UCL Faculty of Life Sciences
The UCL Faculty of Life Sciences is one of the 11 constituent faculties of University College London. The Faculty forms part of the UCL School of Life and Medical Sciences, together with the Faculty of Brain Sciences, the Faculty of Medical Sciences and the Faculty of Population Health Sciences. Chairs of Botany and Comparative Anatomy were established at UCL from its founding in 1826; the Department of Physiology was established at UCL in 1828 and the Department of Pharmacology in 1905. The Faculty of Life Sciences was founded in October 1990. In August 2008 it was announced that UCL had been selected to be the location for a new £140 million neuroscience institute to be funded by the Wellcome Trust and the Gatsby Charitable Foundation; the School of Pharmacy, University of London merged with UCL on 1 January 2012, becoming the UCL School of Pharmacy within the Faculty of Life Sciences. The Faculty comprises the following departments and institutes: UCL Division of Biosciences UCL Research Department of Cell and Developmental Biology UCL Research Department of Genetics and Environment UCL Research Department of Neuroscience and Pharmacology UCL Research Department of Structural and Molecular Biology MRC Laboratory for Molecular Cell Biology at UCL Gatsby Computational Neuroscience Unit UCL School of Pharmacy Sainsbury Wellcome Centre for Neural Circuits and Behaviour In the 2013 Academic Ranking of World Universities, UCL is ranked 22nd in the world for Life & Agricultural Sciences.
In the 2014 QS World University Rankings by Faculty, UCL is ranked 10th in the world for Life Sciences and Medicine. In the 2014 QS World University Rankings by Subject, UCL is ranked 20th in the world for Biological Sciences, 14th in the world for Linguistics and 4th in the world for Pharmacy & Pharmacology. In the 2014/15 Times Higher Education World University Rankings, UCL is ranked 17th in the world for Life Sciences. There are six Nobel Prize winners amongst the Faculty's alumni and current and former staff. Notable members of Faculty academic staff include: David Attwell David Colquhoun Stuart Cull-Candy Peter Dayan Rob Horne Steve Jones John O'Keefe Geraint Rees Jennifer Rohn Claudio Stern Gabriel Waksman Semir Zeki UCL Faculty of Life Sciences MRC Laboratory for Molecular Cell Biology at UCL University College London
UCL Jill Dando Institute
The UCL Jill Dando Institute of Security and Crime Science is an institute of crime science located in London, United Kingdom and a part of University College London. It was founded in 2001, becoming the first university institute in the world devoted to crime science; the Institute's current Director is Professor Richard Wortley. In April 1999 the broadcaster Jill Dando was murdered outside her home in west London, her colleague Nick Ross proposed a memorial to her in the form of a new university institution in her name. Ross had conceived of crime science as a new discipline which distinguished itself from criminology by focusing on crime prevention, scientific methodology and multidisciplinary approach, he and Dando's fiancé, Alan Farthing, established the Jill Dando Fund with the help of the Metropolitan Police Commissioner Sir John Stevens, the Countess of Wessex, her family and friends. On 15 March 2000 the Jill Dando Fund was launched in London at Claridge's hotel, followed by the launch of the Jill Dando Fund Appeal on 12 September 2000.
The appeal raised £1.5 million and UCL was selected to host the Jill Dando Institute of Crime Science. Professor Gloria Laycock, OBE was appointed as the first Director of the Institute in January 2001; the Institute was opened on 26 April 2001, the second anniversary of Jill Dando's murder, when Prof Laycock gave her inaugural speech as Director. In May 2004 the Institute established new scholarships for its MSc in crime science. In 2005 a Security and Crime Science Centre was established at the Institute to work with industry partners in creating new approaches to counter terrorism. In the same year the International Crime Science Network was established; the Institute published research in May 2006 which showed that the UK and France are perceived to have the worst problems with anti-social behaviour in Europe. The Centre for Security and Crime Science opened in October 2006. In 2009 UCL established the Department of Security and Crime Science as a separate entity from the Institute in order to enable the offering of post-graduate taught and research courses in security and crime science.
The Institute continued as a cross-departmental research institute in crime science. In September 2009 the Home Office was criticised after it drew up timescales for how long DNA samples should be retained based on research by the Institute that had not yet been finished; the Institute was awarded over £3 million in research and consultancy funding between 2001 and 2007. The Institute has collaborations with psychologists, economists, chemists, computer scientists, biologists as well as designers and town planners. Research at the Institute takes place within the following groupings: Crime Mapping Centre Designing Out Crime Group Crime Policy and Evaluation Group Crime scene investigation Crime prevention through environmental design Crime statistics UCL Jill Dando Institute of Security and Crime Science
UCL Institute of Ophthalmology
The UCL Institute of Ophthalmology is an institute within the Faculty of Brain Sciences of University College London and is based in London, United Kingdom. The Institute conducts research and post-graduate teaching in the area of ophthalmology; the Institute has a staff of around 200, including around 45 principal investigators, cooperates with Moorfields Eye Hospital, which it is located adjacent to and with which it is a partner in the NIHR Biomedical Research Centre for Ophthalmology. Together with Moorfields Eye Hospital, the Institute is the oldest and largest centre for ophthalmic treatment and research in Europe; the Institute of Ophthalmology was opened in November 1948 as an ophthalmology training facility specialised in fundamental research. During the 1980s and 1990s the Institute moved in a phased manner from its original location in Judd Street to its present site in Bath Street adjacent to Moorfields Eye Hospital; the Institute merged with University College London in 1995, becoming the UCL Institute of Ophthalmology.
Between 1995 and 2002 the Institute expanded following the award of £8.8 million from the Wellcome Trust and eye-research charity Fight for Sight and £6.5 million from the pharmaceutical company GlaxoSmithKline. In April 2008 the results of the world's first successful gene transplant for blindness trial, carried out by a team at the Institute and Moorfields Eye Hospital, were published. In April 2009, the Institute entered into a collaboration and license agreement with the pharmaceutical company Pfizer focused on gaining understanding into how to develop stem cell-based therapies for age-related macular degeneration. In the same month, details were published of the world's first stell cell based procedure for age-related macular degeneration, developed by researchers at the Institute and Moorfields Eye Hospital. In September 2010 the Institute entered into a three-year agreement with the pharmaceutical company AstraZeneca to collaborate on the identification of new treatments for diabetic retinopathy using the regenerative capacity of stem cells.
In August 2011 the Institute and Moorfields Eye Hospital were jointly awarded a Biomedical Research Centre for Ophthalmology by the National Institute of Health Research, supported by the award of £26.5 million over five years. In September 2011 a joint team from the Institute and Moorfields Eye Hospital received approval from the UK Medicines and Healthcare products Regulatory Agency to conduct a human embryonic stem cell therapy trial on patients with the incurable eye disease Stargardt; this was the first human stem cell therapy trial to receive approval from regulators in any European country. Research at the Institute is focused around the following seven areas: Genetics Gene therapy Cell transplantation Cell biology Disease processes Visual rehabilitation How we see The Institute offers the following postgraduate level courses: MSc in Ophthalmology MSc in Investigative Ophthalmology and Vision ScienceThe Institute offers three- and four-year PhD programmes; the Institute operates a joint library with Moorfields Eye Hospital, located at the Institute.
Access to the library for reference and study purposes is available to those working or studying at the Institute or at Moorfields Eye Hospital. Membership of the library is available to staff and students of the Institute and Moorfields Eye Hospital NHS Foundation Trust, to staff and students of UCL and affiliated NHS Trusts. UCL Partners UCLH/UCL Biomedical Research Centre Francis Crick Institute UCL Institute of Ophthalmology UCL Faculty of Brain Sciences Moorfields Eye Hospital NHS Foundation Trust NIHR Biomedical Research Centre for Ophthalmology
2011 England riots
The 2011 England riots, more known as the London Riots were a series of riots between the 6th of August and 11 August 2011, when thousands of people rioted in cities and towns across England, saw looting and mass deployment of police, resulted in the deaths of five people. Protests started in Tottenham, following the death of Mark Duggan, a local man, shot dead by police on 4 August. Several violent clashes with police ensued, along with the destruction of police vehicles, a double-decker bus and many homes and businesses, thus gaining attention from the media. Overnight, looting took place in Tottenham Hale retail park and nearby Wood Green; the following days saw similar scenes in other parts of London, with the worst rioting taking place in Hackney, Walthamstow, Enfield, Croydon, Barking, Woolwich and East Ham. From 8 to 10 August, other towns and cities in England saw what was described by the media as "copycat violence". Social media sites including Facebook featured rumours of further disturbances or details surrounding known disturbances which were proven to be inaccurate.
Rumours of a hospital being targeted by rioters in Birmingham were proven to be wrong, as were rumours of disturbances in the Heath Town district of Wolverhampton, which had witnessed a serious riot in May 1989. By 10 August, more than 3,000 arrests had been made across England, with more than 1,000 people issued with criminal charges for various offences related to the riots. Courts sat for extended hours. There were a total of 3,443 crimes across London. Along with the five deaths, at least 16 others were injured as a direct result of related violent acts. An estimated £200 million worth of property damage was incurred, local economic activity – which in many cases was struggling due to the recession – was compromised; the riots have generated significant ongoing debate among political and academic figures about the causes and context in which they happened. Attributions for the rioters' behaviour include social factors such as racial tension, class tension, economic decline and the unemployment that it had brought, as well as individual factors like criminality, the breakdown of social morality and the development of gang culture.
On Thursday 4 August 2011, a police officer shot and killed 29-year-old Mark Duggan during an intelligence-led, targeted vehicle stop procedure on the Ferry Lane bridge next to Tottenham Hale station. The Independent Police Complaints Commission said that the planned arrest was part of Operation Trident, which at that time investigated gun crime within the black community; the incident had been referred to the IPCC, standard practice if death or serious injury follows police contact. After the shooting, the media reported that a bullet was found embedded in a police radio, implying that Duggan fired on the police. Friends and relatives of Duggan said; the police revealed that initial ballistics tests on the bullet recovered from the police radio indicate that it was a "very distinct" police issue hollow-point bullet. The IPCC stated that a loaded Bruni BBM blank-firing pistol, converted to fire live ammunition, was recovered from the scene, it was wrapped in a sock and there was no evidence that it had been fired.
On 13 August, the IPCC stated that Duggan did not open fire: "It seems possible that we may have verbally led journalists to believe that shots were exchanged". The bullet that had lodged in an officer's radio is believed to have been an overpenetration, having passed through Duggan's body. At lunchtime on 6 August, a meeting was called by police between local community leaders and members of police advisory groups. In this meeting, police were warned several times that there could be another riot similar to the Broadwater Farm riot of 1985 if local concerns regarding the death were not addressed. On 8 January 2014, a jury at the Royal Courts of Justice concluded. On Saturday 6 August, a protest was held peacefully, beginning at Broadwater Farm and finishing at Tottenham police station; the protest was organised by relatives of Duggan to demand justice for the family. The group of some 300 people demanded; when Chief Inspector Ade Adelekan arrived, he was met with boos and cries of "murderer", "Uncle Tom" and "coconut".
The crowd stayed in front of the police station hours longer than they planned because they were not satisfied with the seniority of the officers available at the time. Rumours that a 16-year-old girl had sustained injuries after attacking police with a champagne bottle began circulating on social media. To date, the girl remains the report unconfirmed; however the rumour alone was sufficient to further fuel tensions in the area. A peaceful march on Saturday 6 August in Tottenham was followed by rioting and looting, first in Tottenham and in Tottenham Hale Retail Park. Rioting occurred shortly after about 120 people marched from the Broadwater Farm estate to Tottenham Police Station via the High Road; the spread of news and rumours about the previous evening's disturbances in Tottenham sparked riots during the night of Sunday 7 August in the London districts of Brixton, Enfield and Wood Green and
UCL Australia is an international campus of the University College London, located on Victoria Square in Adelaide, South Australia. It has three parts: the School of Energy and Resources, the International Energy Policy Institute and a branch of UCL's Mullard Space Science Laboratory. UCL Australia describes its university community as "welcoming and influential." In December 2008, Professor Michael Worton said of the establishment of UCL Australia that the university was "committed to working to solve real-world problems and we relish the opportunity to work not only with the South Australian Government but with Santos and a range of other Australian and international energy companies through our presence in Adelaide." UCL Australia established key corporate partnerships with two major resource and energy companies operating in South Australia: Santos and BHP Billiton. Santos' South Australian interests include onshore and offshore oil and gas developments while BHP Billiton's interest is concentrated on the expansion of the Olympic Dam mine- the world's largest known deposit of uranium.
Its campus was established in the Torrens Building on Victoria Square, Adelaide after the Government of South Australia committed AUD$4 million to refurbishing the building. The building houses an international campus of Carnegie Mellon University. In 2010, UCL Australia completed its first full academic year. Agreements between the partners were negotiated by Adelaide lawyer and public servant, Pamela Martin. In January 2015, UCL Australia announced that its campus would close within three years but agreed to support enrolled students through their degrees and courses. A $10 million agreement with the Government of South Australia and Santos expires in 2017. In 2012, research undertaken at UCL Australia included efforts to address problems in water processing for coal seam gas, design evaporative cooling systems for buildings using sea water and develop integrated energy systems for sustainable wine production; as of 2015, UCL Australia's research is focused on the following areas: Shale and other unconventional gas The low carbon economy Electricity markets and renewables Adding value to resources Community engagement and governance Environmental and resource monitoring The UCL School of Energy and Resources was established in partnership with the Government of South Australia and oil and gas company, Santos Limited.
It was established in 2009, with its first full academic year commencing in 2010. Its objective was to develop management capability to help the resources and energy sector meet the challenges of energy security and regulation, environmental impact and climate change. In 2015, current research projects undertaken at the School of Energy and Resources include: Reliability and resilience of Smart Grid technologies and architecture Design and optimization of water distribution networks Monitoring of environmental impacts from dredging and port development International regulation of offshore energy exploration and exploitation The School of Energy & Resources has offered incentives for student enrollment awarding 10 Santos scholarships to students wishing to undertake a Masters of Science in Energy and Resources; the scholarships covered full tuition fees and provided each recipient an additional $25,000 annual stipend. In 2016, scholarships were still being offered, with each scholarship "worth" up to $114,500 over two years, comprising full tuition plus a AUD$50,000 tax-free stipend.
The International Energy Policy Institute is housed on the Adelaide campus of University College London, Australia. In 2011, UCL signed a five-year $10 million partnership with BHP Billiton to establish the International Energy Policy Institute in Adelaide and an Institute for Sustainable Resources in London; the Institute was created to address challenges of complexity and sensitivity in the energy policy field through intensive research. Stefaan Simons was appointed the inaugural BHP Billiton Chair of Energy Policy, his directorship of the Institute commenced on 1 September 2012. The Institute was seeded by donations from oil and gas company Santos and the resource multi-national BHP Billiton. Research at IEPI is focused on upstream issues, acknowledging the Asia Pacific region's influence on global Coal and gas markets, its growing uptake in renewable energy; the Institute complements and contrasts the downstream focus of the UCL Energy Institute, based in London. Research undertaken at IEPI follows four themes: adding value to energy resources fossil and renewable energy futures community engagement climate strategiesAs of 2015, current projects at the IEPI include: Adding value to global Uranium resources The impact of climate policies on Australia’s Steel Manufacturing Sector Energy epidemiology – demand response management Engaging regional communities in climate action plans and sustainable energy futures The prospects for a Shale gas revolution in Australia Alternative uses for coal – do they make sense?
Notable staff of the IEPI include Emeritus Professor Anthony "Tony" Owen, Visiting Professor Timothy "Tim" Stone CBE and Honorary Reader James "Jim" Voss. UCL Australia has presented a series of lectures, most of which have been accessible to the general public. Subjects and presenters have included: UCL Australia's governance structure includes a Management Team, an Academic Board and an Advisory Board; as of April 2016, its Academic Board's membership includes representatives from: the Australian School of Petroleum at the University of Adelaide, the School of Engineeri
UCL Faculty of Laws
The UCL Faculty of Laws is the law school of University College London. It is based in London, United Kingdom, it is one of the world’s leading law schools, ranked 8th globally in the 2018 Times Higher Education World University Rankings for Law. Established in 1826, the Faculty was the first law school in England to admit students regardless of their religion, the first to admit women on equal terms with men; the Faculty has a student body comprising around 650 undergraduates, 350 taught graduates and around 40 research students and offers a variety of undergraduate and graduate degrees. It publishes a number of journals, including Current Legal Problems, Current Legal Issues, the UCL Jurisprudence Review. Notable alumni of the Faculty include Mahatma Gandhi, Chaim Herzog, Sir Ellis Clarke, Lord Woolf, Lord Goldsmith QC, Terry Davis, Taslim Olawale Elias and Chao Hick Tin; the Faculty is one of the oldest law schools in England. It was the first law school in England to offer a systematic university education to men and women, irrespective of religious beliefs and social backgrounds.
The Faculty's first professor was John Austin. Andrew Amos, a successful barrister, became the first Professor of English Law. Dame Hazel Genn was appointed was dean of the Faculty from September 2008 to May 2017; the current dean is Piet Eeckhout. In November 2010, the Faculty launched the UCL Judicial Institute, the first specialist academic centre for research and teaching about the judiciary to be established in the UK; the Faculty is based at Bentham House, Endsleigh Gardens, a few minutes’ walk from the main UCL campus. The building is named after philosopher and reformer Jeremy Bentham, associated with UCL; the main building was constructed in 1954–8 as a headquarters for the National Union of General and Municipal Workers: the exterior decoration includes at fifth-floor level five relief sculptures of industrial workers by Esmond Burton. It was acquired by UCL and occupied by the Faculty in 1965. In the mid-2000s, the Faculty expanded into the adjacent 1970s building in Endsleigh Street the B'nai B'rith Hillel House, now renamed the Gideon Schreier Wing.
Facilities at Bentham House include teaching rooms, lecture halls, a courtroom for moots, a student lounge, a coffee bar and two computer cluster rooms. In November 2014 an £18.5 million redevelopment of Bentham House received planning permission. Levitt Bernstein are the architects for the project; the Faculty was placed joint first in the UK for the proportion of its research activity in the top two star categories in the 2008 Research Assessment Exercise. It is home to a number of associated research centres and institutes: Bentham Project Centre for Access to Justice Centre for Commercial Law Centre for Criminal Law Centre for Empirical Legal Studies Centre for Ethics & Law Centre for International Courts & Tribunals Centre for Law and Society Centre for Law and the Environment Centre for Law and Governance in Europe Institute of Brand and Innovation Law Institute of Global Law Institute of Human Rights Jevons Institute for Competition Law and Economics Judicial Institute Labour Rights Institute UCL Jurisprudence Group UCL Private Law Group Human Rights Beyond Borders The Faculty receives an average of around 2,500 applications for 140 undergraduate places each year.
The minimum entry requirements are A*AA grades at A-level, plus a pass in a fourth subject at AS level and a high LNAT score. All candidates to whom an offer is contemplated being made who are identified as requiring particular consideration are interviewed. There are no places available through the UCAS clearing process; the Faculty admits 350 students to its graduate LLM course each year. The minimum entry requirements for the MPhil and PhD are a bachelor's degree with a first or high upper second honours together with an LLM with an average grade of 65%; the Faculty publishes a number of journals, including Current Legal Problems, Current Legal Issues, the UCL Jurisprudence Review. The Faculty hosts; these lectures are delivered by eminent academics from major universities around the world, senior members of the judiciary and leading legal practitioners. The Faculty is regarded as one of the best in the UK. In 2017, UCL Laws was ranked 8th globally in the 2018 Times Higher Education World University Rankings for Law.
In 2009 the Independent University Guide ranked the quality of teaching at the Faculty joint first in the UK alongside the University of Oxford. During a recent peer-review assessment conducted by The Sunday Times, the Faculty recorded perfect scores for teaching and research quality, confirming its reputation as one of UCL’s most outstanding departments. In 2009, the Faculty enjoyed a 100% graduate employment rate, compared to 99.7% at the University of Oxford, 98% at the University of Cambridge and 97% at the London School of Economics. Many graduates go on to pursue legal careers at'Magic Circle' law fir
European Research Council
The European Research Council is a public body for funding of scientific and technological research conducted within the European Union. Established by the European Commission in 2007, the ERC is composed of an independent Scientific Council, its governing body consisting of distinguished researchers, an Executive Agency, in charge of the implementation, it forms part of the framework programme of the union dedicated to research and innovation, Horizon 2020, preceded by the Seventh Research Framework Programme. The ERC budget is over €13 billion from 2014 – 2020 and comes from the Horizon 2020 programme, a part of the European Union's budget. Under Horizon 2020 it is estimated that around 7,000 ERC grantees will be funded and 42,000 team members supported, including 11,000 doctoral students and 16,000 post-doctoral researchers. Researchers from any field can compete for the grants; the ERC competitions are open to top researchers from outside the union. The average success rate is about 12%. Five ERC grantees have won Nobel Prizes.
Grant applications are assessed by qualified experts. Excellence is the sole criterion for selection; the aim is to recognise the best ideas, confer status and visibility to the best research in Europe, while attracting talent from abroad. Along with national funding bodies, the ERC aims to improve the climate for European frontier research; the Scientific Council has been keen to learn from the ERC’s peers in national research councils and to engage in dialogue and appropriate collaboration. Some countries – such as Poland – have used the ERC model to establish national basic research funding bodies; the idea of having a pan-European funding mechanism for basic research has been discussed and supported for a long time. However, its realisation was held back at the political level because the founding treaties of the European Union was interpreted as allowing union funding only to strengthen the scientific and technological base of European industry – that is, only funding for applied research rather than basic research.
In conjunction with the Lisbon declaration in 2000, leaders of the EU, in particular the European Commissioner for Research at the time, Philippe Busquin, realised that the European Treaty had to be reinterpreted. In 2003, a report from the ERC Expert Group, chaired by Professor Federico Mayor, described how the ERC could take shape. In 2004, a high-level expert group was commissioned to further explore the possibilities of creating a European Research Council; this group concluded. A number of other expert groups, such as one commissioned by the European Science Foundation, another charged with the task of analysing the economic implications of the Lisbon declaration and a high level group commissioned by the European Commission arrived at a similar conclusion and boosted the idea. With the ice broken and politicians have since supported the establishment of an ERC. In 2006, the European Parliament and EU Council of Ministers accepted the Seventh Framework Programme for the European Union's support for research, of which the ERC was a flagship component.
In the ERC kick-off conference in Berlin, various speakers talked of'an idea whose time has come','a European factory of ideas','a champions' league’,'a great day for Europe and a great day for science', the beginning of a'snowball effect'. The ERC is governed by the Scientific Council, consisting of 22 eminent European scientists and scholars, supported operationally by the European Research Council Executive Agency, based in Brussels; the ScC acts on behalf of the scientific community in Europe to promote creativity and innovative research. It is responsible for setting the ERC's scientific strategy, including establishing the annual Work Programmes, designing the peer review systems, identifying the peer review experts, communicating with the scientific community; the first Scientific Council members were nominated by Commissioner Potočnik in July 2005 and worked intensively to define the key principles and scientific operating practices of the ERC in preparation for the start-up. The members of the Scientific Council are selected by an Identification Committee, consisting of respected personalities in European research, appointed by the European Commission.
The ScC members term of office lasts four years. Following its formal establishment, the Scientific Council reaffirmed the election of its Chair and ERC president, Professor Fotis Kafatos, the two Vice-Chairs and ERC Vice-Presidents, Professor Helga Nowotny and Dr. Daniel Estève. After the successful Presidency of Fotis Kafatos, Helga Nowotny took over as President in March 2010 with Prof. Carl-Henrik Heldin and Prof. Pavel Exner as Vice-Presidents. In January 2014, after the end of Helga Nowotny's term of office, Professor Jean-Pierre Bourguignon became ERC President. Since the ERC has a third Vice-President, Professor Nuria Sebastian Galles, alongside the two vice-presidents in office; the ERC Scientific Council has established two Standing Committees: one deals with conflict of interest issues, the other oversees the selection of reviewers and panel lists. The Scientific Council is supported operationally by the European Research Council Executive Agen