs. An additional business route has been proposed for Dublin, Midlothian and Greenville had business routes; these routes follow former alignments through these cities before US 67 bypasses were constructed. Texas State Highway 66 Texas State Highway 78 Geographic data related to U. S. Highway 67 in Texas at OpenStreetMap
Lamb County, Texas
Lamb County is a county located in the U. S. state of Texas. As of the 2010 census, its population was 13,977, its county seat is Littlefield. The county was created in 1876, but not organized until 1908, it is named for George A. Lamb. Lamb County was the home of the Texas House Speaker Bill W. Clayton, who served from 1975 until 1983, it is the birthplace of country music singer Waylon Jennings. Lamb County was formed in 1876 from portions of Bexar County, it was named after a soldier in the Battle of San Jacinto. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,018 square miles, of which 1,016 square miles are land and 1.5 square miles are water. Castro County Hale County Hockley County Bailey County Parmer County Lubbock County Cochran County As of the census of 2000, 14,709 people, 5,360 households, 3,991 families resided in the county; the population density was 14 people per square mile. The 6,294 housing units averaged 6 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 76.1% White, 4.3% Black or African American, 0.7% Native American, 0.1% Asian, less than 0.05% Pacific Islander, 16.9% from other races, 1.9% from two or more races.
About 43.5% of the population was Hispanic or Latino of any race. Of the 5,360 households, 35.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.5% were married couples living together, 10.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 25.5% were not families. About 23.7% of all households were made up of individuals, 12.8% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.69 and the average family size was 3.19. In the county, the population was distributed as 29.6% under the age of 18, 8.1% from 18 to 24, 24.2% from 25 to 44, 20.8% from 45 to 64, 17.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 94.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.9 males. The median income for a household in the county was $36,898, for a family was $31,833. Males had a median income of $36,434 versus $30,342 for females; the per capita income for the county was $30,169. About 18.0% of families and 10.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 27.3% of those under age 18 and 15.3% of those age 65 or over.
U. S. Highway 70 U. S. Highway 84 U. S. Highway 385 Littlefield Municipal Airport is located in Lamb County, 3 nautical miles west of the central business district of Littlefield, Texas. Amherst Earth Littlefield Olton Sudan Springlake Spade Fieldton Recorded Texas Historic Landmarks in Lamb County Dry counties Plant X Llano Estacado West Texas Lamb County from the Handbook of Texas Online Lamb County at Curlie Lamb County Profile from the Texas Association of Counties
Texas state highway system
Texas state highways are a network of highways owned and maintained by the U. S. state of Texas. The Texas Department of Transportation is the state agency responsible for the day-to-day operations and maintenance of the system. Texas has the largest state highway system, followed by North Carolina's state highway system. In addition to the nationally numbered Interstate Highways and U. S. Highways, the highway system consists of a main network of state highways, loops and beltways that provide local access to the other highways; the system includes a large network of farm to market roads that connect rural areas of the state with urban areas and the rest of the state highway system. The state owns and maintains some park and recreational roads located near and within state and national parks, as well as recreational areas. All state highways, regardless of classification, are paved roads; the Old San Antonio Road known as the El Camino Real, is the oldest highway in the United States, first being blazed in 1691.
The length of the highways varies from US 83's 893.4 miles inside the state borders to Spur 200 at just 0.05 miles long. The Texas State Highway System can trace its roots to the establishment of the Texas Highway Department on April 4, 1917. Administrative control of the department was given to a three-member commission appointed by the governor for two-year terms. On June 21, 1917, the commission conducted its first public hearing to solicit input on potential highway routes; the committee divided the state into six divisions to be headquartered in Amarillo, Fort Worth, San Angelo, San Antonio. That year, the commission designated 26 state highways covering 8,865 miles which were to be accessible to 89% of the state's population. In 1921, Congress amended the Federal Aid to Roads Act of 1916 to require the states to take control of road design and maintenance of state highways by 1925; as a result, on January 1, 1924, the Texas Highway Department took full control of maintaining the state highways from the counties within which they resided.
In 1925, the state legislature granted the highway department the responsibility of surveying and building highways, the authorization to acquire new highway rights-of-way by purchasing, or condemning through eminent domain, land required for highway construction. By 1927, the highway system covered 17,960 miles, of which 96 miles were concrete, 1,060 miles were asphalt, 5,000 miles were gravel, shell or stone, 10,000 miles were clay or soil. In 1951, a 50-mile section of the Gulf Freeway opened. In 1957, the state began receiving federal funding for the construction of the Interstate Highway System; the first section of Interstate Highway from county line to county line to open in the state was a 43-mile section of I-35 in Bexar County. By 1967, the highway system controlled 66,000 miles of highway. In 1984, US 66 was replaced by I-40 and the US 66 designation was removed from the state highway system the following year. In 1992, the 3,200 miles of Interstate Highway System in Texas was completed with the opening of a six-mile section of I-27.
In 1997, the Texas Turnpike Authority was merged with TxDOT and independently, the North Texas Turnpike Authority became responsible for toll projects in Collin, Dallas and Tarrant counties. The Interstate Highway System in Texas covers 3,233.4 miles and consists of ten primary highways, seven auxiliary highways, the splitting of both Interstate 35 and Interstate 69 into multiple letter-suffixed branches. The Interstate Highway with the longest segment in Texas is I-10 at 880.6 miles. The shortest in the state is I-110 at 0.9 miles. The construction of the Interstate Highway System in Texas began well before these routes were designated as Interstate Highways. A 50-mile stretch of the Gulf Freeway between Galveston and Houston was opened in 1951, eight years before it was designated I-45, it was the first urban expressway in Texas. In 1962, 43 miles of I-35 opened in Bexar County, the first section of Interstate Highway to open from county line to county line in a large metropolitan area. Portions of I-10 west of San Antonio took much longer to complete due to the vast open spaces and lack of nearby labor.
The majority of the construction of this section of I-10 occurred in the 1970s and 1980s and was complete by the early 1990s. The section east of San Antonio was completed 20 years earlier in 1972; the opening of a 6-mile section of I-27 in 1992 completed the Interstate Highway System in Texas. Construction is ongoing for an extension of I-69 southward from its original terminus in Indiana through Texas to the Mexican border; when built, I-69 will extend about 650 miles across Texas, from the Louisiana state line in the Texarkana–Shreveport area to South Texas. Similar to I-35, I-69 splits into three letter-suffixed branches, I-69E, I-69C, I-69W; the United States Numbered Highways are a nationwide grid of highways, but unlike the Interstate Highway System, there is no minimum design standard for these highways. This is evident as some stretches of the U. S. Highways in Texas are nothing more than a two-lane rural road. Although the U. S. Highways have been replaced for the most part by Interstate Highways for through traffic, the U.
S. Highways still serve as important regional connectors. Several notable examples of U. S. Highways that are built to freeway standards include US 75 and US 80 in Dallas, US 59 and US 290 in Houston, US 90 and US 281 in
McCamey is a city in Upton County, West Texas. The population was 1,887 at the 2010 census; the Texas legislature has declared McCamey "the Wind Energy Capital of Texas" because of the many wind farms that have been built in the area. Its history, however, is that of an oil boomtown. McCamey is located at 31°7′56″N 102°13′20″W; the town is about five miles east of the Pecos River along U. S. Route 67. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 2.0 square miles, all land. McCamey is named for George B. McCamey, whose 1925 wildcat well brought about the oil boom in the region, he brought in a real estate developer from Corpus Christi, Texas, to lay out a townsite near the oil field and along the Kansas City and Orient Railway capable of housing 10,000 people. The town was a jumble of tents and frame shacks. A post office was built in 1926, the town was incorporated near the end of that year. In 1927, the McCamey Independent School District was formed, an enterprising newspaperman printed the first issue of the Tri-County Record, the first town newspaper.
Water supply was a problem in the early years of McCamey, as the nearby water sources were not drinkable. Water came in by train from Alpine 100 miles away, at a cost of $1 a barrel. A potable water supply was found in a geologic unit only 17 miles distant, pipes were built to transport it to town in 1929. McCamey was one of the first built in West Texas. Humble Oil & Refining Company was a corporate predecessor of Exxon Company. An early experiment by Shell Oil Company in massive oil storage in McCamey proved a failure: local oilmen built a reservoir to hold up to one million barrels of oil in an earthen tank, but the limestone formation underneath the tank cracked under the weight of the crude, allowing much of it to leak into the subsurface; the population of the town declined during the Great Depression along with the price of oil, as the discovery of large oil fields elsewhere pulled workers away. In 1940 there were 2,600 people in McCamey. In 1940, the Texas oilman and industrialist Bill Noël moved to McCamey, where he joined M. H. McWhirter of Monahans and J. B.
Tubb of Crane County to establish the Trebol Oil Company. He worked eighteen-hour days as Trebol's tool pusher and production supervisor; the company drilled fifty-two producing wells. Noël was so occupied in the pursuits of the business that he claimed to have been unaware that he had become a millionaire until several years after the accumulation of his early fortune; as of the census of 2000, 1,805 people, 676 households, 494 families resided in the city. The population density was 900.4 people per square mile. There were 854 housing units at an average density of 426.0/sq mi. The racial makeup of the city was 72.30% White, 1.55% African American, 1.27% Native American, 23.82% from other races, 1.05% from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 52.30% of the population. Of the 676 households, 35.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.1% were married couples living together, 10.9% had a female householder with no husband present, 26.9% were not families. About 24.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.4% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older.
The average household size was 2.67 and the average family size was 3.20. In the city, the population was distributed as 30.3% under the age of 18, 8.0% from 18 to 24, 24.7% from 25 to 44, 22.6% from 45 to 64, 14.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 95.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.2 males. The median income for a household in the city was $25,233, for a family was $28,906. Males had a median income of $31,513 versus $16,724 for females; the per capita income for the city was $12,171. About 23.2% of families and 24.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 30.6% of those under age 18 and 16.6% of those age 65 or over. The City of McCamey is served by the McCamey Independent School District. Gary Gilmore, first person executed in the United States after capital punishment was reinstated in 1976, he was born in McCamey on December 4, 1940. Jill Jackson, Ray Hildebrand's partner in the 1960s duo Paul & Paula.
Their 1963 hit song called. She was born in McCamey on May 20, 1942. Bill Keffer, Republican member of the Texas House of Representatives from District 107 from 2003 to 2007. Known as "England Dan", half of the soft rock duo England Dan & John Ford Coley. Born February 8, 1948 in McCamey. Died March 25, 2009 of mantle cell lymphoma in Nashville, Tennessee. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, McCamey has a semi-arid climate, abbreviated "BSk" on climate maps
Ector County, Texas
Ector County is a county located in the U. S. state of Texas. As of 2015, its population was 159,436, its county seat is Odessa. The county was founded in 1887 and organized in 1891, it is named for a Confederate general in the American Civil War. Ector County comprises the Odessa, TX Metropolitan Statistical Area, included in the Midland–Odessa Combined Statistical Area. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 902 square miles, of which 898 square miles are land and 4.1 square miles are covered by water. Ector County has an average rainfall of about 14 in per year and a warm, semiarid climate. Most of the county is flat, with small areas of rolling terrain; the area is known for its stark landscape. The few occurring trees are mesquite trees, which more resemble large bushes. Andrews County Midland County Upton County Crane County Ward County Winkler County As of the census of 2000, 121,123 people, 43,846 households, 31,700 families resided in the county; the population density was 134 people per square mile.
The 49,500 housing units averaged 55 per square mile. The racial makeup of the county was 73.69% White, 4.61% African American, 0.83% Native American, 0.64% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 17.38% from other races, 2.81% from two or more races. About 42.36% of the population was Hispanic or Latino of any race. Of the 43,846 households, 38.90% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.10% were married couples living together, 13.70% had a female householder with no husband present, 27.70% were not families. About 24.00% of all households was made up of individuals and 8.90% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.72 and the average family size was 3.25. In the county, the population was distributed as 30.40% under the age of 18, 10.50% from 18 to 24, 27.90% from 25 to 44, 20.20% from 45 to 64, 10.90% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females, there were 94.70 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.90 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $31,152, for a family was $36,369. Males had a median income of $30,632 versus $21,317 for females; the per capita income for the county was $15,031. About 16.10% of families and 18.70% of the population were below the poverty line, including 23.90% of those under age 18 and 14.30% of those age 65 or over. Goldsmith Odessa Gardendale West Odessa Notrees Penwell Pleasant Farms Tryon D. Lewis Brooks Landgraf List of museums in West Texas National Register of Historic Places listings in Ector County, Texas Recorded Texas Historic Landmarks in Ector County Odessa College Presidential Museum and Leadership Library Stonehenge replica University of Texas of the Permian Basin Gary Watkins George E. "Buddy" West White-Pool House Odessa Meteor Crater Ector County government’s website Ector County in Handbook of Texas Online at the University of Texas Inventory of county records, Ector County courthouse, hosted by the Portal to Texas History Ector County Profile from the Texas Association of Counties