In European football, the UEFA coefficients are statistics used for ranking and seeding teams in club and international competitions. Introduced in 1979, the coefficients are calculated by UEFA, who administer football within Europe and it was first introduced in 2003 and used for seeding the 2004 European Final tournament and 2006 World Cup qualification. Results from the tournaments, Play-off matches and friendly games were all ignored. In those cases where a nation did not take part at one of the two latest qualifying rounds, due to being qualified as a host, only one qualifying round would be taken into account. If two or more nations ended up with exactly the same coefficient, the ranking criteria was applied. Biggest average goal difference per game, found by dividing the sum of all differences by the number of ranked matches. Highest average number of goals scored per game, Highest average number of away goals scored per game. The last three times UEFA used this method was for the final UEFA coefficients in 2003,2005 and 2007.
On 20 May 2008, UEFA announced changes to the coefficient ranking system, Ranking points for all games played inside those two and a half cycles, will be awarded according to the rules listed below. 10,000 points are awarded for each match played, regardless of the match result, each team earns an additional 30,000 for winning and 10,000 for drawing. In case of a game decided by penalty shoot-out, the points are allocated as a draw,501 points are earned for each goal scored, and -500 are given for each goal conceded. Coefficients are calculated for each two and a cycle, by dividing the sum of earned points with the number of games played. When calculating the overall average coefficient for the cycles, the latest full cycle and half cycle will each have double the weight, special arrangements are in place for those nations that did not participate in one of the previous qualifying tournaments due to hosting the competition. The UEFA ranking determines the number of competing in the season after the next.
This coefficient is determined by the results of the clubs of the associations in the UEFA Champions League, two points are awarded for each win by a club, and one for a draw. The number of points awarded each season is divided by the number of teams participated for that association in that season. This number is rounded down to three decimal places. To determine a countrys coefficient for a season, the coefficients for the last five seasons are added
England national football team
The England national football team represents England in international football and is controlled by The Football Association, the governing body for football in England. England are one of the two oldest national teams in football, alongside Scotland, whom played in the worlds first international football match in 1872. Englands home ground is Wembley Stadium and the current manager is Gareth Southgate, England contest the FIFA World Cup and UEFA European Championship, which alternate biennially. In contesting for the World Cup seventeen times over the past sixty four years, England won the 1966 World Cup, when they hosted the finals, the England national football team is the joint-oldest in the world, it was formed at the same time as Scotland. A representative match between England and Scotland was played on 5 March 1870, having been organised by the Football Association, a return fixture was organised by representatives of Scottish football teams on 30 November 1872. Over the next forty years, England played exclusively with the other three Home Nations—Scotland and Ireland—in the British Home Championship, to begin with, England had no permanent home stadium.
They joined FIFA in 1906 and played their first ever games against countries other than the Home Nations on a tour of Central Europe in 1908, Wembley Stadium was opened in 1923 and became their home ground. The relationship between England and FIFA became strained, and this resulted in their departure from FIFA in 1928 and their first ever defeat on home soil to a foreign team was a 0–2 loss to the Republic of Ireland, on 21 September 1949 at Goodison Park. A 6–3 loss in 1953 to Hungary, was their defeat by a foreign team at Wembley. In the return match in Budapest, Hungary won 7–1 and this still stands as Englands worst ever defeat. After the game, a bewildered Syd Owen said, it was like playing men from outer space, in the 1954 FIFA World Cup, England reached the quarter-finals for the first time, and lost 4–2 to reigning champions Uruguay. Although Walter Winterbottom was appointed as Englands first ever manager in 1946. In UEFA Euro 1968, the reached the semi-finals for the first time. England qualified for the 1970 FIFA World Cup in Mexico as reigning champions, and reached the quarter-finals, England had been 2–0 up, but were eventually beaten 3–2 after extra time.
They failed in qualification for the 1974, leading to Ramseys dismissal, under Ron Greenwood, they managed to qualify for the 1982 FIFA World Cup in Spain, despite not losing a game, they were eliminated in the second group stage. Despite losing to Italy in the third place play-off, the members of the England team were given bronze medals identical to the Italians’, the England team of 1990 were welcomed home as heroes and thousands of people lined the streets, for a spectacular open-top bus parade. However, the team did not win any matches in UEFA Euro 1992, drawing with tournament winners Denmark, the 1990s saw four England managers, each in the role for a relatively brief period. Graham Taylor was Robsons successor, but resigned after England failed to qualify for the 1994 FIFA World Cup, at UEFA Euro 1996, held in England, Terry Venables led England, equalling their best performance at a European Championship, reaching the semi-finals as they did in 1968
UEFA Women's Euro 2013
The 2013 UEFA Womens Championship, commonly referred to as Womens Euro 2013, was the 11th European Championship for womens national football teams organised by UEFA. The final tournament, held in Sweden from 10 to 28 July 2013 and it concluded with Germany, the defending champions, winning their sixth consecutive and eighth overall Womens Euro title after defeating Norway in the final. Sweden were selected as hosts by UEFAs Executive Committee in 2010, the other eleven finalists were decided by a qualifying competition, featuring 44 teams, staged between March 2011 to October 2012. It was the last time the finals featured twelve teams, as from 2017 onwards they will be expanded to sixteen teams. Sweden was awarded the hosting of the tournament on 4 October 2010 at a meeting of the UEFA Executive Committee in Minsk, the only rival host bid came from the Netherlands. Several other European national associations, including Switzerland and Poland, had shown interest in staging the tournament, Sweden has previously co-hosted the tournament in 1997.
A total of 44 teams entered the process to compete for the eleven available places in the final tournament, alongside host nation Sweden. Six teams were eliminated during an eight-team preliminary round staged in Macedonia. On 14 March 201138 teams – the 36 top-ranked nations, matches in these qualifying groups began in September 2011 and concluded a year later. The seven group winners qualified for the final tournament along with the best-ranked runners-up. The remaining six runners-up entered into two-legged play-offs held in October 2012 to determine the final line-up, the following twelve teams participated in the final tournament, The tournament was staged at seven venues in seven different towns with each group being staged at two different venues. At some venues, the capacity was reduced during the championship, the final draw for the tournament group stage took place on 9 November 2012 at the Swedish Exhibition & Congress Centre in Gothenburg. The ceremony was conducted by the UEFA General Secretary Gianni Infantino, with the drawn out by tournament ambassadors Patrik Andersson.
As hosts, Sweden were automatically placed in the top-seeded pot, the eleven qualifiers were placed into the three final draw pots according to their UEFA coefficient ranking. It was decreed in advance the groups into which the three top-seeded teams would be placed, twelve referee trios were announced by the UEFA on 19 June 2013. All officials were based in Jönköping, the twelve national teams involved in the tournament were required to register a squad of 23 players by 3 June 2013 at the latest. Only players in these squads were eligible to take part in the tournament, the final match schedule for the tournament was confirmed on 6 December 2012. All twelve finalists began the tournament at the stage, with those not eliminated advancing to the knockout stage
Austria national football team
The Austria national football team is the association football team that represents the country of Austria in international competition and is controlled by the Austrian Football Association. Austria has qualified for seven World Cups, most recently in 1998, the country played in the European Championship for the first time in 2008 when it co-hosted the event with Switzerland and most recently qualified in 2016. The Austrian Football Association was founded on 18 March 1904 in the Austro-Hungarian Empire, the team enjoyed success in the 1930s under coach Hugo Meisl becoming a dominant side in Europe and earning the nickname Wunderteam. The teams star was Matthias Sindelar, on 16 May 1931, they were the first continental European side to defeat Scotland. In the 1934 FIFA World Cup, Austria finished fourth after losing 1–0 to Italy in the semi-finals and they were runners-up in the 1936 Olympics, again losing to Italy 2–1, despite having been beaten in quarter-finals by Peru, following the Peruvians withdrawal.
However, according to an investigation, the victory by Peru was deliberately annulled by Adolf Hitler to favour the Austrians. The team qualified for the 1938 FIFA World Cup finals, on 28 March, FIFA was notified that the Austrian FA had been abolished, resulting in the nations withdrawal from the World Cup. Instead the German team would represent the former Austrian territory, in a rematch, the Germans took revenge, winning 9–1. As a result, five players from Austria Wien, Rapid Wien and Vienna Wien were part of the team only managed a 1–1 draw in Round 1 against Switzerland. With Rapid Wiens forward Pesser having been sent off, and not satisfied with two others, Herberger had to alter the line-up on six positions to fulfill the 6,5 quota again, after World War II, Austria was again separated from Germany. Austrias best result came in 1954 with a team starring midfielder Ernst Ocwirk and they lost in the semi-finals 6–1 to eventual champions Germany, but finished third after beating defending champions Uruguay 3–1.
This remains their best result ever, and unfortunately the last time for decades that Austria reached the end round of a major tournament, over the years, a strong yet mainly lopsided rivalry with Germany developed. At the 1958 World Cup in Sweden, the Austrian team was a disappointment, defeats to the eventual champions Brazil, the emerging Soviet Union and a draw against a weakened England prevented the team to reach the next round. Still holding to the popularity in the country, under new coach Decker again made an international sensation in the era. In front of a crowd of over 90,000 spectators, made possible by the expansion of the Prater Stadium. Due to lack of money, Austria decided not to participate at the 1962 World Cup in Chile, and the team fell apart. Abrupt end of Austria’s success in the postwar period eventually formed the clear 0–6 loss against Czechoslovakia in 1962, of many players. After the end of Decker era, the team was unable for a time to connect to the old successes
UEFA Women's Euro 2017
The competition will be expanded from twelve teams in the previous edition to 16 teams. The Netherlands were declared as hosts by the UEFA Executive Committee on 4 December 2014, expressions of interest in hosting the tournament were received from seven associations. The Netherlands were chosen to host the tournament on 4 December 2014 and this was the first time that the tournament will be staged in this country. The qualifying competition, which took place from April 2015 to October 2016, each group was played in single round-robin format at one of the pre-selected hosts. The two group winners advanced to the group stage. Qualifying group stage, The 40 teams were drawn into eight groups of five teams, each group was played in home-and-away round-robin format. The eight group winners and the six best runners-up qualified directly for the final tournament, play-offs, The two teams played home-and-away two-legged matches to determine the last qualified team. The following teams qualified for the final tournament, notes The final draw was held on 8 November 2016,17,30 CET, at the Luxor Theatre in Rotterdam.
The 16 teams were drawn into four groups of four teams, the teams were seeded according to their coefficient ranking following the end of the qualifying group stage, with the hosts Netherlands assigned to position A1 in the draw. Each group contained one team each of the four seeding pots. H Hosts TH Title holders Seven venues in seven different towns will be used in the tournament, each national team have to submit a squad of 23 players, three of whom must be goalkeepers. If a player is injured or ill severely enough to prevent her participation in the tournament before her teams first match, the schedule of the competition was announced on 23 September 2015. The group winners and runners-up advance to the quarter-finals, in the knockout stage, extra time and penalty shoot-out are used to decide the winner if necessary