Away colours are a choice of coloured clothing used in team sports. They are required to be worn by one team during a game between teams that would otherwise wear the same colours as each other, or similar colours; this change prevents confusion for officials and spectators. In most sports, it is the visiting or road team that must change – second-choice kits are known as away kits or change kits in British English, road uniforms in American English; some sports leagues mandate that away teams must always wear an alternative kit, while others state that the two teams' colours should not match. In some sports, conventionally the home team has changed its kit. In most cases, a team wears its away kit only when its primary kit would clash with the colours of the home team. However, sometimes teams wear away colours by choice even in a home game. At some clubs, the away kit has become more popular than the home version. Replica home and away kits are available for fans to buy; some teams have produced third-choice kits, or old-fashioned throwback uniforms.
In North American sports, road teams wear a change uniform regardless of a potential colour clash. "Color vs. color" games are a rarity, having been discouraged in the era of black-and-white television. All road uniforms are white in gridiron football and the National Hockey League, while in baseball, visitors wear grey. In the National Basketball Association and NCAA basketball, home uniforms are white or yellow, visiting teams wear the darker colour. Most teams choose to wear their colour jerseys at home, with the road team changing to white in most cases. White road uniforms gained prominence with the rise of television in the 1950s. A "white vs. color" game was easier to follow in black-and-white. According to Phil Hecken, "until the mid 1950′s, not only was color versus color common in the NFL, it was the norm." Long after the advent of colour television, the use of white jerseys has remained in every game. The NFL's current rules require that a team's home jerseys must be "either white or official team color" throughout the season, "and visiting clubs must wear the opposite".
If a team insists on wearing its home uniforms on the road, the NFL Commissioner must judge on whether their uniforms are "of sufficient contrast" with those of their opponents. The road team might instead wear a third jersey, such as the Seattle Seahawks' "Wolf Grey" alternate. According to the Gridiron Uniform Database, the Cleveland Browns wore white for every home game of the 1955 season; the only times they wore brown was for games at Philadelphia and the New York Giants, when the Eagles and Giants chose to wear white. In 1964 the Baltimore Colts, Cleveland Browns, Minnesota Vikings and Los Angeles Rams wore white for their home games according to Tim Brulia's research; the St. Louis Cardinals wore white for several of their home games, as well as the Dallas Cowboys; until 1964 Dallas had worn blue at home, but it was not an official rule that teams should wear their coloured jerseys at home. The use of white jerseys was introduced by general manager Tex Schramm, who wanted fans to see a variety of opponents' jersey colours at home games.
The Cowboys still wear white at home today. White has been worn at home by the Miami Dolphins, Washington Redskins, Philadelphia Eagles, several other NFL teams. Teams in cities with hot climates choose white jerseys at home during the first half of the season, because light colours absorb and retain less heat in sunlight – as such, the Dolphins, who stay white year-round, will use their coloured jerseys for home night games; every current NFL team except the Seattle Seahawks has worn white at home at some time in its history. During the successful Joe Gibbs era, the Washington Redskins chose to wear white at home in the 1980s and 1990s, including the 1982 NFC Championship Game against Dallas. Since 2001 the Redskins have chosen to wear white jerseys and burgundy jerseys equally in their home games, but they still wear white against the Cowboys; when Gibbs returned from 2004 to 2007, they wore white at home exclusively. In 2007, they wore a white throwback jersey; the Dallas Cowboys' blue jersey has been popularly viewed to be "jinxed" because of defeats at Super Bowl V in 1971, in the 1968 divisional playoffs at Cleveland, Don Meredith's final game as a Cowboys player.
Dallas's only victory in a conference championship or Super Bowl wearing the blue jerseys was in the 1978 NFC Championship game at the Los Angeles Rams. Super Bowl rules changed to allow the designated home team to pick their choice of jersey. White was chosen by the Cowboys, the Redskins, the Pittsburgh Steelers, the Denver Broncos, the New England Patriots; the latter three teams wear colours at home, but Pittsburgh had worn white in three road playoff wins, while Denver cited its previous Super Bowl success in white jerseys, while being 0–4 when wearing orange in Super Bowls. Teams playing against Dallas at home wear their white jerseys to try to invoke the "curse", as when the Philadelphia Eagles hosted the Cowboys in the 1980 NFC Championship Game. Teams including the St. Louis Cardinals and New York Giants followed suit in the 1980s, the Carolina Panthers did so from 1995 until 2006, including two playoff games; the Hous
Atalanta Bergamasca Calcio referred to as Atalanta, is an Italian football club based in Bergamo, Lombardy. It plays in Serie A, having gained promotion from Serie B in 2010–11, they are nicknamed the Orobici. Atalanta play in black shorts and black socks; the club stadium is the 21,300 seat Atleti Azzurri d'Italia. In Italy, Atalanta is sometimes called Regina delle provinciali to mark the fact that the club is by far the most consistent among Italian clubs not based in a metropolitan area, having played 58 times in Serie A, 28 times in Serie B and only once in Serie C; the club won the Coppa Italia in 1963 and reached the Cup Winners' Cup semi-final in 1988, when it was still competing in Serie B. This is still the best performance by a non-first division club in a major UEFA competition. Atalanta participated in four seasons of UEFA Europa League, reaching the quarter-finals in the 1990–91 season; the club was founded in 1907. A football club had existed in Bergamo since 1903. Founded by Swiss immigrants, it was known as Foot Ball Club Bergamo.
The rival Atalanta club grew out of a division between different sporting societies in the town. The name is taken from the female athlete of Greek mythology; the FIGC was unimpressed with the new club and did not recognize them until 1914. The current club is the result of a third team called Bergamasca; the first and white coloured and the second wearing a blue and white shirt, merged in 1924 as Atalanta Bergamasca di Ginnastica e Scherma 1907. The team moved to the site of the current ground, on the Viale Giulio Cesare, in 1928. Atalanta joined the Italian league in 1929; the club first was relegated immediately. The club returned in 1940 and remained in Serie A until 1959; the club achieved its highest position at the time in 1948, finishing in fifth place, a feat only bettered in 2017. In 1981, the club fell into a blow which revitalised the club; the team returned to Serie B the next season and made it back to Serie A in 1984. The club's form in Serie A remained uncertain, as it was relegated in 1987, 1994, 1998, 2003, 2005 and 2010.
After a change of ownership, in 2011, Atalanta came back to Serie A, where it has been since. In terms of titles the club has won little, their sole major silverware is the 1963 Coppa Italia; the club has had a few good runs in Europe, on several occasions being eliminated by the eventual winners. Welsh club Merthyr Tydfil caused an upset in the 1987–88 European Cup Winners' Cup, beating Atalanta 2–1 in the first leg of their first round match at Penydarren Park. After winning the second leg 2–0 in Bergamo, Atalanta went on to reach the semi-finals, losing to eventual winners Mechelen of Belgium, but in the process becoming one of only two teams in the competition's history to reach the penultimate round while playing their football outside of the national top flight league. Oddly enough, the only other team to do so being Merthyr Tydfil's countrymen at Cardiff City. Atalanta reached the UEFA Cup quarter-finals in the 1990–91 season, losing to local rivals Internazionale, who went on to beat another Italian side, Roma, in the final to win the tournament.
The club never played European club competitions between 1991 and 2017, although turned down the opportunity to play in the UEFA Intertoto Cup in 2001 after finishing in seventh place in Serie A, regional rivals of Brescia played the tournament instead, losing only in the final against French side Paris Saint-Germain. In recent years, the club was relegated after the 2002–03, 2004–05 and 2009–10 seasons, but gained the promotion to Serie A after only one season every time. In 2011–12, Atalanta was docked six points in the league table due to the outcome of an Italian football scandal; the club managed to secure another year in Serie A by gaining 52 points in 38 games. The following year, for the same reasons, the club was docked two points in the league but avoided relegation reaching the 15th spot in the final table. In the 2013 -- 14, Atalanta enjoyed another strong campaign. Atalanta struggled during the 2014–15 season despite some impressive results. At the beginning of the season, manager Stefano Colantuono committed his future to the club.
On 4 March 2015, however, he was sacked after a poor run of form which left Atalanta only three points above the relegation zone. He was replaced by Edoardo Reja, who secured the club's status in Serie A for 2015–16, where Atalanta finished 13th. In 2016–17 Atalanta stuttered at the beginning of the season and new coach Gian Piero Gasperini was on the verge of dismissal, but with an amazing run of positive results the team secured an impressive 4th-placed finish with 72 points, thus celebrating its return to Europe after 26 years, qualifying for the UEFA Europa League. In 2017–18 only got a 7th place, giving them the chance to qualify for UEFA Europa League. However, they were defeated by Danish team FC København in the final of qualification; as of 11 March 2019Note: Flags indicate national team. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality; as of 9 February 2019Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.
As of 7 February 2019Note: Flags indicate national team. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality. 12 – Dedication to fan
Eusebio Di Francesco
Eusebio Di Francesco is an Italian manager, former professional footballer who played as a midfielder. Most he was the manager of A. S. Roma, he left due to Roma dismissal from the Champions League. Di Francesco started his career with Tuscan teams Lucchese. In 1995, he joined Piacenza, where he had the opportunity to play in the top flight. In 1997, he was signed by A. S. Roma, winning an Italian championship title in 2001 with the giallorossi. Following this triumph, he agreed to return to Piacenza, for 2 billion lire and retired in 2005 following stints with Ancona and Perugia. During his time with Roma, Di Francesco made 12 appearances for the Italian national team between 1998 and 2000, was called up for a total of 16 times, he received his first call-up while with Piacenza, under manager Cesare Maldini, when he was named in Italy's squad for 1997 Tournoi de France, although he turned down the offer in order to help Piacenza defeat Cagliari 3–1 relegation play-off in order to remain in Serie A.
He made his international debut on 5 September 1998, under Dino Zoff, in a 2–0 victory over Wales in a UEFA Euro 2000 qualifying match. In addition to his 12 official appearances with Italy, Di Francesco made an additional appearance for the Italian national team in an unofficial friendly match against the FIFA World Stars on 16 December 1998, held to celebrate the 100th anniversary of the Italian Football Federation. Di Francesco was a hard-working and consistent midfielder, despite not being the most technically gifted footballer, possessed a solid first touch, an ability to make attacking runs into the area. Capable of playing both in centre or on the wing, he was known in particular for his leadership and exceptional stamina, as well as his tireless runs up and down the flank. After his retirement from football, he served as team manager for A. S. Roma, he served as sports director for Serie C2 club Val di Sangro in 2007. In 2008, he was appointed as head coach of Lega Pro Prima Divisione club Virtus Lanciano, being sacked in January 2009 due to poor results.
He served as head coach of Pescara in the 2010–11 Serie B, guiding his team to an impressive season thanks to glimpses of attractive football. In June 2011 it was revealed Di Francesco had left Pescara by mutual consent in order to hold talks with Serie A club Lecce regarding the vacant head coaching post at the club from Salento, he was removed from his coaching duties on 4 December 2011, after achieving only eight points in thirteen games, leaving his side at the bottom of the league table. On 19 June 2012, Di Francesco was appointed the head coach of Serie B side Sassuolo. At the end of 2012–13 season, he guided Sassuolo to the Serie B championship and promotion to the top-flight campaign, he was sacked on 28 January 2014 after a poor run of results, only to be re-appointed to the post on 3 March 2014 after results did not improve in his absence. From March 2014 onwards, results improved and Di Francesco coached to save Sassuolo from relegation thanks to a run of positive results. In June 2014, it was announced Di Francesco had signed an extension that will keep him contracted with Sassuolo until June 2016.
He extended his contract again in April 2016, which would last until June 2019. Sassuolo finished the 2015–16 Serie A season in sixth place, sealing a spot in the third qualifying round of the 2016–17 UEFA Europa League; the following season, Sassuolo managed to advance to the Europa League play-offs under Di Francesco, sealed a spot in the Europa League group stage. On 13 June 2017, Di Francesco was appointed as Roma head coach, replacing Luciano Spalletti, who left for Inter. In his first season with the Serie A giants, he finished 3rd, qualifying for the 2018–19 UEFA Champions League. In the 2017–18 UEFA Champions League, Roma qualified for the knockout round after topping a group including Chelsea and Atlético Madrid. In the Quarter Finals, Roma were able to overturn a 4-1 First Leg deficit to defeat Barcelona to progress to the next round, they were defeated by Liverpool 7-6 on aggregate in the Semi Finals. On 30 January 2019, Roma were knocked out of 2018–19 Coppa Italia after being beaten beaten 7-1 by Fiorentina.
On 7 March 2019, Di Francesco was sacked by Roma following a Champions League exit in the round of 16 against Porto.. At the time of his sacking, Roma were 5th in Serie A. Jim Pallotta, club's president to Roma's official website: On behalf of myself and everyone at AS Roma, I’d like to thank Eusebio for his work and his commitment. Since returning to the club, Eusebio has always acted professionally and put the club’s needs ahead of his own. We all wish him well for the future; as of 5 March 2019 Eusebio Di Francesco has a son, who followed his father's footsteps by becoming a footballer too. He plays as a winger and made his Serie A debut in March 2013 at the age of 18. Eusebio Di Francesco was named after the Portuguese Football legend Eusébio. RomaSerie A: 2000–01 SassuoloSerie B: 2012–13 Panchina d'argento: 2012–13 Football Leader: 2013 Enzo Bearzot Award: 2018
Alberto Malesani is an Italian association football manager and former footballer. As a manager, he is remembered for his successful spell with Parma during the late 90s, where he won the Coppa Italia, the UEFA Cup, the Supercoppa Italiana. Malesani career as player was spent on a Veronese amateur team Audace S. Michele, where he obtained a promotion from Serie D to Serie C in 1976–77, appearing fourteen times on that season, he retired from playing football at the age of 24, worked at Canon in Amsterdam, where he studied the Ajax Amsterdam total football training methods. His passion for coaching was so great, that on his honeymoon, he decided to go to Barcelona in order to watch Johan Cruijff's coaching sessions at Barcelona FC. Malesani left his job at Canon in 1990 order to pursue a coaching career at Serie C1 team Chievo for the Allievi youth squad. In 1991, he is assistant of head coach Carlo De Angelis in the first team, in 1993 he becomes head coach himself, his first season as head coach ended in a historical promotion to Serie B for then-unknown Chievo.
Malesani left Chievo in 1997, after three impressive Serie B seasons and a narrowly missed promotion in the Serie A league in order to become Fiorentina's boss, in what was his first stint in the Italian top flight. A good Fiorentina season convinced Parma to appoint Malesani as new head coach in 1998, where he won a Coppa Italia, a UEFA Cup, an Italian Super Cup and obtained two fourth places before being sacked during the 2000–01 season. After losing his job at Parma, Malesani coached Verona and Modena, failing to save the clubs from relegation in both cases. During coaching Panathinaikos FC, the Greek sport press criticized his tactics. After a home draw against Iraklis FC and during the post match press conference, Malesani had an outburst of temper against the fans and journalists. Notably, he angrily attacked the journalists pronouncing 21 times the word cazzo, he made some unfortunate comments concerning the supporting fanbase for criticizing the Vardinogiannis family, although he was unaware of the long-standing rivalry of the majority of the team's fans against them, blaming them for being incompetent to lead the club successfully.
The interview inspired a short segment in a popular television comedy show. Despite the controversy, Panathinaikos remains the club with the highest percentage of wins in his career to date. Malesani was appointed coach of Udinese as replacement for Giovanni Galeone, he led his side to a not impressive tenth place in the Serie A 2006-07 final table, only seven points far from relegation, being not confirmed for the following season. On 27 November 2007 he was unveiled as Empoli's new head coach, he was axed on 31 March 2008 following a 2–0 home defeat to U. C. Sampdoria which left Empoli down in last place in the league table. On 23 November 2009 he was appointed as the new head coach of Siena. On 21 May 2010 was released by Siena. On 1 September 2010 he signed a one-year contract for Bologna. After a successful season which saw his club finish in 16th place, six points clear of relegation, despite a three-point deduction for tax problems and running feuds over the clubs ownership, Malesani was replaced by Pierpaolo Bisoli on 26 May 2011.
On 19 June 2011 Genoa announced that Malesani would be the new first team head coach. However, after Genoa was defeated 6-1 by Napoli, Malesani was fired, he returned at Genoa on 2 April 2012, taking over from Pasquale Marino who had replaced him only to be sacked a few months later. His second stint as Genoa boss lasted however only twenty days, as he was sacked once again on 22 April after a 1–4 home loss to Siena that left Genoa one point shy of relegation, led to massive protests from Genoa fans during the game. On 5 February 2013, Malesani was appointed as the manager of Palermo. However, after three matches in charge, on 24 February 2013 Malesani was relieved from his duties as the manager. On 29 January 2014, it was announced Malesani has agreed to take over as new manager of the top-flight team Sassuolo; as of 9 March 2014 Chievo Serie C1: 1993–94Parma Coppa Italia: 1998–99 UEFA Cup: 1998–99 Supercoppa Italiana: 1999 List of UEFA Cup winning managers Profile of Alberto Malesani on Hellastory.net
A.S. Livorno Calcio
Associazione Sportiva Livorno Calcio referred to as Livorno, is an Italian football club based in Livorno, Tuscany. The club was formed in 1915 and plays in Serie B; the team's colours are dark maroon. The best placement in Italian Serie A was second place in 1942–43 season, during which the amaranto gave life to a head-to-head competition with Torino. Livorno Calcio play. Founded February 15, 1915 as US Livorno, the club ended the Italian Football Championship 1919–20 in second place, losing the final to Internazionale. One year they were defeated in the semi-final by arch-rivals Pisa. In 1933, the club moved to the current stadium named after Edda Ciano Mussolini, daughter of fascist dictator Benito Mussolini. Livorno was one of original Serie A teams, she played in top level during periods of 1929–31, 1933–35 and 1937–39. Successively, Livorno ended as Serie A runners-up in the 1942–43 season. Livorno left Serie A in 1949 after seven consecutive seasons, they relegated to Serie C soon after, making a return to Serie B in 1955 for a single season and again from 1964 to 1972.
They relegated to Serie C2 in 1982–83 and played again in third level between 1984 and 1989. The club was cancelled in 1991, being forced to start from Eccellenza; the club was acquired by Aldo Spinelli two years later. Under the new property, Livorno returned to Serie B in 2001. Livorno were promoted to Serie A after finishing third in the Serie B 2003–04, one of six clubs to be promoted that season, it had been 55 years since Livorno's last season in the top flight, as a result of this, most were predicting an instant return to Serie B for the club. The first match in the major league was attended by Italian President Carlo Azeglio Ciampi, a Livorno's citizen and team supporter in his childhood. There were spells of struggle during the season, but there were many more good performances shown, Livorno finished a surprise and creditable ninth place in the league for the Serie A 2004–05 thanks to goals by striker Cristiano Lucarelli, who won the Serie A top scorer award that season, outscoring the likes of Andriy Shevchenko and Adriano.
The Serie A 2005–06 saw Livorno in sixth place after the first half of the season the team, being involved for qualification to the next UEFA Cup. However, shortly after Roberto Donadoni announced his resignations after having been criticised by club's chairman Aldo Spinelli. Donadoni was replaced by veteran coach Carlo Mazzone, only able to save a UEFA Cup place due to the expulsion of three teams from Europe in the 2006 Serie A match fixing scandal. Mazzone saw his team suffer a run of seven straight defeats. In May 2006, Daniele Arrigoni was appointed new coach for the next season. In the Serie A 2006–07 season, Livorno took part to the UEFA Cup for their first time ever; the Tuscan side were drawn to face Austrian team SV Pasching in the first round, beating them comfortably 3–0 on aggregate. They thus qualified for the group stages being drawn in Group A, along with Rangers, Auxerre, FK Partizan, Maccabi Haifa. After a home loss to Rangers and two 1–1 draws against Partizan in Belgrade and Maccabi, the Tuscan side gained a 1–0 victory over Auxerre in the last game played in France, thus earning a spot in the Round of 32 of the competition.
However, Spanish team Espanyol knocked out Livorno from the UEFA Cup by winning 4–1 on aggregate. After day 19 of the Italian Serie A, Arrigoni was sacked by chairman Spinelli, but his position was kept due to the strong opposition by the team, his dismissal was, only delayed, as Arrigoni was fired on 21 March 2007, replaced by Fernando Orsi, who managed to keep the team away from the relegation battle. For the 2007–08 campaign, Orsi was confirmed as head coach and a number of notable signings such as Francesco Tavano, Diego Tristan and Vikash Dhorasoo were finalised, but the transfer of Lucarelli to Ukrainian club Shakhtar Donetsk; the club, did not start well, making a mere two points in the first seven matches, Orsi was sacked on 9 October and replaced by Giancarlo Camolese. Despite showing some positive signals at the beginning, Livorno found himself again at the bottom of league table. On 28 April 2008 Camolese was fired as Orsi was re-appointed, but in the penultimate day of the season, the team could not avoid relegation, due to a 1–0 home defeat against Torino.
They finished last in the Serie A standings of the 2007–08 season. Thus, being relegated to Serie B, they finished Serie B as the third place team in 2008–09 season and returned to Serie A after winning promotion play-offs after defeating successively Grosseto with a 4–3 aggregate score and Brescia with a 5–2 aggregate score. However, this return was short-lived and one season they relegated again to Serie B after finishing last. Livorno were promoted again. In 2014 Livorno relegated back to Serie B again; the club sold flagship striker Paulinho for €8 million fee, in order to cover the net loss. In 2016 Livorno relegated again to Lega Pro, but two years the team managed to bounce back to Serie B; as of 5 February 2019. Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality. Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality. 25 – Piermario Morosini, Midfielder – posthumous honour.
Livorno's supporters are w
A third jersey, alternate jersey, third kit, third sweater or alternate uniform is a jersey or uniform that a sports team wear in games instead of its home outfit or its away outfit when the colors of two competing teams' other uniforms are too similar to play easily. Alternate jerseys are a means for professional sports organizations to generate revenue, by sales to fans. Of North American sports leagues, the NFL generates $1.2 billion annually in jersey sales, with the NBA second selling $900 million annually. Another use of the alternate uniform is for identifying with causes, like the Central Coast Mariners wear an alternate pink kit on pink ribbon day. Extra alternate uniforms or fourth/fifth kits are not used, but are sometimes required when teams' other uniforms cause color clashes, or the uniforms are unavailable to use. In cases where teams have worn more than three kits in the same season, the extra kits were recycled from previous seasons. Third-choice jerseys or uniforms are used in all four Major professional sports leagues in the United States sports leagues, with the exception being college sports.
Third kits are commonplace in professional European association football and in some professional European rugby union clubs. Alternate jerseys are common in Australia's two biggest domestic leagues, the Australian Football League and National Rugby League. For home and away jerseys in North America, historical convention has dictated the colors used by teams in a given league. Teams have one jersey, in a team color, another jersey, white and accented with a team color. "White at home" is the convention in baseball, minor league professional hockey, college hockey. "White while away" is the convention in football, major league professional hockey, professional lacrosse. Association football does not have a "white at a "white while away" convention; the NHL enforces the color/white rule strictly. In minor league hockey, the rules are set in both the AHL and ECHL where the team wears white jerseys at home during one half of the season wears the color jerseys during the other half at home, vice versa on the road.
In the NFL, the rules state that the home team has the first choice of color, with the visiting team forced to choose a contrasting color. Starting with their uniform contract with Nike that begins with the 2017-2018 season, the NBA has abolished the color/white rule. Instead, each team will designate whether their white uniform, now dubbed the "Association Edition," or their colored uniform, called the "Icon Edition," will be the home uniform, with the other becoming their designated away uniform. In American sports, throwback jerseys are only used for special team games and not for the "third" purpose. In American football a third jersey may be a throwback uniform based on designs the team used in the past. In association football, meanwhile, it is more a radically different design; the NFL was the last of the major professional sports leagues to adopt the third jersey rule in 2002, with the only exceptions being the 1994 season, when teams issued a throwback uniform in honor of the league's 75th Anniversary.
The NFL rule stated that a team may wear their third jersey only once a year, after one year this restriction was increased to twice a year. Some teams have exceeded the limit. There are no rules on wearing alternate pants. Teams are only permitted to wear alternate jerseys once in playoff games. In the past, rules allowed for teams to wear their third jersey two times in the regular season and once in the preseason until 2010. In 2011 teams were no longer allowed to wear their third jersey in the preseason. However, there have been some exceptions since 2011; some teams will use one of their third jersey allotments against a particular division opponent each year. For instance, the Los Angeles Chargers would wear their popular alternate powder blue jerseys at home against the Oakland Raiders, while the Houston Texans were known to wear their alternate "Battle Red" uniforms at home against the Jacksonville Jaguars, the Pittsburgh Steelers wore their throwbacks from 2007-2011 at home against the archrival Baltimore Ravens.
The New York Giants were known to wear their alternate red jerseys at home against the Dallas Cowboys until the red jerseys were retired in 2009. The Los Angeles Rams have worn their throwback uniform against the San Francisco 49ers in recent years; the Washington Redskins wear their alternative uniform on home games to commemorate their annual homecoming game once a year since 2012. When wearing their third jerseys if the team is wearing a throwback uniform, the team may theme the field around the uniforms; when the New York Jets, for instance, wore their 1960–1962 "Titans of New York" throwbacks at home, they painted the field in the Titans blue-and-gold color scheme. In addition, the Tampa Bay Buccaneers dressed the field up in Orange when they wore thei
Piacenza Calcio 1919
Piacenza Calcio 1919 referred to as Piacenza, is an Italian football club based in Piacenza, Emilia-Romagna. The club plays in Serie C. Re-founded in 2012, Piacenza Calcio 1919 acquired the rights to use the brand of the original club Piacenza Calcio from Salva Piace. Piacenza Football Club was founded in 1919 with the first club president as Giovanni Dosi. Dosi was an ambitious manager, taking control of every social and administrative aspect of the club, with the sole focus at bringing the club into the national championship under the FIGC. After spending much of the club's early life in the regional leagues, they entered into Serie C for the 1935–36 season, coming close to gaining promotion into Serie B during 1938 but lost out to Fanfulla. After World War II, Piacenza competed in Serie B for the first time, competing there for two seasons before falling back down to Serie C in 1948; the club were punished for illicit sportsmanship in 1956 and were relegated to Serie D. This proved to be quite a heavy blow for the club as they would continue to yo-yo between Serie C and D until 1964.
Piacenza returned to Serie B in 1969, under coach Tino Molina and president Vincenzo Romagnoli. Piacenza's history until recent times was undistinguished, with brief spells in Serie B in the 1940s and further spells in 1969–70, 1975–76 and 1987–88 to 1988–89. Promotion in 1991 saw a rise in the side's fortunes under coach Gigi Cagni with the club promoted to Serie A for the first time in 1993, but was relegated in the next season, despite the presence of players such as midfielder Daniele Moretti, winger Francesco Turrini and forward Giampietro Piovani. For much of the season, Piacenza had battled into mid-table and were a few points short of a European place, but were relegated on the last day of the season in a tight scrap; the club wisely chose to retain Cagni and most of his squad, they would achieve promotion as Serie B champions in 1995. The following five years saw the club win many supporters with its all-Italian lineup and successful battles against relegation. In 1997 the club acquired legendary hard man defender Pietro Vierchowod.
Despite his advancing years, Vierchowod proved an outstanding purchase, more than holding his own in defence and scoring decisive goals in the relegation battle. Relegation in 2000 was followed by an instant return to Serie A for two years with outstanding form shown by players like midfielder Enzo Maresca; the club has since remained in Serie B without threatening to mount a promotion challenge. However following a poor 2010–11 Serie B season, Piacenza found themselves in a relegation playoff against Albinoleffe which they lost due to Albinoleffe's higher league position. On 22 March 2012 Piacenza Calcio in strong financial difficulty was declared bankrupt by the court of Piacenza. In this season it was ranked 15th and relegated from Lega Pro Prima Divisione to Lega Pro Seconda Divisione after play-out. On 19 June 2012 the club was declared bankrupt and the team was disbanded. Following the bankruptcy of Piacenza Football Club, regional amateur club A. C. D. LibertaSpes promoted in the season 2011–12 to Eccellenza Emilia–Romagna after winning Promozione Emilia–Romagna Group A, was renamed to Lupa Piacenza after the obtaining the brand for four years from an association "Salva Piace", in order to continue the football history of Piacenza Football Club.
LibertaSpes known as A. C. D. Pontolliese Libertas 1907 until 2010, was a merger of U. S. Pontolliese, based in Ponte dell'Olio and A. C. Libertas, based in Piacenza. However, in 2010, G. S. D. BettolaSpes was renamed to A. S. D. BettolaPonte, while "Pontolliese Libertas" was renamed to LibertaSpes as part of the demerger of Pontolliese, which Pontolliese "merged" with Bettola instead. BettolaPonte is one of the predecessors of major city rival A. S. Pro Piacenza 1919. In mid-2013 Lupa Piacenza was renamed Piacenza Calcio 1919. At the same time, LibertaSpes was re-founded, but under the name Associazione Calcistica Dilettantistica LibertaSpes, which did not use the usual Associazione Calcio Dilettantistica in the denomination. In 2013–14 Serie D season Piacenza Calcio was placed in the group B along with city rival Pro Piacenza 1919. In the 2015-16 Serie D season, the club secured promotion to Lega Pro by winning the Group B title with 96 points and 30 wins over the course of the season, beating second placed Lecco by 16 points.
Piacenza Calcio 1919 and Piacenza Calcio play their home matches at the 21,668 capacity, Stadio Leonardo Garilli, located in the city of Piacenza. The youth sector of the club was based in Steel Acciai Sport Center – Centro Sportivo "F. Gaudino" on "via Enrico Millo", Piacenza; the facility was named after the former chairman of LibertaSpes, Fabio Gaudino, as LibertaSpes, one of the predecessors of the current club Piacenza Calcio 1919 used the facility. The 2013 re-founded LibertaSpes was based in nearby Campo "G. Calamari", used by Pontolliese Libertas in the past; as of 31 January 2019Note: Flags indicate national team. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality. Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality. See Category:Piacenza Calcio 1919 managers. Anglo-Italian Cup Winners: 1986Serie B Champions: 1994/95 Runners-up: 2000/01 Promoted: 1992/93Serie C Champions: 1986/87, 1990/91 Runners-up: 1936/37, 1937/38 Serie D Champions: 1963–64, 2015/16Seconda Divisione Promoted: 1927/28 Group runners-up: 1922/23, 1924/25Emilian Championship: Champions: 1919/20 Finished equal first position but lost play-off game to A.
C. Fanfulla 18