Stag's Leap Wine Cellars
Stag's Leap Wine Cellars is a winery founded by Warren Winiarski in 1970 and based in the Stags Leap District of Napa Valley, California. The winery was sold to a joint venture by Chateau Ste. Michelle of Woodinville and Marchesi Antinori Srl of Italy for $185 million in August 2007, it is 50% owned by the tobacco/food conglomerate Altria. Warren Winiarski was introduced to wine while on a year-long trip to Italy studying the work of Niccolò Machiavelli. After returning to Chicago, he found an interest in wine and in the early 1960s began to experiment with making his own wine at home, he moved to the Napa Valley with his wife and children in 1968, took up a job with Chateau Souverain. Following this, he moved to work at the newly started Robert Mondavi Winery. Stag's Leap Wine Cellars was founded in 1970 after Winiarski purchased a 44-acre block of land for under $200,000, situated next to the vineyard owned by modern Napa Valley Cabernet winegrowing pioneer Nathan Fay. Winiarski decided on purchasing land in the region after tasting a homemade wine from Nathan Fay's vineyard, after tasting the wine Winarski stated "I said to myself, Eureka!
That’s it. This wine satisfied, it had not only regional character but elements of classic or universal character."The purchased plot was planted to prune trees and walnuts as well as a small amount of Petite Sirah and Alicante Bouschet, these were replaced with Cabernet Sauvignon and Merlot vines and the vineyard was renamed to "Stag's Leap Vineyard" or "S. L. V"; the first vintage produced from the new vineyard was produced in a rented facility. Winiarski was with assistance from Andre Tchelistcheff; the second vintage—the first, produced at the estate and in commercial quantities— was from 1973. This'73 vintage was entered into and subsequently rated the top red wine at the now historic Judgment of Paris in 1976, launching the winery into the international spotlight. Following this achievement, the winery began to expand its land holdings, purchasing the neighboring "Fay" Cabernet Sauvignon vineyard in 1986, which nearly doubled the vineyard size owned by the estate, a Chardonnay vineyard named "Arcadia" from Mike Grgich in 1996.
Grgich was the winemaker at Chateau Montelena in the early 1970s and he produced the counterpart winning Californian Chardonnay at the 1976 Judgment of Paris. A lawsuit initiated by Winiarski and a counter-suit filed by Carl Doumani, owner of Stags' Leap Winery, was decided in 1986 by the California Supreme Court; the two wineries were founded in the same year, both claimed first use of the name "Stag's Leap". The court decided that the wineries were named after the area, so both were allowed to use the name; the judgment included a provision that Winiarski would keep the apostrophe before the s in his winery name, where Doumani would use the apostrophe after the s. Winiarski and Doumani became friendly after the lawsuit was concluded, releasing a 1985 vintage Cabernet Sauvignon with an equal percentage of grapes from each estate and named "Accord", they worked together in an attempt to stop the Stags Leap American Viticultural Area from being created, but they were unsuccessful and the AVA was ratified as a sub-region of the Napa Valley AVA in 1989.
In August 2007, Winiarski sold the winery to Chateau Ste. Michelle and Marchesi Antinori Srl for a reported value of 185 million US dollars; the sale included the winery facilities, as well as the Fay vineyards. The Arcadia vineyard was kept by the Winiarski family and will continue to provide fruit to the winery on a contract basis. Winiarski, 79 at the time of the sale, was looking to retire and his family members were not in a position to continue running the business. Winiarski agreed to continue as a part-time advisor for three years following the sale; the winery achieved significant international recognition in 1976, four years after its establishment, at the Judgment of Paris where its 1973 vintage Cabernet Sauvignon won first place among ten top French and California red wines in a blind taste test by leading French wine experts. The French wines tasted were prestigious first and second growths wines from the 1970 and 1971 vintage from Château Haut-Brion, Château Mouton-Rothschild, Château Leoville Las Cases and Château Montrose.
The result of the tasting has been described by Decanter as "a victory that put California on the winemaking map, established Stag’s Leap Wine Cellars as a global superstar", by Paul Lukacs as "most important, it enabled not only the United States but Australia, South America, the rest of the New World to emerge as legitimate sources of superior wines."A bottle of 1973 Stag's Leap Wine Cellars Cabernet Sauvignon was placed into the Smithsonian National Museum of American History collection in 1996 as a result of placing first in this competition and to reflect the impact that the achievement had on the United States wine industry. The bottle was included in the book, The Smithsonian’s History of America in 101 Objects, by Richard Kurin, the Smithsonian Institution’s Under Secretary for History and Culture. Other items chosen from among the collections for this historic list included Neil Armstrong’s space suit, Abraham Lincoln’s top hat, Charles Lindbergh’s Spirit of St. Louis, Lewis & Clark’s compass.”The San Francisco Wine Tasting of 1978 was a re-tasting of the same wines 20 months after the Paris event.
Stag's Leap again won first place with a different set of judges. At the French Culinary Institute Wine Tasting of 1986, held ten years after Paris, Stag's Leap received sixth place, in the Wine Spectator Wine Tasting of 1986 it won fourth place. In'The Judgment of Paris' 30th Anniversary tasting with the same wines and vintages taste
Copenhagen is a brand of dipping tobacco made by the U. S. Smokeless Tobacco Company; the product is available in pouches and different cuts of tobacco, including Fine Cut, Long Cut, Extra Long Cut. Copenhagen Original Snuff, Long Cut, pouches come in a 1.2 oz fiberboard can, not plastic with a metal lid. The brand offers other flavors like Wintergreen, Straight, Southern Blend, seasonally, Black. If it is offered as tax-exempt for use outside the US, the original flavor is packaged in an all-fiberboard-bottom can with a tin lid, while all the rest of the flavors have a plastic can with the same lid as the original. Copenhagen dipping tobacco delivers varying contents of nicotine, depending on the cut. In 2006, Copenhagen's marketing team introduced "Cope" as a side brand. While two of the flavors introduced with this side brand were unique, Long Cut Straight was offered under the main Copenhagen branding. "Cope" was marketed as being a premium tobacco, with a higher price to match its increase in the quality of the tobacco.
Cope brand was discontinued in 2017. Copenhagen has two levels of pricing within its line. Snuff, Long-Cut, Original Pouches, Weyman's Reserve are considered premium level. In the United States, premium line dips are priced about one to two dollars more than their sub-premium counterparts, all except the Weyman's Reserve come in fiberboard-bottom cans; the remaining flavors, Mint, Wintergreen and Southern Blend, fall into a sub-premium level. 1822: George Weyman begins producing Copenhagen Snuff in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. 1922: After a series of acquisitions and breakups, the company is renamed United States Tobacco Company. 1934: United States Tobacco Company introduces Skoal Wintergreen — the first of its kind for the company. 1968: Copenhagen introduces Copenhagen Snuff in a can. 1983: Skoal Bandits is introduced, breaking ground for Copenhagen to have its own brand of pouches. 1984: Skoal Long Cut is introduced, again a first for UST. 1997: Copenhagen Long Cut is introduced. 2001: Copenhagen Pouches is introduced.
2002: Copenhagen Mid Cut Black is introduced. 2009: Copenhagen Wintergreen Long Cut is introduced. 2011: Copenhagen Wintergreen Pouches is introduced. 2012: Copenhagen Southern Blend are introduced 2013: Copenhagen Mint Long Cut and Mint are introduced in test markets. 2016: Copenhagen Mint Long Cut and Pouches are introduced nationwide. 2017: Copenhagen Weyman's Reserve is introduced. 2017: Copenhagen Smooth Mint and Copenhagen Smooth Wintergreen are introduced in Pennsylvania for test marketing. They have yet to be released in any other states. 2018: Copenhagen Southern Blend is introduced nationwide. Copenhagen Original Snuff: introduced in 1822 Copenhagen Original Long Cut: introduced in 1997 Copenhagen Original Pouches: introduced in 2001 Copenhagen Mid Cut Black: released in April 2011 Replaced by Long Cut Black. Cope Long Cut Whiskey Blend: released September 17, 2007 Cope Long Cut Smooth Hickory: released September 17, 2007 Cope Long Cut Straight: released September 17, 2007 Copenhagen Long Cut Wintergreen: introduced in November 2009 Copenhagen Extra Long Cut Natural: introduced in 2010 Copenhagen Long Cut Straight: released in 2010 Copenhagen Long Cut Black Copenhagen Wintergreen Pouches Copenhagen Long Cut Southern Blend Copenhagen Long Cut Mint: released in March 2016 Copenhagen Mint Pouches: released in March 2016 Copenhagen Weyman's Reserve: released in late 2017 Copenhagen Smooth Mint: released as a test product to Pennsylvania in late 2017 Copenhagen Smooth Wintergreen: released as a test product to Pennsylvania in late 2017, again in late 2018 to a wider market
Marlboro is an American brand of cigarettes owned and manufactured by Philip Morris USA within the United States, by Philip Morris International outside the United States. Richmond, Virginia, is the location of the largest Marlboro cigarette manufacturing plant. Marlboro is the global best-selling cigarette brand since 1972. Philip Morris cigarette maker, opened a New York subsidiary in 1902 to sell many of its cigarette brands; the mark "Marlboro" was registered in the United States in 1908 although no cigarette was marketed under this name until 1923. In 1924, the brand was launched, they are first marketed as "America's luxury cigarette" and were sold in hotels and resorts. Around the 1930s, it was starting to be advertised as a women's cigarette, based on the slogan "Mild As May"; the name was taken from a street in London. However, as early as 1885, a brand called "Marlborough" was being marketed as a "ladies' favorite" by Philip Morris & Co. In the 1930s, advertising for the cigarette was based on how ladylike the filter cigarette was, in an attempt to appeal to the mass market.
To this end, the filter had a printed red band around it to hide lipstick stains, calling it "Beauty Tips to Keep the Paper from Your Lips". Shortly before World War II, the brand's sales stagnated at less than 1% of tobacco sales in the US and was withdrawn from the market. After the war, Lucky Strike, Chesterfield were the only common cigarettes. After scientists published a major study linking smoking to lung cancer in the 1950s, Philip Morris repositioned Marlboro as a men's cigarette in order to fit a market niche of men who were concerned about lung cancer. At the time, filtered cigarettes were considered safer than unfiltered cigarettes, but had been until that time only marketed to women. Men at the time indicated that while they would consider switching to a filtered cigarette, they were concerned about being seen smoking a cigarette marketed to women; the red and white package was designed by the designer Frank Gianninoto. The emblem is placed on top of the pack and has the popular Latin expression Veni, vici, authored by Julius Caesar.
The repositioning of Marlboro as a men's cigarette was handled by Chicago advertiser Leo Burnett. The proposed campaign was to present a lineup of manly figures: sea captains, war correspondents, construction workers, etc; the cowboy was to have been the first in this series. While Philip Morris was concerned about the campaign, they gave the green light. Marlboro's market share rose from less than one percent to the fourth best-selling brand; this convinced Philip Morris to drop the lineup of manly figures and stick with the cowboy known as the Marlboro Man. From 1963, the television advertisements used Elmer Bernstein's theme from The Magnificent Seven. In the late 1960s, Marlboro "Longhorn 100's" were introduced. Although colour-coded with gold, they were full flavor cigarettes, not lights. In 1972, Marlboro became the best-selling brand of tobacco in the world. In order to comply with a 2006 court ruling in United States v. Philip Morris USA, Inc. et al. Philip Morris is now prevented from using words such as "Lights", "Ultra-Lights", "Medium", "Mild", or any similar designation that yields a false impression that they are safer than regular full flavour cigarettes.
Thus Marlboro and other cigarette companies must use only color-coding instead. Philip Morris responded to the popularity of Pall Mall, the number three brand, by pushing Marlboro Special Blends, a lower-priced cigarette. In 2013, Philip Morris International introduced "Marlboro 2.0". The pack design was changed; the Marlboro 2.0 packs are available in Europe and some parts of Africa and Latin America, but not in the United States, Canada and New Zealand. In 2015, Philip Morris announced they would introduce a "Firm Filter" to their Marlboro Red, Silver Blue, Ice Blast and White Menthol variants. Philip Morris managing director for the United Kingdom and Ireland, Martin Inkster, said that the Firm Filter technique was added to "offer quality you can feel, it is a cleaner way to stub out your cigarette". In the 1920s, advertising for the cigarette was based on how ladylike the filter cigarette was, in an attempt to appeal to the mass market. To this end, the filter had a printed red band around it to hide lipstick stains, calling it "Beauty Tips to Keep the Paper from Your Lips".
The red and white package was designed by the designer Frank Gianninoto. The repositioning of Marlboro as a men's cigarette was handled by Chicago advertiser Leo Burnett; the proposed campaign was to present a lineup of manly figures: sea captains, war correspondents, construction workers, etc. The cowboy was to have been the first in this series. While Philip Morris was concerned about the campaign, they gave the green light. Marlboro's market share rose from less than one percent to the fourth best-selling brand; this convinced Philip Morris to drop the lineup of manly figures and stick with the cowboy known as the Marlboro Man. From 1963, the television advertisements used Elmer Bernstein's theme from The Magnificent Seven. Over the years, Philip Morris has made many billboard and magazine adverts. Philip Morris made various sports-related billboards, s
Snuff is a smokeless tobacco made from ground or pulverised tobacco leaves. It is inhaled or "snuffed" into the nasal cavity, delivering a swift hit of nicotine and a lasting flavoured scent. Traditionally, it is sniffed or inhaled after a pinch of snuff is either placed onto the back surface of the hand, held pinched between thumb and index finger, or held by a specially made "snuffing" device, it was in common use in Europe by the 17th century. Traditional snuff production consists in tobacco snuff mills; the selected tobacco leaves are first subject to special tobacco curing or fermentation processes, where they will provide the individual characteristics and flavour for each type of snuff blend. Snuff is scented or flavoured, with many blends of snuff requiring months to years of special storage to reach the required maturity. Typical traditional flavours are varieties of blended tobacco leaves considered original "fine snuff" without any addition of scents or essences. Varieties of spice, fruit and mentholated soon followed, either pure or in blends.
Each snuff manufacturer has a variety of unique recipes and blends, as well as special recipes for individual customers. Common flavours include coffee, bordeaux, vanilla, orange, plum, cinnamon and spearmint. Modern flavours include Bourbon and whisky. Traditional classic German snuff blends are the pungent and sharp Brasil blends. Snuff comes in a range of texture and moistness, from fine to coarse, from toast to moist. Drier snuffs are ground more finely. There is a range of tobacco-free snuffs, such as Pöschl's Weiss, made from glucose powder or herbs. While speaking, these are not snuffs because they contain no tobacco, they are an alternative for those who wish to avoid nicotine, or for "cutting" a strong snuff to an acceptable strength; the indigenous populations of Brazil were the first people known to have used ground tobacco as snuff. They would grind the tobacco leaves using a mortar and pestle made of rosewood, where the tobacco would acquire a delicate aroma of the wood; the resulting snuff was stored airtight in ornate bone bottles or tubes to preserve its flavour for consumption.
Snuff-taking by the Taino and Carib people of the Lesser Antilles was observed by the Franciscan friar Ramón Pané on Columbus' second voyage to the New World in 1493. Friar Pané's return to Spain with snuff signalled its arrival in Europe that would last for centuries. In the early 16th century, the Spanish Casa de Contratación established and held a trade monopoly in the first manufacturing industries of snuff, in the City of Seville, which became Europe's first manufacturing and development centre for snuff; the Spanish called snuff polvo or rapé. At first they were independent production mills dispersed within the city, state control over the activity concentrated the production to one location opposite the Church of San Pedro. By the mid-18th century it was decided to build a large and grand industrial building outside the city walls, thus the Royal Tobacco Factory was built, becoming Europe's first industrial tobacco factory, producing snuff and auctioning tobacco at first, Spain's second largest building at the time.
In 1561 Jean Nicot, the French ambassador in Lisbon, who described tobacco's medicinal properties as a panacea in his writings, is credited with introducing ground tobacco snuff to the Royal Court of Catherine de' Medici to treat her persistent headaches. Catherine de' Medici was so impressed with its curative relieving properties, she promptly declared the tobacco would henceforth be termed Herba Regina. Catherine's royal seal of approval would help popularise snuff among the French nobility; the Dutch, who named the ground powdered tobacco "snuff", were using the product by 1560. By the early 1600s, snuff had become an expensive luxury commodity. In 1611, commercially manufactured snuff made its way to North America by way of John Rolfe, the husband of Pocahontas, who introduced a sweeter Spanish variety of tobacco to North America. Though most of the colonists in America never accepted the English style of snuff use, American aristocrats used snuff. Snuff use in England increased in popularity after the Great Plague of London as people believed snuff had valuable medicinal properties, which added a powerful impetus to its consumption.
By 1650, snuff use had spread from France to England and Ireland, throughout Europe, as well as Japan and Africa. By the 17th century some prominent objectors to snuff-taking arose. Pope Urban VIII threatened to excommunicate snuff-takers. In Russia in 1643, Tsar Michael prohibited the sale of tobacco, instituted the punishment of removing the nose of those who used snuff, declared that persistent users of tobacco would be killed. Despite this, use persisted elsewhere. By the 18th century, snuff had become the tobacco product of choice among the elite. Snuff use reached a peak in England during the reign of Queen Anne, it was during this time. Prominent snuff users included Pope Benedict XIII who repealed the smoking ban set by Pope Urban VIII.
Chesterfield is a brand of cigarettes owned and manufactured by Altria. It is named after Virginia. Chesterfield was a sponsor of the Surtees team during the 1976 Formula One season and 1977 Formula One season. A second car entered in was sponsored by Chesterfield in 1977, while their main car was controversially sponsored by Durex. Chesterfield sponsored the BMS Scuderia Italia team in the 1993 FIA Formula One World Championship, they only sponsored the team for one season due to the retirement of the team from F1 to focus on the World Touring Car Cup. Chesterfield was a sponsor of Max Biaggi's Aprilia RSV 250 from the 1994 to the 1996 Grand Prix motorcycle racing season in the 250cc World Championship; the livery of the bike was black with the mark on the side fairings. In the same years, Aprilia adopted the same livery in the series production of its RS road bikes; the success was so great that today Italians are used to say "La Chesterfield" to refer to the Aprilia RS models of those years.
Chesterfield was the main sponsor of the motorcycle team "BYRD" at the Paris-Dakar Rally from 1987 to 1994. The competition team "Yamaha Sonauto" was sponsored by the cigarette brand Gauloises. In addition, under the name "Chesterfield Scout" a collaboration with the enduro sport on a more private level. For example, at Yamaha in 1989, there was a "Chesterfield DT" with 125 cc, for the Yamaha XTZ 750 Super Ténéré gave it in its first model year in 1989, the color variant "Chesterfield". In the 1930s through the 1950s, Chesterfield sponsored popular radio programs. An early one was the radio series Music That Satisfies, broadcast in 1932-1933; the Chesterfield Hour featured big bands such as those of Paul Whiteman and Glenn Miller and Fred Waring. It was followed by Johnny Mercer's Chesterfield Music Shop and the Chesterfield Supper Club which featured Perry Como and Jo Stafford with Peggy Lee replacing Stafford on some episodes beginning in 1948. Johnny Mercer wrote the pop standard song "Dream" as the theme song for his Chesterfield radio program.
Liggett & Myers sponsored Dragnet, during the 1950s. The 1954 theatrical version of Dragnet had Chesterfield product placements, such as advertisements in scenes taking place at drug stores and news counters, or cigarette vending machines. Jack Webb as Sgt. Joe Friday was seen smoking Chesterfields in the movie and TV series; the Martin and Lewis Show, on NBC radio from 1949 to 1953, was sponsored or co-sponsored for most of its run by Chesterfield. In the 1950s, Gunsmoke on both radio and TV was sponsored by Chesterfields and L&Ms. In the 1940s and 1950s Ronald Reagan, Bob Hope, Bing Crosby, Perry Como, Arthur Godfrey were among Chesterfield's official spokesmen. Chesterfield is sold in: Argentina, Austria, Belgium and Herzegovina, Costa Rica, Czech Republic, Finland, Germany, Hungary, Italy, Latvia, Luxembourg, Moldova, Netherlands, Poland, Romania, Saudi Arabia, Slovenia, South Africa, Sweden, Turkey, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom. On February 8, 2018, Phillip Morris USA discontinued Chesterfield non-filter cigarettes in the United States.
In January 2019, Phillip Morris USA began testing some filtered varieties in North and South Carolina. The varieties include Reds and Green. Ian Fleming makes references to different smoking products in his famous James Bond novels; the Chesterfield brand of cigarette are portrayed as one of Bond's favorites as seen in the 1959 book Goldfinger. In this novel, James Bond demands of Goldfinger's servant, "Oddjob, I want a lot of food, quickly, and a bottle of bourbon and ice. A carton of Chesterfields, king-size..."In numerous Stephen King novels, his characters smoke Chesterfield cigarettes. In the popular 2010 HBO TV series Boardwalk Empire, Agent Knox is seen giving three packs of Chesterfield cigarettes to Clayton. Humphrey Bogart appeared in Chesterfield advertisements. A scene from the 1944 movie To Have and Have Not shows him with a pack of Chesterfields. Chesterfield was made famous notably through Jean-Luc Godard's 1960 film À bout de souffle in which the cigarette smoked by the actress Jean Seberg is a Chesterfield.
Vittorio Gassman bought two packs of Chesterfield cigarettes in the movie Il Sorpasso. In Jack Clayton's 1974 adaptation of The Great Gatsby, Gatsby splits the last Chesterfield in his pack with Nick Carraway while the two chat on Carraway's porch. Nick Carraway is a thinly-disguised F. Scott Fitzgerald in The Great Gatsby. Fitzgerald's favorite cigarette was Chesterfield's. Jake Blues smoked Chesterfield cigarettes in the 1980 film The Blues Brothers. Near the end of the scene at Bob's Country Bunker, Jake is seen flashing a flattened and nearly empty pack of Chesterfield cigarettes, pretending it is his musician's union ID card. In Jim Jarmusch's 1984 film Stranger Than Paradise the main characters smoke Chesterfields, at times discussing where they can purchase them. In the 1989 film Fratelli d'Italia, Jerry Calà draws a pack of Chesterfield Reds several times. In Quentin Tarantino's 1992 movie Reservoir Dogs, Mr. White offers Mr. Pink a Che
Franklin Park, Illinois
Franklin Park is a village in Cook County, United States. The population was 18,333 at the 2010 census. Franklin Park is located at 41°56′2″N 87°52′24″W. According to the 2010 census, Franklin Park has a total area of all land; as of the census of 2010, there were 18,333 people, 6,178 households, 4,486 families residing in the village. The population density was 3,843.4 people per square mile. There were 6,569 housing units at an average density of 1,377.1 per square mile. The racial makeup of the village was 74.7% White, 1.3% African American, 0.4% Native American, 3.1% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 18.0% some other race, 2.5% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino people of any race were 43.1% of the population. There were 6,178 households, out of which 38.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.3% were headed by married couples living together, 12.8% had a female householder with no husband present, 27.4% were non-families. 22.7% of all households were made up of individuals, 9.3% were someone living alone, 65 years of age or older.
The average household size was 2.96, the average family size was 3.51. In the village, the population was spread out with 24.7% under the age of 18, 10.2% from 18 to 24, 28.7% from 25 to 44, 25.4% from 45 to 64, 11.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35.6 years. For every 100 females, there were 100.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 99.1 males. For the period 2007-11, the estimated median annual income for a household in the village was $55,500, the median income for a family was $62,232. Male full-time workers had a median income of $44,502 versus $31,186 for females; the per capita income for the village was $20,925. About 11.2% of families and 12.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 18.9% of those under age 18 and 7.2% of those age 65 or over. Franklin Park has three Metra stations: Belmont Avenue on Metra's North Central Service, which provides daily rail service between Antioch and Chicago, Illinois. Franklin Park is home to Grand Stand Pizza, in 2005 voted Best Thin Crust in Chicago by Fox News Chicago, A.
M. Castle & Co, R&M Trucking Co. Aerospace Manufacturer, Chucking Machine Products, Sax-Tiedemann Funeral Home & Crematorium, Precision Steel Warehouse, Inc. and Ex-Cell Kaiser, manufacturers of waste and recycling products. It was home to Midway Manufacturing before the company relocated in 1991. Elementary school districts: Franklin Park School District 84 Hester Junior High School North Elementary School Passow Elementary School Pietrini Elementary School East Early Childhood Center Mannheim School District 83 Enger School, for disabled children, in Franklin Park Scott Elementary School Westdale Elementary School Roy Elementary School Mannheim Middle School High school districts: Leyden High School District 212 East Leyden High School West Leyden High SchoolPrivate schools in nearby River Grove: St. Cyprian Catholic Elementary School Guerin College Preparatory High SchoolTriton College is the area community college. Leo Bartoline, Illinois legislator and lawyer Ned Colletti, baseball executive.
A tea bag is a small, sealed bag or packet containing dried plant material, immersed in water to make a tea or an infusion. Classically these are tea leaves, but the term is used for herbal teas made of herbs or spices. Tea bags are made of filter paper or food-grade plastic, or of silk; the bag contains the tea leaves while the tea is steeped, making it easier to dispose of the leaves, performs the same function as a tea infuser. Some tea bags have an attached piece of string with a paper label at the top that assists in removing the bag while displaying the brand or variety of tea. In countries where the use of loose tea leaves is more prevalent, the term "tea bag" is used to describe paper or foil packaging for loose leaves, they are square or rectangular envelopes with the brand name and decorative patterns printed on them. Packing tea in paper goes back to medieval 8th century China, during the Tang dynasty, when paper was folded and sewn into square bags to preserve tea flavoring and aromas.
The paper tea bags were stitched from all sides to create protective casings for the tea leaves. The first modern tea bags in the Western World were hand-sewn fabric bags. First appearing commercially around 1904, tea bags were marketed about 1908 by the tea and coffee importer Thomas Sullivan from New York, who shipped his silk tea bags around the world; the loose tea was intended to be removed from the bags by customers, but they found it easier to brew the tea with the tea still enclosed in the porous bags. The first tea bag packing machine was invented in 1929 by Adolf Rambold for the German company Teekanne; the heat-sealed paper fiber tea bag was patented in 1930 by William Hermanson, one of the founders of Technical Papers Corporation of Boston, who sold his patent to the Salada Tea Company. The rectangular tea bag was not invented until 1944. Prior to this, tea bags resembled small sacks. A broad variety of teas as well as other infusions like herbal teas, are available in tea bags. Tea bags use fannings, the left-overs after larger leaf pieces are gathered for sale as loose tea, but some companies sell teabags containing whole-leaf tea.
Tea bag paper is related to paper found in milk and coffee filters and is a blend of wood and vegetable fibers. The latter is bleached pulp abaca hemp, a plantation banana plant grown for its fiber in the Philippines and Colombia; some bags have a heat-sealable thermoplastic such as PVC or polypropylene as a component fiber on the inner tea bag surface, other bags are made from nylon. Paper tea bags are sealed using polypropylene. In 2017, Mike Armitage, a gardener in Wrexham, UK, found that tea bags left a plastic residue after being composted, he started a petition urging Unilever to remove plastic from bag production. In January 2018, Co-op Food announced that they were removing plastic from their own brand 99 tea bags in conjunction with their supplier Typhoo. In February 2018, PG Tips announced that their pyramid bags now use corn starch adhesive in place of polypropylene. A few of the leading tea bag production machine companies are MAI from Mar del Argentina. A standard machine produced by the MAI company can fill 120 rectangular bags per minute containing up to 3.3 grams per bag, which allows the packaging of herbal teas.
Another company, the Italian Tecnomeccanica, has a faster design capable of filling 250 tetrahedral bags per minute. Traditionally, tea bags have been rectangular in shape. More circular and tetrahedral bags have come on the market and are claimed by their manufacturers to improve the quality of the brew. Environmentalists prefer silk to nylon because of biodegradability issues. Another material for tea bags is Soilon, made from corn starch. Empty tea bags are available for consumers to fill with tea leaves themselves; these are open-ended pouches with long flaps. The pouch is filled with an appropriate quantity of leaf tea and the flap is closed into the pouch to retain the tea; such tea bags combine the ease of use of a commercially produced tea bag with the wider tea choice and better quality control of loose leaf tea. The concept of pre-measured portions to be infused in disposable bags has been applied to coffee in the form of coffee bags, although this has not achieved such wide acceptance as tea bags.
Decorative tea bags have become the basis for large collections and many collectors collect tea bags from around the world. Tea bag collector clubs are spread around the world and members consist of people interested in items related to teas. Online collector clubs include catalogs of tea bags, as well as collection tracking tools. In addition, tea bag collectors collect other tea-related items such as labels; these websites provide forums for discussions and trade arrangements between collectors. Teabag folding began in the Netherlands and is credited to Tiny van der Plas, it is a form of origami in which identical squares of patterned paper are folded, arranged in rosettes. These rosettes are used to decorate gift cards and it has become a popular craft in both the US and UK since 2000. 3-MCPD, a chemical compound, carcinogenic, can occur in some resin-reinforced tea bag materials Builder's tea, refers to a basic method of preparing tea in a mug with tea bags Tea leaf grading Tea strainer, a small mesh utensil that can filter out stray tea leaves when whole-leaf tea is poured from a teapot Tetley, the British tea company that introduced tea bags in the United Kingdom in 1953